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Maori Religion and Mythology Part 2

Volcanic Phenomena

page 323

Volcanic Phenomena

Ruaumoko Hine-oi
Hine-ori Oiroa
Hine-tuoi Hine-puia
Hine-tuarangaranga Tawaronui
Ioiowhenua Te Kuku Te Wawau
Te Wawau

Here we have a number of mythical beings connected with volanic action and earthquakes. The first named, Ruaumoko, is the best known personification of such phenomena. The next three are less prominent, and the balance are possibly not true personified forms. In some cases it is by no means easy to distinguish between personified forms and origin myths, mythical beings credited with originating natural phenomena, products, etc. Ruaumoko is dealt with at pp. 77 and 187 of part 1 of this study (Bulletin 10, 1976 reprint). In one recital Ruaumoko is associated with Tahupara, Turumakina, Takahuriwhenua, Te Oiroa and Puhoronuku, all beings connected with earthquakes and volcanic disturbances. Two others so mentioned are Taitawaro-nuku and Taitawaro-heketua. The Hine-oi (both oi and on denote shaking, swaying) mentioned was, we are told, a daughter of Ruaumoko and Hine-nui-te-Po. and grandmother of Niwareka. Another version makes Hine-oi a sister of Papa-tuanuku, the Earth Mother. It seems almost assured that Hine-oi and Hine-ori are simply two names of one being; I have noted both forms in one recital. Hine-puia, the Volcano Maid, is sometimes referred to in song. "I to koutou tipuna, i a kuaumoko, e whakangao ko rei i Rarohenga, Ka puta te hu ki taiao, koia Hine-puia i Hawaiki."