The Endeavour Journal of Joseph Banks 1768–1771 [Volume Two]
List of Illustrations Volume II (For Note on the Illustrations see Volume I, pp. xiii-xiv)
List of Illustrations Volume II (For Note on the Illustrations see Volume I, pp. xiii-xiv)
|Oil on panel, 23 1/4 by 27 1/2 in., signed ‘Geo.Stubbs’. George Stubbs (1724-1806), the greatest of English animal painters, must have painted this picture for Banks in 1771 or 1772, from a stuffed or blown-up skin. It was exhibited at the Society of Artists’ show in 1773 (‘318. A Portrait of the Kongouro from New Holland, 1770’) and was engraved in reverse for Hawkes-worth's Voyages, Vol. III, pl. 20. After Banks's death it passed to the Knatchbull family, and is now in the possession of Mrs W. P. Keith, by whose kind permission it is reproduced.|
|II. Kennedya rubicunda Vent. Red Bean||facing p. 62|
|Australia II, 85. 42–9 × 26.3 cm. Unsigned, but the accompanying lithograph gives ‘F. P. Nodder pinxit 1777’. There is a pencil inscription in Banks's hand, ‘This is in Flower at his Majestys Garden The First Production of That Climate that has yet Flowerd in England Decr 9 [?] 1790’. The title is in a different hand. A pencil note on the back of the unfinished drawing reads, ‘The petala blood colour & deep purple at the base the hind part of the vexillum very pale. the leaves on the upper side grass green vein'd wt lighter. below more Glaucus & very hairy with prominent veins of paler colour the stalks calyx & buds hairy’; and a note in ink, ‘Botany Bay’.|
|III. Banksia serrata Linn.f. Red Honeysuckle||facing p. 110|
|Australia VII, 326. 46.7 × 31.5 cm. Signed ‘John Frederick Miller pinxt 1773.’ On the back is a pencil note, ‘Leucadendron serratum’. On the back of the unfinished drawing are the pencil notes, ‘Mem. the space below the flowers to be fill'd up wt dark colour.’; ‘Leucad serratum’; and ‘Botany Bay’.||page break|
|IV. Hibiscus radiatus Cav||facing p. 126|
|Australia I, 24. 42.1 × 27.3 cm. Signed at lower left ‘Fredk Polydore Nodder. Pinxt 1778’. On the back of the unfinished drawing are the pencil notes, ‘The flower white wt a cast of citron colour at the bottom of each petala deep crimson on the outside pale the stamina and stile dark red purple the parts mark'd × are stain'd wt carmine’, and ‘Hibiscus scabrosus’; and in ink, ‘Cape Grafton’.|
|V. Castanospermum australe A. Cunn. Black Bean||facing p. 206|
|Australia II, 95. 45.2 × 28.8 cm. Signed ‘Fredk Polydore Nodder: Pinxt 1779’. The unfinished drawing has on the back the note, ‘The vexillum first laid over wt yellow then stain'd & spinkled wt scarlet. the rest of the flower scarlet calyx deep buff colour ting'd at the base wt green the buds the same colour but somewhat more green. the leaves above grass green wt light veins—the under side more Glaucus wt dark veins stalk sordid brown. capsula grass green.’ In ink, ‘Endeavours River’. The engraving has the names in pencil ‘Sophora caudiciflora’ and ‘Castanospermum australe A.Cunn.’|
|VI. Ficus glomerata Willd. Cluster Fig||facing p. 222|
|Australia VII, 361. Size of sheet 54.7 × 34.9 cm. (The sheet is unmounted; the left edge has been mutilated and repaired.) Signed ‘Fredk Polydore Nodder, Pinxt 1782’. There is a pencil note on the back, ‘Ficus caudiciflora’; and one in ink, ‘Endeavours River’. The pencil note at the bottom of the drawing, ‘Ficus glomerata Roxb. ex Hien in Journ. Bot. 1901, 4.’ is probably by Britten. This drawing was not engraved.|
Plates at the end of the Volume
The Arched Rock Tolaga Bay
Add. Ms 23920, f.39. Pencil drawing, 27.3 × 41.8 cm. Unsigned, but a copy (by Spöring?) of Parkinson's picture of the same subject.
New Zealand War Canoe
Add. Ms 23920, f.46. Wash drawing, 30 × 48.2 cm. Unsigned. A single canoe with elaborately carved head and stern pieces. One of the men in the stern is wearing a chequered dog-skin cloak and holding a taiaha; of the standing figures, the left one seems to be page break holding a mere and a pakepake, or rough flax cloak; the centre one wears a woven cloak of flax and holds a whalebone hoeroa; that on the right wears a vertically striped dog-skin cloak and holds a tewhatewha. The bending figures all wear pakepake.
