The Early Journals of Henry Williams
I. Papers of Archdeacon Henry Williams
The original manuscript journals of Henry Williams and his manuscript letters to the Church Missionary Society are in the archives of the Society in London. Archdeacon Williams, however, took copies of part of the journals, of many of his letters to the C.M.S., and of other letter written to various people. These with other manuscript letters from his grandfather and grandmother have been collected by Mr Algar Williams of Christchurch, and he has deposited all the originals, together with a number of original drawings by Henry Williams and others and some printed pamphlets and other material, in the Auckland Museum Library. In addition, he has made manuscript copies of all these documents, has indexed them and has had them bound in 30 volumes. Several other bound volumes holding some original documents, and copies of other documents, are in his possession.
The Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, the Hocken Library, Dunedin, and the Mitchell Library, Sydney, have a number of original documents. There are also a certain number in private hands, and it is hoped that these may be deposited in one of the libraries which has special facilities for caring for them. So many irreplaceable documents have been lost through being stored in buildings which have caught fire.
b. Typescripts and Microfilm
All the manuscript letters collected by Mr Algar Williams, the manuscript letters and journals held in the C.M.S. archives in London, as well as other manuscript letters, have been typed, and have been collated by Mr Williams, who has deposited them in the Auckland Museum Library. The typescripts of the letters are bound in six volumes: Vol I, 1822–9. Vol II, 1830–8. Vol III, 1839–44. Vol IV 1845–6. Vol V, 1847–8. Vol. VI, 1849–50. There is much interesting material in these letters, especially as they supplement the entries in the journals. Typescripts are also available at the Turnbull and Hocken libraries. Turnbull Library possesses a microfilm of the journals now published.
II. Other Contemporary Manuscripts
The journals and letters of contemporary C.M.S. missionaries are of great importance for a study of the period, and fill out and confirm many points touched upon lightly by Henry Williams. The originals of these journals and letters are scattered about in various libraries, in the archives of the C.M.S., London, and in the hands of private individuals. page 496 The missionaries were expected to report regularly to their London headquarters, and did this in journals and letters. At least some of these journals were compiled from notes or diaries which were recorded from day to day, and some of these notes and diaries are still extant. This explains why there are sometimes originals of journals of similar dates lodged in different places.
“The Union Catalogue of Manuscripts held in New Zealand Libraries,” and its supplement, is a useful but incomplete list. There is an urgent need for a complete and accurate record of original material, typescripts and microfilms held in Government archives, in libraries and by private individuals. Such a record would require a great deal of research, and should not be left as a task for the overburdened staffs of the libraries.
As far as can be ascertained, the following list gives the present lodging places of the original manuscripts of the early C.M.S. missionaries, and of the typescripts of those manuscripts. Some New Zealand libraries also possess microfilms of the original journals and letters held in overseas archives and libraries.
Ashwell, B. Y., The original journals and letters to the C.M.S. dating from 1834 to 1869 are in the archives of the C.M.S., London. Typescripts of these are available in the Turnbull and Auckland Museum libraries.
Baker, Charles B. The original journals and letters of 1849–1849, written from East Cape, Tauranga, Auckland and Waiapu, are in the archives of the C.M.S., and typescripts of these are in the Turnbull, Hocken and Auckland Museum libraries. Original manuscripts of journals written from 1827 to 1867 are in the Auckland Museum, and typescripts of letters written from 1827 to 1867 are in Turnbull Library.
Brown, A. N. Original journals dated 1829–1829 and 1835–1835 are with the C.M.S., and typescripts of these are held by Turnbull and Auckland Museum. Original letters from 1829–1829 are also with the C.M.S., and typescripts of these are in Hocken, Turnbull and Auckland Museum. Turnbull also has a typescript of letters written to Selwyn and others during 1852–1852. The original notes from which Brown compiled his C.M.S. journals of 1835–1835 are held at the Elms, Tauranga, and typescripts of these notes from 1835–1835 are in Hocken, Auckland Museum, Turnbull and the Auckland University.
Buller, James. Turnbull Library holds original journals for 1835, 1838–1838, 1871, 1879–1879, 1883, original letters for 1823–1823, and the original notes upon which Buller's journals were based.
Butler, J. The Hocken Library has original journals and letters of 1819–1819. Typescripts of the original journals of 1830–1830 held in the archives of the C.M.S. are in the Turnbull Library.
Chapman, Thomas. Original journals and letters of 1830–1830 are held by the C.M.S., and typescripts of these are in the Auckland Museum and Auckland Public libraries, which also have typescripts of letters page 497 written from Maketu during 1855–1855 to “a dear friend”. Some original letters written during 1857–1857 to T. H. Smith are in the Auckland Museum, and a typescript of these is in Turnbull.
