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Samoan Material Culture

Figure 309.—Eight-spighiked clubs (talavalu) with sequence from coconut stalk pattern:

Figure 309.—Eight-spighiked clubs (talavalu) with sequence from coconut stalk pattern:

Figure 309.—Eight-spighiked clubs (talavalu) with sequence from coconut stalk pattern:

a, coconut stalk structural pattern with wide concave distal end (1) and blade narrowing to shaft without a shoulder. b, Uatongi coconut stalk club with spaced ribs (3) serrated and projecting in points beyond lateral edges; with wide concave distal end (2, 1) and no shoulder. c, Talavalu eight-spiked club figured by Churchill' (5, Pl. 3, f), with crutch-shaped distal end (2); four pairs of spikes (3), spaced like the ribs of the coconut talk club (b) and no shoulder; the crutch-shaped distal end and lack of shoulder establishes its origin from the coconut stalk, pattern; total length, 34 inches. d., The talavalu aberrant form figured by Edge-Partington (10, vol. 1, 73, No. 3); distal end (1) straight but wide (2) and thus maintaining coconut stalk pattern; 4 pairs of spaced spikes (3) forming talavalu; distinct shoulder (4) with upper part grooved as in ribs of coconut stalk club (uatongi) thus making departure from structural pattern yet incorporating an element from the other type of club derived from the same structural pattern; length, 44 inches.