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An Account of Samoan History up to 1918

Chapter V — A record of events in Samoa since 1822

page 15

Chapter V
A record of events in Samoa since 1822.

1822 War in Malata. The fort we captured by Aana. During this war one European had a gun.
1828 The titles of Tuiaana, Tuiatua and Tamasoalii and Natoaitele were conferred on Malietoa.
Leiataua Pe'a was the leading warrior of Manono at this time. Before the year 1828 he had subdued Savai'i and Upolu and the Government of the country was under Manono until 1850.
In this year the titles of Tuamasaga, Atua and Aana and the titles from Tuisamau and Safata were offered to Pe'a. He did not wish to accept them and be recognised as King.
During this year Savai'i was first advised that Malietoa was King. No Savai'i title was conferred on Malietoa.
1829. The village of Fasitoouta in Aana killed Tamafaiga who was known as the Ghost on account of his cruelty. This man was a chief of Manono. War was declared on account of his death. Savai'i, Manono, Atua and Tuamasaga joined together against Aana. The war was fought in Fasitoouta. During this war women and children were thrown into a fire and this fire was called Tito.
Aug 24 1830 Representatives of the London Mission Society arrived in Samoa. The Society was represented br Rev Williams and eight native teachers from Tahiti. They came in the Missionary ship Tafa. The chief Fauea and his wife Puaseiese, both of Sapapalii had been to Tonga and were brought back on this ship. The vessel first called at Safune where they were well received by Tagaloa and Safune and given a feast. The first news of the killing of the Ghost Tamafaiga was received. Malietoa was at Manono whilst the fighting took place. The Missionary ship sailed to Sapapalii and it was reported to Malietoa that they were there. Malietoa went to Sapapalii and accepted Christianity.page 16
1831 Teachers from Tahiti remained in Savai'i. Malietoa adopted the name “Tavita.” (David). The first native church in Samoa was built at Sapapali'i.
1832 Rev. Williams returned to Samoa and built a church at Leulumoega and paid visits to different parts of the Islands.
1834 Rev. Buzacott arrived in Samoa.
1835 Rev. Pratt and Rev. Wilson arrived in Samoa.
1836 Six Missionaries from London arrived 3/4 Rev. Murray, and Rev. Barnden for Tutuila, Rev. Miller for Apia, Rev. Hardy for Manono and Rev. Hale for Sapapali'i.
1837 Rev. McDonald went to Safune.
1838 Rev. Williams returned to Samoa in the Missionary ship Canden which also broughtthree other Missionaries.
1839 Work in the heathen villages was commenced. The following were those who commenced the work: Sa'u in Apolima: Leiataua in Manono: Paulo Fasavalu in Falelatai:
Seupule Mose in Saleimoa: Mose Fuaiupolu and Lalolagi in Malie: Salamea, Filipo, Mose, Ioane in Iva.
A warship on a visit of inspection arrived. In this year the Rev. Williams and the Rev. Harris were killed by the natives on the Island of Eromaga and their bodies were eaten by the benighted heathens. The bones of these valued men were brought by the Missionary ship to Apia and interred under the porch of the church.
May 3 1841 Malietoa Tavita died. In this year the work of God was commenced in Loyalty Islands by the Rev. Murray and Samoan Teachers.
Sep 3 1844 Fighting at Mulinu'u.
Revs Tanner and Hale appointed to Malua.
Sep 26 1844 The school was built at Malua.
1846 The war continued at Mulinu'u where a fort was built.
A fight between war canoes took place in the Apia Harbour.
1848 Fortifications were built in Taumafa by the Tongans for the Samoans.
In this year the title of Tuiaana was conferred on page 17 Sualauvi in accordance with the expressed wish of Malietoa Tavita.
Jne 5 1848 Another war was declared. It began at Tufulele. In this war, war canoes took part. The war ended in Mulifanua and Manono. It ceased in 1856. Aana people were banished to Atua.
Jan 3 1849 Whooping cough broke out.
In this year the first sore was established in Samoa by Pritchard and his son who came from New South Wales. The printing of the New Testament in the Samoan language completed.
1850 Atua brought back the people of Aana who were banished by Savai'i and Manono.
War in Taumafa. The fortifications in Taumafa were captured by Aana and Atua. When this war ended Aana rebuilt the villages destroyed in their own district. More fighting took place at Mulifanua. In that fight a boat with a steel bow built by Carruthers in Lefaga was used. This boat was really two boats joined together with a rudder between them.
1851 Two villages were burned by men of the steel-bowed boat of the fleet of Atua and Aana.
More fighting took place at Mulinu'u which was protected by boats from the British warship on the orders of the British Consul. (Pritchard.)
1852 This war finished and the people dispersed to their villages. Peace reigned.
The first Catholic Bishop arrived in Samoa.
Apl 5 1854 A very severe hurricane called Fo'epapa, occurred.
It resulted in a bad famine. Eight European vessels were wrecked.
Aug 26 1855 I was born at Faleasiu, Aana.
Sep 5 1855 The printing of the entire bible in Samoan was completed.
Dec 2 1857 The fighting in Safata ended.
Oct 1 1858 Malietoa Tinai died.page 18
1860 Malietoa Moli, the father of Malietoa Laupepa died. He was the brother of Malietoa Talavou.
10,000 copies of the bible in the Samoan language were printed. The translation was done by the Revs. Pratt and Nisbett.
Aug 4 1867 War between Satupaitea and Palauli. Satupaitea people were banished to Faasaleleaga district. A death feast was celebrated for Agasala. Lawe for Atua and Aana were promulgated.
1869 Malietoa Laupepa was proclaimed King by Tuamasaga and a Government was established in Matautu as instructed by Williams the British Consul. A council house was built and it was called “Matagofie.”
In this year some of the people who objected to the Kingship being given to Malietoa Laupepa announced that they would confer the title on Malietoa Talavou. He was taken by the people of Faasaleleaga, Manono and Tuamasaga to Mulinu'u. Leulumoega and Lufilufi people were also there.
Mar 29 1869 Tuamasaga fought other districts over the question as to who should be King Malietoa Laupepa or Malietoa Talavou. Safata built fortifications inland of Apia. Fighting began at Sogi, Mulinu'u. The troops of Malietoa Laupepa were driven to Apia because they were few in number - about - 800. They escaped to Aana and Atua and asked for assistance. Aana and Atua accepted these people. Tuamasaga people remained in Atua district and Savai'i people rested in Aana district.
1870 I commenced schooling in the boys' class at Malua.
During this year Aana and Atua districts established villages for Malietoa Laupepa and people of Tuamasaga, who had been driven from their homes on account of the war.
Fighting took place at Faleasiu and Tufulele.
Two European boats took part in this fighting. The boat of Lefaga was called “Fu lasi.” The European boats page 19 belonging to the party of Malietoa Laupepa opposed the fleet of Manono on the side of Malietoa Talavou. They fought opposite Tufulele and the European boats were destroyed. The fleet of Fagaloa and the fleet of Manono also fought opposite Nofoalii. The boat captained by Lautolo went right in amongst the boats of the enemy.
Aug 5 1870 The war ended as a result of the influence of the Missionaries. Judge Williams, the British Consul also took part in the settlement. The two warring factions came to an agreement at Utualii. A village was built at Apia.
1871 Tuiaana Sualauvi died of a sickness which commenced during the fighting between the European and Samoan boats at Faleasiu. Tuiaana leaned against a breadfruit tree whilst the fight was in progress. This tree died. After a short peace fighting between the two Malietoa parties recommenced.
Sep 1871 Savai'i advanced on Upolu. The district of Itu-o-tane built fortifications in Leulumoega. Aana tried to capture this fort but were repulsed with heavy loss. Pe'a Tauapuaa was killed as were also Vaafusu and many chiefs and orators. Aana retreated and joined with Tuamasaga in Apia. Aana built fortifications in Matautu. The troops of Malietoa Talavou rested at Toamua and Lelepa and later on fought there. The District of Itu-o-fafine and Faasaleleaga departed to Falealili and fought against Atua at Vaovai.
Mar 18 1872 The German warship Nymph arrived - Captain Von Blain in command. This Captain inflicted a fine of 14,000 dollars on the Samoans.
Jne 1872 The American warship Rebecca and Valparaiso arrived as did also the British warship Cessock.
Sep 1872 Aana and Savai'i ceased fighting and the troops dispersed.
Nov 22 1872 Maua Afamasaga was born at Faleasiu.
1873 The beginning of this year saw peace and harmony in the country.
Apl 1873 A big feast was held at Mulinu'u and an agreement page 20 arrived at between the opposing parties. The Alii and Faipule, the Tumua and Pule, the Districts of Ituau, Alataua, Aiga-i-le-tai and Vaa-o-fonoti agreed to establish a government and draft laws.
The British warship Camelion arrived.
May 1 1873 At a fono held at Mulinu'u, Taimua to the number of seven were appointed - one from each district. Faipule were also appointed in connection with the new Government.
Aug 1873 Steinberger arrived in a two-masted vessel. He was an American and he drafted the laws for the Government.
Oct 1873 The Samoan flag was again hoisted. It was a red flag with a white star.
The British warship Clio arrived.
The constitution of the Government of Samoa was written. M.K. Lemamea was appointed to be the first Secretary to the Government. He was also appointed Interpreter for the Government and the Three Powers. Lilo acted with him. The British warship Pearl arrived. Commodore Hoskins was in command. He recognised and paid respects to the Samoan flag. Steinberger met the Samoan Missionaries in Apia.
Jan 1874 The warship Blanka arrived.
Feb 1874 The German Judge Webber inflicated a fine of 14,000 dollars on the Samoan people.
Mar 1874 The first tax was imposed by the Government. Steinberger returned to America.
May 1874 The German warship Diamond arrived. The Captain met the Government and tried to persuade those in power to pay the fine inflicted. A first payment of 4,000 dollars was made, leaving a balance of 10,000 dollars. A further payment was made of 1465 dollars leaving 9,360 dollars still to be handed over. This warship also recognised the Samoan flag. The Captain of this vessel was responsible for the burning of houses at Matafagatele that were built on German land.page 21
May 1874 The French ship Amute arrived.
Nov 1874 The Government held a meeting and decided that Malietoa Laupepa and Pupua Pulepule should be Kings and reside at Mulinu'u.
Jan 1875 The British warship Blanca arrived. This ship recognised Malietoa Laupepa and Tupua Pulepule as Kings.
Mar 1875 It was decided that the Government tax should be collected in this month and in March of each year in the future.
Apl 1875 The American warship Tuscarrora arrived. Steinberger came with her and brought a present from the American Government of four cannon, fifty rifles and all the necessary equipment. A machine gun was also included.
The American and Samoan flags were hoisted together.
Apl 24 1875 The two masted ship Peerless arrived to become the naval vessel of the Samoan Government. Major Latrobe arrived to instruct the Samoan troops. Foster was appointed American Consul.
May 1875 Malietoa Laupepa was appointed King. Tupua Pulepule stood down. A new principle was laid down that there should be only one King and an adviser (Steinberger) and that there should be two fono houses, the House of Taimua and the House of Paipule, these to sit together as a parliament. It was also decided that there should be two families from which the King would be chosen - the family of Malietoa and the family of Tupua- and that each King should reign for four years.
Dec 1875 I was appointed a student
Dec 1875 The Peerless was seized by the Judge Mr Forst.
Feb 8 1876 Steinberger was arrested by Captain Stevens of the British Warship Barracouta.
Feb 12 1876 Malietoa Laupepa was deprived of his Kingship because he took away the position from the Chief Adviser although it was in his power to do so. Malietoa Laupepa was protected by the Consul.
Mar 13 1876 Fighting between troops of the Government and sailors from the Barracouta. Thirtythree went with the King to hold apage 22
Mar 13 1876 discussion with the Government. Some on each sidewere killed.
The chief, Matautia, Taimua of Fagaloa, died.
Fighting ceased and Steinberger and three chiefs, Aiono Aivao and Masua were taken to Fiji together with the Native Judge, Leituala, by Captain Stevens.
The Consul decided that Steinberger would not again be allowed to return to Samoa.
Rev. Nisbet died. He was a valued teacher of Samoan history in the school at Malua.
May 1876 Am American warship commanded by Captain Miller arrived.
May 23 1876 A British warship under the command of Commander Hoskins arrived. He discussed the question of Steinberger with the Government.
Jne 1876 A French warship arrived and paid its respects to the Government.
Sep 30 1876 The American Consul Mr Griffin arrived.
Oct 10 1876 The Acting Consul for America Colmasnil returned to America. The American and Samoan flags were again hoisted together.
Nov 6 1876 Tuamasaga raised a flag in Malie as a sign that they objected to the flag of the Taimua and Faipule of the Government in Mulinu'u.
Jan 17 1877 A meeting of the Government and Puletua, the Consul Liardt and the Captain of the Beagle was held. The decision of the Captain and the Consul was that the trouble must not again be caused by the Government and that a King must be appointed.
I was appointed to be a teacher at Malua. I was the first teacher appointed to the training school at Malua.
Apl 14 1877 The Taimua and Faipule of the Government visited Fiji to ask the Governor of that territory for his protection and assistance. Mr Coe went with them as interpreter.
Apl 17 1877 The British warship Sapphire arrived.
May 1 1877 The Government held a meeting with the Captain of this ship and the Consul.
May 9 1877 The Government decided that Tupua Tamasese should be King.page 23
May 9 1877 Some wished Malietoa Talavout to be King.
May 23 1877 The members of the Government who went to Fiji returned. The Samoan flag was again hoisted with the American flag.
Jne 1 1877 Malietoa Laupepa was again proclaimed King. This was the third time he had been chosen to fill the position. The villages who favoured him were Sagaga, Saleimoa, Iva, Sapapalii and Safotulafai.
Jly 1 1877 The fort of Malietoa Laupepa called Puletua was built at Taumafa in Faleata. On that day the Government (Kalietoa Talavou) made ready to go to war and fight at Manono; but the Puletua escaped in the night and went to Vaimoso. The Government troops followed and located at Vaiusu.
Jly 17 1877 The war of PuLetua was fought at Vaimoso. The fortification was attacked by Government troops and nearly captured. Leituala and Leutele went to the fort and talked with those inside. Kalietoa Laupepa agreed to stop the fighting but he was laggardly and the fighting recommenced. The Government troops were advised of the decision to recommence the fighting by Masua who called out “Go ahead and fight - war.” Manono arose and took Malietoa Laupepa. Fighting continued and the people of Puletua escaped to Apia. Forty chiefs and orators sheltered in the house of the British Consul.
Jly 23 1877 Griffin the American Consul returned to Samoa.
Sep 19 1877. Lellamea, Secretary, went to America in the two masted vessel Isabel. He was sent by the Samoan Government to make any agreement he thought fit with the American Goverment.
Sep 23 1877 The store of Stewart was occupied by sailors from the French warship acting on instructions from the American Consul Griffin.
Oct 1 1877 The people of Puletua were divided between Savai'i and Upolu.
In this year war commenced in Tutuila. Mauga rebelled against the Government of Tutuila, the Taimua and Pule.page 24
Oct 1 1877 A newspaper was published in this month. It appeared once a week and continued from 1877 to 1888.
Oct 20 1877 A letter from Meredith was taken to Mauga asking him to protect the land in Tutuila during the fighting.
Nov 10 1877 The news of the fighting in Tutuila was first received.
Nov 17 1877 A letter was received re the selling of rifles to Tutuila.
Nov 24 1877 Captain Wright was appointed leader by one of the war parties in Tutuila. He was very much afraid. The Samoan flag was again hoisted by Colmarsnil.
Dec 1 1877 The German warship August remained at Tutuila.
Dec 8 1877 Information received from Tutuila that Mauga had escaped to Aunu'u.
Dec 22 1877 Information received that the Governor of Fiji was coming to Samoa.
Jan 5 1878 Information received from LéMamea of his doings in U.S.A.
Jan 12 1878 Dispute in Samoa as the result of the expressed wish that Samoa should be under British rule.
The newspaper published the text of the agreement between Faleata and Faleula re land. The paper was owned by Fred Clay.
Jan 19 1878 Mauga knelt down on a fine mat and humbled himself before the Government as compensation for his rebellious conduct. The mat was called Filoiaulo.
I went to Mulinu'u to live in the house of my brother LeMamea who was in America. I was also appointed a scribe to assist the Secretary to the Government.
Jan 1878 The Governor of Fiji arrived in the warship Sapphire.
Jan 26 1878 Sir. A. Gordon investigated certain acts of Steinberger whilst he was in Samoa.
The two masted vessel of the Samoan Government was seized by the British warship Sapphire.
Feb 9 1878 The York hotel was burned.
Feb 10 1878 A reply was received from Queen Victoria that she could not accept the responsibility of governing Samoa but would always entertain a friendly feeling for the people of the country.
The High Commissioner for Fiji arrived - Mr Hythe.page 25
Feb 10 1878 Samoa decided to continue to try and become a part of the British Empire despite the fact that an agreement had already been reached with the American Consul.
The Consul fled to Mulinu'u where he was protected by the police of the Government. He was afraid of being killed by the Europeans.
Feb 16 1878 Trials by a qualified Judge were commenced by the High Commissioner from Fiji.
Feb 23 1878 Sir A. Gordon returned to Fiji.
Feb 23 1878 The two masted boat of the Samoan Government was again seized by the British warship Sapphire.
The Samoan and American flags were again hoisted together at Mulinu'u.
Mar 2 1878 An enquiry was held into the actions of Hunt.
A meeting of the Government was held concerning the desire of the Samoans to come under British rule. I attended that meeting as Secretary.
The American flag was not hoisted above the Samoan flag.
Mar 12 1878 The British warship returned on account of the balance of the fine still unpaid, which balance was 10,000 dollars. The money was collected from Europeans and the fine paid.
Mar 16 1878 The Sapphire returned to Fiji.
The agreement between Samoa and American was made known as was also the letter saying that the land of Silo, got from Betham, should not be sold.
Mar 28 1878 Malietoa Laupepa and Puletua were fined $2000 and returned to their own villages.
Apl 1878 The American Consul Dawson arrived.
May 18 1878 Word was received that LeMamea was returning to Samoa as the work he went to do was finished.
Jne 22 1878 The Consul and Taimua held a meeting.
Jne 29 1878 LeMamea returned with the agreement he had made with the American Government at Washington the Capital of America. He was brought back to Samoa in the American warship Adams. The Government of Tumua and Pule were recognised by this ship which fired a salute of 21 guns. Mauga and his war party were conveyed to Tutuila.
Jly 2 1878 Taimua and Faipule visited the German warship Bismark.page 26
Jly 6 1878 The Government of Taimua and Pule held a meeting re the return of LeMamea and the fine inflicted by Germany; also the matter of the landing of the German sailors from the warship Ariadne.