New Zealand War Canoe. The Crew bidding defiance to the Ships Company
Add. Ms 23920, f.48. Wash drawing 26.5 × 41.5 cm. Unsigned. On the back of the drawing are the notes (1) in faint pencil, ‘The Inner [?] Island Canoe’ and (2) in Banks's hand, in ink, ‘Double War-Canoe. Novr 2d 1769. New-Zeeland.’ It was the first double canoe seen in New Zealand waters (Cook I, pp. 189–90), and the drawing shows it under sail, with a number of the occupants performing a haka. A chief stands in the stern brandishing a mere, and another amidships in a dog-skin cloak, holding a taiaha.
The Head of a New Zealand Canoe
Add. Ms 23920, f.78a. Pencil drawing, 20 × 32.2 cm. (measurements of drawing). Unsigned, but probably by Spöring. On the back of the drawing are the notes, in ink, ‘About 3 feet high.’ and ‘New-Zeeland’.
The Stern Ornament of a Canoe
Add. Ms 23920, f.78a. Pencil drawing, 27.3 × 7.9 cm. (measurements of drawing). Unsigned, but probably by Spöring. On the back of the drawing the notes, in ink, ‘About 12 feet high.’, and ‘New Zeeland.’
[Ceremonial Painted Canoe Paddles]
Add. Ms 23920, f.71a. Wash and water colour drawing, 28.8 × 22.8 cm. (size of sheet). Unsigned. The colours are red and cream. The drawing shows only the blades of the paddles, and the carved sections where the handles begin.
Portrait of a New Zeland Man
Add. Ms 23920, f.55. Wash drawing, 38.8 × 29.6 cm. Unsigned. The man is wearing a pakepake; hung from his neck is a heitiki, and from his ear a large pendant; his hair is dressed topknot fashion with three white feathers and an ornamental comb. The tattooing of the face is done in a very free vigorous style, and seems to be unfinished under the right ear.
Portrait of a New Zeland Man
Add. Ms 23920, f.54a. Wash drawing, 39.2 × 30 cm. Unsigned. The subject wears a woven flax cloak with bone toggle; hung from page break the neck is a reiputa or carved whale-tooth ornament, and from the ear a pendant and some other ornament (flowers?); hair topknot style with comb; face fully tattooed with an unusual design, which appears to be only ‘marked in’ on the forehead.
Black stains on the Skin called Tattoo
Add. Ms 23920, f.66a, b, c, d. Pen over pencil drawings, unsigned. To fit the page, a and c are on top, d (left) and b at the bottom.
a. 27.1 × 18.3 cm. On the back is a pencil sketch of tattooing.
b. 27 × 18.7 cm. On the back is a pencil sketch of tattooing.
c. 28.6 × 22.8 cm. Note at detail on left, ‘on the calf.
d. 14.9 × 12.1 cm.
[New Zealand Artifacts]
Add. Ms 23920, f.73. Wash drawing, 20.5 × 16.6 cm. within rules. Signed ‘John Frederick Miller: del: 1771.’ The articles are identified in a note in ink on the page on which the drawing is mounted: ‘1. Carved Ornament 2. Musical Instrument 3. Childs Top 4. Bodkin of Bone 5. Musical Instrument’. 1 is an article of rather doubtful use, but seems to be a ceremonial perch for snaring birds; 2 is a whistle; 3 a top; 4 an au ika, a bodkin or needle for threading fish through the gills; 5 a koauau or flute.
Astelia solandri A. Cunn. Kokaha or Astelia
New Zealand IV, 496. 45.2 × 28.2 cm. No title; signature (of Nodder?) on lower left, almost all trimmed off. No. 495 is an unfinished pencil drawing with some details coloured, and a later pencil note added, ‘Astelia’; the engraving has the note, ‘Astelia Solandri A.Cunn. (furfuracea Mss.)’.
Leptospermum scoparium Forst. Manuka
New Zealand I, 139. 42.9 × 15 cm. Signed by Nodder, lower left, but most of the signature trimmed off. On the mount is the title ‘Philadelphus parvifolius & rigidus Mss’. This name is also on the back of Parkinson's unfinished drawing, No. 138, with the note in ink ‘Taonero[a]’—i.e. Te Oneroa (Poverty Bay).
