The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 14
Statistics of Europe. — Military and Naval Summary of Europe in 1886
Statistics of Europe.
Military and Naval Summary of Europe in 1886.
|Nationality.||Population according to last Census.||Standing Army||Standing Army and Reserves.||Ironclads and Monitors.||†Unarmoured.||Officers and Men.||Condition of Military Service.|
|Austria-Hungary||38,820,006||285,046||1,103,819||12||58||9,764||Compulsory on all males of 20 years and upwards. No substitutes allowed. 3 years in army, 7 in reserve, 2 in militia.|
|1,336,091||Compulsory on all males of 20 years and upwards. No substitutes allowed. 3 years in army, 7 in reserve, 2 in militia.|
|Belgium||5,784,958||47,237||138,845||All males of 19 years. Substitutes allowed. 8years' service (2/3 of it on furlough).|
|Denmark||1,969,039||22,469||36,469||8||26||1,271||All males of 22. Substitutes disallowed. 8 years in army, 8 in reserve.|
|42||277||66,330||All males between 20 and 40. Few exemptions. 5 years' in army, 4 in reserve, 5 in militia, 6 in militia reserve.|
|13||82||16,682||All males between 20 and 42. No substitutes. 3 years in array. 4 in reserve, 5 in militia.|
|Great Britain & Ireland||36,325,115||142,194||653,772||28||216||58,000||Voluntary enlistment.|
|Greece||1,979,305||28,691||350,500||5||25||3,200||All males, by lot, and substitutes allowed. 3 years in array, 6 in reserve, 10 in militia.|
|Holland||4,278,272||65,007||180,000||23||98||11,000||Conscription and enlistment.|
|Italy||29,361,032||690,000||1,990,000||20||56||14,000||All males of 21 to 40 years. Length of service various.|
|Montenegro||250,000||100||21,850||Every inhabitant trained and liable.|
|Norway||1,925,000||18,750||40,800||4||31||917||Conscription and enlistment. Various periods of service.|
|Portugal||4,160,315||18,000||125,057||1||24||3,471||Conscription. Exempt for £80. 5 years in army, 3 in militia.|
|Roumania||5,376,004||19,812||300,000||12||760||All males of 20 to 46. 4 years in army, 4 in reserve, 6 in militia, 2 in militia reserve.|
|Russia||86,486,959||770,000||3,200,000||38||353||28,358||All males of 20 to 40. Exemption purchasable. 6 years in array, 9 in reserve.|
|Servia||1,902,419||18,000||210,000||Conscription and enlistment.|
|Spain||16,958,178||141,000||400,000||7||117||21,703||All males above 20. 4 years in array, 4 in reserve.|
|Sweden||4,644,448||39,946||178,395||14||52||5,925||Conscription and enlistment. No subs.|
|Switzerland||2,906,752||114,928||200,774||All males of 20 to 44.|
|Turkey||4,490,000||159,122||565,122||3||15||40,392||All Mahometans but those in Crete and Constantinople. Other males pay £23 each exemption. 10 years in army, 4 in reserve. 6 in militia.—In Bulgaria every male above 20 years. 4 years in army, 7 in reserve, 4 in militia.|
|Eastern Roumelia||815,946||All Mahometans but those in Crete and Constantinople. Other males pay £23 each exemption. 10 years in army, 4 in reserve. 6 in militia.—In Bulgaria every male above 20 years. 4 years in army, 7 in reserve, 4 in militia.|
|Bulgaria||2,007,919||22,570||62,370||11||212||All Mahometans but those in Crete and Constantinople. Other males pay £23 each exemption. 10 years in army, 4 in reserve. 6 in militia.—In Bulgaria every male above 20 years. 4 years in army, 7 in reserve, 4 in militia.|
Notes:—Navies.—The War Ships here given do not include many hundreds of Sailing Vessels, Steam Ships, &c., out of Commission.
Reserves.—Many States have organized a sort of levy "en masse," with fixed periods or conditions of military training; this, of course, is not included in the above figures.
† This does not include Sailing Vessels, Steam Ships, Torpedo-Boats, and Revenue Cutters.
* Occupied and administered by Austria-Hungary.