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The Endeavour Journal of Joseph Banks 1768–1771 [Volume One]

Plates at the end of the Volume

Plates at the end of the Volume

1a. Munida gregaria (Fabr.)
Zool. III, Insecta Vermes 9. 13.5 × 8.1 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’, and with title ‘Cancer gregarius.’ Note by Banks in ink on back, ‘Janry 2nd 1769 / Lat. 37.30.’
1b. Glaucus atlanticus (Forst.)
Zool. III, 23.9 × 17.5 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt ad vivum 1768’, and with title ‘Mimus-Volutator’. Note by Banks in ink on back, ‘Octr 4.1768 / Lat. 11.00.N.’
2. Motacilla flava L.
Zool. I, Mammalia. Aves. Amphibia 38a. 15.7 × 20.4 cm. The title on the drawing is ‘Motacilla-avida’. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1768’. Note by Banks in ink on back, ‘Septr 28.1768 / Lat. 19.00 north.’ The bird is a young one.
3. Volatinia jacarina (L.) Blue-black Grassquit
Zool. I, 37b. 24 × 19.5 cm. Entitled ‘Loxia-nitens’ and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt ad vivum. 1768’. Note by Banks in lower right corner, ‘Brasil’. Note by Banks in ink on back, ‘of the coast of Brasil Novr 8th 1768’.page xix
4. A View of the Endeavour's Watering-place in the Bay of Good Success
Add. MS 23920, f. 11b. Water colour drawing, 25.1 × 34 cm. Signed ‘A. Buchan Delint
5. An Indian Town at Terra del Fuego
Add. MS 23920, f.12. Wash drawing, 24.2 × 34.1 cm. Signed ‘A. Buchan. Delint’.
6. Phaethon rubricauda Gm. Red-tailed Tropic Bird
Zool. I, 31a. 23.3 × 21.7 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’ Underneath the signature is written in pencil ‘Tawai’ [Tava'e] Phaeton.erubescens’.
7. [Tahiti] View of the Fort from the Rock within the Reef
Add. MS 23921, f. 2b. Pencil drawing, 15.2 × 32.2 cm. Unsigned, but the work and the writing of the title indicate Spöring. Pencil note by Banks on the paper ‘our little Encampment in Otaheite’, repeated on the mount.
8. View of the Coast & Reef in the district of Papavia
Add. MS 23921, f.7a. Wash drawing, unsigned, by Parkinson, 14.9 × 23.9 cm. A large pandanus on a cliff in foreground, on right double canoe with ‘deck-house’ being paddled, in middle distance canoe shelter, native dwellings, sailing canoe and coconut trees, in background hills and sailing canoes.
9a. [Tahiti. A Group of Musicians]
Add. MS 15508, f.10b. Crude drawing, with some water colour, by an unknown executant, on a sheet 26.9 × 36.9 cm. The group itself measures c. 9.6 × 20.8 cm. Two musicians, dressed in the maro, are playing nose-flutes, and two, in the tiputa, playing drums.
9b. [Tahitian Scene]
Add. MS 15508, f.12. Crude watercolour drawing, by an unknown executant (possibly the artist of f.10b.), 26.8 × 37 cm. The drawing is unfinished, with a number of figures still in pencil outline. In the foreground three canoes, two with fighting-stages in the bows, one with sails and outrigger. In the background a ‘long house’ or arioi house; and trees—left to right a pandanus, a bread-fruit, bananas, a coconut, a tree hard to identify, a taro plant, what is possibly a young casuarina, more coconuts and bananas, and a small pandanus.
10. [Tahiti] Men's and Women's Dress
Add. MS 23921, f.36b. and e. Pencil sketches by Parkinson, 18.9 × 15.3 cm. and 16.7 × 15.2 cm. On the sheet on which the sketches page xx are mounted is written ‘Otaheite’ and ‘Sketches of Inhabitants’. The man is tying a sash round his tapa overgarment or tiputa, and is wearing what may be either a pareu or a maro underneath; the woman is wearing a tiputa over a pareu.
11a. [Making Tapa] Woman scraping bark
Add. MS 23921, f.50a. Pencil sketch by Parkinson, unsigned, 16.3 × 20.6 cm. Note at bottom right in Banks's hand, ‘woman scraping bark to make cloth S[outh?] S[ea?]’.