Podocarpus spicatus R.Br. Matai
New Zealand IV, 463. 38.1 × 24.2 cm. Untitled; signed ‘Fredk Polydore Nodder pinxt 1780’. The unfinished pencil drawing, No. 462, which accompanies this, has part of the fruit, leaves and stem coloured; on the back is a pencil note partly trimmed off, ‘83 Juniperoid taxifoli[um]’; and in ink, ‘Oouhoorage’—i.e. Hauraki, or Thames River. The drawing may therefore have been made from part of a branch of the tree cut down and measured on 20 November 1769 (Vol. I, p. 436).page break
Knightia excelsa R.Br. Rewa-rewa or New Zealand Honeysuckle
New Zealand III, 426. 45.6 × 29.9 cm. Titled ‘Brabejum-sparsum’ and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1770.’ Over the title is written in pencil the name ‘Embothrium serratum Mss’.
Melicytus ramiflorus J.R. & G. Forst. Mahoe
New Zealand I, 29. 45 × 35 cm. Titled ‘Tachites-umbellulifera’ and signed ‘Sysdney Parkinson pinxt 1770.’ No. 28 is an unfinished pencil drawing, differently composed, of the same subject; it has a little colour, and a pencil note on the back, ‘The leaves a grass green vein'd wt lighter. the under side paler, the young leaves a yellow green. the stalks greyish, the petals pale green the calyx darker’.
Pseudopanax crassifolium (Sol. ex A.Cunn.) C.Koch. Lancewood
New Zealand II, 205. 44.4 × 34 cm. No title, but on the back is written in pencil ‘Aralia crassifolia’. Signed ‘John Frederick Miller pinxt 1774’. No. 204 is an unfinished pencil drawing of the same subject, with some colour. The picture illustrates the foliage of the mature form of the Lancewood, remarkably different from that of the immature plant—so different that Solander put the two forms in different genera, calling the immature one Xerophylla longifolia, and the mature Aralia crassifolia.
Crepis novae-zelandiae Hook.f.
New Zealand II, 296. 17 × 17 cm. Unfinished pencil drawing with some colour by Parkinson, unsigned and undated, but on the back are the notes (1) in pencil, ‘Hieraceum Fragile/123 Leontodon elegans’ and (2) in ink, ‘Totarra nue or Queen Charlotte's Sound’. The finished drawing, No, 297, is by Nodder and dated 1779.
Celmisia gracilenta Hook.f.
New Zealand II, 250. 31.8 × 15.8 cm. Signed on lower left ‘Fredk Polydore Nodder Pinxt 1779’. The unfinished drawing has the notes (1) in pencil, ‘The under side of the leaves are shaded with grey & not wt Green / 130 Aster gracilentus’; and (2) in ink, ‘Admiralty Bay’.
Veronica parviflora Vahl. Koromiko
New Zealand III, 375. 28.6 × 23.1 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1770’. Titled ‘Veronica floribunda’. There is a note in ink on the back ‘Totarra nue’ (Totaranui, i.e. Queen Charlotte Sound), on a piece of paper apparently trimmed off and then stuck on.page break
Coprosma robusta Raoul. Karamu
New Zealand II, 221. 43.5 × 28 cm. The drawing appears to have been signed by Nodder at the lower left, though most of the signature has been trimmed off. There are the following pencil notes at appropriate places: ‘Obs The Leaves are broader before the Middle’ and ‘The flowers divided into 4 or 5 usu[ally?]’. The unfinished drawing, No. 220, has on its back the note, ‘The male flowers pale green & the stamina very pale the females pale green Stiles pale yellow green the fruit a pea green the upper side of the leaves dark green faintly vein'd—the under side pale blue green vein'd with dark green the stalks grey green / Pelaphia lata / 22 Trophis tinctoria’. The last two words have a faint pencil line drawn through them. The engraving from No. 221 has the name ‘Pelaphia lata’ pencilled on it.
Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Andr. Golden Everlasting
Australia IV, 193. 34 × 18 cm. Signed by Nodder, 1780. The pencil notes on the drawing, ‘Orange’, ‘Lemon’, ‘flat’, and ‘Hairs very short’, appear to be in Banks's hand. On the back of the unfinished drawing are notes, ‘Xeranthemoides fulgida’ and ‘Bustard Bay’.
Isopogon anemonifolius (Salisb.) Knight. Drumsticks
Australia VII, 310. 31.5 × 27.6 cm. Unsigned and undated. Pencil title, ‘Isopogon anemonifolius’. The unfinished drawing has the pencil notes, ‘The leaves grass green. the flowers the same colour as the other species but yellower the cones Coffee colour cover'd wt a white flowry[?] substance, the stalk dark redish brown / Leucad apiifolium / 93’; / and in ink, ‘Botany Bay’.