Clarke, George. Hocken Library possesses original journals and letters from 1822 to 1871. Bound with these are some of the letters and journals of George Clarke jnr. Some original letters to Selwyn and others are in the Auckland Museum.
Davis, Charles. Original journals of 1827–1827 are in Turnbull.
Hadfield, Octavius. Original journals and letters of 1833–1833 are in the Wellington Public Library, which also has a typescript of original letters of 1839 held by the Turnbull Library. The library of the Department of Internal Affairs has some original letters of 1838–1838, and typescripts of these are in the Turnbull and Wellington Public libraries.
Hall, William. The Hocken Library has original journals and letters of 1819–1819.
Hamlin, J. Original journals and letters of 1835–1835 are also in Hocken.
Kemp, James. Original journals from 1823–1823 are in the Auckland Public Library, and typescripts of these are in Hocken. Mr A. E. Kemp possesses originals of journals of 1829–1829 and 1848–1848, and typescripts of these are in the General Assembly Library and the Turnbull Library. Hocken holds the original of the 1814 journal, and a typescript of this is in the Auckland Museum Library. Hocken holds also the originals of journals and letters from 1819–1819, which are bound in with other C.M.S. material. Auckland Public Library has the originals of letters written during 1823–1823 and 1831–1831, typescripts of which are in Hocken. Auckland Public Library also possesses original letters on land claims written during 1847–1847. Original letters and documents of the period 1831–1831 are in the Auckland Museum.
Kendall, Thomas. Hocken holds original journals of 1815 and 1817 and original letters of 1831–1831. Much of these journals and letters has been published in Marsden's Lieutenants, edited by Elder. The Mitchell Library, Sydney, possesses the original journal of Kendall's voyage from Port Jackson to New Zealand in 1814; a typescript of this is in the Auckland Museum and Auckland Public libraries.
King, J. Hocken has the original journals and letters of 1819–1819. These were edited by Elder and published in Marsden's Lieutenants. Original letters of 1808–1808 are in the archives of the C.M.S., and a microfilm of these is in Hocken.page 498
Matthews, J. Original journals and letters are in Mitchell, and Auckland Museum has four letters written from 1848–1848.
Maunsell, R. The whereabouts of Maunsell's journals is unknown. In the C.M.S. archives are original letters written during 1866–1866, and typescripts of these are in Turnbull and Auckland Public libraries.
Morgan, John. Original journals and letters of 1833–1833 are with the C.M.S., and typescripts of these are in the Auckland Public and Museum libraries. Typescripts of letters written from Otawhao in 1833–1833 and of others “to a friend” in 1836–1836 are in the Auckland Museum.
Preece, J. Auckland Public Library has the “Preece Papers”, which consist of a miscellaneous collection of material, with family letters of 1828–1828. The collection contains a brief biography of Mrs Preece, née Mary Ann Williams.
Puckey, W. G. Original journals and letters of 1831–1831 are with the C.M.S., and typescripts of these are in the Auckland Museum, the Turnbull and the Auckland Public libraries.
Shepherd, J. Original journals and letters are in Mitchell.
Taylor, R. Original journals of 1820–1820 are with the C.M.S., and typescripts of these are in Turnbull and the Auckland Museum. Original letters of 1866–1866 are also with the C.M.S., and typescripts of these are in the Turnbull and Auckland Public libraries. Turner holds inward correspondence of 1854–1854, and outward correspondence of 1850. The Auckland Public Library holds some 240 items including original letters, memorandum books, notes on various aspects of New Zealand life, &c.
Wade, W. R. Hocken possesses a manuscript transcript made from the original journals of 1834–1834 by Dr Hocken, who condensed the material considerably. Wade's Journey in the Northern Island of New Zealand was based on the original journals, the present whereabouts of which is unknown.
Williams, William. Originals of journals of 1825–1825 are in Turnbull. In the C.M.S. archives are original journals of 1825–1825, and typescripts of these are in Turnbull and the Auckland Museum. A manuscript journal written in London during 1851–1851 is in the Auckland Museum, which also holds original letters written during 1822–1822; typescripts of these letters are in Turnbull. Other original letters of 1822–1822, and extracts of letters written to Mrs Heathcote during 1865–1865 are also in Turnbull.
