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Figure 1.—Maps of the Cook Islands: a, locality map of Cook Islands; b, Rarotonga: c, Atiu: d, Aitutaki: e, Mangaia: f, Mauke Figure 100.—Quadrangular adz, type 3; Mauke (C2707). a, front: front surface of blade narrower than back; lateral edges well defined; dropped shoulder with convexity upward; butt well rounded at sides. b, back: bevel surface slightly concave and sloping into flat back without a chin; back edges of blade well defined but continuation onto chin not so distinct. c, right side: profile of dropped shoulder with extension down sides. d, sections. Weight, 6.25 oz Figure 118.—Chisel, Mauke (C2701). a, front: butt and blade in one plane, no shoulder; lateral edges somewhat rounded; blade narrows to cutting edge. b, back: bevel surface straight and merges into back without distinct apical point, because median edge is rounded off; rounded median edge extends to poll. c, right side. d, sections. Weight, 3.5 oz Figure 120.—Lashing of gunwale rail to underbody: 1, gunwale rail; 2, underbody; 3, lashing; 4, inner ledge (paevai); 5, outer ledge. a, Atiu; b, Mauke; c, Mangaia. The outboard side is to the left Figure 124.—Boom attachments to float. 1, float; 2, boom. a-c, Mangaian and Rarotongan straight boom with long branch and projecting end (3) for lashing with: a, two stays; b, three stays; and c, four stays. d-f, Atiu, Mauke, and Mitiaro curved boom with short branch, no end projection, and stays attached to boom on inner side of branch: d, Mauke with one inner stay; e, Mitiaro after boom with one outer stay; f, Mitiaro fore boom with two outer stays; g, Aitutaki with Y-shaped connective (4) Figure 125.—Canoe thwarts, viewed from bow with outrigger side to right: a, b, Mauke; c, d, Mangaia. a, upper surface of seat (1): length without projections, 13.6 inches; width in middle line, 7.75 inches, at two ends, 7.25 inches; port projection (2) perforated with two holes, 4 inches long, 2 inches wide, 1.5 inches thick; short starboard projection (3); two holes on starboard side for lashing seat to gunwale rail. b, front view of seat (1) with downward projection (6) 6.5 inches deep and 10… Figure 13.—Ironwood thatch implements. a, thatching hook, Mauke (Bishop Mus., C2824): length, 11.5 inches; greatest width, 0.6 inch; greatest thickness, 0.3 inch; length of point from hook notch (1), 0.9 inch. b, thatch needle, Aitutaki (Auckland Mus.): length, 10 inches; greatest width, 0.5 inch Figure 135.—Canoe bailers: a-c, Atiu (Bishop Mus., C2836); d-f, Mauke (Bishop Mus., C2837). a, side view with sloping back: greatest length, 241 mm.; front depth, 117 mm. b, upper surface: square front, curved back; front width, 152 mm.; width at back of slots, 155 mm.; slots on either side of median bar handle, 119 mm. by 39 mm. and 116 mm. by 38 mm.; handle, 22 mm. wide and 21 mm. thick, c, front opening: upper surface, 152 mm. wide; widest part, 155 mm. d, side view with square back: depth f… Figure 172.—Atiu and Mauke clubs: a-e, Atiu; f, Mauke. a, narrow blade with blunt unflanged point (Fuller coll., 318). b, very narrow blade, with straight flanged point (Fuller coll., ?). c, shortest club with widest part of blade near tip; blunt point with faintly incised double chevron (Fuller coll., L.M.S.). d, long point with fairly wide blade; double flanged chevron point (Fuller coll., L.M.S.). e, narrow blade with triple chevron motif (1); two sets of four barbs (2, 2); slight enlargemen… Figure 230.—God attributed to Mauke (British Mus., L.M.S., 66 or 99): cylindrical body (1), composed of thick five-ply coir braid, dark red in color, folded into lengths of 100 mm. to reach a diameter of 30 mm.; evidently unbraided coir fiber, which projects at one end, was also added inside to thicken body; braid foundation wrapped with white bark cloth and tied at each end with fine oronga thread; split black feathers tied in bunches and seized with single coir fiber added at each end; upper … Figure 24.—Cook Islands fan (British Mus., L.M.S.). a, outline; length of plaited part, 395 mm.; base width, 430 mm.; length of external handle, 130 mm. b, front, showing short butt knobs (1, 1), raised flange (2) divided in middle line, rounded body (3) with large perforation, bilateral curved flanges with lower end (4) incised with chevrons and upper end (5) notched, terminal flange (6) with perforation below it, and plain lashing (7) of fine cord. c, side view with same numbering as b; upper… Figure 259.