A Life of J. C. Beaglehole: New Zealand Scholar
9 'A Peculiar Sort of … Public Servant', 1939–52
9 'A Peculiar Sort of … Public Servant', 1939–52
1 JCB to W.A. Bodkin, Minister of Internal Affairs, 2 November 1950. IA 1, 62/94/39. ANZ
2 JCB, 'The New Zealand Scholar', p.245. First published by Canterbury University College in 1954, the lecture was reprinted in 1969 in The Feel of Truth: Essays in New Zealand and Pacific History, edited by Peter Munz (Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed, 1969). My page references are to the latter (more accessible) source.
3 JCB to Richmond, 14 June 1938
4 JCB, 'Memorandum for the Under-Secretary of Internal Affairs on the duties of the research adviser to the Turnbull Library', undated. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/16. ATL
5 Registrar to JCB, 24 June 1938
6 Heenan to JCB, 1 July 1938
7 JCB, Memorandum for the Under-Secretary of Internal Affairs, 7 August 1950. JCB sent a copy of this, which gives an account of his role in the department, to Heenan. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-16. ATL
8 Rachel Barrowman, '"Culture-organising": Joe Heenan and the Beginnings of State Patronage of the Arts', New Zealand Studies, vol.6, no.2 (July 1996), p.5
9 Keith Sinclair, Walter Nash (Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1976), p.208
10 Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', p.5
11 Michael Bassett, The Mother of All Departments: The History of the Department of Internal Affairs (Auckland: Auckland University Press and Department of Internal Affairs, 1997), p.111
12 Heenan to R.M. Campbell, 25 June 1937. IA 1, 62/8/1, Part 1. ANZ
13 McCormick to Heenan, 11 October 1937. ibid.
14 JCB to Heenan, 8 November 1937. ibid.
15 E.H. McCormick, An Absurd Ambition: Autobiographical Writings, edited by Dennis McEldowney (Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1996), p.141
16 Minutes of standing committee, 8 October 1937. IA 1, 62/8/1, pt 1. ANZ
17 Memorandum from the editor to Under-Secretary, 23 March 1938
18 J.T. Paul, when in Wellington, met with the standing committee to convey their views, not only on this issue, but also on the proposed survey of women, which Dunedin considered 'unnecessary and illogical'. Memorandum on meeting, 14 April 1938. IA 1, 62/8/1, pt 1. ANZ
19 JCB to Richmond, 10 December 1939
20 Minutes of standing committee meeting, 18 May 1938. IA 1, 62/8/1, pt 1. ANZ
21 Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', p.5
22 McCormick, An Absurd Ambition, p.145
24 ibid., p.148
25 Sydney J. Shep, '"Touching the Mind of the Country": J.C. Beaglehole and the Design of the Centennial Publications', in Creating a National Spirit: Celebrating New Zealand's Centennial, edited by William Renwick (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2004), p.199
26 C.E. Beeby, Biography of an Idea: Beeby on Education (Wellington: New Zealand Council for Educational Research, 1992), p.93
27 Heenan took the credit for this as one of his 'original ideas'. Heenan to Leicester Webb, 23 July 1940. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-250. ATL
28 JCB to Heenan, 15 February 1939. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-10/10. ATL
29 McCormick, An Absurd Ambition, p.140
30 JCB to Heenan, 30 March 1939. IA 1, 62/9/2. ANZ
31 R.I.M. Burnett, 'John Beaglehole', Turnbull Library Record, vol.5 (n.s.), no.1 (May 1972), p.6
32 McCormick to Heenan, 13 October 1939. IA1, 62/9/2. ANZ
33 The draft letter is in ibid.
34 JCB to Heenan, 15 February 1939. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL
35 JCB to Richmond, 10 December 1939
37 Janet Paul, 'J.C. Beaglehole as Typographer: A Background to the Design of the 1940 Centennial Publications', typescript. Janet Paul Papers. MS-Papers-5640-100. ATL
38 As noted in Janet Paul, 'Draft Lecture on J.C. Beaglehole: His Influence on Book Production in New Zealand 1936–71'. Janet Paul Papers. MS-Papers-5640-028. ATL
39 'Mothers, Sisters and Wives: The Work of Women During Our First Century', New Zealand Listener, 12 April 1940, p.34. Shep believes the reviewer to have been Duff, who, during the centennial year, 'unabashedly used the columns of the New Zealand Listener to voice his difference of design opinion'.