Jly 13 1878 A meeting between the British Consul and the Taimua concerning the question of land was held.
Jly 20 1878 The German Firm commenced business at Saluafata and Falealili. The Government discussed the agreement between Samoa and America.
The land owned by America was pointed out by Clay.
Jly 27 1878 The letter that was written by LeMamea and Swantos whilst in America was shown and the friendship of the U.S.A. was made known.
Jly 29 and 30 1878 All Samoa gathered at Mulinu'u. The meeting was for the purpose of celebrating the return of LeMamea.
Aug 17 1878 The constitution of the Government was reduced to writing.
Sep 21 1878 Another meeting was held re the constitution of the Government.
Jan 11 1879 A meeting was held to discuss the question of Kings of Samoa. On this day Malietoa Laupepa moved to Mulinu'u.
Jan 27 1879 On this day the Taimua and Faipule signed their names to an agreement with Germany. The agreement was signalised by the German warship Ariadne.
Feb 1 1879 The Government held a further meeting with the German Consul in his house and again affirmed the agreement.
Feb 6 1879 General Bartheldt arrived to become legal adviser to the Samoan Government.
Feb 8 1879 The agreement with Germany was broadcasted in the English language.
Mar 4 1879 A severe hurricane occurred in which two vessels were wrecked.
Mar 19 1879 General Bartheldt was appointed legal adviser to the Government.
Mar 24 1879 The Taimua and Faipule honoured the birthday of the Kaiser.
Apl 17 1879 Faasaleleaga and Manono held a meeting at which it was page 27 decided to appoint Malietoa Talavou King.
Apl 18 1879 A British warship commanded by Captain Cawe arrived.
May 3 1879 Tuamasaga, Manono and Faasaleleaga expressed the opinion that Malietoa Talavou should be King and they came to Mulinu'u.
May 10 1879 Tuitapu promised that Tuamasaga, Manono and Faasaleleaga would support Malietoa Talavou.
May 14 1879 The three Consuls held a meeting re the Municipality.
May 24 1879 A meeting of the Government was held at which it was shown that the Government was not in favour of Malietoa Talavou becoming King. The troops of Vaimauga and Faleata went to Mulinu'u and acting on orders from the Government ordered the Taimua and Faipule away from Mulinu'u.
May 23 1879 The Taimua and Faipule left Mulinu'u and gathered at Leulumoega and Aana, and made ready to go to war against Tuamasaga, Savai'i and Manono. Tupua Tamasese also went to Aana with the Taimua and Faipule. He was appointed King in Aana.
Jne 13 1879 The American warship Lakawanna arrived in command of Captain Chandler.
Malietoa Talavou went to Savai'i in the two masted Government boat.
The Captain of the American warship recognised the Tumua and Faipule.
Jly 21 1879 Tupua Pulepule died.
Jly 24 1879 Malietoa Talavou was seized by the people of Itu-o-tane at Safotu, Savai'i. He had gone to Savai'i to ask for assistance. Word was received in Apia that Safune and Safotu had seized the two masted Government boat of Malietoa Talavou as well as Malieton himself. A German warship left for Savai'i.
Jly 31 1879 Malietoa Talavou returned to Apia together with a number of the chiefs of Itu-o-tane who had been seized by the German warship.
Aug 1 1879 The district of Itu-o-tane was punished for seizing Malietoa Talavou who was under the protection of the page 28 German flag. They were fined 2,500 dollars.
Aug 8 1879 On this day the fine was paid and the Itu-c-tane chiefs who were held prisoners were released.
Aug 22 1879 The British warship Cormorant brought the Governor of Fiji, Sir A. Gordon.
Aug 25 1879 Sir A. Gordon and the Consuls held a meeting re the Government of Samoa in Mr Webber's house.
Aug 26 1879 Another meeting attended by Sir A. Gordon, the Consuls and Malietoa Talavou was held at Mulinu'u.
Aug 28 1879 Sir A. Gordon approved of the appointment of Malietoa Talavou as King of Samoa.
Aug 29 1879 An arrangement between Samoa and Great Britain was made and signed by Malietoa Laupepa and Saga Auauna.
Aug 30 1879 Sir A. Gordon and Malietoa held a meeting.
Sep 2 1879 Malietoa Laupepa and Saga Auauna signed the agreement re the Municipality.
Sep 3 1879 Sir A. Gordon went to Aana in the Cormorant to say farewell to the late Government.
Sep 10 1879 The troopsof the late Government commenced to advance against the troops of the new Government of Malietoa Talavou. Fighting took place at Faleula.
Sep 18 1879 General Barhteldt resigned from his appointment as leader of the Council.
Sep 20 1879 General Bartheldt was arrested.
Sep 24–28 1879 Fighting occurred between Safata and Atua on account of Atua trespassing on Safata land when going to Faleula. Safata, Faasaleleaga and Manono fought against Atua.
Oct 3 1879 War began and fortifications were built in Faleula.
Oct 5 1879 Weber was angry with Malietoa because he had signed his name to transfers of land sold by Samoans.
Oct 18 1879 War again broke out in Safata.
Oct 19 1879 Hand to hand fighting took place at the fort in Faleula and a stone wall was built in the sea opposite this village.
Nov 4 1879 Boats from the German ship Bismark went to Faleula to survey an anchorage for large ships.page 29
Nov 15 1879 The British warship Emerald brought Sir A. Gordon to Apia.
Nov 16 1879 The seat of war was moved to the fortifications at Faleula. Fighting took place and a great number of the troops of the late Government were killed.
Nov 19 1879 Sir A. Gordon returned to Fiji in a British warship.
Nov 21 1879 The German warship Bismark anchored opposite Faleula. The Captain seized the fleet of Tumua and their rifles and stopped the war.
Nov 22 1879 Fighting ceased and it would appear that the troops of Malietoa were victorious becasue they were assisted by the Consuls.
Nov 26 1879 A warship towed a three masted vessel to Savai'i. On this boat were the people of Itu-o-tane who were being returned to their homes. These people had no boats of their own because they had been seized by the German man-o-war.
Nov 27 1879 Tamasese Tupua was lost inland of Faleula on his return from delivering a message to Safata. His people looked for and found him. He was accompanied by Mose who became a teacher at Leulumoega.
Nov 28 1879 The German warship again went to Safata and scattered the troops who were fighting.
Nov 29 1879 Fighting ceased and a short peace reigned in the country.
Dec 4 1879 The Missionary ship sailed taking with her the Rev. G. Turner.
Dec 11 1879 The German watship Nautilus arrived.
Dec 15 1879 The Nautilus was sent to bring the chiefs of the late Government to hold a meeting with Malietoa Laupepa and Malietoa Talavou on board the Bismark.
They agreed to end the war.
Dec 22 1879 The Germans held a meeting and decided to object to the Municipality.
Dec 23 1879 The Consuls and the chiefs of the late Government held a meeting at which it was decided to appoint Malietoa Talavou to be King.page 30
Dec 23 1879 The German ship Bismark hoisted the Samoan flag. It was a red flag with a white cross and a white star on the top. The Bismark fired a salute of 21 guns.
Dec 29 1879 The Government of Malietoa Talavou disagreed with the Consuls. An agreement was made that Malietoa Talavou should live at Mulinu'u.
Jan 1880 A meeting of the Tumua was held at Lufilufi. Lufilufi and Leulumoega gave to Saleaula and Palauli the name of Tumua; and also to Tutuila.
Feb 7 1880 Mataafa was made chief Taimua of Samoa.
Feb 13 1880 Another meeting of the Tumua was held at Lufilufi. They expressed dissatisfaction that Malietoa should have been appointed King.
Mar 12 1880 The warship Danae recognised Malietoa as King.
Mar 13 1880 The Danae returned to Fiji.
Mar 23 1880 The European, Mr Hunt, went to live with Malietoa Talavou. He was called Malietoa's son.
Mar 24 1880 The Consuls and Malietoa Talavou agreed to appoint three European advisers. Mr Coe, Mr T. Trood and Mr Volkman were appointed.
Apl 3 1880 The Danae returned from Fiji.
May 11 1880 Sailors from the Danae burned the village of Lufilufi.
May 17 1880 Hunt was forbidden to again live with Malietoa Talavou.
May 18 1880 The British warship Cormorant arrived to replace the Danae.
May 20 1880 Malietoa Talavou went in the Cormorant to Savai'i.
May 31 1880 Malietoa Talavou paid a visit to Atua in the Cormorant. The German warship Hyena arrived.
Jne 2 1880 Malietoa Talavou returned from Atua.
Jne 3 1880 A letter from Atua was received intimating that they were dissatisfied with the Government and that Malietoa, was not acceptable to them as King.
The German Consul advised Malietoa Talavou that Lemamea had been appointed chief secretary to the Government.
Jne 4 1880 A British and a German warship went to the Atua District.
Jne 10 1880 The boats of Aana which went to a fono at Lufilufi page 31 were attacked and beaten by the war party of Malietoa Talavou.
Jne 15 1880 Two large canoes from Atua and Aana came to hold a meeting with the Government of Malietoa Talavou. The meeting was held but the Aana and Atua people departed as they would not accept the wishes of Malietoa Talavou.
Jly 15 1880 The Faipule of the Government of Malietoa Talavou went to Saluafata to hold a meeting with Atua and Aana but were not received.
Jly 26–30 1880 Atua went to Aana and both districts visited Palauli to celebrate the appointment of Saleaula and Palauli as Tumua. Malietoa Talavou and the Faasaleleaga district were displeased with the Meeting and with the appointment of Tumua for Palauli. Faasaleleaga district arose and drove away the people of Palauli and burned their village. The war boats of the Tumua arrived from Upolu and found that Palauli village had been burned.
Faasaleleaga was fortified and preparations made for war.
Aug 4 1880 The whole of the village of Palauli was burned by Faasaleleaga and Satupaitea.
The war fleet of the Tumua arrived. A British and a German warship went to the seat of the trouble and worked to stop the war. The fleet of the Tumua went to Salailua and did not call in at Palauli.
Aug 7 1880 Troops of Tuamasaga went to Savai'i to assist Faasaleleaga and Itu-o-fafiene.
Aug 11–15 1880 Preparations were made for war as a result of the decision of the meeting of the Tumua who were in Savai'i. A party was appointed to advise the troops of Aana and Atua who were in Upolu that war would be declared in Savai'i; but the troops of Aana and Fagaloa had departed for Atua to await word from Savai'i. Tuamasaga arose and burned villages in Aana and destroyed crops.
Malietoa Talavou went to Savai'i and returned on the 20th August.
Aug 24 1880 The fiftieth anniversary of the coming of the Christian religion to Samoa was celebrated. The Jubilee was held page 32 by the L.M.S. Church.
Aug 25 1880 Sir A. Gordon arrived in the warship Emerald.
Aug 26 1880 A party from the Tumua in Savai'i arrived at Fasitootai. They were not aware that Aana people had gone to Atua and that troops of Tuamasaga were occupying Aana Alofi. The party consisting of Lemana, Laiafi, Leituala, Faiivae and others were seized and brought to Mulinu'u by the troops of Tuamasaga.
Aug 27 1880 The agreement with Great Britain was ratified.
Aug 29 1880 Sir. A. Gordon returned to Fiji on board the Emerald. He took with him Mr Hunt who had been banished.
Sep 4 1880 Fighting took place at Lemaveve, inland of Taga in the district of Itu-o-fafine.
Sep 9 1880 The American warship Alaska arrived. During this month the people of Itu-o-tane were shut up in Amoa.
Sep 28 1880 Troops of Tuamasaga who had been in Savai'i returned to upolu.
Oct 9 1880 The story of the fighting was printed in the newspaper.
Oct 21 1880 Mauga died at Tutuila.
Nov 9 1880 Malietoa Talavou died.
Nov 13 1880 The death of Malietoa Talavou was recorded in the newspaper.
Nov 18 1880 Malietoa Laupepa was appointed King.
Nov 23 1880 The Consuls ordered those who were fighting to leave the Municipal area.
Dec 1 1880 The people of Itu-o-tane made an attack on the people in the Malae at Lano. Boys and neutrals were beaten by this party. Malietoa's party then arose and surrounded the people of Itu-o-tane, Tovaega, Aana, Atua and Tutuila.
Dec 10 1880 The British warship Nautilus arrived from Sydney.
Dec 1880 Fighting was commenced by troopsof the Tumua against the troops of Malietoa which were at Vaitoomuli, Palauli. The trench the troops of Malietoa fought in was called Paumea. The trench was taken and the troops of Malietoa were chased to Faasala. I was in this fight and fought for Falealili.page 33
Dec 1880 During this week the fortifications of the people of Itu-o-tane was blown up. They were betrayed. The leading chiefs who were in this fortification were taken to Manono. From this incident originated the speech of Alipia: “Safotulafai! dont destroy but save the useful tree.”
On the same day the troops of the Tumua who were in camp at Palauli decided to sleep in the bush and make an attack on the Faasaleleaga people who had surrounded the people of Itu-o-tane. This however, was not done as word was received that the for of Itu-o-tane had been taken. On the night of this day the fleets of the Tumua, Palauli, got ready and held a fono at sea. They sailed to Asau and decided that the fighting would continue in Upolu. They went to Safune and left there at night arriving at Alofi Aana.
Jan 4 1881 The two masted boat of Malietoa arrived at Apia.
Jan 8 1881 Leaupepe died at Faleasiu. He was ambushed by the troops of Saleimoa. His young son cried whilst he was being killed.
Feb 3 1881 A tidal wave occurred and the western side of Mulinu'u was submerged.
Feb 12 1881 The troops of the Tumua again advanced on Faleula and surrounded Tuamasaga.
Mar 5 1881 The newspaper reported happenings in Samoa.
Mar 7 1881 The troops of both sides advanced.
Mar 10 1881 Malietoa Laupepa was proclaimed King by the three Consuls.
Mar 23 1881 The German Consul opposed Malietoa and it would seem that he was not King.
On this day Tupua Tamasese was proclaimed King by the Tumua.
The chiefs of Atua held a meeting with the officers of the warship on board the ship at Saluafata.
I continued to act as assistant to Lemamea.
Apl 20 1881 Tupua Tamasese was appointed King at Leulumoega and it was decided that he would reign for two years and then be succeeded by Mataafa. The Catholic Bishop attended that function.page 34
Jne 18 1881 The war called the “War of the Newspaper” was fought in Saluafata.
Jne 22 1881 The American warship Lakawanna arrived.
Jne 22 1881 A meeting between the two warring parties was held aboard the Lakawanna and a reconciliation brought about. Peave reigned between the two parties.
Jly 12 1881 A discussion took place between the Consuls and the two warring factions and it was dedided that Malietoa would be King and Tupua Tamasese Deputy King.
Sep 2 1881 A joyful meeting of all the chiefs of Samoa was held and a reconciliation effected. They all then dispersed.
Sep 6 1881 Hunt was banished by the Consul. The Government again began to function and the Faipule gathered at Mulinu'u. Faataalili and Anae Selu were appointed Secretarys.
Council houses were established in all districts and Faipules for all districts were appointed.
1882 I was appointed Secretary for Aana and Saga Auauna was made Governor of the District.
Mar 25 1882 A severe cyclone occurred. It was most severe in the south eastern portion of the Islands. A tidal wave followed and Faasaleleaga and some other villages were inundated.
Jly 5 1882 Petaia, Pastor, died. He was the father of LeMamea, Tuilaepa, Meleame, Aiono Toalepai, Petaia 11, Faletoese, F.S., Mose F.S., Vaoita and myself.
Jly 12 1882 The new Faipules who had been appointed by the districts gathered at Mulinu'u and Malietoa Laupepa was made King of Samoa and Tupua Tamasese Deputy King.
1882 This Government was not an impartial one and at a fono it was decided that Malietoa should reign for seven years and would then be succeeded by Tupua Tamasese who would hold the position for a similar term. A severe famine occurred on account of the hurricane. The Faipule of Tumua asked Malietoa and his Faipule to appoint a secretary for them because the Faipule of Malietoa had decided that Lemamea should no longer hold the position of Secretary at Mulinu'u on account of his partiality.page 35
1882 Malietoa Laupepa and his party agreed to do so and gave orders for a Secretary to be appointed as desired. The Deputy King and the Faipule of the Tumua agreed to bring me from Aana and appoint me Secretary to the Government. I was brought by Tupua Tamasese and the Faipule from Vaialua. The Governor of Aana and the Faipule agreed to this course. There then two secretarys, Leauanae and myself. Fata Faataalili was dismissed.
Aug 14 1882 The American Consul T Canisius arrived.
Jan 1883 The German Chief Judge G.K. Steubel arrived. He commenced work in connection with the Land Commission at Toamua.
Feb 1883 A dispute occurred in the Government concerning the length of the reign of the King. The words in the Constitution were “Malietoa Laupepa will reign as King for seven years and when that period has passed a discussion will be held: the term of Malietoa will begin when the Government is firmly established.”
Jly 1883 Another meeting of the Government was held and another dispute arose re the term of the reign of the King. It was argued that Malieto's term had not begun at the time agreed upon and as written in the agreement made aboard the American warship when the matter of who should be King was decided. Sinafoa Pagoa spoke first and he asked Tuisamau and Auimatagi and Pule and Aiga-i-le-tai to make correct the words in the Constitution that were not satisfactory.
Lauaki replied “You Tumua, are grasping; you said at first that I would be the chief maker of fine mats and that you would work under me; our mats are now joined; when can I exercise my authority? You now wish to take away my pule and threaten the Manuali'i. Perhaps you think that if the Kinship does not alternate that there will be another war. Before Malietoa has had time to be Eing you wish to deprive him of the position. Murderers have not been punished under the rule of Malietoa. This page 36 is the decision of the Malietoa party- Malietoa shall be King.”
I replied “each party has spoken; Leulumoega has spoken as has also the orator from Safotulafai, Namalauulu. My remarks will be impartial. On account of my position you called me. I beseech you orators to think of your country and not again advise the spilling of blood, because if you do so the control of our country will be taken over by the Three Powers. You Namulauulu, say that the reckoning of Malietoa's term is incorrect and that murderers have not been punished. I wish to show you that the constitution of a Government is not founded on the punishing of murderers alone. All Governments are founded on laws and those who transgress these laws are punished. The Constitution of this Government has not been made known to everyone. The King is not a murderer nor is our Government. The day the King was appointed is recorded and recognised but not in the way Namulauulu suggests. Let it be know that although there are disputes at present they are disputes under the pule of Malietoa the King. Incorrect opinions and words are not wanted nor is favouritism. These things are useless and if they end in the spilling of blood the Three Powers will take over the control of our country. The usefulness of our chiefs and orators will be gone.”
