Other formats

    TEI XML file   ePub eBook file  


    mail icontwitter iconBlogspot iconrss icon

A Life of J. C. Beaglehole: New Zealand Scholar

9 'A Peculiar Sort of … Public Servant', 1939–52

9 'A Peculiar Sort of … Public Servant', 1939–52

1 JCB to W.A. Bodkin, Minister of Internal Affairs, 2 November 1950. IA 1, 62/94/39. ANZ

2 JCB, 'The New Zealand Scholar', p.245. First published by Canterbury University College in 1954, the lecture was reprinted in 1969 in The Feel of Truth: Essays in New Zealand and Pacific History, edited by Peter Munz (Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed, 1969). My page references are to the latter (more accessible) source.

3 JCB to Richmond, 14 June 1938

4 JCB, 'Memorandum for the Under-Secretary of Internal Affairs on the duties of the research adviser to the Turnbull Library', undated. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/16. ATL

5 Registrar to JCB, 24 June 1938

6 Heenan to JCB, 1 July 1938

7 JCB, Memorandum for the Under-Secretary of Internal Affairs, 7 August 1950. JCB sent a copy of this, which gives an account of his role in the department, to Heenan. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-16. ATL

8 Rachel Barrowman, '"Culture-organising": Joe Heenan and the Beginnings of State Patronage of the Arts', New Zealand Studies, vol.6, no.2 (July 1996), p.5

10 Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', p.5

11 Michael Bassett, The Mother of All Departments: The History of the Department of Internal Affairs (Auckland: Auckland University Press and Department of Internal Affairs, 1997), p.111

12 Heenan to R.M. Campbell, 25 June 1937. IA 1, 62/8/1, Part 1. ANZ

13 McCormick to Heenan, 11 October 1937. ibid.

14 JCB to Heenan, 8 November 1937. ibid.

15 E.H. McCormick, An Absurd Ambition: Autobiographical Writings, edited by Dennis McEldowney (Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1996), p.141

16 Minutes of standing committee, 8 October 1937. IA 1, 62/8/1, pt 1. ANZ

17 Memorandum from the editor to Under-Secretary, 23 March 1938

18 J.T. Paul, when in Wellington, met with the standing committee to convey their views, not only on this issue, but also on the proposed survey of women, which Dunedin considered 'unnecessary and illogical'. Memorandum on meeting, 14 April 1938. IA 1, 62/8/1, pt 1. ANZ

19 JCB to Richmond, 10 December 1939

page 503

20 Minutes of standing committee meeting, 18 May 1938. IA 1, 62/8/1, pt 1. ANZ

21 Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', p.5

22 McCormick, An Absurd Ambition, p.145

23 ibid.

24 ibid., p.148

25 Sydney J. Shep, '"Touching the Mind of the Country": J.C. Beaglehole and the Design of the Centennial Publications', in Creating a National Spirit: Celebrating New Zealand's Centennial, edited by William Renwick (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2004), p.199

26 C.E. Beeby, Biography of an Idea: Beeby on Education (Wellington: New Zealand Council for Educational Research, 1992), p.93

27 Heenan took the credit for this as one of his 'original ideas'. Heenan to Leicester Webb, 23 July 1940. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-250. ATL

28 JCB to Heenan, 15 February 1939. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-10/10. ATL

29 McCormick, An Absurd Ambition, p.140

30 JCB to Heenan, 30 March 1939. IA 1, 62/9/2. ANZ

31 R.I.M. Burnett, 'John Beaglehole', Turnbull Library Record, vol.5 (n.s.), no.1 (May 1972), p.6

32 McCormick to Heenan, 13 October 1939. IA1, 62/9/2. ANZ

33 The draft letter is in ibid.

34 JCB to Heenan, 15 February 1939. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL

35 JCB to Richmond, 10 December 1939

36 ibid.

37 Janet Paul, 'J.C. Beaglehole as Typographer: A Background to the Design of the 1940 Centennial Publications', typescript. Janet Paul Papers. MS-Papers-5640-100. ATL

38 As noted in Janet Paul, 'Draft Lecture on J.C. Beaglehole: His Influence on Book Production in New Zealand 1936–71'. Janet Paul Papers. MS-Papers-5640-028. ATL

39 'Mothers, Sisters and Wives: The Work of Women During Our First Century', New Zealand Listener, 12 April 1940, p.34. Shep believes the reviewer to have been Duff, who, during the centennial year, 'unabashedly used the columns of the New Zealand Listener to voice his difference of design opinion'.

