Nineteenth Century New Zealand Artists: A Guide & Handbook
In January 1828 the artist Augustus Earle wrote of Captain Gardiner of the whaler Marianne visiting the Bay of Islands. Gardiner, spelt “Gardner” by the Rev. Henry Williams, told Earle that he was the oldest of the South Seas whaler captains and that he had visited the Bay of Islands for the past 20 years. A watercolour of Kororareka [Russell] by Thomas Gardiner is similar topographically to one painted by Earle.