Leleua Tagutugutu jumped up and exclaimed “I think it is wrong for Teo Tuvale to attempt to explain the position unless all the members of the Government are here to speak.” I replied “if you know what is correct, then tell it. You must not stop me for this is the correct time and place for me to speak in accordance with my position in the Government. I speak according to the constitution and in order to arrive at a correct decision, a decision that will not end in the spilling of the blood of Samoa.”
Namulauulu replied to Leleua “why do you interrupt: show us what is the correct thing to do to save Samoa.”page 37
The fono ended. It was left to Suatele, the Judge, and to Leauanae and myself to make the words in the Constitution correct and to circulate the Constitution in all the districts. We wrote the Constitution out but did not change the words that were the cause of the dispute.
I then asked “what about the correction of the words in the Constitution.” Leauanae replied “No the old wording will be written and distributed.” I again said “In my opinion the writing of the Constitution should stop - let us go to the fono at present beingheld on the Malae.”
This was done and the Constitution was neither written nor distributed.
Aug 1883 A request was sent by the Government to the leader of the New Zealand Government asking him to visit Samoa and to annex the country. This letter was taken by a man named John London.
A very severe famine occurred in Samoa in this year.
A big feast was tendered by John London to the Government of Samoa and the Deputy King in the hotel at Matafele.
Sep 3 1883 The Consuls and the representatives of the Three Powers held a meeting re the Municipality.
It was also decided on this day that the King's salary should be 25 dollars per month.
Sep 18 1883 A further discussion was held as to the meaning of annexation by New Zealand.
Dec 1883 A prayer from Halietoa to Queen Victoria asking that Samoa be put under British Rule was despatched through New Zealand.
At the end of this year an agreement was made between the Government and the German Consul regarding the imprisoning in the gaol by Mr Webber, of Samoans stealing from German lands. Another matter on which the Samoans and Germans disagreed was the wish of the Germans to appoint two of their countrymen to discuss matters with four Samoans.
This is the reason why Steubel refused to allow the flag of Malietoa to be flown within the Municipality.page 38
What caused the Germans the most annoyance was the knowledge that Malietoa had sent an appeal to Queen Victoria but had refused their request
Mar 1884 From the beginning of this month until November the Germans tried to induce the Government of Samoa to make a request to the German Government similar to the one they had sent to Britain.
Jly 23 1884 The law regarding murders was carried out when the following men were hung at Mulinu'u:-
Aug 18 1884 A soldier from Aleipata.
Aug 22 1884 A man named Tutuila.
Sep 24 1884 Iakopo from Leulumoega.
Sep 4 1884 In the month of September the Commentary on the Bible was completed and received.
Oct 1884 The German warships Armirot, Kanorr and Bismark arrived. Malietoa Laupepa humbled himself before the German Consul but his apologies were not accepted.
Nov 5 1884 A further appeal signed by Malietoa and 48 other Samoan chiefs was sent to Britain asking for assistance. The contents of this letter were betrayed by Amitua the Samoan Judge to Mr Webber who paid him money for it. Malietoa Laupepa and Tupua Tamasese were threatened by the Germans who advised them that if they did not put their signatures to the agreement with Germany, matters would be made difficult for them.
Nov 14 1884 Tupua Tamasese was advised by Webber to separate from Malietoa Laupepa and to form his own Government. During this month Lemamea was called by Malietoa and Tamasese and instructed to go into the matters that had happened as Tamasese and Tumua were going to separate from the Government of Malietoa on account of the instructions of Weber. Lemamea searched for the letters appealing to the British Government and found them. The names of Malietoa and Tamasese were both signed to the letters. Lemamea explained to Malietoa and Tamasese that as both their names appeared on the petitions it would not be correct for them to withdraw.page 39
On this day I resigned from my position in the Government at Mulinu'u and returned to my village at Fasitoouta. Towards the end of the year the people of Atua gathered in Aana. They wished to form a Government of Tumua and appoint Tupua Tamasese King.
Lemamea returned to Aana. Before this Tamasese had also gone to Aana and told the people not to believe the story of Lemamea as he was a member of Malietoa's party. Lemamea went to Fasitoouta. He was aware of the instruction issued to the Tua by Tamasese. The Tumua had gathered at Leulumoega and awaited the truth from Lemamea. Lemamea held a fono with the family of Aiono at Matailiili and the decision arrived at was that the family of Aiono and the people of Lefaga would not interest themselves in the Government of Tamasese. Lemamea also wrote a letter to the Tumua in which he explained that he would not go with them and that they would not again receive any information from him. He then went overland to Lefaga to his people.
Nov 22 1884 On this day the British and American Consuls asked the German Consul why he tried to upset the Government of Malietoa. The German Consul denied having done this. The Tumua broke away from Malietoa. The Faipule of Tumua and Tamasese who were at MUlinu'u departed for Leulumoega and established their Government. Atua, Aana and some villages of Savai'i were included in this Government. Masua of Lufilufi was paid by Mr Webber to work with the Tumua and their districts in order to establish a new Government.
Dec 31 1884 Malietoa Laupepa was driven from his house in Sogi. Webber claimed to own this land because he had bought it from Mr Coe. Previous to Coe owning it, Malietoa had got the land from a Raorotongan named Tekori. Tekori bought an old house from Webber and gave the land as security. Tekori died and Webber claimed the land.
Jan 1855 The Government of Germany notified the Government of Great Britain that there was no unity in Samoa.page 40
Jan 23 1885 Black men constructed a fort at Mulinu'u. It was for-bidden to fly the Samoan flag at Mulinu'u. During this month a letter was sent by the British and American Consuls objecting to what had been done by the Chief German Consul. The letter was signed by L.B. Churchward and E.L. Hamilton.
Jan 28 1885 The members of the Municipal Council held a meeting. The Samoan flag was not flown as usual. Tupua Tamasese was appointed King by the Government of Tumua and lived at Leulumoega. His Government began to function. The German Consul and Webber assisted Tupua Tamasese. A whole week of discussion was spent by Tupua Tamasese and Webber in the house of Webber at Sogi. Masua went to gather Atua and Aana at Leulumoega.
Feb 1885 The two parties could not declare war as Great Britain had promised to protect Malietoa on his undertaking to keep the peace.
Feb 12 1885 The British and American Consuls again broadcasted the fact that they were supporting Malietoa's cause.
Mar 1885 The family of Aiono of Matailiili sent a letter to Malietoa expressing their disapproval of what the Tumua were doing. I wrote this letter and took it to Malietoa and also showed it to Safotulafai and Tuisamau and others at Mulinu'u.
Mar 30 1885 On this day the malaga of Tulei Saivaese and Toleafoa Tuifaiga commenced. I went with them as I was asked to go. The journey was made in the three masted boat of Mr Moors and Mataafa. After fourteen nights at sea we reached Levuka.
Apl 10 1885 The Chief German Consul prohibited the holding of Samoan fonos in Apia.
Jne 24 1885 The American Consul Greenbaum arrived.
Jly 14 1885 A celebration was held at Leulumoega by Tamasese to commemorate their departure from Mulinu'u and the commencement of their Government. The Acting German Consul and officers of the German warship were present at that celebration.page 41
Nov 13 1885 An account for $2,000, rent for Mulinu'u was sent to Malietoa by the German Consul with a demand that it be quickly paid.
Dec 30 1885 Malietoa Laupepa and the Faipule of his Government vacated Mulinu'u and went to Apia as he was advised by Greenbaum and Powell that the land belonged to Germany. He was advised not to pay the $2,000 demanded by Webber as rent for two years. The amount was collected but was used to defray the cost of a building for the Government in Apia.
Apl 29 1886 The German fleet under the command of Admiral Knorr arrived. Malietoa sent a letter to the Germans admitting his mistakes. He received in reply a severe reprimand.
May 8 1885 Admiral Knorr in the Bismark visited Aana and greatly strengthened the Government of Tumua and Tamasese by his visit.
May 12 1886 It was made known by the German Consul that Malietoa had broken theagreement and had wrongly treated the Government of Germany.
May 15 1886 The German fleet sailed for China. The British warship Diamond arrived and recognised the Kingship of Malietoa.
May 17 1886 The American Consul hoisted the Samoan flag below the American flag.
May 20 1886 The American warship Mohican arrived.
May 21 1886 The Diamond departed.
The Samoan flag was hoisted on a Tulie tree on the Malae in Apia.
On the same day the German Consul and sailors from the German ship Albatross went to the Malae and hauled down the Samoan flag.
The British and American Consuls objected to this action.
May 22 1886 The flag of Malietoa was protected by the American warship and recognised by a salute of 21 guns.
May 23 1886 A letter of explanation was sent by the German Consul to the American Consul.
May 26 1886 The British and American Consuls went in the Mohican to page 42 visit the Government of Tamasese in Aana. They called Tamaseses Government a rebellious one. The troops of Malietoa went into the bush and showed themselves to the troope of Aana and Atua. The German flag was hoisted by the Tamasese Government. Fighting did not take place. This incident was called “The war that did not take place.”
May 29 1886 The German Consul and Mr Webber went to Aana to meet with the Government of Tamasese and these two men instructed the Government that it would be satisfactory for them to disperse for a few days.
On this day the German flag that had been flown for 17 months at Mulinu'u was hauled down.
Jne 3 1886 A letter signed by Malietoa and the two Consuls was circulated and the people were instructed to disperse and return to their villages.
Jne 8 1886 Chiefs of the parties of Malietoa and Tamasese held a fono on board the warship Mohican. An agreement signed by both parties was made and it was decided that there should be no more fighting. They would unite and live in peace all fortifications wouldbe destroyed and the carrying or arms would be forbidden.
Jne 14 1886 The Mohican went to Tutuila to establish friendly relations.
Jne 22 1886 The marriage of Tamasese and his Queen was celebrated at Leulumoega. It was a memorable occasion.
Jne 24 1886 The German Consul Traveis arrived to replace Steubel and to perform the work of Commissioner.
Jne 28 1886 The British warship Diamond returned.
Jly 26 1886 The American warship Mohican departed as did also the American Consul Greenbaum.
Aug 14 1886 Steubel returned to Germany.
Aug 17 1886 The Commissioner Y.H. Bates arrived from America.
Aug 31 1886 Sir I. Thurston, Governor of Fiji arrived.
Sep 6 1886 The Governor of Fiji returned to Suva.
Nov 29 1886 Henry F. Segmond came from Tonga to be British Consul in Samoa.
Dec 20 1886 The German Consul and Webber went to Aana to meet with Tamasese and the people and they beseeched them to form a page 43 Government.
Jan 12 1887 A messenger from Oahu arrived (Hawaii).
Jan 18 1887 Brandeis was appointed legal adviser at Leulumoega.
Feb 3 1887 A big feast was held at Leulumoega.
Feb 7 1887 Malietoa complained to the Consuls on account of Pritchard.
Feb 8 1887 Webber sailed for Germany.
Feb 20 1887 A petition was sent by Tamasese to the German Government.
Feb 24 1887 The German flag was hoisted by Tamasese at Leulumoega and a salute fired. A boy from Saleaaumua was burned and died.
Jly 17 1887 The American Consul Sewell arrived.
Aug 16 1887 A messenger from the Government of Tamasese went to Tutuila.
Aug 18 1887 The store of the official from Hawaii was sold by auction.
Aug 19 1887 Five German warships in command of Heusmer arrived-the Olga, Corral, Adler, Sophie, Bismark.
Aug 24 1887 A state of war between Malietoa and Germany declared. The house of Parliament of Malietoa in Apia was seized by the Germans and the flag of Tamasese raised. Samoan houses were also searched for guns.
Malietoa and his members of Parliament escaped into the bush.
Aug 25 1887 Tamasese was brought to Mulinu'u and declared King of Samoa. A salute by the German warships was fired.
Sep 15 1887 A fono was held at Mulinu'u and the decision was that the Government that had held office in Apia must go andpay their respects to Tamasese. This was done with the exception of Malietoa and the highest chiefs who remained in the bush inland of Saanapu. Search was made for them by the Germans.
Sep 17 1887 Malietoa decided that he would give himself up to the Germans but that there would be no fighting. He did so and presented himself before the German Consul.
Sep 18 1887 Malietoa and Moli his brother and Aisaka and Tali were taken away by the German warship Albatross.
Sep 28 1887 A great feast was held by the Government at Leulumoega. All the officers of the German fleet were there as was also Brandeis. It would seem that Brandeis was the Deputy King.
Oct 12 1887 A fono was held at Mulinu'u and Brandeis advised that a page 44 tax would be imposed.
The American warship Adams arrived.
Nov 27 1887 The German ships sailed for the Marshall group with the exception of the Adler and the Olga which remained to support the cause of Tamasese.
Dec 12 1877b The German flag which had been hoisted over the fortifications at Mulinu'u was hauled down.
Jan 1888 Asi and Mauga and Tuiletufuga were taken to the Marshall Islands on account of their adherence to the cause of Malietoa.
The titles Tamsoalii, Mataafa, Natoaitele and Lilomaiava were bestwoed on Tamasese. In the year 1887 the titles Tuiatua and Tuiaana were given to Tamasese.
Fine mats were presented to the people by Tamasese. Faleasiu gave 400.
Mar 17 1888 A tax totalling $47,000 was imposed on the Samoan people by Brandeis.
May 9 1888 The British warship Calliope arrived and brought Sir I. Thurston, the Governor of Fiji, the Chief Judge Mr Barkley and four secretaries. M.C. Dounald was tried for the shooting of the Samoan Lefaga.
Jne 5 1888 The Mohican departed for Honolulu.
Jne 25 1888 An enquiry was held into the rebellion of men from Falefa and they were punished by being sentenced to working on the roads. Taofiiloa was sent to Wallis Island.
Jly 25 1888 Troops of the Government and the Chief Judge went by the track from Apia to Siumu to look for the chiefs of Falealili - Tuisamoa, Meleisea and Tuatagaloa- who had escaped to the bush owing to their adherence to the cause of Malietoa.
Aug 20 1888 Sewell the American Consul departed for Washington.
Aug 21 1888 The British Consul H.W.R. DeCoetlogen arrived to replace W.W. Wilson the Deputy Consul.
Aug 31 1888 Fighting took place at Tiapapata on the road overland from Apia to Siumu between troops of the Government and people of Safata and Siumu who still adhered to the cause of Malietoa. Brandeis was with the troops of the Government.page 45
Sep 3 1888 Tuamasaga gathered and decided to oppose the Government of Tamasese.
Sep 4 1888 Tuamasaga advanced to Faleula and established fortifications
Sep 5 1888 The war canoe of Manono was burned by the chiefs Leasiolagi at Salani.
Sep 6 1888 The troops of Tuamasaga and some from Anna and Faasaleleaga advanced to Vaimoso and made preparations to fight Mulinu'u. A strong fortification was built by the Germans at Sogi and the troops of Temasese rested there.
Sep 8 1888 Mataafa was brought by Tuamasaga to be their King and the title Malietoa 11 was bestowed on him. He remained at Vaimoso.
Sep 12 1888 Fighting was commenced by Malietoa Mataafa against the fortifications of Atua at Vaiala and the fort wastaken at 5 in the afternoon. At 10 pm fighting took place at the fort at Matafagatele and the troops of Atua were driven away. Fifteen were killed.
Sep 15 1888 Mr Barker, the Judge, and the Captain of the Adler went to Vaiala to meet Mataafa. They all agreed that the Municipality would be recognised and within its confines would be included Matafele, Matautu and Mulinu'u.
Mataafa also agreed to withdraw his troops from Matautu because it was within the Municipality.
Sep 20 1888 Leulumoega was burned by men from Satupaitea.
Oct 1 1888 Mataafa was ordered by the German Consul to take his troops away from Faleata.
In this month the newspaper “Samoa Times” was first published. Theeditor was Mr Cusack.
Oct 2 1888 The British warship Caliope and Lizzard arrived under the command of Admiral Fairfax.
Oct 4 1888 Satapuala and Faleasiu were burned and the land destroyed.
Oct 5 1888 Fasitoouta and some other villages of Aana were burned
Oct 8 1888 The house of M. Scanlon was ransacked by troops of Tamasese and the American flag was torn up.
Oct 9 1888n The confines of the Municipality were agreed to by page 46 Mataafa and he took away his troops which were in Apia.
Oct 10 1888 Captain Leary of the American warship Adams showed to the Government of Tamasese the torn American flag and told them that if they had not departed from Mulinu'u by 10 oclock that Mulinu'u would be bombarded.
Oct 11 1888 Tamasese and Brandeis and the troops vacated Mulinu'u and went to Luatuanuu.
Oct 23 1888 A German warship chased and fired on the war fleet of Manono and took in charge the Samoan boats of Tamasese that had been left behind.
Oct 27 1888 The troops of Tamasese who were in Luatuanuu built fortifications extending from the beach back to the mountains. This was done under the control of Brandeis and other German leaders.
Nov 7 1888 Fighting took place inland of Luatuanuu between Faleata and Vaimauga and the fort of Atua and Salega. The fort was taken and Atua and Salega driven away. In the afternoon Tamasese appealed to the troops of Aana who were at Saluafata opposing the troops of the other party to come to his assiatance. The troops of Fasitoouta, Fasitootai and Lepa went to his assistance and drove away the troops of Mataafa and regained the fort. Many Tuamasaga people were killed.
Nov 7 1888 On this day the troops of Mataafa gathered at Laulii.
Nov 15 1888 Three warships - British-American-German- went to Laulii.
Nov 18 1888 Two large war canoes of Manono made ready to fight.
Nov 19 1888 The war canoes of Manono and Faasaleleaga landed at Falefa, Faleapuna, Lufilufi and Saluafata.
Nov 20 1888 They fought the troops of Atua who escaped to the bush. Brandeis hoisted the German flag on his two masted boat and escaped to Apia.
Dec 4 1888 The British warship Royalist arrived and the Lizard departed.
Dec 7 1888 The American warship Adams departed.
Dec 18 1888 Sailors of the German warship landed at Fagalii and at the wharf at Vailele. They gave arms to the blackboys. Samoans page 47 were for the first time fired upon by Germans at Fagalii. Three rounds were fired and three Samoans were killed. For the first time Samoans opposed Germans in war and killed thirty. The remaining Germans went to Suga and sheltered in the copra house and awaited the arrival of sailors to rescue them.
Feb 2 1889 Brandeis departed for Germany.
Mar 14 1889 A very severe hurricane occurred. Six warships were wrecked, but two were later refloated. The warship Calliope (British) managed to make the open sea and was saved.
May 4 1889 Fighting was forbidden and the two warring parties returned to their villages.
Jne 19 1889 The flagpole of Tamasese's party was erected at Lufilufi. During this year Malietoa returned to Samoa.
Oct 30 1889 Tupua Tamasese sent a letter to the Consuls asking them to make Malietoa Laupepa King and to appoint him as Deputy King.
Jan 1890 The people were united and dispersed because Malietoa was made King on his return to Samoa.
