The Southern Districts of New Zealand
Enclosure Referred To
Enclosure Referred To.
[The former part of this enclosure, having reference to the history of the Southern Tribes, is omitted, its substance being contained in the foregoing pages.]
Subjoined is a list of chiefs and others principally interested in land at Bank's Peninsula. I page 289 have distinguished two classes of claims; viz., those of persons “i a ratou te turuturu o te kaika,” or who have an especial right to the place—and those of “Nga Piringa,” or persons allied to the former.
|Places.||Nga tangata i a ratou te turuturu o te kainga.(First Class Claimants.)||Nga Piringa.(Second Class Claimants.)|
|Hakaroa.||Te Ruaparae||Taiaroa and Karetai|
|Hakaroa (his son)||Tamakeke|
|Parure||Piuraki or Tikao|
|Wakaoroi or Pigeon Bay.||Ka Tata||Iwikau|
|Kokourarata or Port Levy.&Wakaraupo or Port Cooper.||Te Kauamo||Iwikau|
“The lands, the purchase of which the natives of these places acknowledge to have been completed, are as follows:—
A small spot, at Hakaroa, surrounding his house to Mr. Rhodes.
About 500 acres to the French Company, at Hakaroa.
A bay called Ka Kongutungutu, at Wakaoroi.
A bay called Kaihope, at Kokourarata.
A bay called Te Pohue, at Wakaraupo.
“At the same time they consider that they have entered into a compact with the French Company to sell a further indefinite quantity of land.
“The French Company have laid claim to the whole of the Peninsula; and have sold land at Hakaroa not included in their acknowledged purchase from the natives, who have naturally shown dissatisfaction, when the settler has attempted to take possession, and in some cases have resisted.
“Precautions to be adopted in Purchasing Lands from Natives.—Before completing any purchase of land from natives, it appears to be essential to obtain first the native name of every place within the district proposed to be purchased, with the names of the persons who have individual rights in each place—“i a ratou te turuturu o te kaigna”—the general rights of principal chiefs and others being more easily dealt with. page 291 For, whereas several may have a joint right to those parts, which have never been resided on, or made “tapu” to any particular person, individuals and families will be found to have a peculiar claim to those parts, which are in occupation of, or have at any former time been in possession of, or made “tapu” to, an ancestor.
“The next step should be to desire the natives to decide what places they wish to sell, and what to reserve for themselves. For it will seldom happen that they will readily part with a large district without reservation—unless it be wholly unsuited to their methods of cultivation—and even then there would probably be some favourite eel-fisheries, to them of great moment, with which they would not part.
To J. J. Symonds, Esq. etc., etc., etc.