The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 14
Statistics of Agriculture
Statistics of Agriculture.
|Country.||Average Weekly Wages paid in the Years—||Percentage Increase|
|1850.||1870.||1880.||1880 on 1850|
|France (general average)||9||0||12||6||14||0||55½|
|United States (Mass.)*||16||0||20||0||26||0||56½|
Sir James Caird estimates that in England 390,000 out of 550,000 are holdings of 50 acres and under.
Indebtedness of the English Landed Gentry (by way of Mortgage and otherwise).
Estimated at over £250,000,000.—(Manchester Guardian.)
|(In Millions)||Agriculture.||Shipping||Merchandise||Textile Manufactures.||Hardware Manufactures||Mines.|
Losses of Farmers' Capital.
Those of the years 1875-1883=£150,000,000.
Annual Expenditure of Landlords of United Kingdom on their Land.
Estimated by Sir James Caird, in 1885, to have been for the last 30 years at the rate of £2,000,000 per annum, a large portion of which for mere renewal of buildings, roads, and drains. And as the total rental of lands is 67 millions, it appears that the total sum spent in 30 years on improvements is less than one year's rental.
Capital Value of Soil of United Kingdom.
Estimated by the same authority at £2,000,000,000. Hence it has been argued by Mr. Fyffe, that if ever since the Norman Conquest the Owners of Land had spent the 2 millions per annum on improvements, they would not yet have parted with a capital sum equal to what they now receive rent on.
In Kent these amount on hops to 2s. to 22s. per acre; fruit, 6s. to 10s.; market garden, 5s. to 12s. In Sussex, on hops, 7s. to 20s.; market garden, 3s. 6d. to 13s. 4d. In Surrey, on hops, 30s. In Hampshire, on hops, 20s.; and in Worcestershire and Herefordshire, on hops, 4s. to 7s.—(From Report of Select Committee on Extraordinary Tithes, 22nd July, 1881, which recommended commutation on a 7 years' basis where a Landowner applies, or that on his joint application with the Titheowner a fixed addition to the ordinary Tithe Charge might be made in lieu of extraordinary Tithes).
|Tenement Valuation of Lands, Houses, &c.||£13,874,443|
|Value of Crops:|
|Turnips and Mangel||2,434,358|
|Value of Horses, Cattle, Sheep, and Pigs:|
|Paid-up Capital of Joint Stock Banks||6,679,2301||9,335,690|
|Reserve Fund and Balances||2,656,460|
|Deposits in Joint Stock Banks||30,750,000||35,093,783|
|Deposits in Trustee Savings Banks||2,119,264|
|Deposits in Post Office Savings Banks||2,224,519|
|Investments in Government Stock, transferable at Bank of Ireland||30,640,160|
|Stock and Share Capital of Railway Companies paid up||25,703,097||36,156,702|
|Subscriptions from Companies to other Companies||402,701|
|Net Annual Value of Property and Profits Assessed to the Income Tax in the year ended 6th April, 1884||£27,062,450|
* With board.