Feb 1890 A severe whirlwind occurred.
During this year Mataafa rebelled and assumed the rights of the King. He went with his troops to Malie.
May 1890 The school at Papautu was commenced by Miss Schultz. The school at Leulumoega was commenced by Mr Hills, and Mose, the Pastor.
Sep 4 1891 I returned from Fiji. A message from the King (Malietoa Laupepa) was sent to me aboard the steamer instructing me not to go to Aana but to present myself before him at 4 pm together with Mr Charlton the Missionary who was appointed to be adviser for Samoa in the matter of enquiries into land. There were to be three Commissioners. The Chief Judge of Samoa, a Swede, arrived.
1891 On the afternoon of the 4 th September Mr Charlton and I presented ourselves before the King. I was appointed to be Secretary for the Land and Titles Commission and my page 48 work commenced straight away.
Oct 12 1891 The work of the Three Commissioners commenced.
Nov 8 1891 The Chief Judge returned in the steamer Rebecca.
Dec 21 1891 Malietoa Laupepa issued an order to take the non-combatants who favoured Mataafa to Malie.
Dec 27 1891 Mr Martin arrived in Samoa as did also the successor to Ide the American Land Commissioner.
Dec 29 1891 Mataafa went to Faleata to seek assistance.
Jne 26 1892 Tuamasaga held a fono at Vaiala.
Jne 30 1892 The Government and Malietoa Laupepa held a fono and Mr Charlton resigned from his position as adviser. Mr Gurr was appointed in his stead with myself on the Land Commission.
Feb 1 1893 Gurr commenced his work as assistant adviser on land matters.
Jly 8 1893 Fighting occurred at Vaitele between the parties of Malietoa and Mataafa.
Jly 9 1893 The troops of Mataafa escaped to Manono. Mataafa went to Safotulafai was rejected by the people.
During this week I was sent to Savai'i by the Commissioners to enquire into land matters.
Jly 1893 Troopsof Mataafa were captured by troops of Malietoa and the warships.
Jly 26 1893 The German warship departed with Mataafa, Tupuola, Tagaloa, Leiataua, Sausau, Laulu, Fiame, Faumuina, Telea, Sauni, Mulipola, Soa. Lemamea was sent to accompany them. A bad epedemic of Measles broke out and lasted until 1894.
Oct 1893 I began to receive payment for my services on the Land Commission at the rate of L10 per month. The payment was shared by the Three Powers, Britain, Germany and America. Up to this time Officials had not received any payment because no taxes were levied.
Nov 3 1893 The Chief Judge of Samoa departed.
Ide the American Land Commissioner returned and was appointed Chief Judge. A Land Commissioner from America also arrived.
Jan 26 1894 Chiefs of Leulumoega and Aana who wished to rebel against page 49 the Government went to Mulinu'u as they had been instructed to do by the Consuls. They were advised that if they refused to go, war would be declared on the 27th.
Jan 29 1894 The Aana people were tried and all punished. Alipia received the heaviest punishment. He was sentences to two year's imprisonment.
Mar 10 1894 Troops of Aana and the Government troops fought inland of Saleimoa. The Government troops captured two of Savai'i party and Savai'i troops captured one of Aana.
Mar 12 1894 Aana again fought against the Savai'i fleet of the Government at Fasitoouta and chased them away.
Mar 19 1894 Consuls and leaders of the fono held a fono with Atua. They took Meisake as interpreter as Lemamea was sick.
Apl 15 1894 The Consuls forced the Savai'i people to depart.
May 3 1894 The Consuls went to Aana to hold a fono with the people. They held the meeting at Leulumoega and ordered the people to hand over their arms. The arms handed over were taken in charge by the boats of the warship. The guns handed over were old and useless. The people had decided not to obey the instruction of the Consuls. It was left to the King and the Government to decide what would be done on account of the action of the Aana people and their untruths.
Jne 1894 A night attack was made by Aana on the troops of the Government at Mulifanua. The King was present. Two of the Government troops were killed and five wounded and one of the Aana troops, Tofa, was killed.
Jne 6 1894 Manono joined with the Government anddeclared war.
Jne 11 1894 Troopsof Aana went to Saleimoa and burned the village.
Jne 13 1894 The King, Chief Judge and the leader of the fono held a meeting and decided to open the gaol and release the slaves from Malie who were therein.
Jne 20 1894 It was discovered that Germany had written an appeal for Samoa to be put under her control.
Jne 21 1894 Chiefs who had rebelled against the Government were tried.
Jne 26 1894 Fighting took place between the troops of Aana and some of the villages of Palauli and a few chiefs of Tuanai and Afega. Two were killed from Savai'i. The troops of Aana page 50 and Savai'i retired.
Jly 8 1894 The British warship Orlando arrived and brought the Commander of the Pacific fleet.
Jly 11 1894 The Orlando returned to Tonga.
Jly 20 1894 The German warship went to Falelatai to assist in the fighting.
Jly 25 1894 A French warship arrived.
Jly 27 1894 The King and the Government went aboard this warship and were honoured by a salute.
At this time I was at Mulinu'u in connection with the work of the Lands Commission. Mulinu'u was deserted. A message was sent by the King to the leaders of the fono and the Consuls asking that a warship be sent to quickly end the fighting. Aana occupied the fortifications at Mafafa. The messenger was not well received by the fono. Further messengers - Toomata F., Lealamisa and Papalii- were sent but were not received. It was stated that a warship could not be sent.
Aug 1894 On my way to Mulinu'u I called on the King and asked what the answer of the Consuls was. He replied that a reply had not been received from the Consuls, only from the leader of the fono; The Consuls are not aware of my request. Lemamea was sick and confined to his house at this time. He did not go to Aana. I answered the King “if youare agreeable I will address an appeal to the Consuls and the Captains of the warships.” This was done. I wrote an appeal on behalf of the King to the Consuls and the Captains of the warships and Malietoa signed it. A reply was quickly received from the Captains that they would await the opinions of the Consuls and also advice per mail. If none was received they would take steps to quickly end the war.
Aug 10 1894 An order was received from the Captains for the Government troops to sleep at Laulii because fighting would first take place at the fortifications of Atua at Sauofafine, Luatuanuu.
Aug 11 1894 At 9 am the bombardment of the fortifications at Luatuanuu by cannon from the British and German warships began.page 51
Lemamea went on the British warship but he was not very well. He did his best because the Commander of the warship party told him to be strong as it was wished to quickly end the fighting. When the bombardment had finished the troops rushed up and burned the fortifications of Atua. The troops of Atua escaped. The whole of Malietoa's troops and men from the warships went to Saluafata on this day. The King also went with the troops on this day. I was also at the fighting.
Aug 12 1894 On this day Lufilufi was bombarded by warships and fighting took place between the troops of Malietoa and Atua. It lasted until the 13th.
Aug 14 1894 On this day the Methodist Minsionary wrote to the Captains of the warships on behalf of Atua who asked that the fighting end. The King and I were appointed to attend a fono with the chiefs of Atua who had been summoned. The Atua chiefs who attended were Tupua of Lepa, Seu of Luatuanuu, Manuo of Lufilufi, Poloai of Lufilufi and Lealaisalanoa of Falefa. Tafua Faausuusu was called but had not put in appearance. He later on turned up. The Chiefs of Atua humbled themselves before Malietoa, the King, and they agreed to hand over 100 guns to the Government and also prisoners.
Aug 15 1894 The guns were handed over and the fighting ceased. The war party of Malietoa and the warships returned to Apia.
Aug 17 1894 The war party went to Aana to recommence fighting at the fortifications at Mafafa. Lemamea did not go as his sickness had returned on account of the noise made by the cannon at the fighting at Atua.
Aug 23 1894 The school at Leulumoega was opened.
Aug 27 1894 On this day the warships went to Aana. The King went with them and the fighting ended on the battlefield.
Aug 30 1894 The troops of Aana handed over 100 guns and accepted the order that the troops disperse and that the fighting cease.
Sep 9 1894 Lemamea died as the result of a severe attack of fever. The King and the Government were very grieved because he was of great assistance to Samoa and the Three Powers. page 52 He was buried on his land “Leufisa.”
Sep 10 1894 I was sent by the Three Commissioners to Savai'i to gather the people for an enquiry into land matters. The enquiry was to be held at Iva and Matautu.
Sep 17 1894 On this day the Commissioners went to Savai'i to commence their work. They began in the Faasaleleaga district and ended at Matautu.
Oct 1894 The Commissioners went to Falealili to hold enquiries into the question of Atua land.
Nov 10 1894 The new Missionary vessel, the John Williams, arrived. This was the seventh vessel of this name.
The British warship Wallaroo arrived.
Dec 5 1894 Stevenson died. Hislove for all Samoa was well known.
Dec 31 1894 The work of the Commissioners ended. I received payment only from the British Government - one third of the L10 per month. I asked Mr Skeen about the balance of the money but did not meet with any success.
Mar 5 1895 The King and the Government held a meeting and I was appointed to the Secretaryship of the Government. Leauanae Selu was Interpreter.
Jne 14 1895 The Tumua and some villages of Savai'i held a fono at Lufilufi. The Tumua continued to object to the Malietoa Government.
Jne 18 1895 Six chiefs of the Tumua and Officials of the Three Powers held a meeting on the German warship at Apia.
Jne 19 1895 The fono ended in Atua, and Aana and parts of Savai'i returned to Aana.
Jne 28 1895 Two British steamdriven warships arrived.
Sep 25 1895 Celebrations to commemorate 100 years since the establishment of “The Society for the South Seas.” (L.M.S.)
Nov 1895 The Government of Tumua was again established at Leulumoega in opposition to the leadership of Malietoa.
Dec 24 1895 A tax was imposed by Faipule of this Government.
Dec 25 1895 A very severe earthquake occurred.
Dec 30 1895 A very severe hurricane occurred.
Mar 2 1896 Another very severe hurricane which blew for a week.
May 1896 The title Tuiaana was bestowed on Lealofi Tamasese by page 53 Leusoni and Aion Ula.
Jne 1896 A tax was imposed on the people but the Malua school did not pay as there were two Governments in the country at this time.
Aug 30 1896 An extensive fire occurred inland of Malua and was due to the sun. It was followed by a shortage of food.
Dec 7 1896 The roof of the Jubilee Hall at Malua was commenced.
Jan 7 1897 The church at Faleasiu was opened.
May 1897 The Tumua held another fono at Atua and decided that the Government house would be at Leulumoega and that a tax would be imposed.
In this month Chief Judge Papalii Folau was dismissed because he beat Tuloa, Faipule of the Government. The King held a fono with the leader of the Government and it was decided to appoint me to fill two positions, Secretary and Chief Judge for Samoa. The suggestion of Malietoa Laupepa and the leader of the Fono was accepted by the Government and I was appointed to thetwo positions.
Jne 21 1897 A taalolo was given by the King and the Government at Matautu to commemorate the Birthday of Queen Victoria.
Jly 13 1897 A messenger from the Head Office of the L.M.S. in London, Mr Thompson the Chief Secretary, and Mr Cross-field a Deacon arrived at Malua.
Jly 29 1897 A big fono of European Missionaries, the Messengers from England and Samoan Pastors was held at Malua.
Jly 31 1897 The Jubilee Hall at Malua was blessed.
Aug 1 1897 The Lord's Supper was celebrated in the Jubilee Hall at Malua.
Aug 10 1897 Mr Newell departed for Auckland to seek a change of air for his sickness. His wife and children remained in Samoa.
Oct 27 1897 Mr Newell returned to Apia and went to Malua the next day.
The Pule of Savai'i appealed to the Government to lift the ban on Mataafa and the chiefs who were banished. The King and the Government also added their appeal page 54 that he be allowed to return to Samoa. The appeals were not accepted by the Consuls as the decision of the three Powers had been that the banishees would not be permitted to return to Samoa.
A day arrived when no peace of mind could be found owing to the love for fathers of families and chiefs and orators who were banished to a strange country. I remembered a small key that would perhaps unlock a big box. I sent for my brother Aiono Toalepai who was at Vaimoso. I explained my idea to him and said “you go to Leulumoega and express your opinion that a fono should be held and that they should decide to ask the Three Powers to be kind and permit the chiefs who were banished to return to Samoa as their families were now on the side of the Government of Malietoa and had paid their taxes. Lufilufi listened and the suggesti on was accepted by Leulumoega and Lufilufi. A fono was arranged and held by the Government at Mulinu'u. Lufilufi and Leulumoega expressed the opinion that the banishment orders against the chiefs whose families had returned to the Government of Malietoa should be lifted. Moefaauo of Lufilufi spoke and he was seconded by Pa'u of Safotulafai. The opinion of Pule and Tuisamau was that no descrimination should be made but that everybody should be brought back. Moefaauo replied that he thought the meaning of his opinion was understood-he meant that a small beginning should be made. Each of the parties held to their opinions. The fono ended in the decision that it should be mentioned to the King and the leaders of the fono and that they should be asked for their opinions. We and the Faipule on the Government side went to the King and the leaders of the Fono. Lemana F of Leulumoega explained the decision of the meeting of the Government party and that there were two opinions as shown above. The leader of the fono replied that the Three Powers could not agree to bring back all those who had been page 55 banished but were willing to return the chiefs of those families who were now obeying the Government. This was the fruit of a small beginning. I was instructed to write a letter to the Three Powers giving the names of the chiefs whose families now obeyed the Government, in order that they might be returned to Samoa. We returned the day the fono was held and Moefaauo and Samataua were sent to the families of Mataafa and told to obey the Government so that the banished chiefs could come back to Samoa. The messenger returned as did also the families of Mataafa. They went to Mulinu'u. There were families from Amaile, Lotofaga, Lepa and Falefa. The appeal was granted by the Consuls and a boat was depatched to bring the banishees back from Sailusi.
Dec 8 and 9 1897 The Jubilee Hall at Malua was opened. $6,502 dollars was the amount collected. Only $5,000 was required to pay the debt owing.
Dec 25 1897 Christmas Service was held in this Church for the first time.
Apl 1 1908 The flag of the Tumua was hoisted at Leulumoega. Lufilufi and Manono attended as did others favouring the Tumua. Some from Malie also attended.
Aug 22 1898 The King, Malietoa Laupepa died at Mulinu'u from fever. He went to Vailima to seek a change of air and lived in the house at present occupied by the Governor. He was attended by the Dottor and E.W. Gurr. I visited the King and recognised that his illness was very severe. He told me that he had dreamt that he was surrounded by fierce animals. That evening I hurried to Mulinu'u to make arrangements for the King to meet the Government. A carrying party from Vaimauga brought the King to his residence at Sogi where he lay down. He met the Government in the morning. Lemana expressed sorrow for the King on behalf of the Government. The spirit of the King was too weak to allow him to speak. He could only point his finger heavenwards. At ten oclock in the morning he died.page 56
Aug 24 1898 Malietoa Laupepa was buried on the point at Mulinu'u. This land was set apart for the burial ground of Kings at the time the Government divided the land of Samoa.
Sep 16 1898 The Tumua and Pule gathered at Leulumoega, and Lufilufi spoke. The fono dispersed until April.
Sep 19 1898 Mataafa and the chiefs who had been banished since the 26th July 1893 returned.
They all returned with the exception of Mulipola who had died in the land of exile. His boneswere brought back to Samoa. On their return Mataafa and the chiefs went to the Malae at Mulinu'u. (This Malae is called Tiafau.) Before Mataafa returned Lufilufi complained to the Government and the King that they were not satisfied that the position of Chief Secretary and Chief Judge should be both held by a man from Aana. I answered Lemana by requesting him to propose to the Government that they should chose a Chief Judge. Pau and Moefaauo argued the matter and Pau asked Moefaauo who was to be Chief Judge, because it had been left to Aana and Atua to chose one. Moefaauo claimed that he was to be chief Judge. Pau replied that Moefaauo would not be accepted by the Pule as Chief Judge, but that Tagaloa of Saluafata would be acceptable. The fono then ended. Tagaloa was appointed to be Chief Judge of Samoa.
Oct 13 1898 On this day the Tumua and the Government met at Mulinu'u. The opinion was expressed by the Tumua and other followers that Mataafa should be King. This wish was not acceptable to the Government nor to Tuisamau, Auimatagi and others. There were many differences of opinion as to who should be King. Some of the people of Aana favoured Tamasese.
Oct 15 1898 On this day Tamasese and his family came to live at Vaiala. Assistance was sought of Tofaeono but he objected to the demands of the Tumua. Fata spoke on this day, the day of distribution of fine mats following the death of the King, to Leulumoega and Lufilufi and Aana and Atua and said “Chose one to be the Captain page 57 of our ship and if you chose someone with whom we are not satisfied we will tell you.”
Lufilufi and some of Atua went into meeting as did also Leulumoega and some of Aana. Atua and Aana were of one opinion that Tamasese should be King and decided to advise Tuisamau and Auimatagi and Pule and Aiga-i-le-tai of their decision.
Nov 3 1898 Mr Marriott and his wife and family departed from Samoa and hoped to return.
Nov 16 1898 The title Tuiatua was bestowed on Mataafa by Lufilufi and Atua because of the continued wish of Tumua and Pule that he should be King.
Nov 1898 Those who were in the Government of Malietoa held a fono at Mulinu'u. Lemana, Faipule of Leulumoega in his speech declared that Tupua Mataafa was King. When Lemana had finished his speech Tagaloa of Saluafata addressed the Fono and objected to the decision of Leulumoega and Lufilufi and declared that Tamasese should be King. The fono was divided and was brought to a close by the speech of Safotulafai. The fono was postponed until the following week. Leulumoega and Lufilufi were advised to work with their Orators and Tamasese to join with his family and come to an agreement as to who should be King. The fono was held on a Tuesday and was again postponed until Tuesdaymof the following week.
Before the appointed day had arrived for the holding of the fono, a meeting of the Faipule of Pule and Leulumoega and Lufilufi was held, but Tutuila and parts of Atua and Aana did not attend. On the same day I received instructions from the Chief Judge of Samoa that I must not continue to work at Mulinu'u as there was no Government there; I must go to the High Court at Apia to take up duties for the Government there.
I went to the fono because I was brought there. Lauati spoke as follows Wwe sent for you to come here page 58 to write a letter to the Three Powers showing that it is the wish of the people of Samoa that Mataafa shall be King.” I replied “I do not object to your opinion but I wish you to understand that I am the Secretary of the Government which has no King. If I write a letter on behalf of the people of Samoa to the representatives of the three Powers it will be a letter stating the correct position and not an untruthful one. I pay due respects to you but I ask, where is Tuisamau and Auimatagi - where are Sua and Vaifanua and Fofo and Aitulagi and Mapu and Alataua- and what is the opinion of Tutuila; I do not see any of them here today; the words you have spoken are not the truth. This is my reply to you Lauati: I will not write the letter you desire, and moreover, why has this fono been called before Tuesday of next week, the day appointed for the holding of the fono to include the whole country.”
