List of Maori Tribes and Chiefs.
Rarawa—2,761. Friendly. Leading men: Puhipi te Ripi, Wi Tana Papahia. Te Anga, Te Morenga, Tehu te Tai, Paraone Ngaruhe, Tipene te Taha.
Ngapuhi—5,804. Friendly. Leading men: Tamati Waka Nehe (a thorough friend all his life to the pakeha—one of those to whom it is owing that Heke's rebellion in 1845-46 was quelled), Rangatira Moetara, Aperahama te Taonui, Arama Karaka Pi, Mohi Tawhai, Papahurihia, Hira Mura, Piripi Korohgohi, Hare Wirikake, Hemi Marupo, Kingi W. Tareha, Maihi Kawiti, Huirua, Kingi Hori Kira, Te Tirarau, Parata Mate.
Ngatiwhatua—709. Friendly. Leading men: Te Otene Pura, Paraone Ngaweke, Paikea, Apihai te Kawau, Te Hemara Tauhia.
Ngatimaru—3,670. Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: Haora Tipa, Te Taniwha Kitahi, Ropata te Arakai, Ngakapa W., Taraia, Te Hirakake, Te Moananui.page 186
Ngaiterangi —1,198. Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: Hori Tupaea, Hamiora Tu, Wiremu Parera, Hohepa Hikataia, Enoka te Whanake, Te Kuka, Maihi Pohepohe, R. te Hiahia, Te Ranapia.
Waieato, etc.— 2,279.* Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: Ta Kerei te Rau, Tamati Ngapora (Matutaera's principal political adviser), Wi te Wheoro, Te Hakiriwhi, Te Pakaroa, Tamihana Tunui, Aihepene Kaihau, Hori Tauroa, Heta Tauranga (W. Thompson's son-in-law), Matutaera Potatau (the so-called Maori King), Waikato te Tawhana, Nini Kukutai.
Ngatimaniapoto— 2,000. All hostile. Leading men: Rewi Maniapoto, Tikaokao, Te Tapihana Tiriwa (taken prisoner at Rangiriri). These three chiefs are and have been active and resolute opponents of the Government.
Ngatiawa— 1,293.† Mostly friendly. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: Honiana te Puni (the E Puni of the New Zealand Company's reports: to this chief's influence it was mainly owing that the war in the Wellington Province in 1846 was brought to a close; he has been a firm and faithful friend of the pakeha from the very first), Ropiha Moturoa, Ihaia Porutu, Wi Tako Ngatata, Wikitoa Taringakuri (supposed to be one of the oldest living chiefs), W. Kingi te Rangitake (William King of the Waitara war), Te Teira Manuka (the chief seller of the Waitara Block in 1860), Mahau, Poharama, Pirika Mahutu, Ropoama te One (of Marlborough), W. K. te Puoho (of Nelson).
Taranaki —400.‡ Partly friendly. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: W. Kingi Matakatea, Mohi Taranaki, Hemi Parai, R. Ngarongomate, Porikapa.
Ngatiruanui— 750.§ Partly friendly. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: Hone Pihama (a returned rebel, and since his return a most active and trustworthy friend), Hone Wiremu, Ngatairakaunui, W. Hukanui, Natanahira Nga Hina, Tito te Hanataua, Nga Waka Taurua, Titokowaru, Toi, Ahipene Marangai (friendly all through the war).
Ngarauru— 400. Mostly returned reiels. Leading men: Aperahama Tamaiparea, Te Kepa Heuheu.
Whanganui— 1,427. Friendly. Leading men: Hori Kingi te Anaua, Te Mawae, Mete Kingi Paetahi, Kepa Rangihiwjnui, Kawana Paipai, Tamati Puna, Haimona te Aoterangi (these seven chiefs distinguished themselves in the battles of Moutoa and Ohoutahi), Pehi Turoa (rebel).
Ngatiapa —325. Friendly. Leading men: Aperahama Tipae, Hunia te Hakeke, Mohi Mahi, Wi Mokomoko.
Rangitane —250.‖ Friendly. Leading men: Te Huru te Hairo, Te Peiti te Aweawe, Hoani Meihana te Rangiotu, Hirawanu Kai Mokopuna.
Muaupoko —125. Friendly. Leading men: Noa te Whata, Maru te Rangimairehau. (Rangitane and Muaupoko are really sub-tribes of Ngatikahungunu, though they are spoken of as distinct tribes.)
Ngatikahungunu —2,952. Friendly. Leading men: Tareha, Te Hapuku, Ihaka Whaanga, Karaitiana, Renata Kawepo, Ngairo, Te Manihera Rangitakaiwaho, Paora te Apatu.
Te Aeawa —1,951.** Friendly. Leading men: Henare Pukuatua, Paora te Amohau, Petirate Pukuatua, Temuera, Arama Karaka, Te Matangi, Te Pokiha Taranui, Matene te Huaki, Te Mapu, Hori te Haupapa, Rewi Tereanuku, W. Maihi te Rangikaheke, Wiremu Rupa, Wiremu Katene, W. Kepa te Rangipuawhe, Te Wikiriwhi.
Ngatiawa —659. Mostly friendly at present. Leading men: Opanui, Hohaia Matatihokia, Hori Tunui.
Whakatohea —573. Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: Rangimatanuku, Witeria Taawhi.
Ngaitai. Chief: W. K. Tutehuarangi.
Whanau o Apanui. Leading men: Tatona Ngatawa, Hamiora Reweti.
Te urewera— 500. In active rebellion. Leading men: Harehare, Hamiora Takurua, Te Hiko o te Rangi.
Ngatiraukawa —1,071.†† Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: Aperahama te Huruhuru, Nepia Taratoa, Noa te Rauhihi, Matene te Whiwhi, Te Kooro te One, Tamihana te Rauparaha.
Ngaitawarere— 300. Leading men: Matenga, Te Hata.
Rongowhakaata— 1,000. Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: Hirini te Kani, Raharuhi Rukupo, Henare Potae, Te Paratene Turangi.
Ngatiporou —4,500.‡‡ Partly friendly, partly hostile. A considerable number professed Hauhaus. Leading men: Wiki te Matehe, Mokena Kohere, Iharaira te Houkamau, Tai Ngaruru.
Approximate total population in the Northern Island, including such members of northern tribes as are resident in the Province of Nelson, such as Ngatiawa, Rangitane, Ngatitoa,
|Ngaitahu and-Ngatimamoe. Leading men: Pita te- Hori, Matiaha Tiramorehu, Honi Topi Patuke||1,500|
|Approximate total population||38,517|
* These numbers are based upon returns furnished to the Native Office by the Resident Magistrates in the several districts comprising the Waikato territory, but only show the number at present residing in the District of Waiuku, Waikato, and Raglan.
† This number includes also such of the Ngatiawa and Ngatitama as are resident in the "Wellington and Nelson Provinces.
‡ Including also such of the Taranaki as are resident in the Wellington Province.
§ Including also such of the Ngatiruanui as are resident in the Wellington Province.
‖ Including such of the Eangitane as are resident in the Middle Island.
** This is probably an under-estimate of the Arawa.
†† This number includes the Ngatitoa who have intermarried almost completely into the Ngatiraukawa. Also such of Ngatitoa as are resident in the Nelson Province.
‡‡ Including prisoners at the Chatham Islands.