First Lessons in Maori
Differences of Tense are denoted by auxiliary particles, e, ana, kua, i, ka, the same form in each case serving for all persons and numbers. Particular attention must be given to the use of the negative adverbs, which cannot be used indiscriminately, and also to the fact that, in the negative form of the Perfect, kua is changed into kia.
The Inceptive denotes a change from one state or action to another, or the commencement of a new action or condition, and may be either Past, Present, or Future; the actual time to be determined by the context. With a negative it may often be translated by “cease to.”