The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 62
Kauri Gum is an important article of export. It consists of the dried and solidified sap of the Kauri tree, a species of pine which does not exist in any other part of the world. The gum is found generally in places which have been in former times covered with pine trees, but which are now bare of forest growth. The gum is used largely in the manufacture of varnish, and the finest quality is also worked up for ornamental purposes, much in the same manner as amber. The gum is used largely in the United States as well as in this country. The export for the year 1891 was 8,388 tons, valued at £487,056. Gum digging employs a large number of people, and in the Auckland province it has become a standing industry.