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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 14

Loss of Life by War

page 85

Loss of Life by War.

It has been estimated by Mulhall that the loss of life in the great war of 1793 to 1815 between England and France amounted to 1,900,000 men. Of these the vast proportion were wounded, who never recovered, or men who perished by sickness incident to the war; for instance, on the British side the actually killed only numbered 19,796, but the wounded were 79,900, and these figures include the naval and military battles only, and not straggling hostilities of various sorts, nor the fearful roll of "missing." Moreover we were upon foreign soil, and not defending our own territory, in which latter case our losses would have enormously increased.

The entire loss of life by war of the so-called civilized states of the world since 1793 is thus tabulated by Mulhall:—
Years. Loss of Men.
1793 to 1815 England and France 1,900,000
1823 Russia and Turkey 120,000
1830 to 1840 Spain and Portugal 160,000
1830 to 1847 France and Algeria 110,000
1843 Civil Strife in Europe 60,000
1854 to 1866 Crimean War 485,000
1859 Franco-Austrian War 63,000
1853 to 1865 American (Civil) War 656,000
1866 Austro-Prussian War 51,000
1866 France and Mexico 65,000
1864 to 1870 Brazil and Paraguay 330,000
1870 to 1871 Franco-German War 290,000
1876 to 1377 Russo-Turkish War 180,000
Total 4,470,000

As showing the enormous proportions of waste of life, we further extract a few figures from the "Dictionary of Statistics."

Men took the field. Returned home.
Crimean War 1,460,500 847,830
American War 2,336.000 2,041,600
Sadowa Campaign 639,000 534,000
Franco-German War 1,713,000 899,000
The numbers placed hors de combat in the leading great battles of the world are thus estimated:
Engaged. Hors de combat.
Thrasymene 65,000 17,000
Cannæ 146,000 52,000
Bannockburn 135,000 38,000
Agin court 62,000 11,400
Cressy 117,000 31,200
Marengo 58,000 13,000
Austerlitz 370,000 23,000
Borodino 250,000 78,000
Waterloo 145,000 51,000
Alma 103,000 8,400
Sadowa 402,000 83,000
Gravelotte 820,000 48,500