40 Shep, 'Touching the Mind of the Country', p.196

41 JCB, 'Typography of Centennial Surveys'. Letter to the editor, NZ Listener, 26 April 1940, p.34

42 JCB to Heenan, 30 July 1940. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL

43 Burnett, 'John Beaglehole', p. 5

44 Shep, 'Touching the Mind of the Country', p.203

45 JCB to Richmond, 10 December 1939

46 JCB, The Discovery of New Zealand (Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, 1939), p.vii

47 JCB, The Discovery of New Zealand, 2nd edition (London: Oxford University Press, 1961) p.vii

48 Chris Hilliard, 'Stories of Becoming: The Centennial Surveys and the Colonization of New Zealand', New Zealand Journal of History, vol.33, no.1 (April 1999), p.12

49 A good brief account of the affair is given by Chris Hilliard in 'Stories of Becoming', pp.6–7. A longer account is given by A.J. Booker, 'The Centennial Surveys of New Zealand, 1936–41' (BA Hons research essay, Massey University, 1983), pp.35–49. The relevant departmental file is IA 1, 62/110/5. ANZ. John gave a brief and forthright account in his letter to Norman Richmond, 21 December 1941.

page 504

50 Hilliard, 'Stories of Becoming', p.6

51 Heenan to Nash, 5 March 1941. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-296. ATL

52 Heenan to McCormick, 4 July 1941. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-134. ATL

53 JCB to Richmond, 21 December 1941

54 JCB to David Hall, 22 January 1941. IA1, 62/110/3. ANZ

55 Michael Bassett is, I think, misleading when he writes in his biography of Fraser that the Prime Minister 'conclud[ed], as did Eric McCormick, J.C. Beaglehole and McIntosh, that [Sutch's book] was a shoddy piece of work and should not form part of the series'. (Michael Bassett and Michael King, Tomorrow Comes the Song: A Life of Peter Fraser (Auckland: Penguin, 2000), p.206)

56 JCB to Richmond, 21 December 1941

57 JCB to Heenan, 30 July 1940. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL. The quotations in the following three paragraphs are all from this paper.

58 JCB, 'The New Zealand Scholar', pp.243–4

59 JCB, 'Centennial Meditations', Spike, no.68 (1940), p.18

60 JCB, 'The New Zealand Mind', Australian Quarterly, vol.12, no.4 (December 1940), p.49

61 ibid.

62 ibid., p.50

63 J.W. Davidson, 'The New Zealand Scholar: A Note on J.C. Beaglehole, 1901–1971', Journal of Pacific History, vol.7 (1972), p.152

64 The best account we have of Heenan is that of Rachel Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', pp.3–10

65 JCB, 'The New Zealand Scholar', pp.245–6

66 Heenan to Leicester Webb, 16 August 1940. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132/250. ATL

67 Memorandum [from Heenan] to the Minister of Internal Affairs, 15 January 1941. IA 1, 62/163. ANZ

68 JCB [to Heenan], 'Comment on Mr McCormick's Memorandum, 19th November, 1940', 21 November 1940. ibid.

69 JCB to Heenan, 10 November 1941. ibid.

70 Mary Boyd, 'Ross, Ruth Miriam 1920–1982', Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, vol.5

71 JCB to Heenan, 5 August 1942. IA 1, 62/163. ANZ

72 This and the following paragraph paragraph draw heavily on recollections written for me in April 2003 by Mary Boyd.

73 JCB, 'The New Zealand Scholar', p.246

74 JCB to DEB, 26 July 1941

75 Heenan to J.W. Davidson, 13 April 1942. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132/48. ATL. Photographs of the volumes are in J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL

76 Heenan to R.M. Campbell, 5 May 1943. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132/30. ATL

77 JCB to Richmond, 21 December 1941. John's review of Curnow's Island and Time was reprinted from the Press in Book: A Miscellany, no.3 (August 1941), p.17

