The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 14
Important Dates in the History of British Power in India
Important Dates in the History of British Power in India.
Sir Francis Drake's expedition, 1579.
Levant Co.'s Land expedition, 1580.
First commercial venture from England, 1591. (Three ships fitted out: one reached India.)
First Charter to the London Co. of Merchants, 1600. (Stock £72,000: 4 ships fitted out.) Charter renewed 1609, 1657, 1661, 1693, 1744.
Factories established at Surat, 1612.
Madras founded 1640 : made a Presidency, 1652.
Bombay ceded as part of dowry of Queen Catherine (Charles Second). 1662.
French settle at Pondicherry, 1668.
Calcutta purchased, 1698.
New East India Co. established, 1708.
Clive takes Arcot, 1751.
Surajah Dowla seizes Calcutta: (146 English crammed into the Black Hole Prison, 18 feet square, whence only 23 came forth alive next morning, 20th June), 1756.
Calcutta retaken by Clive, 2nd January, 1757.
Battle of Plassey, 23rd June, 1757.
Hyder Ali usurps Mysore, 1763-4.
Conquest of Patna, 1763.
Nabob of Oude subjected, 1765.
Clive obtains the Dewani by imperial grant, the Co. becoming receivers of the revenues of Bengal, Behar, and Orissa : a virtual British sovereignty of all these countries, 12th August, 1765.
Treaty with Nizam Ali. Northern Circars obtained, 1766.
Hyder Ali ravages the Carnatic, 1769.
Affairs of the East India Co. brought before Parliament, and a series of crimes and intrigues exposed. Warren Hastings Governor of Bengal, 1772.
India Bill provides resident Governor-Generalship in Bengal, to which other Presidencies subordinated. Supreme Court of Judicature at Calcutta : and all territorial correspondence henceforth to be laid before British Ministry, June, 1773.
Accusations against Warren Hastings, 1775—1795 (when acquitted).
Hyder Ali defeats the British, 1780.
Hyder Ali overthrown by Coote, 1782.
Tippoo Saib succeeds Hyder, and captures Cuddalore and Bednore, 1783.
Pitt establishes the Board of Control, to aid and control the executive of India, and superintend its territorial concerns, 1784.
Civil and Criminal Courts established, 1793.
Tippoo killed. Seringapatam captured and Mysore divided, 1799.
The Carnatic conquered, 1800.
The Nabob cedes Furruckabad territories, 1802.
Mahratta War. Wellesley's victory at Assaye, 1803.
War with Holkar. Bhurtpore taken, 1805.
Trade with India thrown open, 1813.
War with Nepaul (Ghoorkas forced to treaty), 1814—1816.
Pindaree War (successful), 1817—1818.
Burmese War. A great territory ceded and £1,000,000 indemnity paid, 1824-1826.
Malacca ceded by the Dutch in exchange for Bencoolen in Sumatra, 1824.
Singapore purchased, 1824.
Suttee (widow burning) abolished, 1829.
Trade to China thrown open, 1833.
Annexation of Coorg, 1834.
Afghan War with Dost Mahomed, 1838—1840.
Rising at Cabul. Murder of Burnes and Macnaghten, 1841.
Cabul evacuated under convention with Akbar Khan, who massacres 16,000 men, women, and children, and holds Lady Sale and others as hostages 6-13 January (rescued 21st September), 1842.
Scinde War. Battle of Meanee. Annexation of the Province by Sir Charles Napier, 1843.
Gwalior captured, 1843.
Danish Indian possessions purchased, 1815.
Sikh War. Lahore and Mooltan taken, and the Punjab annexed. Dhuleep Singh pensioned at £40,000 per annum, 1845—9.
Burmese War. Pegu annexed, 1851-2.
Nana Sahib (nephew of the ex-Peishwa of the Mahrattas) is refused continuance of his uncle's pension of £80,000, 1851.
First Indian Railway (Bombay to Tannah), 1853.
Nagpoor territories fall to the East India Co., on death of the Rajah, 1853.
Oude annexed, 1856.
Mutiny of the Native Army. In three months 30,000 men disbanded or deserted. Fearful outrages committed. Delhi seized from May to September. £433,620 collected for the widows and orphans of nine massacred garrisons and others. East India Company's government ceases, and the Queen proclaimed throughout India, 1857-8.
Guerilla disturbances under Tantia Topee and Nana Sahib finally suppressed, 1859.
Awful famine in N.W. Provinces, £114,807 raised by Mansion House Fund, 1861.
Great increase in Cotton cultivation, 1862.
Orissa famine, 1,500,000 persons perish. Official Report: the authorities blamed, 1866.
Assassination of Lord Mayo, the Viceroy (8th Feb.) £20,000 granted to children, and £1,000 a year to Lady Mayo, 1872.
Bengal famine. £125,000 raised in London. £6,500,000 expended on relief works by Government, and the famine kept under, 1874.
Queen proclaimed Empress of India at Delhi, 1st January, 1877.
Madras famine. Loan of £5,000,000authorized. 919,771 persons employed, and 1,326,971 gratuitously relieved. In London £515,200 raised by fund, 1877.
Native troops sent to Malta and removed to Cyprus, 1878.
Afghan War. The passes finally occupied, 1879.page 110 page 111 page 112
|Presidencies and Provinces under the Administration of||Area in Square Miles.||Number of Towns and Villages.||Number of occupied.||Population, Census of 1881.||Density of Population to Square Mile.||Population according to previous Census.|
|The Governor-General of India:|
|Ajmere and Mhairwara||2,711||739||64,118||460,722||169.9||396,331|
|Andaman Islands (Port Blair)||880||51||2,938||14,628*||16.6||13,908|
|Bombay (including Sind and Aden)||124,192||24,605||2,827,995||16,489,274||132.7||16,308,343|
|North-West Provinces and Oudh||106,111||105,422||6,866,503||44,107,869||415.6||42,002,518|
|Total British Territory||868,314||644,862||33,032,607||198,790,853||228.9||185,537,859|
|Central India Agency||75,079||31,506||1,661,434||9,261,907||123.4||‡|
|Total Native States||509,730||169,903||10,516,551||55,191,742||108.2|
|Grand Total India||1,378,044||714,765||43,549,158||253,982,595||184.3|
|Presidencies. Provinces, and States.||Hindus.||Mahomedans.||Aboriginals.||Buddhists.||Christians.||Sikhs.||Jains.||Parsis.||Jews.||Others.||Total.|
|North-West Provinces, including Oudh||38,555,121||6,162,900||103||47,673||3,644||79,957||114||101||6||44,849,619|
Note.—The total of all religions here given differs from the total population in the previous Table, owing to the exclusion of Aden and Port Blair.