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Figure 122.—Stern piece of Mitiaro canoe. a, junction of stern piece (1) to hull (2) and stern cover (3); stern piece lashed to stern cover at each upper corner. b, on either side of posterior median edge (4), three oblique holes are bored near edge of stern piece (1) and hull (2) so as to meet. Commencing on right, a length of sennit (5) passes through upper hole (6) to emerge through lower paired hole (7) from inside; sennit is then carried over on outside to enter upper hole (6) and passed d… Figure 123.—Outrigger canoes: 1, hull or underbody; 2, gunwale rail; 3, bow cover; 4, stern cover; 5, float; 6, fore boom; 7, after boom; 8, thwart; 9, carrying stringer; 10, bow projection (tara kokiri); 11, stern post. a, Atiu: length, 14 feet 2 inches; note slope of bow and tara kokiri projection (10), blunter stern with short upward projection of stern cover (4); carrying stringer (9) passes above after boom (7) and thwart (8) and below fore boom (6). b, Mitiaro: length, 13 feet 10 inches; … Figure 124.—Boom attachments to float. 1, float; 2, boom. a-c, Mangaian and Rarotongan straight boom with long branch and projecting end (3) for lashing with: a, two stays; b, three stays; and c, four stays. d-f, Atiu, Mauke, and Mitiaro curved boom with short branch, no end projection, and stays attached to boom on inner side of branch: d, Mauke with one inner stay; e, Mitiaro after boom with one outer stay; f, Mitiaro fore boom with two outer stays; g, Aitutaki with Y-shaped connective (4) Figure 127.—Aitutaki paddle (Cranmore Mus., Kent). a, front showing carved upper end (1) of shaft, narrow shoulders (2), carving on blade below shoulder (3) and long mesial edge (4). Total length, 2,425 mm.; shaft length, 1,073 mm.; blade length, 1,352 mm.; shaft diameter in middle, 52 mm., at shaft junction, 54 mm. by 45 mm.; blade width at shoulder, 82 mm., at widest part, 342 mm. b, details of front carving (a, 3) 183 mm. deep; these may be analyzed into transverse panels with serrated lower… Figure 215.—Wooden god from Atiu (British Mus., L.M.S., 94/35). a, wooden figure: height 350 mm.; width of head 105 mm. by 108 mm.; width lower end 113 mm.; head (1) dome-shaped with six vertical elliptical slots (2) crossed by middle bar (3), dividing head into six elliptical panels (4) which are carved on outer side; constricted neck (5) followed by vertical arches (6) on same vertical lines as head panels and radiating equally from common center to form upper series; upper ends of arches hav… Figure 220.—Mitiaro gods, head section. a: 1, vertex; 2, panels; 3, transverse bar, uncarved; 4, neck; 5, first arches of middle section (Cambridge University Mus., 104). b: greatest width 36 mm., neck width 21 mm., transverse bar (3) with single zigzag pattern (British Mus., 7050). c: greatest width 53 mm., height 85 mm., neck width 24 mm., transverse bar (3) with single zigzag pattern; shows upper ends of coir decoration attached to middle section; transverse lines (4) (British Mus., L.M.S., … Figure 223.—Mitiaro gods, broken arches and feather decoration. a, central column (1), 8 mm. in diameter; perfect arch (2) 38 mm. between upper and lower pillars, and broken pillars (3) of other arches on same level may be seen; lozenge-chevron motif (4) used (British Mus., 2060). b, only specimen of series which has sennit braid decoration still attached to it; feathers and braid with transverse tufts of fiber are placed vertically in grooves between carved ridges and then tied in position by … Figure 224.—Lower staff ends of Mitiaro gods. a, staff (1) commences immediately below lowest arches (2) and widens, but part of length evidently cut off, as shown by cuts on either side with a middle fracture of wood; length 97 mm., width at top 14 mm., width, widest part, 32 mm. (British Mus., L.M.S., no number). b, other view of a: top thickness 13 mm., bottom thickness 12 mm. c, narrow view of staff (1) which has a distinct shoulder (3) below last set of arches (2); shoulder 22 mm. in diame… Figure 227.—Feather decoration, Mitiaro gods (a, b: British Mus., L.M.S., 107; c-e: British Mus., L.M.S., 49). a, four pieces of braid (1-4) successively combined by fraying out lower ends and combining them as plies with others, forming branched figure combined into one braid (5); small bunch of black feathers (6) tied together at quill ends (7) added to upper braid ends by lashing (8); upper ends of braid (9) frayed out to form part of decoration; some branches without feathers but transverse… Figure 228.—Forms of carving on Mitiaro gods (a-e, arches and pillars; f, g, cross-bar on head sections): a, simple form of lozenge (1) and chevron (2) on pillar projections in which free point of lozenge is always directed outward, and chevrons directed inward toward arch; in trimming upper surface of arch to a mesial edge, a lozenge-shaped figure (3) is left on middle of arch. b, with simple lozenge-chevron motifs on pillar projections, and middle of arch (3) left as transverse band with slig… Plate 10 — A, Outrigger Canoe, Mitiaro; B, Double Canoe, Mauke; C, Flying-Fish Net Aitu Plate 14 — Symbols of Gods: A, Aitutaki (British Mus., L.M.S., 28); B, Aitu (British Mus., L.M.S., 572); C, Aitu (British Mus., L.M.S., 94/35); D, E, Mitiaro (British Mus., L.M.S., no Number and 49); F, G, H, Mangaia (British Mus., L.M.S., 30, 32, 31); Mangaia (Oldman Coll., 432)


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