11b. [Making Tapa] Woman beating cloth
Add. MS 23921, f.50b. Pencil sketch by Parkinson, unsigned, 20.1 × 23.1 cm. Note at bottom right in Banks's hand, ‘women beating cloth’; and a note in ink on the mounting sheet, ‘Girls beating out the Bark with their Cloth beaters’. Both these drawings are much foxed.
12. [Tahiti] Sketches of Dancing Girls
Add. MS 23921, f.38b. Pencil sketch by Parkinson, unsigned, 12.2 × 29.8 cm. In addition to the ceremonial tapa garments the girls are wearing head-dresses of taamu, or plaited hair.
13. [Tahiti] Distortions of the Mouth used in Dancing
Add. MS 23921, f.51a and b. Pencil sketches by Parkinson, unsigned, both 19 × 16.3 cm. On the back of 51a is a pencil sketch of tattoo-design on the buttocks.
14. A Tupapow in the Island of Otaheite
Add. MS 23921, f.31a. Wash drawing 23.7 × 37.4 cm., unsigned. On the back of the drawing is written in pencil ‘Ewhatta no te tuobapaow’ (spelling of last word conjectural)—i.e. e fata no te tupapau. A roofed platform with a fence round it; the corpse lies covered with tapa. In the foreground a ‘chief mourner’ in ceremonial dress; young coconuts planted out, a mature coconut with a boy climbing for the nuts, and a tree (Erythrina ?) with a man sitting at its base.
15. [Tahiti] Dress of the Chief Mourner
Add. MS 23921, f.32. Pencil drawing 23.1 × 18.7 cm., unsigned, probably by Spöring. See p. 288.
16. A platform for supporting the offerings made to the Dead
Add. MS 23921, f.29b. Wash drawing 23.6 × 37 cm., unsigned. The platform is hung round with cloth, and on it rests a bunch of bananas. Banana trees left foreground and behind, and a coconut middle foreground with a yam vine climbing it.page xxi
17. View in Ulietea
Add. MS 23921, f.11. Wash drawing 23.6 × 37.3 cm., unsigned. A canoe-house with a large double canoe in it, in the foreground a man carrying coconuts on a stick over his shoulder, and two men in a small outrigger canoe. Various trees and plants, and hills in the background.
18. Canoe of Ulietea
Add. MS 23921, f.20. Wash drawing 30 × 48.1 cm., unsigned. A two-masted double canoe with sails raised; two shelters built on the deck, one shading a tapa-wrapped child; men dressed in the maro kneeling on ropes; other children, one holding a pig, another drinking from a coconut; a woman leaning on the forward shelter, fowls on the aft one. Other sailing canoes in the background. In lower right corner, three Reef Herons, Demigretta sacra.
19. Vessels of the Island of Otaha
Add. MS 23921, f.17. Wash drawing 30 × 47.8 cm., unsigned. Left foreground, men and women fishing, one woman nude, with topknot hair-dressing and tattooed buttocks. Right foreground, man paddling raft with coconuts. Middle, small outrigger canoe and large double sailing canoe, with tapa-dressed men and women, fruit, gourd containers, etc. Further canoes in background, hills, and atmospheric effect of sun shining through clouds. ‘Otaha’=Tahaa.
20. Construction of Canoes
Add. MS 23921, f.23b. Pencil drawings of various details of canoe construction, 27.4 × 22.3 cm., unsigned. Hulls with cross-sections, ‘deck-house’, paddle, mast and rigging. Annotations in Banks's hand.
21. [Tahitian Tattoo-designs]
Add. MS 23921, f.51c verso, ink drawing 19.7 × 32.1 cm. The drawing shows the tattooing of the buttocks. See pp. 335.6.
22a. [Tahitian Weapons]
Add. MS 23921, f.57b. Wash drawing 20.4 × 16.5 cm. Signed ‘J.F.Miller: del.’; drawn in England from artifacts brought home by Banks. (1) Sting of a ray, used for a spear-point; (2) bow (3) arrow (4) quiver of bamboo. The bow and arrow were not strictly speaking a weapon, but rather ‘sporting equipment’.