Pa'u of Safotulafai spoke and said that the opinion of the Secretary was right and asked why the letter should be written before the day appointed by the previous meeting. Lemana, Faipule of Leulumoega stated that it was their opinion that the advice of Teo Tuvale should be accepted and that the letter should not be sent. The fono then ended and general conversation took place.
Lauati again spoke and said that it was their opinion that the letter should be written before the other side sent in a recommendation because on the day their decision was made known Samoa would be divided. Moefaauo spoke and said that it was their wish that the letter be sent that day. I answered and said that they could please themselves but that I would not write the letter. I intimated that I would delegate their work to another and that they could sign their names if they wished. I gave the letter to Maua Saga and Aiono Toalepai page 59 and they wrote to the Consuls and also to the Chief Judge and the leader of the Fono declaring that Mataafa had been chosen King. This letter was not accepted by the Consuls as they knew it was incorrect and that there were two Kings in a divided Samoa. The reply of the Consuls was read by some of the people and theypwere angry with me. They said that I had referred to Mataafa as a High Chief and not as a King.
A false story was spread by some in order that the position of Secretary should be taken away from me. I resigned from the Government that was at Mulinu'u and decided to take a rest. I advised them to get someone else to be their Secretary. I left Mulinu'u but was chased by the Government who apologised and asked me not to desert rhem. I returned to Mulinu'u and accepted the apology. I also reported to the Government the false stories that had been circulated about me. I did not write the letter or alter any words. I also pointed that I felt aggrieved because letters that concerned only the Secretary and were his business were opened by others. A reply later on arrived at Mulinu'u from the Chief Judge. That letter was not opened but was left to await my return from the High Court in Apia. On the afternoon of the day I returned to Mulinu'u the Tumua who were in Aana gathered together with the Government at Mulinu'u. I then opened the letter from the Chief Judge. This letter forbade the mentioning of any name as King because of the dispute. An enquiry would be held and a decision given in accordance with the agreement made between Samoa and the Three Powers. It would then be known who was to be King of Samoa.
When I had finished reading the letter on the Malae at Mulinu'u I beseeched the Government to obey well the order of the Chief Judge and to await the decision. I asked the whole of Samoa to obey if the decision was that Mataafa was King and to do the same if Malietoa was chosen; not to cause war. (At this time Tanumafili, the page 60 son of the King Malietoa Laupepa was brought from the school at Leulumoega, and Tupua Tamasese 11 had written a letter to the Consuls and the Chief Judge asking that Tanumafili be appointed King and that he (Tupua Tamasese) be created Deputy King. This was the wish also of Aana and Atua and Aiga and other parties.) Mt last words to those assembled were “Be kind and dont start a war in Samoa, because if you do the Three Powers will take over the control of the country and your orators and chiefs and things that you have been accustomed to will be of no further use; and furthermore let the High Chiefs who have just returned from exile be of kindly spirit. I will end my appeal to you and if there is anyone who wishes to ask a question he may do so and the question will be discussed before the people for this is the last occasion on which I will speak to you. I wish to explain the agreement made between Samoa and the Three Powers. My address having ended Toomata, Faipule, asked on what grounds the Three Powers interferred in the Government of Samoa because in the first chapter of the agreement it stated that the Three Powers would not concern themselves in the Government of the country. On what grounds did they now do so without cause? I replied that it was true that the Three Powers must not interfere in the Government of Samoa but it should be known that the Consuls are the representatives of the Three Powers and that they do not interfere in the Government of Samoa or in the question of Kingship. Although the Chief Judge is an American. He is an official of the Samoan Government paid by Samoan money. He is appointed also to stand between the Samoans and the Three Powers in the making of agreements for the guarding of our country. The King and our Government have accepted that agreement. It is explained in the agreement in paragraph 1V 6 “If a dispute occurs in Samoa concerning a high chief or the King, fighting must not take place, but the question shall be placed before the Chief Judge who will hold an page 61 enquiry and give a decision in writing. That decision will be upheld by the Three Powers.”
A similar question to the previous one was put by Leilua Taumei and I replied in the terms of my answer to Toomata. Vavauoti also asked the same question to which he received the same answer. The discussion then ended. I resigned on this day and decided not to again interest myself in the dispute. I decided to take a rest because there was no Government; they could look for another to be their Secretary. Lauati replied “Very well: we thank the Secretary for his speech and we will do as he suggests and wait for the decision of the Chief Judge; but we ask the Secretary to consider us and not to resign; we ask him to remain with out Government: Lemana also spoke and added to the remarks of Lauati. He too, asked me to remain with the Government. The meeting then ended.
The next day I said farewell to Mulinu'u. I rested on the land of our family “Leufisa.”
Dec 16 1898 On this day I received a letter from Tupua Tamasese stating that Malietoa Tanumafili had been appointed King and that he, Tupua Tamasese, was Deputy King. Pending the notification of the decision the two parties were preparing to hold a discussion to determine who should be King, Mataafa, or Malietoa Tanumafili.
Dec 19 1898 An enquiry began before the Chief Judge to determine who was the correct Chief to be appointed King. The examination of witnesses from both sides was completed and the decision awaited.
Dec 29 1898 On this day the title Malietoa Tanumafili was given to Tanumafili by Auimatagi. The title Tuiatua was also bestowed on him by Leota Leuluaialii.
Dec 31 1898 The decision of the Chief Judge was made known to both parties. Malietoa Tanumafili was chosen as King. Tumua and Pule and Mataafa parties objected to the decision. page 62 On this day I was appointed by Malietoa to be Secretary for the Government.
The Chief Judge also stated that on Monday the 2nd of January 1899, the Consuls of the Three Powers would make an agreement with Malietoa. The Mataafa party disagreed andreturned to Mulinu'u. Malietoa party remained in Apia. I was sent by the King to bring the troops of Malietoa who were at Matafele to Apia in case fighting started. I instructed the troops of Iva who were at Matafele to return to Apia. This instruction was obeyed. I then returned to Savalalo to watch in case some of Malietoa party went to Matafele. I met Mafa the wife of the son of Pa'u and asked her about Mulinu'u. She replied that the fono had finished and she had returned. The fono concluded with the speech of Lauati who opposed war and advised writing to the Three Powers, etc When I heard this good news I went to Apia and met at Matafele the German Peters who was the lawyer for Mataafa party. (E.W. Gurr was the legal adviser for Malietoa at the enquiry before the Chief Judge.) This man and I went to the German Judge together with the leader of the fono. A dispute arose between us and the leader of the fono over my payment. He refused to pay the money and said that there was no Government. In my reply I said that it was true that there was no Government; but the authority in these matters at that time rested with the High Court of Samoa, and it was for the Court I worked by instructions from the Chief Judge. Peters, the German, went to the house of the German Consul and I left. I saw Peters go to Mulinu'u. Men from Aana who were at Mulinu'u told me that Peters had advised them to quickly upset the decision of the Chief Judge because if it was not so done before the coming Monday, it would be too late to fo anything. I went to Apia at 3 pm and stood with Asi Tunupopo in front of the Tivoli Hotel. We saw the daughter of Leiataua Fiame. She was married to Pele the Faipule of page 63 Tutuila. She was staying with Malietoa. She ran towards us on the road and called out to us that Mulinu'u had decided to declare war as a result of the words of the German Judge. Pule would be appointed to the war fleets and would go to the east and return with Atua, and the troopsof Aana and parts of Tuamasaga would advance. There would be war. That afternoon there was much excitement as a result of the moving about of the troops. The Savai'i fleet landed at Vaiala. It was clearly evidenced that afternoon that Germany had different aims from Britain and America. That night the troops of Mataafa tried to join with other troops in the bush in order to surround Malietoa Party who were in Apia.
Jan 1 1899 Continued efforts were made to join with the troops in the bush, buton the main road the leaders of Matautu and Iva were face to face at the river near the Catholic Church.
At midday a fono was held at Apia in the house of Tuiletufuga. The King was present. Fuimaono Moameka gave it as his opinion that it was the correct thing for Malietoa to go andtry to stop the trouble. Tuinamau and Auimatagi held that it was of no use and that fighting would take place. I wrote a letter and despatched it. In the letter I appealed to the Tumua and Pule to be compassionate and to withdraw their troops to Mulinu'u. I appealed for a further effort to reconsile Samoa in order to prevent war and stop a further spilling of Samoan blood. A message was sent by Manono to the chiefs and orators of Savai'i who were in Apia asking for a meeting. Leauanae and Papalli took this message. They were seized when on the bridge and taken to Mulinu'u. The people of Iva also went to Mulinu'u because their chiefs had been seized. The troops of Mataafa who were in Apia seized the arms of Tuisamau and other villages of Tuamasaga. Their forts were page 64 deserted. The troops of Salelologa were inland and they tried to take away the arms of the Malietoa party. Papalili Muliaga tried to and succeeded in shooting one of the Salelologa chiefs who died. Fighting then took place and the troops of Malietoa were beaten. On the Government road along the beach the troops of Mataafa rushed like a hurricane and damaged our fales. The King was in one of the fales. I looked out and saw that everybody had run away except the King and the clown of Aumua. They were at one end of the house. I took hold of the King and we ran to the Tivoli hotel. The clown followed us. Tamasese, Aiono Toalepai and Pao came after us. They were in the fale of Seumanutafa. We went to the Tivoli but the troops of Faleapuna came along the road between the Church and the Tivoli hotel. Tamasese then turned and went inland. I asked Pasi the owner of the hotel if he had a room upstairs in which the King could remain. He replied that at that moment his wife Annie was upstairs. We went upstairs and found Annie. I asked here to point out a room which the King could occupy and she did so. We numbered the King, the clown, the girl Silefaga who had followed with the clothes of the King and myself. We saw that Apia was filled with troops of Mataafa who seized the guns of the Malietoa party. The King rested on the bed and I locked the door and listened at it. I instructed Annie that no one was to be permitted to come to the room and that if anyone came I would fire on them. I also told the clown to take notice of what I said and if the door was opened to shoot to kill. Someone knocked on the door and I asked who was there. Annie replied that it was she. She asked for the door to be opened as the British Consul and the Captain of the British warship (Captain Sturdee) had come. I then opened the door. The Consul told me to bring the King to them and they would go to the house of the Pastor. This house was being guarded by soldiers from the warship. I then asked the King to go with the British Officials. He replied that he would remain at the Tivoli Hotel. page 65 The Consul again said “Teo, tell Malietoa not to be afraid but to trust us.” I told the King not to be afraid but to go with the two officials. They then took the King to the house of the Pastor. Fighting then began in the village of Apia between the Tivoli and the Church of Apia. The fighting was begun by Apelu Manogi and Siaki Mailo. Asi Tunupopo was also there. I told the clown that that we would go down to the fighting below. We went and I found some of the troops of Faleasiu who were there with Vagaia and his children. We then went to the house of Mr Moors. The war party of Mataafa was driven away from Apia and remained in Matafele. A great many were killed in that fighting. The troops of Tamasese went to the High Court and Tamasese freed those who were in gaol. The young men who were in the gaol joined the fighting. Fighting continued until the afternoon, but it was futile fighting because the troops of Malietoa had not collected together. Many men and guns were taken by the troops of Mataafa. In the afternoon I went to the King to try a plan because the fighting was serious. I went to the house of the Pastor to look for the King but he was not there. Only Pao and the fugitives were there. Seumanutafa Pogai came along and he asked what could be done to stop this terrible fighting and save the lives of those remaining. I replied that he should not worry as our troops had not been fighting as they were not ready. I said “Let the talk be short today and make ready for the fighting tomorrow. Tamasese then came along and we further discussed the matter. The King had been taken to the British Warship Porpoise. We decided that a letter should be sent to the Consuls asking them to stop the fighting, and that the arms of the Malietoa party would be handed over to the Consuls. The British Consul was not willing to stop the fighting because the British and Americans would be in the right if they joined in the fighting the next day and it was their wish to do so. Matters were delayed in order to see what would happen between the page 66 British-Americans and the Germans who disagreed with them. The matter ended by the British Consul agreeing with our wishes. He instructed us to write him a letter and hand over our arms. I wrote the appeal and it was signed by Tamasese, Seumanutafa, Tofaeono, Pao, Aiono and myself. The appeal was accepted by the British and American Consuls. This letter was then taken to the German Consul. In the afternoon the troops of Malietoa commenced to go aboard two warships but we remained in the house of the Pastor in Apia with other chiefs of the Malietoa party. We were guarded by sailors from the British warship Porpoise.
Jan 2 1899 In the morning M. Sagacame to the fale of the Missionary in Apia to find out if we had been saved. We met him. All the Chiefs of the war party of Malietoa who had been on the warships were taken to Mulinu'u. Only Malietoa and Tamasese remained on the warship.
The Chiefs who were in the house of the Pastor in Apia were also taken to Mulinu'u. Only myself, Pao, Muliaga Papali'i and two tauleaea, Siaki and Faasoo, a boy from Falealili, were taken to the British Warship to Malietoa and Tamasese. We remained on the warship with them and the Chief Judge.
Jan 6 1899 The troops of the Malietoa party were tried by the Mataafa Government at Mulinu'u and each one was fined $2. The High Chiefs were sent to gaol. All the people were ordered to return to their own villages with the exception of Apia and Matafele who were banished to Manono.
Jan 7 1899n The troops of Malietoa dispersed as ordered - Atua went to Atua - Aana went to Aana and Tuamasaga returned to their villages. Apia and Matafele people were taken to Manono. On the same day a dispute arose between the British and the Germans relative to the position of the Chief Judge. The leader of the fono wished to appoint himself to that position as well as hisown. The boats of the British warship made ready for war. They went to Apia together with the Chief Judge. The elader of the Fono also went together page 67 with soldiers of the Mataafa party. They closed the High Court. The warship threatened to bombard Mulinu'u if fighting took place over the reopening of the High Court. Soldiers from the British warship landed and went to the High Court with the Chief Judge. The leader of the Fono opologised before the Consul and the Chief Judge and the Captain of the warship and he returned the key to the Chief Judge who opened the Court. Fighting did not take place that day. We remained on the warship and Mataafa's party held a fono. Mataafa was made King. During this time all the High Chiefs of Malietoa party were banished to Tutuila. One day a messanger from the Faipule of Mataafa's party was sent to Malietoa and Tamasese asking them to come to Mulinu'u. Tamasese replied that although he was an older man, Malietoa had the pule, but if Malietoa desired to go to Mulinu'u he would agree and go also. Malietoa replied that they would not go but would remain on the warship under the protection of the British Flag. The messenger returned to Mulinu'u with the reply. When he had gone I was called by the Chief Judge, the British Consul and the Captain of the warship. These officials asked me to give my opinion as to whether I thought they should go to Mulinu'u as requested by the Mataafa party. I replied that if Malietoa and Tamasese were willing to go we would go also. The British Consul replied that they already had Malietoa's decision but that they wanted my opinion. I answered that we should not go as there was no Government there; we would remain on the warship under the protection of the British flag. On the warship were the King, the Deputy King, the Chief Judge and the Secretary. The officials thanked me for my opinion. We remained on the warship for the remainder of January.
Feb 1899 A large American warship arrived with the Admiral of the fleet. The British warship then went to Tutuila to bring back the banished chiefs of Malietoa's party.
Mar 15 1899 The banished chiefs returned from Tutuila. A message was sent to the banished chiefs on Manono to find a way to page 68 escape because there would be fighting on account of the decision of the Chief Judge having been broken by Mataafa's party.
On this day those who were with us on the warship, Tamasese, Pao, Papalii, Siaki and Faasoo, went ashore, but I remained on board with the King.
At 10 am the warship began to bombard Mataafa's party. They escaped at night to Faleata. On this day Mulinu's was retaken by troops of Malietoa and Tamasese. Tamasese commanded the troops on that day.
Mar 17 1899 Fighting continued. The British and American troops assisted Malietoa's party. An officer of the British died. He was buried at Mulinu'u.
Mar 18 1899 On this day the warship Porpoise bombarded the troops of Mataafa who were at Malie, Saleimoa and Faleasiu. The church at Faleasiu was hit when a shell exploded in front of the building. I complained to the Captain that the church had been hit and I also believed that non-combatants of my village were inside. Firing then ceased and no further shots were fired inland. The instruction of the Captain to the officer in charge of the guns was very good “Dont hit the church but fire the shots into the bush.” I was very much grieved during that day and the succeeding night. We were opposite Safotulafai and we had nothing to eat. I was thinking of the noncombatants and wondered whether they were safe or wounded. I first knew some peace of mind when we returned to Apia and Aiono Toalepai came to the warship with the story that all the refugees and Petaia, Pastor, were safe.
Mar 19 1899 Fighting took place between the troops of Malietoa and Mataafa at Vaimoso. Leaupepe Sasagi of Fasitoouta was wounded.
Mar 20 1899 Fasitootai was burned by troops of Malietoa lead by Aiono Taolepai and Paitomaleifi Mataia.
Mar 22 1899 The school at Papautu was seized by troops of Mataafa. Non-combatants of the different religious bodies began to gather at Malua as ordered by the officer in charge page 69 of the American warships.
The appointment of Malietoa as King was made by Britain and America and was recognised by a salute of 21 guns by the warships of both countries. On this day for the first time Malietoa and myself went to Mulinu'u.
Mar 23 1899 The formation of the Samoan army began under the leadership of Mr Gordon from the Porpoise. Each man was armed with a rifle. I was appointed by Gordon to be in charge of a portion of the troops if fighting took place. Papalii Muliaga, Teo Taepuaailo, Fepuleai P. and Vaotogo Toloa'i were also appointed to do likewise.
Mar 31 1899 On the morning of this day we went with the troops in the boats of the warships. Fighting was begun by the troops of Mataafa. During this day villages between Vaiusu and Afega were burned. We did not do any fighting because the troops of Mataafa had escaped to the bush.
Apl 1 1899 The troops again went to Aana district and burned villages between Faleasiu and Satapuala. Only the village of Nofoalii fought against us. Three of the party were wounded. One man from Samusu in the party of Mataafa was killed. He was shot by the Consul.
The British, Alerican and Samoan troops went to Suga where fighting took place. Six Americans were killed and wounded as were also a chief of Manono and a woman. On Mataafa's side eight were killed - 5 from Lepa, 2 from Lotofaga and one from Lauli'i.
