The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 50
This is a time-table and programme of the class room work for both students and Faculty.
1. It exhibits to the eye four Academic courses of study, taught simultaneously, each of which is crowned with a degree and attested by a diploma.
2. It does not embrace the Law, Medical, Agricultural, Normal, Engineering and Art School courses, as each of these has its independent curiculum; each also awards its appropriate degree, attested by a diploma. For information respecting these schools, see the respective portions of this catalogue.
|I.||The course in Arts; degree A. B., Artium Baccalaureus-a. This is the old fashioned college or classical course, only slightly modified. Latin and Greek complete.|
|II.||The course in Science; degree S. B., Bachelor in Science, or Scientific Bachelor. This course gives modern languages the place of the classics, and makes the sciences more prominent. The mathematical course is here complete.|
|III.||The course in Literature; degree L. B., Literary Bachelor or Bachelor of Literature. This course is such that the sciences yield the pre-eminence to the languages, as the languages yield to the Sciences in the S. B. course. English course entire.|
|IV.||The course in the Fine and Domestic Arts for young ladies; degree A. D. B. Artium Domesticarum Baccalaurea. Only young ladies will be graduated with this degree. The course in form-study (drawing) is here complete; Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, and Music, are more prominent; Italian and Laboratory work with domestic economy are distinctive. Into certain of its classes only young ladies are admitted. This course is intended to avoid the fallacy of confounding co-education with identical education, by giving the young ladies a more elegant and useful culture for their allotted spheres than is provided in either of the other courses.|
The course in instrumental music, embraced by the degree A. D. B., is optional, but ample provision is made for it by giving up a corresponding amount of time from other subjects to the extent of a single semester each, and in the following order, viz: (1.) Chemistry. (2.) Modern Languages (German and French). (3.) Latin. (4.) Mathematics.
It should be observed that the English word Bachelor, as a degree word, like the word author or poet, has no reference to sex. Hence, in the Latin of the heading of the first three curricula both genders of the adjective are given, as girls may take any of those degrees; but the degree of the fourth course (A. D. B.) is reserved to them alone. The degree itself points to home life as the destined sphere of woman as distinguished from the public, professional and business life of man. In this course, whose distinctive and valuable features the diverse resources of our Faculty enable us fully to realize, the general and liberal culture is fully equal to either of the other courses, and the special culture, with reference to the practical aims of a true education of woman, excels them.
4. The Academic Bachelor degrees, (A. B., S. B., L. B., A. D. B.) are not compliments or favors, but acquisitions. They are conferred by the Curators as an award for having successfully completed a given line of work. The recommendation on which the awards are made is that of the Faculty. 'The diploma is delivered as a sufficient and documentary evidence of such award. Hence the propriety of the professors who teach, and endorse the work of the student by recommending for graduation, signing the diploma, and also the propriety of the diploma bearing the seal of the corporation. The value of these degrees and diplomas will correspond with the standing of the University.
5. These four Academic courses and degrees severally embrace the same time and amount of work, and are equivalent in culture and equal in honor, but have distinctive adaptations to diverse aims in life.
6. No student shall be allowed to graduate in any one of the four Academic courses, who shall deviate from the prescribed work as laid down in the Synchronisticpage 122 page 123 page 124
time-table, except by permission of the Faculty, obtained prior to making the contemplated change.
|a.||Studies cannot be taken without proper preparation to enter the classes pursuing them.|
|b.||This choice must conform to the synchronistic table; students cannot "get up" classes, except upon this programme of work as laid down.|
|c.||Each student, unless by permission of the Faculty, must have 45 hours of work for each week, and at least 15 of these hours must be occupied in class room. It is assumed that each student will have four recitations a day, of an hour each, for five days in the week, and that the average student will require two hours to prepare each recitation. Eight hours of preparation, and four hours of recitation, will be twelve hours work a day. Monday is given to the societies, and Sabbath to the churches.|
|d.||When studies have once been selected and arranged for any student, and his name has been entered by the Professors upon class rolls, such student will not be permitted to make any change by discontinuance or by taking other or additional studies, except by the knowledge and approval of the Faculty. A disregard of this rule would turn everything into confusion.|
8. It is left to the head of each department to arrange the special cases arising in his department, with former students, on account of changes in courses of study made June, 1879.
