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A Popular Vision: The Arts and the Left in New Zealand 1930-1950

Chapter Three: The Left Book Club

Chapter Three: The Left Book Club

1S. Samuels, 'The Left Book Club', in W. Laqueur and G. Mosse (eds.), The Left-wing Intellectuals Between the Wars, 1919-1939. New York: Harper and Row, 1966, p.65
2B. Pimlott, Labour and the Left in the 1930s. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977, p.155
3V. Gollancz, quoted in S. Hodges, Gollancz. The Story of a Publishing House 1928-1978. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd, 1978, p.118
4J. Lewis, The Left Book Club. An Historical Record. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd, 1970, pp.13-14
5Left Book Club. 'Please' leaflet, 1936. H. O. Roth. Private collection
6LBC leaflets. Roth collection
7Gollancz, editorial, Left News, Nov. 1938
8P.B.F., The Queen's Hall Meeting', Tomorrow, 2 Mar. 1938 (v.4, n.9), pp.283, 285
9LBC leaflet, 1938. Roth collection
10LBC leaflet, [nd]. Roth collection; Pimlott, Labour and the Left p.159
11Samuels, 'The Left Book Club', p.76
12Ibid.,p.76;Lewis, TheLeftBookClub,p.27
13Quoted in ibid., p.78
14F. Cook, 'National Rally of Left Book Club', Tomorrow, 2 Mar. 1938 (v.4, n.9), p.283
15Samuels, 'The Left Book Club', p.86
16C. F. Saunders, 'The Left Book Club', Tomorrow, 21 June 1939 (v.5, n.17), p.529
17J. Paul. Interview with author, 23 Aug. 1985; P. W. Day, 'Blackwood Paul', Comment, 23, May 1965, pp.10-11
18The Left Book Club. Conference Decisions', Tomorrow, 26 Apr. 1939 (v.5, n.13), p.412; Left BookClub (Wellington group). Second annual report, 21 Feb. 1940. C.F. Saunders Papers. Jack Locke Deposit: item 10. University of Canterbury Library. Membership figures of LBC groups have also been derived from Tomorrow, 15 Mar. 1939 (v.5, n.10), p.316; reports in the Left News; Report of National Committee New Zealand Left Book Club Association fortheyear 1939-40. Locke Deposit: 10. See Appendix 1 for membership figures of other LBC groups in New Zealand.
19Proposed Rules of the New Zealand Association ofLeft Book Clubs, [1939]. Roth collection
20Amendments to Original Draft Constitution submitted by the Dunedin Left Book Club Group, [1939]. Roth collection
21V. Christensen, secretary, Manawatu LBC group, correspondence, Manawatu Evening Standard 5 Dec. 1939, p.6
22Samuels, 'The Left Book Club', p.65
23Report of National Committee . . . 1939-40: Summary of Group Reports, p.2
24S.M.Skudder, "'Bringing It Home". New Zealand Responses to the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939'. DPhil thesis, Waikato University, 1986, p.381. Information about Saunders is also derived from Saunders Papers. Locke Deposit: 10; New Zealand Society for Closer Relations with the USSR. Christchurch Branch. Executive minutes and other papers. H. W. Rhodes. Private collection; Rhodes. Interview with author, 4 June 1985
25Saunders, The Left Book Club', p.529
26'The Left Book Club. Conference Decisions', p.412; remits for first LBC national conference, April 1939. Roth collection
27Report of National Committee . . . 1939-40: Remits, p.[4]
28 Workers' Weekly, 25 Nov. 1938, p.8; Left News, Oct. 1938, p.1019; Report of Na- page 254 tional Committee . . . 1939-40; People's Voice, 18 Aug. 1939, p.8; The Left Book Club. Conference Decisions'; People's Voice, 8 Dec. 1939, p.8
29See below, pp. 83-4
30 Tomorrow, 21 Dec. 1938 (v.5, n.4), p.115; Workers' Weekly, 5 Nov. 1937, p.3; Left News, Dec. 1938, p.1100; programme, Till the Day I Die, Dec. 1937. Locke Deposit: 10; Left Book Club (Christchurch group). Notice of annual general meeting, 8 Dec. 193?. Ibid.
31 EveningStar, 3 Sept. 1938, p.13; Otago Daily Times, 3 Sept. 1938, p.19,17 July 1939, p.11. The Dunedin group's dramatic productions were also reported in Tomorrow, 1 Feb. 1939 (v.5, n.7), p.210; People's Voice, 18 Aug. 1939, p.8; Left News, Oct. 1938, p.1018