40 Shep, 'Touching the Mind of the Country', p.196
41 JCB, 'Typography of Centennial Surveys'. Letter to the editor, NZ Listener, 26 April 1940, p.34
42 JCB to Heenan, 30 July 1940. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL
43 Burnett, 'John Beaglehole', p. 5
44 Shep, 'Touching the Mind of the Country', p.203
45 JCB to Richmond, 10 December 1939
46 JCB, The Discovery of New Zealand (Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, 1939), p.vii
47 JCB, The Discovery of New Zealand, 2nd edition (London: Oxford University Press, 1961) p.vii
48 Chris Hilliard, 'Stories of Becoming: The Centennial Surveys and the Colonization of New Zealand', New Zealand Journal of History, vol.33, no.1 (April 1999), p.12
49 A good brief account of the affair is given by Chris Hilliard in 'Stories of Becoming', pp.6–7. A longer account is given by A.J. Booker, 'The Centennial Surveys of New Zealand, 1936–41' (BA Hons research essay, Massey University, 1983), pp.35–49. The relevant departmental file is IA 1, 62/110/5. ANZ. John gave a brief and forthright account in his letter to Norman Richmond, 21 December 1941.
50 Hilliard, 'Stories of Becoming', p.6
51 Heenan to Nash, 5 March 1941. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-296. ATL
52 Heenan to McCormick, 4 July 1941. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-134. ATL
53 JCB to Richmond, 21 December 1941
54 JCB to David Hall, 22 January 1941. IA1, 62/110/3. ANZ
55 Michael Bassett is, I think, misleading when he writes in his biography of Fraser that the Prime Minister 'conclud[ed], as did Eric McCormick, J.C. Beaglehole and McIntosh, that [Sutch's book] was a shoddy piece of work and should not form part of the series'. (Michael Bassett and Michael King, Tomorrow Comes the Song: A Life of Peter Fraser (Auckland: Penguin, 2000), p.206)
56 JCB to Richmond, 21 December 1941
57 JCB to Heenan, 30 July 1940. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL. The quotations in the following three paragraphs are all from this paper.
58 JCB, 'The New Zealand Scholar', pp.243–4
59 JCB, 'Centennial Meditations', Spike, no.68 (1940), p.18
60 JCB, 'The New Zealand Mind', Australian Quarterly, vol.12, no.4 (December 1940), p.49
62 ibid., p.50
63 J.W. Davidson, 'The New Zealand Scholar: A Note on J.C. Beaglehole, 1901–1971', Journal of Pacific History, vol.7 (1972), p.152
