First Lessons in Maori
And is expressed by the following different words or methods:
i. a, used to connect consecutive actions or circumstances, with the notion of the lapse of time.page 55
Hoe ana mai ratou, a ka u ki Mokau, They rowed hither, and landed at Mokau.
a may often be translated by “and at length,” or “until.”
I kainga nga ika a pau noa, The fish were eaten until they were quite consumed.
ii. me, properly a preposition signifying “with,” and denoting concomitancy. (§ 15).
Kei reira te waka me te hoe, The canoe is there and the paddle.
iii. ma, used only with numerals. (§ 28).
E rua tekau ma waru, Twenty-eight.
iv. hoki, introducing something additional, often to be rendered by “also,” or “too,” and placed always after the first important word in the sentence.
I patua nga tangata, i tahuna hoki nga whare ki te ahi, The men were killed, and the houses were burnt with fire.
v. To connect the names of persons the personal pronouns are used with ko. For examples see § 12.
vi. When, however, two or more immediately consecutive actions are expressed by verbs in the same tense, or when two or more nouns are governed by the same preposition, they should follow one another in Maori without any conjunction, the preposition in the latter case being repeated before each noun.
Ka haere ia, ka kite i te tamaiti, ka arahi mai ki roto ki te whare, He went and found the child and led it into the house.
I whakatokia te mara ki te uwhi, ki te taro, ki te kumara, The field was planted with yam, taro, and kumara.