9. In the professional schools, it will be noted that the medical course has been graded, and for the Senior class an entrance examination is required. The Normal course is re-shaped and graded with three distinct and fitting degrees and diplomas. The degree of Pe.M. (Master of Pedagogics) is the highest and most scholarly degree of the University. Professors of colleges and general scholars may reasonably be expected to aspire to its difficult attainment. The agricultural course is recast, and the Engineering Department is complete.
|a.||The synchronistic curricula (pp. 122-3), are the settled Academic courses for recommendation for the Academic degrees.|
|b.||The 990 hours work in English and the 540 hours in Latin, are fixtures in the course in letters, and not open to substitution.|
|c.||The privilege of a student to withdraw from a department at the close of a semester without permission from the Faculty, is restricted to cases where the subject is completed.|
The University Town.
The University is situated near the centre of the State, at Columbia, Boone county, in a beautiful and picturesque limestone region, on the elevated rolling tableland, a few miles back from the north side of the Missouri river. Were the selection of the sight to be made anew (p. 12,) perhaps no spot in the State could be found combining so many desirable elements as the seat of the State University. The town contains four thousand inhabitants, and the county is the fifth of the State in population; and in its healthfulness and scenery, and especially in those social, moral and religious influences which tend to preserve the character of youth, and promote among them gentlemanly and lady-like conduct, good order and studious habits, it can hardly anywhere be surpassed.page 125
There are located here two highly popular colleges for female education—Christian College and Stephens College—so that Columbia is peculiarly an educational centre, and for fifty years schools have been encouraged at this place.
Directions for New Students.
|1.||Reach Columbia, if possible, as early as the Friday preceding the opening of the session.|
|2.||If assistance is desired in obtaining board, report to the Proctor or to any member of the Faculty, at the University buildings.|
|3.||Before entering the University, $15.00 must be paid to Mr. R. B. Price, Treasurer, at the Boone County National Bank, and his receipt obtained. The law student pays $40.00; the medical student $40, and $10.00 for Demonstrator's ticket.|
|4.||The Treasurer's receipt should be at once presented to the Proctor at the University, when the name of the student will be entered upon the University roll. In cases of continued delinquency to enroll, and of loitering about the town, the person so delinquent will not be received as a member of the University. No one can be enrolled until the receipt of the Treasurer, as above specified, be presented. No student can enter a class with any Professor, until he shall have been matriculated or regularly enrolled by the Proctor.|
|5.||The professional student must present the card received from the Proctor, to the Secretary of the Faculty, who will enroll his name and issue to him his matriculation ticket, with the instructions necessary for enabling him to have his name entered on class rolls.|
|6.||The Academic student must present the Proctor's card to the Secretary of the Faculty, who must issue a matriculation ticket, admitting new students to their examinations, and former students to the advanced classes, for which, according to the Faculty record book, they have been examined. Students cannot enter classes without having borne an examination therefor.|
|7.||Young people coming to Columbia, intending to enter the University, are cautioned against delaying their entrance without good reason, as such delay not only injures the work of the entire session, but leads to unfavorable inferences concerning the character and intentions of the student.|
|8.||Report to the Professor of English before having their cards signed by any Professor, and obtain a certificate of competent knowledge of English.|
When an applicant for admission into the University has been connected with any other institution, he or she must present satisfactory evidence to the Faculty of an honorable standing in the institution from which he or she comes. The applicant must be of good character and qualified to enter organized classes.
Classes are retained in their class rooms by the Professors until the tap of the bell; five minutes are allowed for transitions of classes after the tap of the bell. This rule applies also to the Library as a study room.
Required of Students.