64 The best account we have of Heenan is that of Rachel Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', pp.3–10
65 JCB, 'The New Zealand Scholar', pp.245–6
66 Heenan to Leicester Webb, 16 August 1940. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132/250. ATL
67 Memorandum [from Heenan] to the Minister of Internal Affairs, 15 January 1941. IA 1, 62/163. ANZ
68 JCB [to Heenan], 'Comment on Mr McCormick's Memorandum, 19th November, 1940', 21 November 1940. ibid.
69 JCB to Heenan, 10 November 1941. ibid.
70 Mary Boyd, 'Ross, Ruth Miriam 1920–1982', Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, vol.5
71 JCB to Heenan, 5 August 1942. IA 1, 62/163. ANZ
72 This and the following paragraph paragraph draw heavily on recollections written for me in April 2003 by Mary Boyd.
73 JCB, 'The New Zealand Scholar', p.246
74 JCB to DEB, 26 July 1941
75 Heenan to J.W. Davidson, 13 April 1942. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132/48. ATL. Photographs of the volumes are in J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL
76 Heenan to R.M. Campbell, 5 May 1943. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132/30. ATL
77 JCB to Richmond, 21 December 1941. John's review of Curnow's Island and Time was reprinted from the Press in Book: A Miscellany, no.3 (August 1941), p.17
78 JCB to Heenan, 13 April 1942. IA 1, 158/292/1. ANZ
79 Heenan to Campbell, 5 May 1943. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132/30. ATL
80 Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', p.6
81 Glover to JCB, 18 June 1943
82 An extract from the letter and the other relevant papers are in IA 1, 158/292, pt.1. ANZ
83 JCB to Heenan, 21 February 1940. IA 107/11, pt.1. ANZ. Cited in Frances Porter, A Sense of History: A Commemorative Publication for John Cawte Beaglehole, O.M., about James Cook's Landing Sites in New Zealand (Wellington: Government Printer, 1978), p.24. Archives New Zealand could not locate this file in 2003.
84 Porter, A Sense of History, p.28
85 JCB to Heenan, 12 December 1941. IA 107/11, pt.2. ANZ. The letter and the photograph are reproduced in Porter, A Sense of History, p.29, and the later history of the monument is given on p.30.
86 Nelson Evening Mail, 24 October 1942. A cutting is in IA 1, 158/292, pt.1. ANZ
87 The quotation is from the leaflet produced for the occasion.
88 The Internal Affairs file relating to this, volume, IA 1, 126/8/72 pt.3, could not be located in July 2003
89 R. Hawthorne to A.D. McIntosh, 3 February 1948, copy
90 Heenan to Campbell, 13 February 1945. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-30. ATL
91 Heenan to Campbell, 20 February 1945. ibid.
92 Heenan to Campbell, 6 April 1945. ibid.
93 Heenan to Campbell, 13 February 1945. ibid.
94 Janet Paul, 'Hints of Becoming', in Beyond Expectations: Fourteen New Zealand Women Write about Their Lives, edited by Margaret Clark (Wellington: Allen & Unwin/Port Nicolson Press, 1986), pp.12–13
95 Anthony Dreaver, An Eye for Country: The Life and Work of Leslie Adkin (Wellington, Victoria University Press, 1997), pp.185–91
96 Adkin Diary, 5 July 1944, Adkin Collection, MONZPT. Quoted in Dreaver, Adkin, p.191
97 JCB to Adkin, 2 November 1944. Quoted in Dreaver, Adkin, p.191
98 Dreaver, Adkin, p.199
99 Dreaver, Adkin, p.211
100 Held in the Downie Stewart Papers. MS-985-1/1/15. Hocken Library
101 JCB to Downie Stewart, 10 March 1946
102 Bassett and King, Peter Fraser, p.283
103 JCB to JEP, 10 July 1947
104 Frank Corner in An Eye, an Ear and a Voice: 50 Years in New Zealand's External Relations 1943–1993, edited by Malcolm Templeton (Wellington: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 1993), p.77
105 JCB to JEP, 2 October 1946
106 JCB to JEP, 7 May 1947
107 JCB to JEP, 19 August 1948
108 Heenan to Fraser, 24 May 1949. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-316. ATL
109 JCB to Heenan, 18 July 1949. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-016. ATL
110 The relevant file in the National Archives is IA 1, 62/94/39. In the J.C. Beaglehole Papers the relevant folder is 73-004-01/10. I have also found two letters of John's especially useful: JCB to W.H. Shepardson (Carnegie Corporation of New York), 23 May 1952, and JCB to Dan Davin (Oxford University Press), 5 August 1953. In both of these he gives an account of the winding up of the atlas.
111 JCB to Davin, 5 August 1953, carbon copy
112 JCB to O'Halloran, 20 September 1950. IA 1, 62/94/39. ANZ
113 JCB to Bodkin, 30 November 1951
114 Bodkin to JCB, 14 February 1952. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL
115 JCB to Bodkin, 18 February 1952. IA 1, 62/94/39. ANZ
116 JCB to Shepardson, 23 May 1952, carbon copy
117 Heenan to Glover, 3 December 1948. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-82. ATL. Quoted by Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', p.9. Also Heenan to Leicester Webb, 16 August 1940. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-250. ATL
118 JCB to Dan Davin, 5 August 1953
119 JCB to JEP, 22 November 1950