2nd New Zealand Divisional Artillery
6 Apr 45
2 N.Z. Div Arty Operation Order No. 15
Ref. Maps: 1/25,000 lugo Sheet 88/II SE
massa lombarda Sheet 88/II NE
NO CHANGE FROM VERBAL ORDERS
See 2 NZ Div Intelligence Summaries issued separately.
2. OWN TPS.
eighth army is to break through the enemy's senio defences by attacking on a two corps front.
Main axes: bagnacavallo–lugo–massa lombarda to r santerno.
2 polcorps is to assault as follows in conjunction with 5 corps:—
5 corps is to capture br-head over santerno in massa lombarda area in three phases:—
3. AIR SUPPORT.
The air effort in sp 5 Corps for ops is as follows:—
|Aircraft available||D Day||D plus 1||D plus 2
D plus 3
|Hy bombers||500||350||Depends on higher policy|
(i) This number may be increased by 150. Timings for bombing as follows:—
|apple||1350 — 1520||Hy Bombers|
|(D Day)||1545 — 1615||Med bombers|
|(D plus 1)||Hy bombers|
On account of the need for safety no adv by main body fwd of canale di lugo can be made before 1230 hrs on D plus 1.
Arrangements have been made to cancel the tgts early on D plus 1 if the situation is particularly favourable and a quick adv is certain.
A similar programme is being provided for 2 Polcorps. Timings for med bombers for pm D plus 1 are being decided later.
Fighter bombers will be used in conjunction with arty on
Hostile btys, enemy HQs and res bn and coy areas.
To strafe enemy flood-bank on r senio between times at which all guns on the Corps front are silent and from H–H plus 2 min to do a dummy strafe along the river.
To provide continuous cab-rank for both CB and normal close sp controlled by Rover.
Night bombing targets are as follows:—
Engagement of HBs.
Harassing of HBs astride r santerno.
Harassing enemy mov west of santerno.
mordano 2536 and s agata 2941.
4. Additional Arty for Phases I and II:
|(a) Under comd:—||HQ RA 78 Brit Inf Div
with under comd four fd regts
142 (RDY) Fd Regtpage 745
|(b) In sp:—||2 AGRA
with under comd: Three med regts (5.5)
Two med regts (4.5). One hy regt and in sp: B/654 Air OP Sqn
307/55 HAA Bty
195/52 LAA Bty
C/654 Air OP Sqn
8-81mm Mortars 1 Sp Gp Kensingtons
|(c)||74 Med 2 AGRA will sp 5 NZ Inf Bde|
|5 Med 2 AGRA will sp 6 NZ Inf Bde|
5. 2 NZ Div Arty will sp Operation ‘buckland’.
6. Fire plan in sp 2 NZ Div Operation ‘buckland’:—
Enfilade and HF during preliminary bombardment (Appx ‘D’ att)
Concs in sp 9 NZ Inf Bde Operation:
Predicted Smk Screen for operation ‘buckland’ D plus 1
7. One Regt of 78 Div will be firing on stretch of river on their front during preliminary bombardment.
A Counter Battery programme will be laid on by 2 AGRA at following times:—
D Day: H minus 240 to H minus 213 (27 min)
H minus 200 to H minus 185 (15 min)
H minus 181 to H minus 161 (20 min)
H minus 140 to H minus 109 (31 min)
H minus 79 to H minus 54 (25 min)
H minus 30 to H (30 min)
H plus 2 to H plus 60 (58 min)
D plus 1: H to H plus 10 (10 min)
9. A Tk:
|Under comd 5 NZ Inf Bde||32 Bty 7 NZ A Tk Regt|
|Under comd 6 NZ Inf Bde||33 Bty 7 NZ A Tk Regt|
|Under comd 9 NZ Inf Bde||31 Bty 7 NZ A Tk Regt|
10. Marking of Bdys:
See Appx ‘B’ Part II.