|1.||To have four and only four hours for recitation daily, unless otherwise allowed by the Faculty, for good reasons; and to take such part as may be assigned in all class room or general exercises of the University. When class cards are filled with four hours work a day, except when the prescribed course requires more or less page 126 then any additional studies shall be taken only by approval of the Faculty, on application thereto.|
|2.||To be present at daily worship in the University Chapel, and at all recitations and other exercises that may be assigned, and to make due preparation therefor. Absolute promptness and punctuality are required. When the students convene for worship, they are required not to loiter about the building, but to goat once to their numbers and there to be seated, observing the same order as would be expected in a church.|
|3.||Faithfully to observe "study" hours, and not to be found in the streets, in shops, stores and other places of business, except on business. During recitation hours, that is to say, from 9 A. M. to 1 P. M., and from 2 P. M. to 4 P. M., students, unoccupied in class room, are not allowed to be on the campus, nor about the buildings, at any season of the year, but they are required to withdraw to their homes, or to go to the library room for study, subject to its rules.|
|4.||It is expected and enjoined that students, on Sunday, attend the church of their choice, or that of their parents, and observe the day as good and orderly citizens of a Christian community.|
|5.||In general terms, it is required of students to be quiet, orderly and industrious; to observe the rules of the recitation room by abstaining from whispering or other communication; from spitting on the floor of the class rooms, library and chapel, under penalty of five demerits for each offense; from all unseemly postures, and, at all times, to observe the conduct and deportment of well-bred youth. The students are expected to deport themselves as ladies and gentlemen, and to be respectful and courteous in their bearing toward each other, and toward the members of the Faculty.|
|6.||It must be distinctly understood, that the University is for the good and virtuous young people of the State, and not for the idle and disorderly, the vile or vicious.|
|7.||Professional students are required to comply with the regulations of the University upon the same conditions and penalties as academic students.|
Whereas, The interests of the Literary Societies of the Missouri University are by the Faculty felt to be of great importance to our students, and the influence of College Secret Societies, so-called, is believed to be prejudicial to them, and harmful to the institution; and,
Whereas, It is deemed of vital consequence that only such societies should be allowed to claim the attention of the students as are recognized and approved by the Faculty; therefore, be it
Resolved, 1. That all our students should be discouraged from joining such secret societies.
2. That as a means of protecting the students against this evil or of relieving them therefrom, the following pledge shall be hereafter taken from each student upon matriculation, to wit: I, the undersigned, do hereby pledge my word and honor that I will not, so long as a student of the University of the State of Missouri, unite with any so-called secret society or club; that is to say any society or club not known and approved by the Faculty of said University; or, if already a member of any such society or club, I, the undersigned, do hereby pledge my word and honor page 127 that I will withdraw from the same and give no attention thereto whilst a student of the Missouri University, other than may be necessary for winding up and closing out its affairs and terminating its existence, within the said University, within the present collegiate year.
September 11, 1880.[Signed]____ Witness____
The fourth thing which I wish now to mention, is this: By law, the government and control of this University are lodged in the Board of Curators. The Curators have lodged the exercise of government and discipline in the Faculty. In my acceptance, it is made a condition, and by the explicit acquiescence therein by the Board, it has become an agreement, that there is to be no appeal by the students from any action of government or discipline on the part of the Faculty to the Curators. If the Faculty, as a body, is incompetent for the work assigned to it, of government and discipline as well as teaching, then clear the decks and man the vessel with a crew that understands, and can be trusted to perform, its duties. This is the accepted and existing state of things. I am pleased that it is so. The Curators are thereby wisely exempted from a needless and incompetent responsibility, and nothing unreasonable is developed or demanded of the Faculty.
This point lifts to view the whole subject of college government, which is conceded to be one of great delicacy and difficulty. It is not meant to go into that subject at this time, farther than simply to enunciate the general principle which seems to underlie and to pervade it, and by a proper appreciation of which, we probably have one of the best guarantees of efficiency and harmony.
This matter of college government is esteemed the opprobrium of our higher institutions of learning, and yet there does not appear to be any good reason why, if the students and authorities of a college understand themselves clearly, there should be any trouble. It is conceived that there is a principle which presides over this subject, and that it is obvious on enunciation and all-comprehensive in its application. That principle is simply this: The authority of government in a school is not derived from the pupils, nor is it dependent on them, in any sense whatever. This holds true, whether it be a private school or a public school, an academy, a college, or a university. In no case is the authority of the schoolmaster derived from his pupils. In the private school, it is an extension of parental authority; in the public schools of all grades, including the university, it is an extension of the authority of the State. But in no case is the authority of the school house derived from the scholars. It is not from below; it is from above. Scholars, then, do not come to a school to govern it, nor to take any part in the government. They come to obey and to be governed, by submitting to the rules and regulations which they find in force. A proper understanding of this very simple and comprehensive principle of action, takes all the windy conceit and swollen importance out of the self-constituted leaders of college broils and rebellions. The only alternative, to a pupil in school, is to obey or leave, willingly or by constraint.
