# Samoan Material Culture

# Figure 310.—Types of Samoan points, with Mariannas and Rarotonga points:

Figure 310.—Types of Samoan points, with Mariannas and Rarotonga points:

a, uatongi raised rib of coconut stalk club projecting beyond lateral edge, and with divisions formed by grooves sharpened to form a serrated edge (2); the raised rib is continuous over the median longitudinal edge (1). b, Simple serrations of the lateral edges made by cutting nicks in the structural pattern; the point (2) shows the first stage of cutting the nick; the point (3) shows slight bevelling (4) which, however, does not meet the similar bevelling of the opposite side of the club and the side edges of the point are not sharpened; the slight bevelling is seen in the club (fig. 311, *b*); the bevelling is not developed enough to form median longitudinal' edges on the individual points and there is an even plane from the median longitudinal edge (1) of the club to the points. c, Bevelled spikes of the talavalu clubs; the spikes (2) are bevelled (3) on either side of their median line (4) to sharpen their side edges (5) by meeting similar bevels on the opposite surface of the spikes; the median line of the spikes is thus converted into a median longitudinal edge (4) which is continued in to meet the median longitudinal edge (1) of the blade at right angles; the blade surface (6) is trimmed down from the median longitudinal edge (1) at an even slope to meet the deepest part of the spike bevelling at its junction (7) with the blade edge (8); the plane of blade bevel (6) meets the spike bevel (3) in a' sharply defined angle (9) as both planes are straight; the bevelling of the spike (3) diminishes to nothing at the median longitudinal edge (1) of the blade. The features of the points is their separation by spaces which remain as portions of the edge (8) of the blade and leads to the spaced points being termed tala (spikes). d, Bevelled teeth of fa'alaufa'i club; the points (2) are bevelled on either side (3) which forms a median longitudinal edge (4) with each tooth; owing to the points being formed by continuous nicks as in the club (fig. 311, *b*), the bevelled sides of the points and the bevel (6) of the blade meet at a bevel point (7) with the result that there is no distinct blade edge between the teeth, as in (c); the close setting of the points has led to their being termed nifo (teeth) in distinction to the spaced tala of c. The meeting of the blade and teeth bevels forms bevel angles (9). The feature of the Samoan spikes and teeth is that their bevel surfaces are straight and meet the straight surface of the blade in distinct bevel angles. e, Curved points of a club from the Marianne Islands; the technique of forming the points (2) is by removing the intervening wood in such a way as to form concave surfaces on either side of the median lengitudinal line of the points. The concave surfaces from the adjoining sides' of two points coalesce in one concave surface without forming any bevel angles. The concave surfaces on either side page 595form distinct median longitudinal edges (4) on each point, and the edge continues inwards to meet the median longitudinal edge (1) of the blade. The edge between the points is concave instead of angular as in the Samoan clubs. f, Curved points of a Rarotongan club; the curved technique leaves distinct median edges (4) between the concave bevels (3) of the points (2) and as in the preceding club the concave surfaces coalesce without any bevel angle. The curved bevel of the teeth are so inclined inwards that they end in inner curves (10) which are raised above the general plane (6) of the blade, which slopes outward from its own median edge (1).