The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 50
During the preparatory year, the students are instructed in the elements of drawing, with pen and pencil, according to the principles contained in Chapman's Drawing-book. They are also practiced in freehand drawing. These exercises develop the special tendencies of the student, and enable the Professor to judge in what direction his greatest strength lies, and where his weak points most need to be reinforced.
During the first year the practice is in topographical drawing, with pen and India ink, representing the lines of contour of the earth's surface, showing the bounding curves which would limit the surface in case of a gradual rise of water; taken at every 5, 10 or x feet. The hatching lines of declivity are drawn; also, the various conventional, representations of surface. The students are exercised in a carefully organized method of drill in printing, in order to acquire a rapid system of lettering—of essential importance in finishing maps, problems, title pages and mechanical drawings. There is also a careful study of the true standards of the three colors, with their secondary and ternary combinations, simultaneous contrasts, harmonies, unisons, aerial perspective, and the important practical application of laying on fiat tints. This is followed by applications to colored topography, etc.
In the second year exercises are given in the construction of problems in descriptive geometry, and in shades, shadows and perspective. The problems are drawn with pen and India ink on demy drawing paper, and are constructed on mathematical principles, displaying all the difficult problems of the intersection of curved surfaces, and the representations of warped surfaces having two or three directrices.
There are also required drawings of bridges, furnaces, machines, their shadows and perspective, as they would appear to the eye, at a finite distance from the perspective plane, mathematically constructed and properly colored.
Those who possess the requisite taste for such subjects, may be exercised in pen, India ink and color drawings of landscapes, figures, etc. and be led to apply their acquirements to natural history.