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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 14

[income and expenditure]

Income.
From Customs. From Excise. Total Customs and Excise. From all other Sources. Total Ordinary Income.
Years. £ £ £ £ £ Years.
1801—1810 123,496,127 215,231,154 338,727,281 205,015,983 543,743,264 1801—1810
1811—1820 149,890,507 272,489,222 422,379,729 251,767,713 674,147,442 1811—1820
1821—1880 174,574,116 252,585,752 427,159,868 171,855,317 699,015,185 1821—1880
1831—1840 203,705,296 163,383,266 367,088,562 146,305,510 513,394,072 1831—1840
1841—1850 220,742,270 145,273,420 372,015,690 185,849,714 557,865,404 1841—1850
1851-1860 237,068,613 181,181,523 418,250,136 243,563,846 661,813,982 1851—1860
1861-1870 236,538,324 203,994,043 440,538,367 289,506,989 730,039,356 1861—1870
1871—1880 216,682,678 271,085,600 487,768,278 813,253,628 801,021,906 1871—1880
1881—1886 118,202493 138,585,560 256,737,753 275,585,366 532,323,119 1881—1886
Totals £1,686,900,124 £1,863,759,540 £3,550,659,664 £2,062,704,066 £5,613,363,730
Expenditure.
Interest and Management of National Debt. Army, Militia, &c. Navy. Total Debt, Army and Navy. All other Charges. Total Expenditure.
Years. £ £ £ £ £ £ Years.
1801—1810 215,538,600 229,487,724 148,471,050 593,497,374 72,221,924 665,719,298 1801—1810
1811—1820 291,038,850 289,561,918 152,441,286 733,642,054 91,267,721 824,909,775 1811—1820
1821—1830 296,859,877 96,129,347 60,261,878 453,251,102 100,356,120 553,607,222 1821—1830
1831-1840 289,531,410 82,956,245 47,812,888 420,300,543 104,036,465 524,337,008 1831—1840
1841—1850 291,474,179 93,318,012 68,682,917 453,475,108 99,330,496 552,805,604 1811—1850
1851—1860 290,359,645 150,829,392 106,795,156 547,984,193 124,008,467 672,052,660 1851—1860
1861-1870 263,745,171 161,908,232 112,248,820 537,902,223 156,615,379 694,577,602 1861—1870
1871—1880 275,528,485 176,466,476 105,645,302 557,640,263 212,477,966 770,118,229 1871—1880
1881—1886 178,048,838 114,240,548 70,600,030 362,889,416 160,759,538 523,648,954 1881—1886
Totals £2,392,725,055 £1,894,957,894 £872,959,327 £4,660,642,276* £1,121,134,076 £5,781,776,352
Income.
From Customs Duties £1,686,900,124
From Excise Duties 1,863,759,540
Total burden on Trade, Industry, and the Poor 3,550,659,664
From all other sources 2,062,704,066
Total Income £5,613,363,730
Expenditure.
Interest, &c., of National Debt £2,392,725,055
On Army, Militia, &c. 1,894,957,894
On Navy 872,959,327
Total for War Debt and War 4,660,642,276
Total for Civil Services 1,121,134,076
Total Expenditure 5,781,776,352
Total Income 5,613,363,730
Excess of Expenditure £168,412,622

Hence it appears that to the Total Income during the present century, viz., something more than Five Thousand Six Hundred and Thirteen Millions, Customs and Exoise Duties contributed Three Thousand Five Hundred and Fifty Millions, being more than Three-Fifths of the whole amount, which includes Post Office, Crown Lands, and other receipts that cannot properly be called Taxes, whilst, on the other hand, upwards of Four Thousand Six Hundred and Sixty Millions, or more than Four-Fifths of the whole expenditure, went for Wars, War Debt, and preparations for War. Thus, to every pound of Income, Customs and Excise Duties contributed 12s. 7¾d., whilst of every pound of expenditure 16s. 1½d. went for War, War Debt, and preparations for War, leaving 3s. 10½d. in the pound for all other purposes whatsoever. Taking Taxes proper only (i.e., excluding Post Office, Telegraphs, Crown Lands, Interest, and Miscellaneous Receipts), the proportion borne by the produce of Customs and Excise Duties is very much greater than that stated. For example, deducting those items, the gross revenue from Taxes last year was £74,927,000 and towards that sum Customs and Excise contributed £44,294,000, i.e., almost exactly 11s. 10d. per £; and yet there are prominent statesmen who contend that there is now something like a fair proportion between Direct and Indirect Taxation; and there are multitudes of people, who ought to know better, simple enough to believe them.