Apl 2 1899 On this day our party went on the Porpoise to Faasaleleaga. We landed at Vaimaga in Safoutlafai. Sapapalii and Iva quickly gathered. The story was spread that the troops were waiting behind the wall of the residence of Letufuga and that they were going to fight us. Troops from Faasaleleaga and Itu-o-tane would fight for Mataafa's side but only troops from Iva and Sapapalii would be on the side of Malietoa. However, they had no rifles, as they were taken away from them in the one day war. The leader of our party agreed to the suggestion that the troops of Iva and Sapapalii should keep out of the fighting as they page 70 had no rifles. As soon as I had finished speaking we landed and prepared to fight. When the party landed I gave instructions to quickly capture the heap of stones prepared for the house of Letufuga. This was done. We arrived at the spot where we had seen the troops of Savai'i behind the wall of big stones. The Motor boat went with Allen and the leader of the troops and blew up the fortifications with machine guns and cannon. When the bombardment had finished the bugle blew. Our party rushed towards the fort. The Consul called out to me that we would capture the fort. I shouted out to my party to stand up as we were going to advance on the fortifications. I turned round and saw that the Consul was near to the fort. I quickly ran to him lest he should be wounded. The Consul and myself jumped on top of the stones. We discovered that the enemy had escaped to the bush. There were a great many of them. The fortifications were taken. We then burned the houses of the Government between Safoutlafai and Faga and the boundary with Sapapalii. We received no damage because there was no opposition. We returned to Apia that night and learned of the fighting that had taken place.
Apl 3 1899 The fortifications of Mataafa were again bombarded by cannon of the warship.
Apl 6 1899 Our troops again went to Fagaloa and burned the village. I strongly forbade our party to take anything belonging to the non-combatants and I stood in the doorway of the Church where the refugees were, to prevent anyone going inside or taking anything. Therefugees rested quietly inside the Church although their village was burning. The Church was saved as were also other places in which the noncombatants sheltered. The British warship went to bring the Tutuila people.
Apl 12 1899 Sixty of the troops went to Falefa. I also went. page 71 We went ashore in two boats. The warships remained outside the reef. The wife of Leutele came immediately to see me and said that it was unfortunate for my troops that there were a great many of of the troops of Atua present. She told me to return and get my troops ready. I then made a division of my troops. We went with the soldiers numbering ten to the Catholic Church. Tuia, an old woman and the wife of Lealaisalanoa came along and said “Kindly return with your troops to the shore because the whole of Atua troops are here and very close.” I gave instructions to the different divisions of the troops to remain behind the stone wall and explained to them that fighting would soon take place - stick to the wall and be ready. Gordon, the leader came along and he said to find the fale of Salanoa and burn it. I therefore returned. Teo Taepuaaelo, Lilo, Otemai, Pauufi and myself then went to the house of Salanoa in Vaiee. I stood in the road and saw some troops on the inland side of us. I shouted out that we would return. They went to the east to try and surround us. Our divisions returned and took with them three kegs of beef and two boxes of meat that they had found in the house of Salanoa. Whilst we were returning we were surprised and fired upon by troops of Faleapuna. I called out to our troops to fight and I fought against the soldiers who were under the mango tree. When I turned to see what my troops were doing they were not there. Only Otemai and Pauuff remained. I called out to Pauufi to fight on the road, but that Otemai must go alongside the bathing pool lest some of the enemy surround it and us. I fought on the inland side of the road against the troops who had fired on us. It was thought that we would not be saved, because the troops of Faleapuna came quickly to the main road. I turned quickly and fought against the troops in the middle of the road. I page 72 tried to drive them back. The Love of God protected us because the troops of Ailaoa and Gafa were very close to us. There were only three of us to fight Vaiee. Our troops ran away to the boats. It was only then that someone asked where Teo Tuvale was. Someone said that he was fighting inland. They then returned to look for us. Those who went were Saena, Po Fepuleai, Setulo Faalaavaau, Faitau Taua and some Taulelea. When they arrived the fighting had nearly finished. Faleapuna troops had returned to Faleapuna. We were protected. There were four of Ailaoa who were killed ans some wounded. We returned to the shore and took with us three kegs of beef and two boxes of meat. Nothing was left behind. We were very annoyed at the desertion of our troops. I noticed some young men who were trying to go inside the church in which the noncombatants sheltered. I called out that it was forbidden for anyone to go inside and that I would shoot anyone who disobeyed the order. We returned to Apia.
Apl 13 1899 On this day the British leader advised me that he was going on some business for the American leader and that I and the troops could please ourselves whether we went for a bathe and to gather food. Tamasese and I went with the troops for a bath and also gathered some food. We arrived at the land of the German inland of Fagalii and there met the troops of Atua. Fighting took place and the Atua troops were chased to Vailele. There was much fighting on this day. I took some of the troops on the road to Utumapu. Vaimauga and Falealili followed on the same road. We met them. I thanked the advance guard of Taga and Falealili. I told them to remain on the road where we were and we would go down to the fighting which was taking place on the shore. We went down and came behind the troops of Atua. Atua then turned on us. There were only five of us - page 73 Umuese Mataia, Faleono, Tufue Gogo, Levi and Magila the son of Samoa Vailele. We fought and chased Atua away. The fighting ended in the afternoon.
Apl 15 1899 The troops returned to Aana and fought at Nofoalii, then went to Magia and fighting took place there. A boy from Fasitootai was killed and six wounded. Two of our party were wounded.
Apl 17 1899 Aele and Alafua and inland of Apia were bombarded by the warships. On this day our party and others went to Vailima where there were troops of Satupaitea, Palauli and Tuamasaga belonging to Mataafa. When we arrived near Avele we were fired on by the fort of the Satupaitea people. I said to the leader of our troops that he should wait there with the Doctor as there would be fighting. I appointed five to guard the leader. I divided the troops. One party was placed between the road and the river on the eastern side. With the other party we went to the main road. Amitua of Apia was with us. We quickly took the fort on the road and chased the troops which were in it back to the main body. I called out to our troops to stop because we were near the main fort, but they would not listen. I again tried to stop them. A volley was fired by the enemy and Setulo Faalavaau was wounded. We arrived at the land called Avele where I stopped the troops. A chief from Tutuila, the only man in the troops from Tutuila, was shot. I caught hold of him and took him towards the beach because we were near the fort. I gave him to our party and told them to quickly take him to his people. In the afternoon the fortifications at Vailima were bombarded by the men-o-war and shots fell in Vailima house. When the bombardment had finished our party made ready to rush the fort. The boys Uli and Noataga were wounded because they wished to look and see if there was anybody inside the fort. I stopped our troops because I knew it was useless as there were many troops in the page 74 the fort. I strongly forbade anyone to step forward because the enemy had collected behind the fortifications. I explained that the fortifications would be captured but with difficulty. It was not necessary to waste life because the war had not ended. Let the troops return and my party will take up the rear. We then returned to Mulinu'u. Thiswas the first occasion that any of our party had been wounded because they disobeyed instructions.
Apl 21 1899 A man-o-war bombarded Faleasiu and Fasitoouta.
Apl 23 1899 The warship returned to Apia.
On this day our party went to Vaitele. It was the real intention to go to Aele where Mataafa was. We took the house in Vaitele and the leader asked me where the road to Aele was. I pointed out the road. The leader said that we would go to that place as per the instructions of the Officer in Command of the American Fleet. I replied “Very well, but go and tell the party of the districts of the Government (at present between Vaiusu and Lepea there were about 700 of them) (our party was only 160) because the whole of Mataafa's party is at present in Aele. The leader went and toldthe people but they would not believe his statement. Atanoa and Luafatasana the leaders of the district also expressed their opinions that it was unwise to go to Aele as there might be trouble. We returned and went through Botopa and reached the fort of the other side. Fighting then took place on Sunday. When we had pointed out the road for our troops we walked to opposite the fortifications at Leulumoega with Mataia Umuese and Gogo and fired a volley. We then went inland followed by the troops and arrived at the fortifications at Leulumoega. We were fired on. Lilo of Saleimoa and a Taulealea were wounded. We were surrounded but escaped over the eastern road and commenced fighting. page 75 Some of our party were wounded in this fighting because the fort of Savai'i and Aana was very strong. Fighting continued until dark when we returned to our houses. During this week word was received that a Committee of three from the Great Powers would arrive. They sent instructions to stop fighting and they would enquire into the cause of the wars. Fighting thereupon ceased in all quarters.
Apl 24 1899 On this day the troops of Mataafa left their forts and went to Malie but the battlefields in the east extended to Laulii and Atua.
On this day also the troops of Malietoa and Tamasese gathered at Mulinu'u. Exercises were taken by the troops. Whilst they were exercising under the leadership of the British leader, the Consul asked me what appointment I wished, the Chief Secretaryship or the leadership of the troops. E.W. Gurr replied on my behalf and I said that I thanked the Consul but did not wish any appointment. The Consul replied “Very well, leave it to us.”
Apl 28 1899 The British warship went to Malua and it appeared likely that she would again bombard the troops of Mataafa because they had again destroyed the lands of Saleimoa. However, the bombardment did not take place as a result of the advice of Mr Newell.
May 2 1899 The troops of Mataafa were again agitated owing to the story that they were to be driven from Malie.
May 11 1899 The girls returned to the school at Papautu.
May 12 1899 The three Commissioners arrived to enquire into the cause of the troubles.
May 13 1899 Malietoa and Tamasese and chiefs of his party were called to the enquiry. I was also there. The meeting took place on board the steamer. The American representative spoke as follows: “We have come with complete authority from our Governments because the Berlin agreement has been broken. We have the auhtority to disregard this agreement and to do whatever we think necessary. We will enquire first into the decision of the Chief Judge. The statements of all districts will be written down.page 76
May 16 1899 Mr Newell was called to act as interpreter.
May 20 1899 Mataafa and chiefs on his side were also called. Lemana and Toelupe and Lauati and Faalata attended. The Committee explained that they wished all arms held by Samoans to be handed over to them. Mataafa party replied that they wished to retire and discuss this order with their war party, the Tumua and Pule.
May 31 1899 On this day the arms of the Mataafa party were handed over to the Committee on board the steamer. It was decided by the Tumua and Pule that all arms would be given up. During this week Malietoa and Tamasese were again called before the Committee. The American member spoke as follows: “Our enquiry into the explanation of the Chief Judge is finished. We are satisfied that the action of the Chief Judge was correct - Malietoa is King of Samoa. If this enquiry had been held before us we also would have come to the decision that Malietoa is King.” “We therefore accept Malietoa as king of Samoa. What is your opinion of this matter. Malietoa? Are you willing to give to us the authority you hold as King and allow us to act accordingly? Are you willing that we should establish a Government without a King in order to bring peace to the country.” Malietoa replied that he was willing to accept the proposal and hand over to the. Three Powers his Kingship. The British representative then asked “Is it your wish Malietoa to hand over to us your Kingship because you are not able to govern Samoa at the present time and is it your wish to go to school? “Malietoa replied that it was his wish to go to school. The American Commissioner then said “We accept your wishes and you may please yourself whether you go to school in New Zealand, Sydney, America, Germany or England; the Three powers will look after you. The meeting ended and we returned to Mulinu'u. An agreement was written and signed by Malietoa and Tamasese, which agreement gave to the Three powers authority over Samoa. Mataafa and his party were then called and were asked if they were willing that the King- page 77 ship should be handed over to the Three Powers and that a Government should be formed without a king in order that peace might be brought to the country. Mataafa and the Tumua and Pule replied that they were willing that the Kingship should be handed to the Commissioners who represented the Three Powers. Thiswas the third agreement that had been made regarding Samoa. The wars then really ended.
Jne 1 1899 The troopsof Mataafa dispersed.
Jne 2 1899 On this day the people of Tutuila who belonged to Malietoa and Tamasese parties were taken to Tutuila by the warship.
Jne 3 1899 A warship took back to Savai'i troops of Savai'i who belonged to Malietoa and Tamasese parties.
Jly 6 1899 Faletoese was appointed to be a Pastor at Fagamalo.
August 1899 A Government formed by the three Commissioners commenced to function - it included men from both parties - Toomata Galumalemana and Tolo from Mataafa party and Tagaloa Saluafata and Teo Tuvale from Malietoa and Tamasese party. Toomata G. and Tagaloa were appointed Judges and I and Tolo were appointed Secretarys. The offices of we four were at Mulivai, Apia. The Samoan flag was hoisted.
Dec 1899 During this month it was rumoured that Germany would take over Samoa. Peace reigned in Samoa.
Feb 1900 During this month I notified Dr Solf that I wished to resign from my position and take a rest and a change of air in Germany. I also notified the three Commissioners. I wished to go with Mr Marquardt. Dr Solf, the leader of the fono replied accepting my resignation but he asked me to indicate in writing who I suggested should fill my place. I replied that I suggested Maua who was at that time a policeman in the Municipality. Dr Solf replied that he was anxious to appoint Maua but that I must put my suggestion in writing addressed to him and the Consuls and the Chief Judge. I did so.
Feb 17 1899 The steamer departed with Marquardt and the dancing party for Germany. The control of the party was given to me by page 78 Marquardt. I was only to issue instructions and would take no active part in their work. We went first to Fiji and from there to Sydney and on to Germany. The dancing party numbered twenty girls and eight taulelea, a small boy, the son of Lepou of Vaiusu and myself and Marquardt and his wife and son.
Mar 1 1900 The German flag was hoisted in Samca.
Mar 12 1900 We received news of the hoisting of the German flag whilst we were in Melbourne. Dr Solf was appointed Governor and Mataafa Ali'i sili.
Jne 8 1900 The German flag was hoisted in Savai'i.
Oct 14 1900 Dr Solf again went to Savai'i to instruct native officials in their duties.
Jan 5 1901 Dr Solf and officials went to Savai'i to adjust difficulties that had arisen as theresult of the misconduct of Lealatele and also other matters that had occurred at Matautu.
Oct 11 1901 The Governor went to Savai'i to instruct the leaders of the Districts in their work. The meeting took place at Matautu.
Oct 14 1901 The Government commenced to erect quarters at Matautu.
Nov 7 1901 The quarters were finished.
Dec 1901 During this month the dancing party taken by Marquardt to Germany returned. Dr Solf advised me to recommence my duties on the 1st April 1902.
At the end of the month the Governor, Dr Solf, left for Germany and Dr Schnee was appointed Acting Governor. Dr Schultz was Chief Judge.
1 Apl 1902 I and Sooalo were appointed to a new Department. An office was created for Samoan matters and for Samoan taxes.
30 Oct 1902 An eruption commenced in the mountains of Savai'i.
2 Nov 1902 Mr Williams of Savai'i arrived with the story of the eruption.
7 Nov 1902 A very severe earthquake occurred during the night of the 7th. All the women and the children and the aged and sick of Gagaifomauga were taken to Gagaemauga on account of their great fear of the earthquakes and the lava.page 79
Jan 4 1903 The Taimua and Faipule and myself and Salanoa went to Tutuila to welcome Dr Solf who was due to return in the steamer from America.
Jan 6 1903 Dr Solf arrived Fagatogo on this day. Taalolos were given to the Governor and the Government and we were all brought to Apia by the American warship.
Jan 7 1903 We arrived at Apia.
Jan 25 1903 Malietoa Tanumafili returned to Samoa from Fiji by steamer.
Jan 26 1903 A reception was given to Malietoa at Mulinu'u by the Ali'i Sili and the Taimua and Faipule.
Jan 30 1903 The Governor held a fono with the Government at Mulinu'u. He advised that substitutes would be appointed for the Faipules who had died. A present was also made to the Taimua of 150 marks each and 120 marks to each Faipule. Dr Solf advised the fono that 300 chinamen would be brought to Samoa to work on the plantations of the Europeans. It was also intimated that Komisi would be appointed for the work of the Land and Titles Commission. I and Sooalo Tolo were appointed Secretarys to act between the Governor and the Komisi.
Feb 9 1903 Dr Schnee retired and returned to Germany on the afternoon of this day.
Mar 20 1903 Letters of appointment were handed to the Komisi.
Mar 26 1903 Lupetuloa and Sauni were banished on account of the appeal of Malie.
Jly 25 1903 Tupua Vaeua of Falefa died in Apia on the evening of this day.
Aug 24 1903 Seumanutafa Pogai, Faipule, died in Apia.
Sep 13 1903 Davis, the Photographer, died at Apia.
Nov 9 1903 The Governor held a fono at which it was decided that Suatele the Chief Judge would be retired on a pension of 200 marks per annum.
On this day the distribution of pigeon guns commenced. The law prohibiting any Samoan from going to another country without the permission of the Governor came into operation. A passport for which a charge was made was necessary and the fees were page 80 20 marks for Fiji, 10 marks for Toga and 6 marks for Tutuila.
Nov 27 1903 A three masted vessel was wrecked at Matautu, Savai'i.
Dec 2 1903 The motor boat “Aeto” belonging to the Government was burned.
Dec 8 1903 The “Aeto” was auctioned and bought by Mr Moors for 2,550 marks. The dinghy was sold for 160 marks.
Sep 30 1904 The children of Petaia gathered at Faleasiu for a religious ceremony in connection with the memorial stone of their father.
Oct 3 1904 Faleasiu gave taalolos to the gathered family of Petaia andreaffirmed the agreement made between the village of Faleasiu and the children of Petaia that for all time the pastor of Faleasiu would be chosen from no other family than the descendants of Petaia. On this day the Government began to discuss the question of stores that it was desired to establish under the control of the son of Blacklock.
Dec 22 1904 The Governor held a fono with the Government and the Alii Sili. It was forbidden for any Faipule or member of the Taimua to have shares in these proposed stores. Anyone disobeying this instruction would be dismissed from his position.
On this day Dr Solf said farewell as he was leaving for a visit to New Zealand.
Jan 27 1905 Namulauulu was put in gaol because he disobeyed the instruction of the Governor and went to “Savai'i in connection with the prohibited stores. Malaeulu was also imprisoned. The Faipule at Mulinu'u continued to dispute re the matter of a store. The Alii Sili also wished to open a store.
Jan 31 1905 The members of the Government at Mulinu'u and Tamasese broke open the gaol and took Namulauulu and Malaeulu to Mulinu'u.
Feb 1 1905 The Acting Governor held a fono with the Government at Mulinu'u on account of this act and the decision was that the prisoners must be returned to page 81 the gaol and that the cost of the damage done must 81 be paid by the officials from Mulinu'u.
Feb 2 1905 The Alii Sili and the Tumua held a fono and decided that Namulauulu and Malaeulu would not be returned to the gaol.
Feb 7 1905 The Acting Governor held another fono with the officials and it was decided that Namulauulu would be freed but that Malaeulu would return to gaol and await the return of Dr Solf who was in New Zealand, Malaeulu had made a very discourteous speech concerning the Governor.
Mar 15 1905 Dr Solf returned to Samoa. He held a fono and freed Malaeulu.
Mar 25 1905 Dr Solf gave instructions that Auelua, the Secretary to the Alii Sili must be dismissed on account of the very wrong letter he wrote on behalf of the Alii Sili to the Governor.