Wilson, J. A. Original journals and letters of 1833–1833 are in the C.M.S. archives, and typescripts of these are in Turnbull, Auckland Public and Auckland Museum libraries.1
III. Printed Sources
a. Parliamentary Papers, Records and Journals
Copies or Extracts of all Communications received by the Colonial Office relative to an Expedition sent out from New South Wales to New Zealand in August or September last [Colonial Office, September 1835]
Report of Select Committee on Aborigines (British Settlements) [136, 7]
Report of the Lords' Committee on the Present State of New Zealand 
Correspondence with the Secretary of State relative to New Zealand 
Report of the House of Commons Committee 
Historical Records of Australia
Historical Records of New South Wales, F. M. Bladen
Historical Records of New Zealand, R. McNab
The Letters and Journals of Samuel Marsden, J. R. Elder
Marsden's Lieutenants, J. R. Elder
b. Periodicals and Newspapers
The Church Missionary Register
The Missionary Record
The Colonial Church Chronicle
The Wesleyan Methodist Magazine
The Journal of the Polynesian Society
Transactions of the New Zealand Institute
Reports and Proceedings of the Church Missionary Society
IV. Contemporary Works and Pamphlets
Bays, PeterA Narrative of the Wreck of the Minerva 
Beecham, J.Remarks on Documents re New Zealand 
Bright, JohnHandbook for Emigrants and Others 
Buchan, JohnRemarks upon the Latest Official Documents Relating to New Zealand… 
Burns, BarnetA Brief Narrative of the Remarkable History of Barnet Burns an English Sailor… 
Byrne, J. C.Twelve Years' Wanderings in British Colonies, 1835–1847 
Carmichael, H.Hints Relating to Emigrant and Emigration 
Coates, DandesonThe Principles, Objects and Plan of the New Zealand Association… 
— —The Present State of the New Zealand Mission 
Dumont d'Urville. J.Histoire du Voyage de la Corvette, l'Astrolabe, … 1826–1829. 5 vols page 500
Dumont d'Urville. J.Voyage au Pole Sud et dans l'Oceanie sur les Corvettes l'Astrolabe et la Zelee… 1837–1837. 10 vols 
Dumont d'Urville. J.Voyage Pittoresque autour du monde … 2 vols 
Du Petit-Thouars, A.Voyage autour du monde sur le fregate la Venus… 1836–1836 … 4 vols [1840–1840]
Darwin, CharlesJournal of Researches… during the Voyage Round the World of H.M.S. Beagle 
Dillon, PeterAdvantages to be Derived from the Establishment of Well-Conducted Settlements in New Zealand 
Dillon, PeterNarrative… of a Voyage in the South Seas … 2 vols 
Earle, A.A Nine Months' Residence in New Zealand in 1827 
Fox, W.Colonization and New Zealand 
Hinds, S.The Latest Official Documents Relating to New Zealand… 
Jamieson, R. G.Travels in New Zealand, South Australia and New South Wales 
Knight, CharlesThe New Zealanders 
Lang, J. D.New Zealand in 1839… 
Laplace, Cyrille P. T.Campagne de circumnavigation de la fregate l'Artemise… 1837–1837. 6 vols [1841–1841]
Laplace, Cyrille P. T.Voyage autour du monde par les mers de l'Inde et de Chine .. sur la corvette … la Favourite. 5 vols [1833–1833]
Lesson, Rene P.Voyage autour du monde… sur la corvette, la Coquille. 2 vols [1838–1838]
Martin, S. M. D.New Zealand in a Series of Letters… 
Murray, H.Adventures of British Seamen in the Southern Ocean 
Polack, J. S.A. Narrative of Travels and Adventure in New Zealand 
Polack, J. S.Manners and Customs of the New Zealanders 
Walton, J.Twelve Months' Residence in New Zealand 
Wesleyan MissionariesNew Zealand Narrative 
Wade, Rev. W. R.A Journey in the North Island of New Zealand 
Yate, W.A Letter to the Committee of the Church Missionary Society 
Yate, W.An Account of New Zealand 
V. Later Works, Pamphlets, &c.
Barton, R. J.Earliest New Zealand 
Beaglehole, J.Captain Hobson and the New Zealand Company 
Beaglehole, J.Early Exploration in the Pacific 
Best. ElsdonThe Maori As He Was [1924, 1956]
Buick, T. L.The Treaty of Waitangi [3rd edition 1936]
Buller, Rev. J.Forty Years in New Zealand 
Burdon, R. M.New Zealand Notables. Vol I 
Burrows, Rev. R.Heke's War in The North (1845 Diary) 
Butchers, A. G.Young New Zealand 
Cambridge History of the British Empire, Vol 7
Carleton, Hugh.A Page from the History of New Zealand… 
Carleton, Hugh.Postscript to “A Page from the History of N.Z.” [N.D.]