Darwinia fascicularis Rudge
Australia III, 122. 30.5 × 23 cm. Signed by Nodder, 1779. The unfinished drawing has the pencil notes, ‘The flower white but when older it becomes red & shuts up the anthera blk. the leaves fresh green stalk sordid brown / Kalmioides fasciculata / N. 8’; and in ink, ‘Botany Bay’.
Eucalyptus crebra F.v.M. Narrow-leaf Ironbark
Australia III, 139. 36.8 × 29.2 cm. Untitled, signed by Nodder, 1778. The unfinished drawing has the pencil notes on the back, ‘The stamina white receptacle pale green the stalks the same. The leaves a pale blue green wt a yellowish nerve in the middle / 139. Metrosid salicifolia’ [the last word altered to ‘obliqua’]; and in ink, ‘Thirsty Sound’.page break
Clerodendrum floribundum R.Br.
Australia VI, 287. 43.5 × 30.3 cm. Untitled, signed by Nodder, 1778. The unfinished drawing has the pencil notes on the back, ‘The flowers white—anthera brown stile ting'd wt green / Volkameria insectorum / 173’; and in ink, ‘Palm Island’.
Crotalaria calycina Schrank. Rattlepods
Australia II, 63. 40 × 24.4 cm. Untitled, signed by Nodder, 1777. The unfinished drawing has the pencil notes on the back, ‘The flower white. the base of the vexillum ting'd wt yellow. / Genistoides [altered to Crotolaria] calyculata / 389’; and in ink, ‘Endeavours River’.
Centranthera cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.
Australia VI, 264. 35.4 × 16.3 cm. Untitled, signed by Nodder, 1778. A pencil note on the back of the unfinished drawing reads, ‘Digitalis hispidiuscula’; and one in ink, ‘Endeavours River’.
Planchonia careya (F.Muell.) R.Knuth. Cocky Apple
Australia III, 146. 41.6 × 30.8 cm. Title in pencil, ‘Eugenia crenata’; signed by Nodder, 1777. Pencil notes on the back of the unfinished drawing read, ‘The petala & stile pale whitish green—stamina white turning into a fine blush colour about the middle & [?] to the bottom anthera cream colour / Eugenia crenata / R 177’; and ‘Cape Grafton’.
Dillenia alata (DC.) Martelli
Australia I, 1. 45.6 × 30.7 cm. Untitled; signed by Nodder, 1778. The unfinished drawing has the pencil notes on the back, ‘The old stalks sordid brown / Dillenia alata’; and in ink, ‘Endeavours River’.
Myrmecodia beccarii Hook.f. Ant-house
Australia IV, 174. 41.9 × 35.5 cm. Originally untitled; signed ‘John Frederick Miller pinxt 1773.’ On the back are the pencil notes, ‘Epidendroides 4 andria’, and ‘Endeavours River’; on the unfinished drawing the pencil note, ‘too large’.
Grevillea glauca Knight
Australia VII, 320. 46.5 × 32.8 cm. Signed by J.F. Miller, 1773. The pencilled title on the drawing, ‘Grevillia gibbosa’, is a later addition. On the back is the pencil note, ‘Leucadendroides glauca’; and on the back of the unfinished drawing the notes ‘Petala white wt a cast of green, germen pale green petiole gray green the ripe fruit dark chacolate colour much chopp'd. / Leucaddes glauca / A.R.’; and in ink, ‘Endeavours River’.page break
Acacia complanata A.Cunn. ex Benth.
Australia II, 101. 39 × 29.4 cm. Signed by Nodder, 1781. The unfinished drawing has the pencil notes on the back, ‘The flowers before & after they are open delicate yellow the younger capsula [?] has more or less a cast of green according to their age / L.T. / Mimosa anceps[?]’; and in ink, ‘Endeavours River’.
Ægiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco. River Mangrove
Australia V, 230. 39.7 × 25.4 cm. Unsigned and undated. There is a title added later in pencil, ‘Ægiceras majus Gaertn’. On the back is the pencil note, ‘Endeavours River’; and on the back of the unfinished drawing the pencil notes, ‘The flowers white, calyx pale green, anthera pale brown. / Rhizophera umbellata / 49’; and in ink, ‘Endeavours River’.
