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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 84

Enemies and Diseases

Enemies and Diseases.

Cattle, sheep, goats, hares, and rabbits are very fond of the leaves and twigs. Slugs and snails eat the buds as they burst, and if not looked after will destroy numbers of plants, especially seedlings. Sprinkle lime over the seed-bed or cuttings after dark, when the grubs are feeding. This must be done frequently, as the lime soon loses its killing powder. Attention need page 8 only be given to the above during the earlier stages of the plant's growth.

Borer.—This insect is very common. It seems to he particularly fond of mulberry trees. Branches attacked by the borer should be cut below the extremity of the burrow, and destroyed (burnt). Probing the galleries with wire has been found effectual. Some people inject soapsuds, mixed with a little carbolic acid. If the roots penetrate into cold, wet soil

Foot-rot may be caused.

Blight is less frequent. Where it makes its appearance castor-oil, mixed with a little soot, should be applied with a brush.

The chief points to keep a mulberry tree healthy are—Plant in dry, light, well-drained soil; do not allow any useless growth; do not allow the branches to interlace; admit plenty of light and air, so as to give as little cover to insects as possible; remove primings, moss, and lichen from trunks and branches; keep ground clear from grass and weeds.