Chamerovzow, L. A.The New Zealand Question and the Rights of the Aborigines 
Clark, A. H.The Invasion of New Zealand by People, Plants and Animals 
Clarke, GeorgeNotes on Early Life in New Zealand 
Coleman, H.A Memoir of the Rev. Richard Davis 
Condliffe, J. B.New Zealand in the Making 
Cowan, JamesThe New Zealand Wars. 2 vols [1st edition 1922, 2nd edition 1955]
Cowan, JamesA Trader in Cannibal Land 
Dakin, W. J.Whalemen Adventurers 
Davidson, J. W.New Zealand, 1820–1820: An Essay in Re-interpretation [Historical Studies, Australia and New Zealand, Vol 5, No 10. May 1953]
Elder, J. R. (Ed.)The Letters and Journals of Samuel Marsden 
Elder, J. R. (Ed.)The Pioneer Explorers of New Zealand 
Field, A. N.Nelson Province, 1642–1642 
Gudgeon, T. W.History and Doings of the Maoris from 1820 to 1840 
Harcourt, M.The Day Before Yesterday: A Short History of the Bay of Islands 
Harrop, A. J.England and New Zealand from Tasman to the Taranaki War 
Hill, H.Early Printing in New Zealand [Trans. N.Z. Inst., 1900]
Hocken, T. M.Bibliography of New Zealand Literature page 502
Hocken, T. M.Early Visits of the French to New Zealand [Trans. N.Z. Inst., 1907]
Hocken, T. M.On Literature in New Zealand [Trans. N.Z. Inst., 1907]
Howard, B.Rakiura, Stewart Island, New Zealand 
Jackson, Mrs J. H.Annals of a New Zealand Family [N.D.]
Jacobs, H.The Dioceses of New Zealand 
Johnstone, S. M.Samuel Marsden 
Kelly, L. G.Tainui: The Story of Hoturoa and his Descendants 
Keys, LillianThe Life and Times of Bishop Pompallier 
McLintock, A. H., Crown Colony Government in New Zealand 
McLymont, W. G.Exploration in New Zealand [1st edition 1940, 2nd 1959]
McNab, R.From Tasman to Marsden 
McNab, R.Old Whaling Days 
Maning, F. E.Old New Zealand 
Marais, J. S.The Colonization of New Zealand 
Miller, H. G.New Zealand 
Monfat, Le P. A.Les Origines de la Foi Catholique dans la Nouvelle Zelande 
Morley, WilliamHistory of Methodism in New Zealand 
Morrell, W. P.New Zealand 
Ngata, A. T.Nga Moteatea 
Pompallier, Rt Rev. J. B. F.Early History of the Catholic Church in Oceania 
Purchas, H. T.The English Church in New Zealand 
Ramsden, E.Busby of Waitangi 
Ramsden, E.Marsden and the Missions 
Reeves, W. P.The Long White Cloud [1950 edition]
Robley, Major-GeneralMoko, or Maori Tattooing 
Ross. Ruth M.New Zealand's First Capital 
Rutherford, J.The Treaty of Waitangi, and the Acquisition of British Sovereignty in New Zealand 
Saint-John, J. H. H.Pakeha Rambles Through Maori Lands 
Scholefield, G. H.Dictionary of New Zealand Biography 
Sherrin, R. A. and Wallace, J. H. Early History of New Zealand 
Sinclair, KeithA History of New Zealand 
Smith, S. PercyMaori Wars of the Nineteenth Century [2nd edition 1910]
Smith, S. PercyThe Peopling of the North page 503
Stock, EugeneHistory of the Church Missionary Society 
Strachan, A.The Life of the Rev. Samuel Leigh 
Thomson, A. S.The Story of New Zealand… 
Turner, J. G.The Life of the Rev. Nathaniel Turner 
Warren, J.Christian Missions to the Aborigines of New Zealand 
White, J.Ancient History of the Maori. 6 vols [1887–1887]
Williams, A. M. S. M.William Gilbert Puckey 
Williams, H. W.A Bibliography of Printed Maori 
Williams, W.Letter to the Rt Hon. the Earl of Chichester 
Williams, W.Christianity Among the New Zealanders 
Williams, W.Plain Facts Relative to the Late War… 
Wilson, J. J.The Church in New Zealand page breakpage 505page break
1 The full names of the libraries referred to in the above list are: The Auckland Institute and Museum Library; The Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington; The Auckland Public Library; The Hocken Library, Dunedin; The Library of the General Assembly, Wellington; The Library of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Wellington; The Mitchell Library, Sydney; the Wellington Public Library.