Barringtonia gracilis (Miers) R.Knuth. Freshwater Mangrove
Australia III, 145. 46.2 × 28.5 cm. Untitled; signed by Nodder, 1777. On the back of the unfinished drawing are the pencil notes, ‘The petala & stamina white the anthera yellow the buds ting'd wt green calyx gray green turning pale toward the edge the main stalk of the flowers deep green the woody stalk sordid brown / Eugenia ramiflora / L.I.’; and the ink, ‘Lizzard Isle’.
Sesbania aculeata Pers. (Willd.)sens.lat. Sesbania Pea
Australia II, 75. 26.8 × 25.5 cm. Untitled; signed by Nodder, 1778. The unfinished drawing has the pencil notes on the back, ‘The vexillum & alÆ bright yellow carina turng very pale at the bottom ting'd wt green buds pale yellow / Æschynomene diffusa’; and in ink, ‘Booby Island’.
Calyptorhynchus magnificus (Shaw). Banksian Cockatoo
Zool. I, 10. Pencil drawing, 45.6 × 33.3 cm. Unsigned. On the back is the note by Parkinson, ‘The whole bird black spots on the head and on the shoulders dirty white the breast feathers wav'd wt pale brown, the outer feathers of the tail scarlet & yellow wt narrow facia of black the iris dark brown the pupil black the beak dirty white with the point of the upper mandible dark grey’. In Banks's hand is the name ‘Black Cocatoa’.
Zool. I, 4. 32.6 × 27 cm. Pencil drawing by Parkinson, unsigned. The following pencil notes are on the back: (1) by Parkinson, ‘the whole body pale ash colour the ears excepting the base fine specled gray iris of the eye Chestnut’; (2) by Banks, ‘Kanguru’; and by Banks in ink, ‘Endeavours River’.page break
Zool. I, 3. 24.2 × 41 cm. Pencil drawing by Parkinson, unsigned. The name ‘Kanguru’ is written in pencil on the back by Banks.
Portunus pelagicus (Linn.)
Zool. III, 7. 30.5 (to bottom of detached claw) × 36.2 cm. Pencil drawing by Spöring, unsigned.
Portunus sanguinolentus (Herbst)
Zool. III, 6. 26.7 (to bottom of detached claw) × 28 cm. Pencil drawing by Spöring, unsigned.
Urolophus testaceus (Müller & Henle). Common Stingaree
Zool. I, 46. 39.5 × 30.2 cm. Pencil drawing, unsigned, by H.D. Spöring, with title ‘Raja testacea’. On the front is a pencil note in Spöring's hand, ‘NB The 200d pounder wanted the upper fin on the extremity of the tail, & the small fin near the Stings [remainder of note illegible or trimmed off]’; and on the back a second, later note, ‘Trygonoptera testacea Müller and Henle’.
Trygonorhina fasciata Müller & Henle. Fiddler Ray or Banjo Shark
Zool. I, 47. 35.5 × 14.7 cm. Pencil drawing, unsigned, by H.D. Spöring, with title ‘Raja fasciata’. On the recto is the pencil note by him, ‘Long 2 ped: 1.1/2 uncias’.
A Chiefs house in the Island of Savu near Timor
Add. Ms 23920, f.31. Wash drawing, 29.9 × 48.4 cm. Unsigned. On the mount is the above title, and the pencil note, ‘Drawn by S. Parkinson’. ‘Savu’ is written on the back of the picture. In foreground a boy climbing a palm tree for nuts; another figure carrying gourds or pots strung to a pole; other figures; trees and many clumps of palms in background.
Sarcolobus banksii Roem & Schult
Java, 67. 40.2 × 29 cm. Untitled (title added later on mount); signed by J.F. Miller, 1774.
Eugenia aquea Burm. Jambu ayer or Rose Apple
Java, 46. 47.7 × 29.8 cm. Untitled (title added later on mount); signed by Nodder, but most of the signature, and the date, trimmed off. Pencil notes on the back of the unfinished drawing read, ‘The stalk when old brown’; and ‘Eugenia aquea’. The drawing was not engraved.page break
Add. Ms 23920, f.30. Pencil sketch, 29.8 × 48.1 cm. Unsigned. On the back is the pencil note, ‘Anatacan’; on the mount is ‘Savu’.
Add. Ms 9345, f.65 verso. Pencil sketch, 18.5 × 23.3 cm. Unsigned. Note by Banks (?) top right, ‘Java Proe’.
|1. East Coast of Australia, Cape Everard to Breaksea Spit||page 48|
|2. East Coast of Australia, Double Island Point to Endeavour Strait||68|
|3. Track of the Endeavour, Cape York to Batavia||138|
|4. Track of the Endeavour round the World||at end of volume|