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Salient. An Organ of Student Opinion at Victoria College, Wellington, N.Z. Vol. 11, No. 7. June 23rd, 1948


"There is no likelihood of war in the/near future," said Major-General Sir Howard Kippenberger when addressing the Historical Society last week on the "Balance of Power." Sir Howard was optimistic. It was obvious to him that Britain did not want war, and there was no evidence to show that either of the two major Powers, the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R., were prepared or preparing to start a war.

History had shown, Sir Howard said, that man had no difficulty in keeping order in communities of a moderate size. The rulers ruled and that was that. But there was a difficulty in keeping the peace between different countries. Various attempts had been made to secure peace in the international field, one, by one ruler ruling the whole world, such as was tried by Alexander, another by Federation as in the U.S.A., and a third by "just rubbing along." This last gave rise to the theory of the Balance of Power. When asked which of the three he favoured. Sir Howard replied that the "one ruler" idea would not work and that the Balance of Power was a dead loss, so the only real hope for a lasting peace was in some system of federation through United Nations.