Any other theory works its own inevitable destruction. Take the popular, but utterly fallacious and pernicious alternative, that young gentlemen, in an institution of learning, are to be thrown upon and guided by a sense of honor. The question at once arises, whose sense of honor? Is each to be a law to himself? Hardly any two, in many cases, can be expected to agree. Most flagrant misbehavior, not infrequently, has the sanction of the guilty party's sense of honor. By the operation of this principle, every one would do that which was right in his own eyes, which is a natural description of a state of barbarous anarchy. Between the loyal and orderly subordination of the pupils to the constituted authorities of the school house, and the lawless and disgraceful subordination of a Faculty to their own scholars, no sound, well-informed and unprejudiced judgment can hesitate, in its choice, for a moment. Whatever the college or the school house laws, they are entitled to vindication by enforcement, till altered or repealed by the proper authorities in a proper way. The school in its organization and operation, is not a democracy, nor a republic, any more than is the family. The authority in the family page 128 does not come from the children. To recognize the children as the source of power, or the governing authority in the family, would destroy the household. Any other view tends to breed anarchy and lawlessness; and that, too, not only in school days, hut in the after life of pupils as citizens. "The heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; but is under tutors and governors until the time appointed by the father."
In its measure, this enunciation holds good of the professsional schools, just the same as of the under-graduate schools. Underneath all their freedom of personal action and exemption from surveillance, there are certain established rules which are not established nor changed at their bidding and to which the professional or proper University students must conform, as a condition of pupilage and recognition-It may be truly said of them, as of the contestants in the Grecian games—" If a man also strive for masteries, yet he is not crowned, except he strive lawfully." A student is not entitled to the benefits nor to any of the honors of an institution of learning, except upon the condition of loyal compliance with its requirements.—From the Inaugural Address of President Laws.
Things Forbidden to Students.
|1.||To enter a billiard or drinking saloon, upon any pretext whatever; to carry concealed weapons, or to use profane or indecent language, or to use intoxicating drinks of any kind. The sending or receiving a challenge will operate a dismissal. The property and peace of the citizens are in no way to be disturbed.|
|2.||Noisy and disorderly conduct about the University buildings, assembling about the doors, whistling, sitting in the windows, shouting or calling aloud from the windows, or assembling in the halls, before or after recitation, or other exercises. The classes are required to make their transition from one recitation room to another, promptly, at the proper signal, and five minutes are allowed for the change.|
|3.||To smoke in the building or on the campus. Betting and gambling, in every form, are prohibited.|
|4.||In any way to injure or mar the University buildings or furniture by whittling, cutting, marking, or in any way defacing the same. All University property is to be guarded and preserved as a sacred trust, and to be used without abuse; and in every case, if a student injure or deface benches, tables or other furniture, he shall be required to pay the full cost of the articles injured or defaced, and in other cases to pay for all the damage done. Each student is assigned a number on the seats in the chapel, and is not allowed to change without permission, and is responsible for the condition in which it is kept—note being taken of marking, or of any damage. Willful damage to property may be subject to removal from the Institution.|
|5.||To leave town without the permission of the President, obtained beforehand, or to change a recitation which has been assigned, without the permission of the Faculty. Such excuse by the President, is reported at Faculty meeting, and operates an excuse from the several rolls. With this exception, each Professor alone excuses absences from his roll call. The President alone excuses from chapel.|
|6.||No student will receive an honorable dismission who is under a charge, or who has failed to pay all University dues, or who has not returned all library books.|
|7.||All those things are forbidden which tend to deteriorate moral character, to prevent intellectual and moral advancement—in short, all those irregular, wicked and immoral practices and habits which would be forbidden in good and cultivated families, and which tend to prevent preparation and training for good citizenship.|
The attention of students is especially called to the foregoing rules, and they will not be permitted to plead ignorance of them, when called to account for delinquency.
The discipline of the University is intended to be mild and suasive, as far as circumstances will permit. If, however, students manifest such moral obliquities, or such idleness, as render them unworthy members of the body collegiate, they are returned to their friends without exposure, when it is practicable so to do; and it is only in cardinal offenses that the Faculty resort to Public and Exemplary punishment.
When a student enters the University, the discipline of the Institution allows him a credit of one hundred merit marks; and he is charged on the record with such demerit marks as arise from misconduct and neglect of college duties. When it is ascertained that his demerits reach fifty, a letter of notification is sent to his parent or guardian; and when the number reaches one hundred, he is excluded from the Institution by the operation of law, which is rendered effective by an announcement of the fact by the President, or by an official communication by the Secrecary of the Faculty to the individual, and to the parent or guardian.
Rules of Conduct.
These are few, and are designed to promote the good order and welfare of the University community, and the best interests of the individual student.