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Salient. An Organ of Student Opinion at Victoria College, Wellington N.Z. Vol. 1, No. 11 June 15, 1938

Chinese Number — "Must Control Unruly China" —says Gunji — "Militarists Ruining Japan" —says Feng Wang

Chinese Number

"Must Control Unruly China"says Gunji

"Militarists Ruining Japan"says Feng Wang

Does a Consul ever make it his business to tell the whole truth—even in his reminiscences; Perhaps not. Maybe we are not even sure that he is faithfully reproducing the official views of his Government. Still, whatever the case, he is always worth listening to attentively.

"Salient" here offers interviews with the Chinese and Japanese Consuls in New Zealand.

Nippon

Small, shy but very pleasant to talk to is Mr. Gunji, the Japanese Consul—is the Japanese population of New Zealand live, rising eight, or is it 10. I forget—and "Salient" was more interested to hear his enthusiasm on Japanese art and Japanese home life than diplomatic wordings to questions.

East is East, and West still West, which must account tor what is to Japan stern duty (In action) is to us wrong and boloney.

Mr. Gunji thinks China is a naughty place—a wild place of peasants, bandits and unruliness—China has violated treaties, assassinated, provoked attacks, boycotted and insulted—all against the Japanese. "China harbours Communist armies, rabidly anti-Japanese, and we tear the development of Communism at our doorway. We Tear China's instability and uncertainty, politically and economically—this situation makes it impossible for us to withdraw, because to Japan; Chinese trade. Is vital; we have so much to give each other."

Chinese Number

Chinese Number

Would Japan institute any agrarian reforms In China when she took over?

"We would force the peasants to grow cotton and soya beans—we need them very much. The Chinese must give up ideas of industry, and produce; it is important to encourage farmers in agriculture—they must produce and we in Japan take over industry.

Pacts, Fax and Boloney

"Would Japan attempt to make pacts with outside capitalistic powers?'"

"No. Because Japan wants to finish this incident herself, and has no wish to implicate other powers, even though China is backed by the Soviet. But she has him made an agreement with Italy and Germany, for we have sympathies against the Sovlet, the Anti-Comlntern Pact: and the action of America and Britain with regard to industry have distressed us."

Japanese Varsity

"The political situation Influences the conditions at the University—students particularly study political subjects and for the newspaper. The Government controls everything, and there is some restriction on expression of opinion. The curriculum is limited, but I think it is wise, for sometimes publicity misleads a nation. There is no undercurrent of Bolshevism, except in younger students, and strict measures are taken to eradicate it."

Presss Freedom

"Foreigners say that censorship is very strict, but the Government does not do it. All the people are united to support the policy, all people do not like Communism nationalism is strong: they want to protect rights and interests—foreigners do not realise it is voluntary censorship by the people, We don't have radical minorities—there is the same psychology and view throughout, so there is no need for Government restriction."

Blessed Bombs

"Could you give some comment on the social and industrial unrest?" asked "Salient."

"You Westerners are wrong again—there is no social unrest. It is a complicated matter. There was some unemployment, but since this incident began, factories engaged in armaments manufacture have absorbed unemployment, and there is no trouble socially. Factories are privately owned." beamed Mr. Gunji. "Industry is improved, very much improved recently——"

"But your standard of life is low—appalling," interrupted "Salient."

"Yes—bill you are wrong to judge our minimum standard of life by yours. We do not need so many things as you—we have always just had rice—or a fish. Your peasants live at much higher standard than ours you should not Judge us. No children are employed in our factories and women have splendid improvement working conditions."

Expansion.

Mr. Ganji rejected the "Salient" suggestion that Japan's ultimate aim was to "get hold" of the Philippines. Singapore, etc., through South China. "We only desire to establish markets no conquests. There should not he conflicts with other countries but co-operation and mutual understanding."

Cathay

"Salient" was very intrigued with two objects in the Chinese Consul's office namely, an exquisite Chinese cigarette box, and two volumes of H, G. Wells ("Outlines of World History" and "Wealth and Happiness of Mankind") taking pride or place in a bookcase of Chinese books.

"What is the idea of dropping leaflets over, Japan Instead of bombs?" asked "Salient."

"We are fighting the Japanese militarists or war lords, not the people, and although the war has been going on for 11 months we are still trying to get the Japanese people to understand the true position. We do not want to fight them—they are innocent, under the oppression of war lords. They are being ruined by an ambitious military cliche who are riding Japan to [unclear: ruin]; and I hope the people will reverse this policy before ruin overtakes them."

Japan and Drugs

It is Interesting to learn that Japan employs more humane (?) tactics than bombing—opium.

"Is Japan attempting to conquer China with morphine and opium?"

"Yes," Mr. Wang affirmed emphatically. "Japan is making use or extra territorial rights, and has organised the traffic in China. For many years. Tien Tsin has been the headquarters for a vast opium and narcotic industry embracing all China, and the East."

Economic Situation.

"China has great natural and national economic resource. She is ready, prepared for a protracted war of three years. With her enormous man-power she will be able to mobilise 1,800,000 man in about 6 months. Japan has to spend more than 25 million dollars per day in this War, and she can't keep that up. The last two or three years we have had great crops; Industry has improved by leaps and bounds with Government aid, and currency is in a favourable position.

Communism.

"Is the Chinese Government Communist."

"No. The present Government is organised, how do you say it?" and a long pause "I know, based, that's it, the Government is based on Dr. Sun [unclear: Yat] [unclear: en's] principles of the people. The 8th Route Army has pledged full allegiance to the National Government, and this occurred on October 22, 1937. The pledge abolished the Chinese Soviet, disbanded the Chinese Red Army, suspended all activities and Bolshevising of China, and also meant renunciation of practice and theory violence." V.E.