32Rhodes interview. The inaugural meeting of the Christchurch group was reported in Workers' Weekly, 30 July 1937, p.4
33 Left News, Dec. 1938, p.uoo; Workers' Weekly, 5 Nov. 1937, p.3
34Rhodes interview
36 Left News, Oct. 1938, p.1018; G. H. Brown, Colin McCahotr. Artist. Wellington: A.H. and A. W. Reed, 1984, p.13; E. Olssen, A History ofOtago. Dunedin: John McIndoe, 1984, p.192; R. Kennedy. Interview with author, 26 Jan. 1987; P. and W. Powell. Interview with author, 22 Oct. 1989
37 Left News, Oct. 1938, p.1019
38Ibid., Feb. 1939, p.1171; Report of National Committee . . . 1939-40: Summary of Group Reports, p.4
39 Left News, Sept. 1938, p.980
40AJ. Redfern to C. F. Saunders, 25 May 1939. Locke Deposit: 10
41J. Locke. Interview with author, 6 June 1985
42LBC (Wellington group), second annual report; LBC (Wellington group). Bulletin No.1, 31 May 1939. Locke Deposit: 10; A. R. Perry. Interview with author, 15 Oct. 1985; A,M. Finlay. Interview with author, 5 Sept. 1985; E. Locke. Interview with author, 6 June 1985
43LBC (Wellington group), second annual report, p.2
44Finlay interview
45 Workers' Weekly, 5 Nov. 1937, p.3, 9 Dec. 1938, p.4; LBC (Wellington group), second annual report; Left News, Aug. 1939
46 Left News, Oct. 1938, p.1019
47Report of National Committee . . . 1939-40: Summary of Group Reports, pp.3-4
48Report of National Committee . . . 1939-40, p.5
49 Mass Observation (1937), quoted in S. Laing, 'Presenting "Things as They Are": John Somerfield's May Day and Mass Observation', in F. Gloversmith (ed.), Class Culture and Social Change. A New View of the 1930s. Sussex: Harvester Press, 1980, pp.153, 156
50LBC (Wellington group), second annual report, pp.2-3
51'Mass Observation. NZ Organisation Formed', Workers'Weekly, 5 May 1939, p.4
52'Group Observation', Salient, 21 June 1939 (v.2, n.11), p.3
54 Tomorrow, 20 Nov. 1935 (v.2, n.4), p.16, 15 Apr. 1936 (v.2, n.20), p.26; J. H. Robb, The Life and Death of Official Social Research in New Zealand 1956-1940. Occasional Papers in Sociology and Social Work, 7. Wellington: Department of Sociology, Victoria University of Wellington, 1987
55Finlay interview
56 Tomorrow, 26 May 1937 (v.3, n.15), p.452
57 Statutory Regulations, 1939, p.569
58Ibid., 1940, p.63
59The principal source for this discussion of wartime censorship is N. M. Taylor, The New Zealand People at War: The Home Front. Wellington: Historical Publications Branch, Department of Internal Affairs/ Government Printer, 1986, pp.997-1013
60'Censorship!', Union Record 15 Jan. 1941 (v.1, n.19), p.5
61 Co-operative Book News, May 1942 (v.1, n.5), p.5
62Quoted in Taylor, The Home Front, p.1007page 255
63'What is the Left Book Club?', Tomorrow, 3 Apr. 1940 (v.6, n.11), p.351
64'An Invitation', [nd]. Locke Deposit: 10
65J.W.D. Hall to J. A. McCullough, 24 Oct. 1939. Roth collection
66 Workers'Weekly, 5 Nov. 1937, p.3, 9 Dec. 1938, p.4
67'What is the Left Book Club?'
68 Workers' Weekly, 28 Apr. 1939, p.4; 'Report of National Committee . . . 1939-40', p.5
69 Manawatu Evening Standard, 12 Dec. 1939, p.6
70Saunders, 'The Left Book Club'; Manawatu Evening Standard, 13 Dec. 1939, p.2
71Ibid., 7 Dec. 1939, p.8, 14 Dec. 1939, p.10, 8 Dec. 1939, p.2
72Saunders, 'The Left Book Club'
73LBC (Wellington group). Bulletin No.1
74'What is the Left Book Club?'
75Report of National Committee . . . 1939-40: Summary of Group Reports, p.2
76 Workers' Weekly, 9 Dec. 1938, p.4
77Samuels, 'The Left Book Club', p.83
78Ibid., p.81
79Report of National Committee . . . 1939-40, p.6
80'Announcing the New Left Book Club', 1949. Roth collection
81A. Jackson-Thomas to secretary, Wellington Co-operative Book Society, 19 Jan. 1949. Wellington Co-operative Book Society Ltd. Papers, 1938-1970. Ms Papers 1122: folder 25. Alexander Turnbull Library
82WCBS secretary to A. Jackson-Thomas, 14 Jan. 1949. WCBS Papers: 25