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New Zealand Medical Services in Middle East and Italy




All latrines must be boxed in. The seat and bucket type is not satisfactory.


Sanitary Police will be posted by units at all latrines from reveille to sunset:


To ensure that seats are kept closed and particularly that they are kept on top of buckets in cases where boxing is not complete.

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To see that all ranks leaving the latrines immerse their hands up to the wrists in cresol solution (a 1 per cent solution, which is a “50” cigarette tin of cresol to 2 gallons of water—stronger solutions are no more efficient). During rush periods it may be necessary to reinforce the sanitary police or even station non-commissioned officers on duty to ensure compliance with orders on the subject.


Receptacles for disinfecting hands must not be inside latrines, but should be placed at least 30 feet from the centre of the latrine, and as near as possible to the normal route between tents and latrine. (For small latrines this distance could be reduced.) These stands should be whitewashed to facilitate location at night. The solution should be changed daily.


It will be found that hands dry very quickly in the air after immersion in the disinfectant, and no sort of discomfort is experienced.


Latrine seats must be scrubbed daily with soap and water and twice weekly with cresol solution. Buckets are cleaned by conservancy contractor after emptying. After cleaning, buckets should be wiped with pan-ol, and a trace left in the bottom. Pan-ol should be drawn from Unit QM.


The attention of all ranks is directed to the necessity of using sawdust freely in latrine pans and avoiding excess of urine in the pans by using the special urine buckets whenever possible. These measures facilitate incineration and contribute to the maintenance of a healthy camp.