—Tahitian pounders found in Cook Islands: a, Atiu (Otago University Mus., D.34, 399). b, Rarotonga, owned by Makea Ariki. c; Mauke (Otago University Mus., D.34, 559). d, head of type c. Measurements in millimeters. Dimensions Height Head Width Neck Base Weight (oz.) a 155 83 42 119 53 b 142 124 46 141 c 165 97 50 138 77.25 Figure 272.—Polynesian bailers. a, common form with median free handle, used in Tuamotu, Marquesas, Samoa. b, handle end attached to bottom, Niue, Ellice Islands. c, unilateral attachment of handle, sporadic in New Zealand and other regions. d, bilateral connection of handle to sides, Tahiti (British Mus., Tah. 6): length, 435 mm.; outside width, 135 mm.; depth, 110 mm.; width of cross connection, 40 mm. e, Cook Islands form, Mauke (fig. 135, d-f). f, specialized New Zealand form of a Figure 28.—Painted tapa patterns. a, Mauke: white cloth painted with black bars, black triangles in pairs with apices meeting giving hour-glass appearance and internally blaked with thin parallel lines, and zigzag bars formed by crossing black lines; horizontal bars (1) and triangles (1) painted yellow; rectangles (2) and triangles (2) in red (Bishop Mus., Bloxam ms.). b, shows carved heads (1) and tapa bundle with zigzag pattern (2) at one end and double rows of black lozenges separated by two… Figure 66.—Pearl-shell breast ornaments from Aitutaki and Mauke. a, Aitutaki: single pearl shell (1) pierced with four holes along upper hinge margin for attachment of coil (2) of 32 strands of two-ply cord of bast fiber dyed brown; at ends of coil folds, a thicker two-ply cord (3) of undyed bast (hibiscus?) is tied for suspension around neck (Auckland Mus., 14488). b, Mauke: part of shell (1) is crescentic in form with upper concave edge; holes bored at each upper corner for attachment of sing… Figure 73.—Triangular adz, without shoulder, Mauke (B8709). a, front: wider at cutting edge than poll, clearly defined lateral edges; b, back: high bevel apex and posterior median edge extending to poll; c, right side: no trace of working lateral edges of butt; d, sections. Weight, 5.25 oz Figure 74.—Triangular adz, with slight lateral shoulders, Mauke (C2711). a, front narrower at cutting edge, slight shoulders formed at sides by rounding off lateral edges of butt; b, back: bevel surface concave transversely and median edge continued to poll; c, right side: sharp lateral edges of blade contrasts with rounded edges of butt. d, sections. Weight, 5.75 oz Figure 77.—Triangular adz, variation 1, Mauke (B8711). a, front: comparatively narrow butt and blade with narrower cutting edge, raised-dropped shoulder; b, long bevel surface, straight transversely, and bevel apex on butt; median edge continued to poll; c, right side: profile shows up raised-dropped shoulder; d, sections. Weight, 20.25 oz Figure 81.—Triangular adz, variation 2, Mauke (C2713); highly polished on butt and blade. a, front: raised-dropped shoulder, sides of butt well rounded and polished; b, bevel surface concave with high apical point and median edge rounded off on butt; c, right side; d, sections. Weight, 10.75 oz Figure 88.—Triangular adz, intermediate, Mauke (C2719). a, front: butt and blade on same plane with pronounced raised shoulder; b, back: narrow bevel surface, straight transversely and apex lost in rounding off of blade and butt; c, right side: shows pronounced profile of raised shoulder; d, sections. Weight, 9 oz Figure 91.—Aberrant form, Mauke (C2702). a, front: butt and blade in one plane, well-marked lateral shoulders, b, back: sides ground sharply inward forming distinct lateral edges to blade and indistinct lines where sides meet bevel surface; blade and butt flat owing to thinness of adz; bevel surface slopes into back surface without apical point or chin. c, right side: sharp lateral edge of blade and rounded edge of butt. d, sections. Weight, 2.25 oz Plate 10 — A, Outrigger Canoe, Mitiaro; B, Double Canoe, Mauke; C, Flying-Fish Net Aitu


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