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Games and Pastimes of the Maori


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  • Foreword to Reprint .. .. .. .. .. 3
  • Preface .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4
  • Introductory Chapter .. .. .. .. .. 11

    Mythical origin of the arts of pleasure. Raukatauri and Raukatamea. Takataka-putea and Marere-o-tonga. The arts of Ruhanui. Rehia an ancient term for Pleasure. Games and pastimes much resorted to by scriptless peoples. Recital of folk tales a favoured pastime. How games entered into social life. The Rev. Yate spears ducks. Effect of European intrusion on Maori life. Potatoes must be peeled on Saturday. Native pastimes, etc., discouraged by missionaries. Introduced European games. Remarks by early writers. Ropata's list of Maori games. The Whare tapere or Whare rehia. The Whare karioi of Polynesia. How huts and plaza were lighted. Entertainment of visitors. Kaipara and para whakawai. Games and exercises demanding agility always encouraged.

    • I. Military Exercises and Games viewed as Useful Training..24School of arms=Para whakawai
      Wrestling=Whatoto. Takaro mamau
      Boxing=Whawhai mekemeke
      Jumping=Kairerere. Takaro tupeke
      Foot racing=Takaro omaoma Ti rakau
      Slinging=Tipao. Kotaha
      Tree climbing, etc.=Piki rakau.
    • II. Aquatic Games and Pastimes .. .. .. 40 Swimming=Kau whakataetae
      Surf riding=Whakaheke ngaru
      The water jump=Kokiri. Ruku
      The waterside swing=Moari.
      Canoe racing=Waka hoehoe.
    • III. Games requiring Agility or Manual Dexterity .. 55 Jackstones=Koruru
      Dart throwing=Toro teka
      Ti ringa
      Cats cradle=Whai
      Posture dances=Haka.
    • IV. Games and Pastimes requiring Calculation, Mental
      Alertness or Memorising Powers
      .. .. .. 110 Draughts=Mu torere
      Riddles, etc.=Kai
      Word play, etc.=Rotarota
      Story telling=Korero tara.
    • V. Games and Pastimes of Children .. .. .. 122 Kite flying=Manu tukutuku
      Stilt walking=Pou toti
      Tobogganing=Horua. Reti
      Swinging=Tarere. Pioi
      Top spinning=Ta potaka
      Hide and seek=Taupumpum
      Tatau manawa
      Topa or Koke
      Jumping Jack=Karetao
      Stone bowls
      Hapi tawa
      Kura-winiwini.page break
    • VI. Introduced Games .. .. .. .. 180

      Few European games appealed to the Maori. Draughts, cards and football. How Te Mu gained its name. Hop, step and jump much favoured. The bow and arrow not used by the Maori. Parkinson's evidence. The bow known to Polynesians but not used as a weapon. Original inhabitants of North Island probably used bow and arrow. The Mangapai bow. Use of the bow at Tahiti. Marbles. Tug of war.

    • VII. Maori Songs and Maori Singing .. .. .. 185

      Love song strong in Polynesian folk. Maori songs difficult to translate. Rhyme unknown, but rhythm much appreciated. The hianga. Ritual chants intoned. Euphony ever sought. Quotations from old songs. Laments most numerous. The Puhirangi lament. Explanation of an old song. Lament composed for a defunct pig. Song composers. Causesof song making. Songs enter largely into formal speeches. Information conveyed by means of song. Peculiar use of vowel sounds. Values of vowels. Hell invented for the Maori. Natural phenomena and objects mentioned in song. Tribal history embedded in songs. Widespread use of song. Remarks by early writers. Different classes of songs. Karakia or ritual formulae. Subjects of songs. The tau manu. War songs. Watch songs. Ngeri. Songs sung to children. Lament for Kekerengu. Tylor on poetic utterances of barbaric man.

    • VIII. Musical Instruments .. .. .. .. 214

      Stringed instruments practically unknown to Maori. Remarks by early writers. Polynesian appreciation of the drum. The pu torino, a form of flageolet. The pu hoho. Flutes. The tuteure. The koauau. How the stops were spaced. Flutes fashioned from human bones. Phallic flutes. Flutes played in ritual performances. The rehu. The whio. Nose flutes. The nguru. Widespread use of nose flutes. Pan pipes of Polynesia. The pu kaea, a wooden trumpet. Its tohe. The gourd instrument. The shell trumpet. The bullroarer. The "whizzer." Instruments of percussion. The pahu or gong. The drum of Polynesia. The pakuru. Clappers. The roria, a primitive form of Jew's harp. The ku and tirango, the first rude efforts to produce stringed instruments.

    • List of Maori Games, Toys, Musical Instruments .. .. 316
    • List of Authorities .. .. .. .. .. 325
    • Index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 327