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New Zealand Medical Services in Middle East and Italy

Malaria

Malaria

This was known to be prevalent in many places throughout Italy and malaria surveys had been carried out and the danger areas plotted on maps, so that army commanders could determine the most satisfactory areas in which to concentrate the troops. As a precautionary measure, the taking of mepacrine tablets was made compulsory throughout the force for six days in the week during the malaria season. The hygiene sections and special anti-malaria divisional and unit teams carried out a regular campaign against the mosquito. In doubtful areas mosquito nets and repellents were used, and care taken with regard to dress. The incidence in the New Zealand force was very low. Even though the Division arrived in Italy late in the malaria season it was at first camped in a malarious area, and the very few cases of malaria contracted was a tribute to the discipline of all ranks.