78 JCB to Heenan, 13 April 1942. IA 1, 158/292/1. ANZ

page 505

79 Heenan to Campbell, 5 May 1943. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132/30. ATL

80 Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', p.6

81 Glover to JCB, 18 June 1943

82 An extract from the letter and the other relevant papers are in IA 1, 158/292, pt.1. ANZ

83 JCB to Heenan, 21 February 1940. IA 107/11, pt.1. ANZ. Cited in Frances Porter, A Sense of History: A Commemorative Publication for John Cawte Beaglehole, O.M., about James Cook's Landing Sites in New Zealand (Wellington: Government Printer, 1978), p.24. Archives New Zealand could not locate this file in 2003.

84 Porter, A Sense of History, p.28

85 JCB to Heenan, 12 December 1941. IA 107/11, pt.2. ANZ. The letter and the photograph are reproduced in Porter, A Sense of History, p.29, and the later history of the monument is given on p.30.

86 Nelson Evening Mail, 24 October 1942. A cutting is in IA 1, 158/292, pt.1. ANZ

87 The quotation is from the leaflet produced for the occasion.

88 The Internal Affairs file relating to this, volume, IA 1, 126/8/72 pt.3, could not be located in July 2003

89 R. Hawthorne to A.D. McIntosh, 3 February 1948, copy

90 Heenan to Campbell, 13 February 1945. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-30. ATL

91 Heenan to Campbell, 20 February 1945. ibid.

92 Heenan to Campbell, 6 April 1945. ibid.

93 Heenan to Campbell, 13 February 1945. ibid.

94 Janet Paul, 'Hints of Becoming', in Beyond Expectations: Fourteen New Zealand Women Write about Their Lives, edited by Margaret Clark (Wellington: Allen & Unwin/Port Nicolson Press, 1986), pp.12–13

95 Anthony Dreaver, An Eye for Country: The Life and Work of Leslie Adkin (Wellington, Victoria University Press, 1997), pp.185–91

96 Adkin Diary, 5 July 1944, Adkin Collection, MONZPT. Quoted in Dreaver, Adkin, p.191

97 JCB to Adkin, 2 November 1944. Quoted in Dreaver, Adkin, p.191

98 Dreaver, Adkin, p.199

99 Dreaver, Adkin, p.211

100 Held in the Downie Stewart Papers. MS-985-1/1/15. Hocken Library

101 JCB to Downie Stewart, 10 March 1946

102 Bassett and King, Peter Fraser, p.283

103 JCB to JEP, 10 July 1947

104 Frank Corner in An Eye, an Ear and a Voice: 50 Years in New Zealand's External Relations 1943–1993, edited by Malcolm Templeton (Wellington: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 1993), p.77

105 JCB to JEP, 2 October 1946

106 JCB to JEP, 7 May 1947

107 JCB to JEP, 19 August 1948

108 Heenan to Fraser, 24 May 1949. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-316. ATL

109 JCB to Heenan, 18 July 1949. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-016. ATL

110 The relevant file in the National Archives is IA 1, 62/94/39. In the J.C. Beaglehole Papers the relevant folder is 73-004-01/10. I have also found two letters of John's especially useful: JCB to W.H. Shepardson (Carnegie Corporation of New York), 23 May 1952, and JCB to Dan Davin (Oxford University Press), 5 August 1953. In both of these he gives an account of the winding up of the atlas.

page 506

111 JCB to Davin, 5 August 1953, carbon copy

112 JCB to O'Halloran, 20 September 1950. IA 1, 62/94/39. ANZ

113 JCB to Bodkin, 30 November 1951

114 Bodkin to JCB, 14 February 1952. J.C. Beaglehole Papers. 73-004-01/10. ATL

115 JCB to Bodkin, 18 February 1952. IA 1, 62/94/39. ANZ

116 JCB to Shepardson, 23 May 1952, carbon copy

117 Heenan to Glover, 3 December 1948. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-82. ATL. Quoted by Barrowman, 'Culture-organising', p.9. Also Heenan to Leicester Webb, 16 August 1940. J.W. Heenan Papers. MS-Papers-1132-250. ATL

118 JCB to Dan Davin, 5 August 1953

119 JCB to JEP, 22 November 1950