11. Visual Markers for Bombers:
HAA will be used to provide a line of bursts in the sky at 15,000 ft along line of the road bagnacavallo–faenza as visual markers for bombers.
12. OP and LO commitments:
|(a) 5 NZ Inf Bde:|
|(i) 5 NZ Fd Regt—||one LO each Bn|
|one OP each attacking Bn|
|CO at 5 Bde HQ|
|(ii) 1 RHA—||one OP per Sqn of 18 NZ Armd Regt|
|LO at 18 NZ Armd Regt HQ|
|(iii) 74 Med Regt—||LO with each fwd Bn|
|LO at 5 Bde HQ|
|(b) 6 NZ Inf Bde:|
|(i) 6 NZ Fd Regt—||one LO each Bn|
|one OP each attacking Bn|
|CO at 6 Bde HQ|
|(ii) 142 SP—||one OP per Sqn of 20 NZ Armd Regt|
|LO at 20 NZ Armd Regt HQ|
|(iii) 5 Med Regt—||LO with each fwd Bn|
|LO at 6 Bde HQ|
|(c) 9 NZ Inf Bde:|
|(i) 4 NZ Fd Regt—||Two OPs with 27 Bn|
|LO with 27 Bn HQ|
|LO(BC) at 9 NZ Inf Bde HQ|
|(d) LOs to flank fmns:|
|4 NZ Fd Regt—||LO to 3 Carp Div PA|
|6 NZ Fd Regt—||LO to 8 Ind Div RA|
|(e) LOs are being provided at HQ 2 NZ Div Arty from flank fmns as under:—|
|2 AGRA||—one LO|
|78 Div RA||—one LO|
|3 Carp Div PA||—one LO|
|8 Ind Div||—one LO|
13. Fwd Moves:
5 NZ Fd Regt and 6 NZ Fd Regt will be prepared to leap-frog btys fwd on D plus 1 after programme.
142 (RDY) A Fd Regt will be prepared to move early D plus 1.
Remaining regts—as battle progresses.
14. All times given in appxs are times at which guns will commence or cease firing.
15. HQ 2 NZ Div Arty remains present locn 405295.
Trace showing existing traffic circuits east of r senio and projected routes across river (see Appx ‘AD’ att).
Initially brs and routes will be allotted to fwd bdes as follows:—
UP—5 NZ Inf Bde—red route
6 NZ Inf Bde—blue route
DOWN—common route—white route.
At H minus 30 min all nets will be est and netted. After netting sets will assume listening watch and until H hr will only transmit in an emergency.
18, 38, 48 sets may be used without restriction after H minus 30 min.
By BBC Time Signal.
20. H hr—1920B hrs.
‘bulldog’ plus time—H hr for barrage on D plus 1.
‘goose’ Predicted smk screens on D plus 1.
‘condor’ Predicted smk screens on D plus 1.
‘rook’ Predicted smk screens on D plus 1.
Time of Signature 2125 hrs.
Method of issue LO
[Sgd] S. F. Catchpole, Major
BM RA 2 NZ Division
[Copies of operation order and appendices to: 4 Fd Regt, 5 Fd Regt, 6 Fd Regt, 7 A Tk Regt (including 34 Mortar Bty and 1 Sp Gp Kensingtons), 1 RHA, 142 (RDY) A Fd Regt, 5 Med Regt, 74 Med Regt, 307/55 HAA Bty, 195/52 LAA Bty, C Flt 654 AOP Sqn, P RADAR Bty, F Tp 49 Bty 5 Svy Regt, 2 AGRA, AGPA, 78 Brit Div RA, 8 Ind Div RA, 3 Carp Div RA, 5 Corps, 2 Polcorps, RA Eighth Army, Main 2 NZ Div, 4 NZ Armd Bde, 5 NZ Inf Bde, 6 NZ Inf Bde, 9 NZ Inf Bde, CRA, BM, IO, LO, SC, CBO, CMO, Sigs, Reps, file, war diary, spare]
1 These appendices are not reproduced here.