Apl 7 1905 Dr Schultz went to Falevao for a rest as he was sick. I and Fonoti and a policeman accompanied him.
Jly 22 1905 Moefaauo, the Faipule of Lufilufi, was brought before the Court on account of his debt to a German store. The decision was that he be sent to gaol for four weeks. He was also guilty of disputing the decision of the Governor regarding stores. He did not wish to obey the instructions.
Jly 24 1905 Moefaauo went to gaol.
Jly 27 1905 An enquiry into the conduct of Tuimalealiifano was held and it was decided to banish him to New Britain together with Moefaauo.
Jly 25 1905 A deputation from Aana met the Governor to discuss with him the case of Tuimalealiifano. The Governor agreed to defer his decision for two months.
Jly 30 1905 Moefaauo was taken to the New Hebrides.
The Taimua and Faipule were instructed to vacate Mulinu'u. No one was allowed to remain there. Tamasese was sent for a malaga to Tonga.
Aug 14 1905 Instructions were issued that a new form of Government would be instituted and that new appointments page 82 would be made. Only district Faipule would be members of the Government and they would hold fonos at Mulinu'u on the days appointed as is done at the present time. On and after this day it was forbidden to use the terms Tumua and Pule.
Aug 22 1905 On this day the Governor advised that all houses at Mulinu'u would be sold by auction except four which would be retained for the use of Faipule when they came to a fono. Only S. Tolo, two policemen and myself would remain at Mulinu'u.
Aug 26 1905 The houses were on this day auctioned.
Sep 9 1905 On this day I left Leufisa and went to live Mulinu'u.
Sep 12 1905 A fono was held at Mulinu'u and the Faipule were sworn in. New appointments were also made in the office at Mulinu'u. Afamasaga was appointed to be chief interpreter and I and Meisaka and S. Tolo were appointed to be Secretarys for the Government.
Sep 17 1905 Dr Solf again went to Germany.
Oct 4 1905 The store owned by Mr Moors at Vaisigano was burned.
Oct 10 1905 The Acting Governor, Dr Schultz, S. Tolo and myself went in the warship to Tufu to adjust the result of the misconduct of Tagaloa and his family and the family of Mataafa at Tufu Gatavai.
Oct 11 1905 The Acting Governor and myself went to Matautu, Savai'i, to inspect the eruption inland of Matautu. We slept near the mouth of the volcano.
Oct 13 1905 We returned to Apia in the warship Condor.
Oct 14 1905 Laupue was appointed to be editor of the “Savali.”
Oct 17 1905 Mr Haidlan, Surveyor, and the pilot and myself went to Aleipata to blast a passage in the reef.
Nov 18 1905 Dr Schultz issued instruction forbidding anyone from taking food from Mulinu'u or anyone receiving the same without the permission of S. Tolo or myself.
Dec 5 1905 The surveyor and myself went to Aleipata in connection with the passage in the reef. A passage was blasted at the point at Tuialemu.
Dec 7 1905 Word was received that the lava from the volcano in page 83 Savai'i had reached the village of Toaipai Lealatele and had covered it.
Jan 15 1906 The surveyor and myself again went to Aleipata to blast the reef.
Advice was received that the lava from the volcano continued to spread and run quickly. The land between Salago and Saleaula was covered.
Feb 19 1906 Dr Schultz, S. Tolo and myself went to the district of Itu-o-tane and distributed rice to the people who were famine stricken on account of the eruption.
Feb 27 1906 A religious service was held to commemorate the silver wedding of the Kaiser and the Kaiserina. The Kaiser and his Queen had been married 25 years.
Feb 28 1906 The church was opened at Tanugamanono.
Mar 18 1906 Mr Hough and his wife arrived in Apia.
Apl 7 1906 I was appointed a Deacon of the church at Mulinu'u.
Apl 11 1906 I was appointed a preacher to address the people at Mulinu'u.
Mar 20 1906 Sitivi, a prisoner from Laulii escaped to the bush.
May 24 1906 The surveyor Mr Haidlan, was assaulted by Sitivi inland of Faleata.
May 30 1906 Sitivi shot and killed Mr Forst on the leased land inland of Faleasiu.
May 31 1906 Instructions were issued to all villages by the Acting Governor to capture Sitivi.
Jne 5 1906 I was sent by the boat “Maori” to distribute letters at night. I began at Fagaloa in the afternoon and finished at Lefaga, on the morning of the 6th June.
Jne 10 1906 Sitivi was shot by Muliumu and Iuta inland of Laulii.
Jne 11 1906 Sitivi was buried and Laulii was fined $725 as was also Luatuanuu.
Jne 12 1906 The Vaimaugapeople appealed to the Governor on account of Leniu who was taken away by a warship in connection with the trouble caused by Sitivi. The appeal was granted. Luafalealo and Tangiilima were imprisoned for the same trouble.page 84
Jne 14 1906 Luafalealo and Tangiliima were released.
Jly 16 1906 The surveyor and I went to Aleipata to build a bridge at Mutiatele and also one between Saleaaumua and Mutiatele.
Jly 24 1906 The reef at Tuialemu was blasted.
Aug 1 1906 Tamasese returned from Tonga where he had been ordered to go as a punishment for the realeasing of prisoners from the gaol.
Aug 9 1906 The surveyor and I went to Fagaloa to blast the road between Sauago and Saletele.
Aug 31 1906 The steamer Atua struck the reef in the Apia Harbour.
Sep 5 1906 The outflow of lava from the volcano in Savai'i continued and Malopaumalama was covered.
Sep 13 1906 The mouth of the spring at Faleasiu was blasted bigger by the surveyor and myself.
Sep 19 1906 The Acting Governor, S. Tolo and myself went to Tiavea to catch pigeons.
Sep 20 1906 We made our hideout in a place called Matamalie and we caught one pigeon. A messenger arrived from Amaile with news of fighting that had taken place between Amaile and Mutiatele. A policeman was sent and he brought back all the chiefs of Amaile and Mutiatele. The Alii Sili also came. He was at Amaile. We returned to Mulinu'u the day the trouble occurred at Amaile.
Oct 18 1906 The surveyor and myself went to Manono to inspect the roads.
Oct 20 1906 The spring was blasted at Utualii by the surveyor and myself and some prisoners.
The volcano in Savai'i continued to pour out much lava.
Jan 11 1907 Word was received of the return of Dr Solf from Germany with his wife who he had just married.
Sep 20 1908 Four American warships visited Apia. Two were very large and two were small.
Nov 13 1908 The Acting Governor, Dr Schultz, the leader of the troops, Heckter and Laupue went to Matautu, Savai'i.page 85
Nov 17 1908 This party together with Mr Williams the Savai'i Commissioner went to Faasaleleaga District. Saleaula and Matautu were forbidden to go to Apia in connection with the reception to the Governor because they had stated that in their opinions the office at Mulinu'u and other things should be done away with.
Nov 19 1908 Saeleaula and Matautu came to Apia in disobedience of the instructions of the Acting Governor.
Nov 22 1908 The Governor and his wife arrived at Apia.
Nov 23 1908 The whole of Upolu and the schools gave taalolos to the Governor.
Nov 25 1908 A reception was given to the Governor and his wife by the British Pastors and the schools Malua, Leulumoega and Papautu, in the church house at Mulinu'u.
Dec 1 1908 A message was sent by Saleaula and Amoa to the Pule at Vaisigano giving as their opinion that there should be a further discussion with the Governor.
During this month a class called the “Au Toeaina,” (executive council) was constituted by the L.M.S.
Jan 16 1908 Lauati was examined by the Governor at Mulinu'u. The Pule arrived at Faleata from Savai'i. They disobeyed the instructions of the Governor.
Jan 18 1908 The members of the Land and Titles Commission discussed the matter of the Pule who had come to Vaiusu and who wished to go to war with the Tumua. Tuatagaloa spoke first and gave as his opinion that the Commission should stop their work and that each member should return to his district and explain why the Pule came to Upolu. Tusa of Lufilufi spoke and stated that he agreed with Tuatagaloa. I spoke and advised that the work should not stop, but that we should get on with our business. Let us try and make matters clear and con- page 86 tinue with our business. Let us try and work for the Government, for it troops are brought here fighting will quickly happen. Take no notice of the coming of the Pule - we dont know who it is decided to go to war against. Let us pray that the blood of our country will not again be spilled. Leave the matter to the Governor. If the Pule refuse to accept the advice of the Governor we will hold another meeting.
The Komisi agreed to my suggestion.
Jan 16 1909 The Governor came to Mulinu'u and met the Komisi and the Alii Sili. The Governor stated that he had given his orders and he told us to remain quiet and pray and continue our work. He stated that he was going to Vaiusu to try and influence the Pule and that the Alii Sili, Leauanae and others of the Komisi could come with him if they wished to do so. The Pule accepted the advice of the Governor and returned on this day.
Jan 23 1909 A messenger arrived stating that Aana had accepted the challenge of the Pule and had decided to go to war. Afamasaga was sent by the Governor to Aana to advise them not to start fighting. Aana agreed to accept the instruction and no fighting took place.
Jan 26 1909 The Governor invited the Faipule to Vailima.
Jan 29 1909 A fono between the Governor and the Faipule was held at Vailima. The decision of the Fono was that Lauati should be relieved of his position of Faipule.
Jan 30 1909 Another meeting was held and it was decided to postpone the Fono until May.
Mar 1909 The Admiral of the German fleet arrived to enquire into the agitation caused by Lauati and Pule. The story was told that the German fleet and the Government had decided to go to war with the Pule. Mr Newell was sent by the Governor and the Admiral to try andinfluence Lauati and the Pule against doing anything that would cause fighting. The advice of Mr Newell was accepted. The Governor also sent page 87 Papalii Folau to influence his village. The Bishop also endeavoured to exert his influence with the Pule. Lauati replied that Mr Newell should take the reply that the Pule would obey and that all chiefs whose names were called out and written down would go aboard the warship. The following chiefs were taken on the warship:- Lauati:Tagaloa:Tevaga:Malaeulu:Letasi:Naumlauulu:Asiata:Taetoloa:Asiata Maagaolo:Iiga:Leiataua Mana:Taupau Pauesi. The decision was that they would be banished as a punishment. All chiefs of the village which rebelled against the Government were fined 30 marks and each one was ordered to pay 12 marks tax.
Apl 15 1909 Faletoese was brought from Fagamalo by the Governor to be Pastor and Teacher in the Government school at Malifa.
Apl 26 1909 Those chiefs and Orators of Pule and Aiga-i-le-tai who were sentenced to banishment departed for Saipan in a warship.
May 1 1909 Faletoese arrived at Malifa.
May 4 1909 The Faipule held a fono with the Governor, Admiral of the fleet and the Alii Sili. The fono was held at Vailima.
The will of the Alii Sili in which it was shown that he desired Faalata to succeed him was made known. Molio'o in a speech objected to this will.
May 6 1909 The Governor and the Faipule held a fono at Mulinu'u. The Governor explained that he rejected the wish of Mataafa as to who should be his successor. The Tuamasaga district gave taalolos to the Governor, and the warships.
Jne 23 1909 The Governor and his wife inspected Malifa and issued instructions.
Aug 11 1909 A big feast was given at Malifa to celebrate the opening of the school. The Governor, the Consuls, Alii Sili, Officials of the Government, Malietoa page 88 Tanu and Tamasese Tupua were present.
Aug 31 1909 The Governor's wife gave birth to a baby girl which was named Sooaemalelagi.
Sep [gap — reason: unclear] 1909 An examination of the pupils at the Malita school was held. Anipale was first, Kenape (Tu'u'u) second and Filfili third.
Oct 25 1909 The Governor's wife and baby left for New Zealand.
Nov 1909 The Governor left for New Zealand to bring his wife back.
Jan 8 1910 The Acting Governor held a fono at Mulinu'u. A paper written by Faletoese concerning the wants of the school was read.
Jan 27 1910 A church service was held in the school house at Malifa to celebrate the birthday of the Kaiser.
Feb 9 1910 The Governor and his wife and child returned from New Zealand.
Feb 10 1910 Tamasese and his wife and boys and girls le ft for Germany with Marquardt.
Feb 19 1910 Faalata the son of Malietoa Talavou died. He was buried alongside Malietoa Laupepa at the point at Mulinu'u.
Feb 24 1910 The Governor held a fono with the Faipule to discuss matters in connection with the celebrations to commemorate the ten years since the hoisting of the German flag in Samoa.
Feb 25 1910 An inspection and an examination of the school for carpenters at Malifa was made. The Governor, Government Officials and the Alii Sili attended.
Feb 26 1910 A big feast with dancing took place at Mulinu'u.
Feb 28 1910 Taalolos by all districts in Samoa were given.
Mar 1 1910 Celebrations to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the hoisting of the German flag were held. Government officials Pastors and pupils of all religions and schools attended. The procession of the L.M.S. church and schools was very long and extended from Mulinu'u to Apia.
Mar 2 1910 A race for Fautasi was held and the boat from Sataua won.
Jly 15 1910 The Admiral of the German Fleet and five warships arrived. page 89 They were late for the celebrations.
Jly 19 1910 Aana, Anoamaa and Tuamasaga gave taalolos to the fleet.
Jly 27 1910 The Admiral and Officers inspected Malifa.
Jly 28 1910 The Fleet sailed round Upolu and Savai'i.
Sep 16 1910 The farewell meeting of the schools with the Governor was held at the same time as the feast for the wedding of Saga with S. Lagituaiva.
Sep 17 1910 A farewell feast was given by the Government to the Governor and his wife who were returning to Germany.
Sep 22 1910 The Governor and his wife and child left for Germany. A successor to him would be appointed. The administration of Samoa by Dr Solf was very good. He displayed commendable prudence in dealing with difficult matters that arose in Samoa.
Sep 27 1910 The Missionary ship arrived with the sorrowful news of the death in Germany of Mr Newell.
Oct 9 1910 A religious service attended by the Protestants of Samoa was held at Malua in memory of Mr Newell who was head of the Church work in this country. He was an exceedingly useful and diligent man. It was in connection with Church work that he visited Germany where he died.
Mar 9 1911 A farewell feast was given to Mr Osbahr, the school-teacher at Malifa. He was returning to Germany.
Mar 10 1911 Mr Osbahr sailed for Germany.
Mar 10 1911 Mr Hough went on leave to England.
Apl 1 1911 Measles again broke out in Samoa.
Aug 16 1911 Native Officials of the Government commenced to be given fine mats in connection with the future death of Mataafa.
Aug 23 1911 Fine mats were collected on account of the marriage of Paupau Suluama and Leaupepe F. They were given to Aana.
Nov 9 1911 Tuivasa and Toefua returned from China where they had been sent to learn the business of carpentry. They were appointed Government carpenters at Malifa.
Nov 22 1911 Tamasese and his party returned from Germany where they had been with Marquardt.
Jan 14 1912 Osbahr returned to Samoa with his newly married wife.page 90
Feb 6 1912 Mataafa, Alii Sili, died at 5 am at Mulinu'u. He was buried at 10 am on the 7th February at Mulinu'u.
Jly 1 1912 Word was received from Germany that Dr Schultz had been appointed Governor.
Aug 14 1912 Pastors and schools gave taalolos to the Governor.
Aug 15 1912 The school was opened at Maluafou. The Governor attended.
Feb 13 1913 Dr Schultz paid a visit to Germany.
Apl 1 1913 Anipale and Kenape (Tu'u'u) were appointed to the Native Department. They had attended the school at Malifa.
May 6 1913 The Governor returned to Samoa.
Jne 12 1913 The Governor held a fono and announced that Malietoa Tanu and Tupua Tamasese had been appointed Fautua. They two were of the Kingly families of Samoa.
Jne 14 1913 Taalolos were given to celebrate the 25th year of the reign of the Kaiser.
Aug 15 1913 The Governor held a fono with the native officials and they went to the spot where the stone cairn was erected to commemorate the first hoisting of the German flag.
The Governor spoke as did also Tamasese and the ceremony ended.
Aug 16 1913 The Malifa school said good bye to the Governor and then closed for vacation.
Nov 5 1913 Tepa and his wife left for Peru in the Gilbert Islands to instruct the people there in the art of printing.
The Pastors met at Malua to receive the representatives of the L.M.S. church from England.
Dec 8 1913 A fono was held between the Elders of the L.M.S. Church and the English representatives. The fono took place at Tutuila.
Feb 8 1914 Four young policeman ran away to the bush and took guns with them. They shot and killed a European living on a lease inland of Faleasiu.
Feb 9 1914 Mr Osbahr, Schoolteacher, was appointed to be Commissioner at Falealili. Mr Feil was appointed to succeed him.
Feb 11 1914 Shots were exchanged between the policeman who had run away and other police and Europeans. Three were killed of those who caused the trouble and one wounded. One page 91 European was killed and the man who was the leader of the boys was wounded.
Feb 13 1914 The fourth member of the party who caused the trouble was hung at 5 o clock in the morning.
Feb 18 1914 The conduct of Malie and Afega was enquired into because two of the boys concerned in the shooting were from these villages. Faalili was the son of Taito of Malie and he was the leader of the boys. The names of the other boys were Fill, Ao and Sefo. The matai name of Taito was taken away from him as was also the name of Savea of Falefa on account of the incident.
Apl 25 1914 S. Tolo was dismissed from hisposition in the Government because he tried to cause trouble between Aana and Tuamasaga. He tried to have Saga removed from his position.
May 8 1914 A letter was found by Saga in which was recorded the decision of boys in the Government employ and which letter it was intended should be sent to Germany. Kaio was responsible for the letter. The Governor dismissed them all.
Jly 1 1914 Hanipale (native) was appointed to the office of the Commissioner in Apia.
Aug 1 1914 The new school was opened at Malifa.
Aug 3 1914 Word was received that Russia, France and Germany had declared war. No word was received re Britain.
Aug 4 1914 Word was received that Britain would enter the war because Germany had broken the agreement prohibiting entry into Belgium by any of the Great Powers. Dr Schultz also explained the cause of the war - the murder of a member of the Austrian Royal Family by a Serbian.
Aug 6 1914 News of the war received by the radio station.
I and Leauanae received as a present 1400 marks each. Saga and all the staff in the native office also received a present, together with the Fautua and the leader of the Police - those who had been longin the employ of the Government. Tuatagaloa and Fuimaono, page 92 Faipules were also paid 200 marks each. We all gathered in the afternoon to receive our presents.
All Government officials and the Fautuawere instructed by the Governor to gather at Mulinu'u to discuss with him what should be done in the difficult position that had arisen in Samoa. Germans were appointed to guard the Government offices in Apia.
Aug 22 1914 The fono was held and we gave each other moral support. Malietoa spoke on behalf of the Fautua.
Aug 24 1914 Another fono was held and it was decided that all the officials and the Fautua would remain at Mulinu'u and not again disperse until instructed and that a prayer meeting would be held at 10 pm on the 26th. No lights must be shown.