22b. [South Sea Fish-hooks]
Add. MS 15508, f.25. Wash drawing 20.5 × 16.5 cm. Signed ‘John Frederick Miller. del.’ Underneath the drawing are pencil notes by Banks identifying the artifacts: ‘1. Decoy to Catch Cuttle fish from Otaheite 2. Hook of Nacre shell from D0 3. D0 of mother of Pearl from D0 4. D0 of Wood & bone from New Zeland.’page xxii
23a. [Tapa Beater and Adze]
Add. MS 15508, f.30. Wash drawing 20.5 × 16.6 cm. Unsigned. Under the drawing is a pencil note by Banks, ‘Tools of the South Sea Isles / a instrument with which they beat out their cloth / b. Hatchet or axe’. A further note gives the size (height) of the beater as 1’ 3” and of the adze as 1’ 11”.
23b. [South Sea Artifacts]
Add. MS 15508, f.31. Wash drawing 20.1 × 16.4 cm. Signed ‘J.F. Miller. 1771’. A pencil note by Banks beneath the drawing lists the articles: ‘Tools &c. from the South Sea Isles / a a flute / b Pestle of Stone to beat down their victuals into a soft paste which is looked upon by them as a delicacy / c small Hatchet the blade of which being taken off [serves erased] a chizzel / d Thatching needle / e Chizzel made of human bone’.
24. Diospyros lotus L.
Madeira 17. 25.8 × 20.2 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1768.’ The word ‘Linn.’, added in ink to the title on the picture, appears to be in Banks's hand.
25. Pereskia sp.
Brazil 1. 18.3 × 30.3 cm. Titled ‘Clusia-dodecapetala’, and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’ On the back is the pencilled note, ‘Mem the stamina to be done with Gamboge the stalks &calix green’.
26. Tillandsia stricta Soland. ex Sims
Brazil 33. 27.9 × 19 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’
27a. Apium prostratum Labill. Wild Celery
Tierra del Fuego 58.41 × 26.2 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’ This is the Apium antarcticum of the Banks and Solander MSS.
27b. Drimys winteri J. R. & G. Forst. Winter's Bark
Tierra del Fuego 6.33 .3 × 21 cm. Titled ‘Winterana-aromatica’, and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’
28. Pernettya mucronata Gaud.
Tierra del Fuego 100. 27 × 21.5 cm. Titled ‘Arbutus, rigida’ and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’ Above ‘rigida’ in the title has been written in pencil ‘mucronata, Linn.fil.’
29. Crataeva religiosa Forst.f. Puaraau
Society Islands I, 5. 45.5 × 29 cm. (part of the drawing has been trimmed off). Titled ‘Crataeva frondosa’ and signed ‘Sydney page xxiii Parkinson pinxt 1769.’ In the lower right-hand corner is a pencil note in Banks's hand, ‘Otahite’; and on the back the following: ‘The flowers that come last out are quite white gaining the purple colour by degrees. The underside of the leaves the same colour as the upper—The capsule is dark green being all cover'd with warts of dirty white’.
30. Gardenia taitensis DC. Tiare
Society Islands I, 82. 40.6 × 27.2 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’ Titled ‘Gardenia-florida’, and with a pencil note by Banks, 'Otahite’. The leaf on the right has been trimmed.
31. Jasminum didymum Forst.f. Tia-tia mana
Society Islands I, 90. 42.2 × 26.2 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’, with pencil note by Banks ‘Otaheite’. The leaf on the right has been trimmed.
32. Artocarpus communis J. R. & G. Forst. Uru or Bread-fruit
Society Islands II, 180.35 × 28.7 cm. Titled ‘Sitodium-altile.’ and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’ Over the title is written in pencil, ‘Artocarpus incisa L.fil’, and beneath it a pencil note by Banks (?), ‘Otaheite’. There are two other similar drawings of this plant: (1) No. 179, Unnamed but with pencil note, ‘The leaves dark grass green wt pale yellow green veins the underside pale green wt prominent veins, the male flower and spatha pale yellow green, the fruit a yellow green’; (2) No. 181, Sepia drawing signed ‘John Frederick Miller. del.’
33a. Ficus tinctoria Forst. Mati
Society Islands II, 167. 39.1 × 26 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’; pencil note by Banks [?], ‘Otaheite’.
33b. Cordia subcordata Lam. Tou
Society Islands I, 100.42.1 × 28.6 cm. Titled ‘Cordia-Sebestena’ and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’; a pencil note by Banks, ‘Otahite’. The leaves have been trimmed at the sides.
34a. Calophyllum inophyllum L. Tamanu
Society Islands I, 10. 41.7 × 28.5 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’ Beneath the title is the pencil note ‘Uahine’ in Banks's hand. The leaf on the left has been trimmed.
34b. Morinda citrifolia L. Nono
Society Islands I, 77.42 × 28.8 cm. Signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769’; and with a pencil note ‘Ulhietea’.page xxiv
35. Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) O. Ktze. Pia
Society Islands II, 206. 43.5 × 28.8 cm. Titled ‘Chaitæa-Tacca’ and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’; a pencil note by Banks, ‘Ulhietea’. The sheet has been trimmed at the top and sides. The wash drawing of the details of the capsule is on a separate piece of paper pasted down. The name of the plant usually accepted has been Tacca pinnatifida Forst.
36. Piper methysticum Forst.f. Ava
Society Islands II, 139. 37.8 × 25 cm. Titled ‘Piper-inebrians’ and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769.’ Pencil note under title, ‘Ulhietea’.
37. Merremia peltata (L.) Merr.
Society Islands II, 106.43 × 27.7 cm. Titled ‘Convolvulus peltatus’ and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769’; a pencil note by Banks, ‘Ulhitea’.
38. Cyanoramphus zealandicus (Latham). Red-rumped Parrot
Zool. I, 8. 17.6 × 17.5 cm. Ascribed by Dryander (no doubt correctly) to Parkinson. The right leg and claws and the branch on which the bird is perched are indicated only in pencil. A later pencil note at the bottom of the sheet gives the name as ‘Psittacus pacificus’; and a note at the bottom right, by Parkinson, gives its island name as ‘Aã’ (A'a). The present specific name was given by Latham (1790), who erroneously thought New Zealand was the bird's habitat. It was confined to Tahiti, and was last collected in 1844, about which time presumably it became extinct. On the back are the notes in ink, (1) by Banks, ‘No. 5. Green Peroquet’, and (2) by Solander, ‘Otahite’.
39. Vini peruviana (P.L.S.Müller). Tahitian Blue Lory
Zool. I, 9. 11.9 × 15 cm. Unsigned pencil drawing, ascribed by Dryander to Parkinson. A pencil note by Parkinson on the front reads, ‘Avinne’. On the back he has written, ‘The face throat & breast white the rem/ & rec/. dirty grey turng blue towards the edge the feet & beak a bright Orange Claws black all the rest of the body— wt dark Ultra-. shaded wt P.B. like shining steell.’; and a note by Banks, ‘N03, Blue Perroquet / Otahite’.—In Parkinson's note ‘rem/ & rec/.’ = ‘remiges & rectrices’, i.e. flight feathers and tail feathers.
40a. Acantherocybium solandri (C.V.)
Zool. II, 87.6 × 39.5 cm. Titled ‘Scomber-lanceolatis’ and signed ‘Sydney Parkinson pinxt 1769’. Below the signature is a note in pencil by Banks(?), ‘Tatea’, and below that Parkinson's note in ink, ‘Mem. page xxv one Pinulae spuriæ is wanting above & one below.’ On the back is the pencil note by Banks, ‘off thrum cap. Island’.
40b. Plectorhinchus orientalis (Bloch)
Zool. II, 77. 10.3 × 24 cm. Ascribed by Dryander to Parkinson. The name ‘Tairhepha’ (Tairifa) is pencilled below the drawing. On the back are the notes (1) by Banks (?), ‘N0 45. Percoides pica’; (2) by Parkinson, ‘The parts mark'd thus × are white inclining to gray especialy on the finns & on the face reddish, those marked wt [a sign not possible to print] are black the scales edge'd wt dirty white, the iris gold colour pupil black.’; (3) by Solander, ‘Otahite’. The marks referred to by Parkinson are not visible on the drawing, and were presumably removed when it was coloured.