Aug 26 1914 The officials gathered at Mulinu'u together with the Fautua. Myself and Anae and Mauala went to the house where Malietoa was with Tamasese. They had finished their meal and I asked Tupua Tamasese who was worried in case hostilities commenced in Samoa, to give his opinion and the opinion of Malietoa as to what should be done by Samoa. I pointed out that the fleet of Britain or some other country was near, and it would not be many days before they were here. “It is my opinion that Britain will not bring war to Samoa but will come only on account of the Germans who are here. It is my further opinion that when the fleet arrives the Governor will be called upon to surrender. The flag of the fleet will be hoisted. I am of the opinion that we should remain quiet and leave the war to the Great Powers because it was Britain and America who gave this country to Germany. The coming Power can please itself whether it takes away the control of this country from Germany and we must obey any Power that comes. This is thex reason Tamasese why I wish to hear your opinion and the opinion of Malietoa. Task you both not to hesitate because the fleet is near. I am also worried on page 93 account of the Germans who are guarding the Government offices because they have taken an oath not to refuse to fight if a fleet comes and will give their lives. Therefore dont get excited and start fighting.” Tamasese replied and thanked me for my question, and said that it was the opinion of the Fautua that if the Governor was called upon to surrender, let him surrender. If we also are called upon to surrender we will do so but let Samoa keep quiet. If the Native officials are called upon to surrender let them do so but Samoa must still keep the peace. If another flag is hoisted in Samoa, let it be hoisted; if fighting takes place between the Germans and the troops of the fleet, Samoa must not take part. I thanked Tamasese for his reply which agreed withe opinion of Malietoa.
Aug 29 1914 The British and French fleeta arrived. At nine oclock in the morning when the fleet was near, the Governor was in the office at Mulinu'u. He then left with the native officials and went to Vaitele. At this time I was in the Tivoli hotel and I went into the road and told the Samoans to keep quiet. If fighting took place between the soldiers of the three Powers they must keep out of it. All those Samoans who had work to do must do it. My instructions were sent as far as Savalalo. I met the Commissioner Dr Schubert who was going to the High Court. He told me to go quickly to Vaimoso where he thought the Governor was. If I did not find him there I was to go to Vaitele. I went to Vaitele and found the Governor with the Fautua and Faipule. Tuamasaga and Aana were also there. The question was being continuously put to the Fautua as to what should be done, and the reply given was that they must remain quiet. If the troops of the fleet came to Vaimoso the Samoans must return quietly and not start fighting. This was done. The midday meal was finished but the Governor had not left the telephone which was connected to the Central Office. At two oclock the page 94 Governor said to Saga and myself that he was called by the leader of the expedition to go before him at 4pm and that he had replied that he would obey the instruction. I went and told the Fautua and the Government officials to come and meet the Governor before he went aboard the warship. All the officials came to say goodbye to the Governor. The Governor spoke and said “My Love to Samoa; I go because I have been called by the leader of the Fleet to present myself before him at 4 pm. It is my wish that Samoa keeps the peace and does not interfere in the war of the Great Powers. Obey all instructions issued by the British and continue to obey them. If the British flag is hoisted in Samoa, still obey. Continue to wait and I will return.” The Governor departed but the Fautua remained. Tuimalealiifano came to this meeting. In the afternoon a meeting was held at Saina. I said a few words of advice and expressed my opinion to the Fautua and Government officials that perhaps the Governor would not return and that I was doubtful if it was advisable for us to remain here. The best thing for us to do was to disperse, and this was done.” There was nothing we could do because our leader had gone. It was also the wish of the Governor that we disperse. Some made speeches and said that we should not disperse but remain together and go round Upolu; others said that it was better to disperse in case rebellion took place. The matter of our positions in the Government was discussed. Afamasaga made a speech and in ending said “The boy who was at the wharf when the Governor left has returned.” This boy reported that the Governor had called out to him “Convey my regards to the Government officials and tell them that I wish them to quickly disperse in peace this afternoon - dont wait until the next day.” The advice was accepted and the dispersal took place that day.page 95
Aug 30 1914 The British flag was hoisted in Apia over the central office. The Fautua were called by the leader of the troops Col. R. Logan.
Col. R. Logan was made Governor. He issued instructions that appointments would continue as under the German Government and that only two things would be altered the Governor and the Flag.
Sep 1 1914 The Native Officials met the Governor and the leader of the troops. He instructed that all instructions issued to them by the German Government still continued in force and that they would be paid as usual. The officials then dispersed to their villages. Afamasaga was appointed ínterpreter by the Governor. Saga wished to resign but the Governor would not accept his resignation.
Sep 2 1914 Troops were despatched to bring in Osbahr the Commissioner from Falealili.
Sep 7 1914n The British flag was hoisted at Mulinu'u.
Sep 8 1914 Mr Trood was appointed Judge of the Native Court. Mr Roberts was appointed Judge of the High Court. At the beginning of September Mr Trood explained to me the wish of the Governor that I should go to Mulinu'u and work with Afamasaga. I did not wish to go but wished to have a rest because I was sick. Mr Trood told me not to resign and not to take any notice of my sickness as there were doctors to attend to it. I obeyed hisinstructions.
Sep 12 1914 The following Germans were taken away: Acting German Governor:Dr Schubert, Commissioner: The chief Judge: Meyer: zeischank: Henniger: Luecher: Peters: Busch: Haidlan.
Sep 14 1914 Two German warships arrived at Apia. They stopped at the mouth of the Harbour but did not anchor. They went to Mulifanua opposite Savai'i.
Sep 16 1914 A false rumour was started that the warships had anchored and had had connections with the Germans ashore at Mulifanua and also with the people of Aana and that war page 96 would be declared. The Governor and Saga went to Mulifanua and discovered that the story was false. The Governor met the Alii and Faipule of Aana at Leulumoega.
Sep 18 1914 Tepa and his wife returned in the Missionary ship.
Oct 15 1914 The boat of Safotulafai was sunk on this day. Some of the crew got ashore opposite Afega and some were saved by the motor boat captained by Utu, a chinaman.
Oct 29 1914 A French steamer arrived with the story that two German warships were at Tahiti.
Dec 2 1914 The Governor showed me a letter he hadreceived from the Fautua appealing for the return of those who had been banished by the Germans. They referred to Leasio Falefata. It was Col. Logan's wish that this appeal be accepted because he wished to give due deference to the appeal of the Fautua, Malietoa and Tamasese. He therefore explained to Fuimaono F.P. that Leasio Falefata would be brought back to Salani. I thanked the Governor and asked him about the Chiefs and Orators of Pule and Aiga who were in Saipan. The Governor replied “Very well, I will bring these people back; I will write to the Governor of New Zealand and ask that a boat be sent to return these people to Samoa.” I again thanked the Governor.
Dec 3 1914 The Me meeting was held at Maluafou. The Governor addressed the people and explained that those who had been banished to Saipan would be brought back as well as others who had been sent away to other places during the time of the German rule. Prisoners in the gaol would also be released. These things would be done as a result of the appeal of the Fautua.
Feb 17 1915 The Governor began to attend at Mulinu'u on two days each week - Wednesdays and Saturdays.
Apr 9 1915 A fono between the Governor and the Fautua and officials was held at Mulinu'u. The Fautua and the officials were sworn in. It was notified that Saga had been appointed chief Secretary and also a Faipule.page 97
Mar 3 1915 A reception was given by Malietoa and Tamasese at Vaiusu to the Governor and troops.
May 17 1915 Tuisila, Komisi, died at Apia.
Aug 5 1915 The Governor returned to Apia in a warship. The new Samoan flag was hoisted and a salute of 15 guns fired.
Sep 24 1915 A small American warship from Tutuila arrived and fired a salute of 17 guns.
Sep 29 1915 An enquiry was held by the Governor into the conduct of Tolo who built a boatshed for the Methodist Mission on Government land without permission. The house built under the pule of Tolo was taken away.
Oct 8 1915 A party from the L.M.Society arrived at Apia ¾ Mr Lenwood, Chief Clerk of the Society, Mr Clarke, Chief Clerk from Australia and Mr Vine. The districts held taalolos in Apia on the 9th Oct.
Oct 11 1915 The party went to Savai'i. During this week the Fautua, Tupua Tamasese became very ill and he gave instructions that the bones of his father Tupua Tamasese, the King, should be brought to Apia, because the King had given instructions before he died that he was to be buried in his own ground at Mulinu'u.
Oct 12 1915 A party went to Lufilufi in the motor boat of the troops to bring the bones of Tupua Tamasese for the purpose of burying them at Mulinu'u. The bones were brought to Savalalo and received by all Pastors of the District and Malietoa and officials from the Native Office. They were taken to Vaimoso.
Oct 13 1915 T. Tamasese died at 10 oclock at Vaimoso.
Oct 14 1915 He was buried at Mulinu'u at 3 pm.
Oct 23 1915 The Governor granted the Komisi an allowance of 4/- per day whilst sitting and also provided them with food.
Nov 4 1915 Futi Toimoana, Komisi, died at 9 am at Mulinu'u. He belonged to Manono. The Government provided his coffin and he was taken to Manono in the military motor boat.
Nov 5 1915 The Tamasese family gave to Afega fine mats on account of the death of Tamasese and the title Natoaitele conferred on him by Afega.
Nov 6 1915 Safata received fine mats for the title Tamasoalii bestowed on page 98 Tamasese by Safata.
Nov 18 1915 The family of Tamasese began to distribute fine mats on account of the death of Tamasese 11. The debt of his father had been paid.
Nov 8 1915 Mats were received by Faleata for the title Mataafa they has bestowed on Tamasese.
Nov 13 1915 The disposal of the fine mats finished on this day. The Tumua decided that the name of the fine mat of Satunumafono -Uatogi and Tao-would be changed. There would be only one name for this mat of the Aiga Tauaana and it would be called “Moemoe o le Malo.” It would be a holy name. Thisdecision was announced in the speech of Pagoaeseese. Fata and Alapapa returned thanks.
Nov 15 1915 The Governor and officials were presented with fine mats but returned them on account of Britain being at war.
Nov 23 1915 Mr Heider, German Missionary, was taken away either to New Zealand or Germany.
Nov 26 1915 Leleisiuao Tavina, Faipule of Palauli, died.
Dec 11 1915 The bones of Tamasese the first were brought to Mulinu'u and placed with those of his son Tamasese 11 in the tomb.
The Governor, Malietoa Tanu, all pastors and officials of the Government attended the ceremony. Petaia, Pastor, spoke. Sega F,P. thanked the Government for what it had done. Sosene and Moli read prayers. The ceremony was very beautiful on account of the fine instructions issued by the Governor.
Dec 18 1915 Some of those who had been banished to Saipan returned. They were Leiataua Mana, Taupau Pauesi, Tagaloa and Malaeulu. The bones of Asiata Taetoloa, Tevaga, Letasi, Tuilagi and members of their families who had died in Saipan were also brought back. Lauati and his family remained at the island of Kalava because Lauati was sick. Lauati had with him the bones of Nemulauulu. Iiga did not return because he had gone to Guam under the page 99 control of America. Those who returned met the Governor and officials in the afternoon. It was a day of happiness for those who returned but there was sorrow for those who had died.
Dec 20 1915 The officials held a fono with the Governor who said good-bye as he was leaving for a short holiday in New Zealand. He would return in January 1916.
Dec 24 1915 The Governor and his wife left by steamer and the Governors substitute Col. Patterson arrived.
Jan 4 1916 Muagututia Fatu died in the mornig at Apia. He was taken to Manono.
Jan 15 1916 Sivaotele the wife of Lauati and her children arrived in the steamer Atua. Word was received that Lauati had died at 10 pm on the 14th December at Kalava in the Gilbert Islands. He was buried until further instructions were received. Only the bones of Namulauulu were brought back. Col. Patterson and Sivaotele and her children met on this day.
Jan 22 1916 Mr Williams, Commissioner of Savai'i met Sivaotele.
Feb 16 1916 The Governor Col. Logan returned from New Zealand.
Mar 2 1916 The Governor made his first malaga round Upolu.
Mar 10 1916 The malaga party returned to Apia.
Mar 23 1916 Mr Trood, the Samoan Judge, died.
Apl 12 1916 The wife of the Governor returned from New Zealand.
May 8 1916 Aiono Toalepai died in the afternoon. He was the brother of Teo Tuvale.
The fono began at Malua. Aiono was taken to Fasitoouta and burined on our family land. The distribution of fine mats was finished and they numbered 108.
May 29 1916 The fono began at Mulinu'u.
May 31 1916 The Faipule appointed a chairman and Deputies and they agreed that I would be the Secretary for the Fono.
Jne 1916 Word was received by Radio that Lord Kitchener had died. The flag was half-masted and all Samoa paid their respects.
Jne 4 1916 Faumuina, Pulefaatonga of Faleata died.
Jly 1916 Fata Ioeka, Faipule of Afega died.page 100
The family of Une and Mataia appealed to the Governor to send Tamasese 111, the son of the Fautua, and Vaaiga, the wife of the Fautua who was dead, away from Vaimoso. The Governor agreed to do so.
Jly 6 1916. Tamasese left the village.
Jly 22 1916 The building of the fono house at Mulinu'u by Fili a carpenter from Matautu was begun.
Aug 15 1916 The fono house was finished.
Aug 18 1916 The carpenters received a present from the Government of twenty pounds for the building of the fono house and ten pounds for a house that was brought from Vaimea to Mulinu'u. The Toeina Club also gave a present of twenty pounds for the fono house.
Aug 19 1916 The carpenters left Mulinu'u.
Sep 8 1916 The Governor and Saga went to Savai'i.
Sep 9 1916 A steamer arrived at Apia to take away [gap — reason: unclear]inamen.
Sep 18 1916 An enquiry was held into the conduct of Tamasese and Vaaiga and thedecision was that the charge made by the families of Une and Mataia was not proven.
Oct 2 1916 Guns for shooting pigeons were distributed.
Oct 9 1916 The Governor again paid a visit to western Savai'i. Lealamisa, the Pulenu'u of Fasitoouta, died in the evening of this day.
Oct 16 1916 Saga went to Aana, Manono and Savai'i.
Nov 5 1916 Tautua Karavini the Pastor at Mulinu'u died.
Nov 23 1916 Captain Tottenham the Chief Judge on Samoan matters returned.
Nov 25 1916 Sosene, a Pastor, died at Alamagoto. He was the father of Tautua Karavini.
Nov 27 1916 The members of the different families owning Nuutele gave the Island to the Government for a Leper station.
Dec 5 1916 The Governor held a fono with the Fautua, &Faipule
Dec 7 1916 The fono decided that a law would be made concerning fine mats and the Governor promised to authorise it.
Jan 5 1917 Leului, an orator from Malie was brought in by Saga and Leleua and Iuta on account of a complaint that he had been responsible for the disappearance of Manuele who had been missing for a long time.page 101
The bones of Manuele were found on the land of Polo inland of Vailima. Ana and Noatia were taken to gaol as the result of information given by Leuli that these two had induced him to Kill Manuele. Noatia was the mother and Ana the sister of Manuele.
Jan 18 1917 The distribution of fine mats on account of the death of Pao, Komisi of Fasitoouta, took place.
Jan 26 1917 Viliamu, a Pastor of the Methodist church in Manono died.
Feb 5 1917 I began a malaga round the Island to examine the work of the Pulenu'u and enquire into matters concerning taxes for 1916. The malaga finished on Mar 16 1917.
Mar 31 1917 I commenced my leave of absence.
Jne 25 1917 A very severe earthquake in the afternoon.
Jan 19 1918 A four masted vessel, the Mahukona, was wrecked on the reef opposite Mulinu'u. She carried more than 700 tons of copra. This copra as it came ashore was collected by everybody and sold for two cents per pound.
Jan 31 1918 Sooletaua, the wife of Faletoese, Pastor, died.
Feb 20 1918 General Skerman was appointed Deputy Governor. The Governor made ready to go to New Zealand.
Feb 24 1918 The Governor left by steamer for New Zealand.
Mar 18 1918 The Governor and his wife returned as did also Williams, the Commissioner from Savai'i.
Apl 12 1918 Utumapu, the Faipule from Safotu died.
Apl 20 1918 I met an official from the British Government and the Governor. The Governor asked me to write the story of Samoa and the history of other Governments in Samoa up to the present time in order that it should be officially recorded.
May 17 1918 On this day a ceremony was held at Leulumoega in connection with the erection of a stone in memory of Mose, Faifeau and Teacher, who founded the school in Leulumoega together with Mr Hills. He was the younger of the five brothers - Mamea-Teo Tuvale-Petaia-Faletoese-Mose.page 102
May 18 1918 The Executive Council of the [gap — reason: unclear].S. Church decided to build another house at Mulinu'u on the inland side of the road.
May 22 1918 The wife of the Governor gave birth to a baby girl.
Jne 14 1918 The erection of the fale for the Catholic church at Mulinu'u was commenced. The house of Alipia of Leulumoega was brought to Mulinu'u to be erected.
Jne 15 1918 Afamasaga's house at Pesega was completed and opened.
Jne 18 1918 The Komisi of the Land and Titles Commission decided that they would uphold any reconciliations that were made between the two parties contending, and that if the recorded reconciliation was broken by one or both of the parties they would be punished by the Judge.
Jly 5 1918 The President of the Commission promised that the Komisi would receive payment for Wednesday and Saturday, two days on which the Commission did not sit owing to the presence of the Governor at the office at Mulinu'u. They would receive 4/- each per day. It was also decided that if any one broke the decision of the Commission, the breach would be enquired into and the punishment decided upon by the Komisi. If the Komisi had dispersed the authority in these matters would be left with the Governor who would decide whether to wait for the next sitting of the Commission or not.
Sep 9 1918 The Governor and Saga started on a malaga round Upolu and Manono and Apolima.
Sep 12 1918 The Racing Club at Lalomana held a meeting and the Governor attended with his party.
Sep 18 1918 A Steamer arrived to take away Chinamen.
Sep 20 1918 Sipu, an official of the Tongan Government died at Vaimoso and was buried at Solosolo.
Oct 3 1918 Faletoese was brought by Faleasiu to become their Pastor in place of Petaia who had retired.
Oct 13 1918 Word was received that the war had ended because Turkey and Austria had accepted the conditions laid down by the President of the U.S.A. Wilson, and these page 103 conditions had also been accepted by Germany. These were happy announcements but were not confirmed.
Oct 14 1918 The Governor and Saga commenced a malaga round Savaii They returned on the 24th October.
Nov 12 1918 Further word was received that peace had been declared and their was much rejoicing.
The end of Teo Tuvale's notes.
Dec 22 1919 Teo Tuvale died at Faleasiu and was buried there beside his father, on the land of the family.