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Grammar of the New Zealand Language

Table of Contents

page XIII

Table of Contents.

Chap. I.
The letters of Maori 1
Of the sound of the Vowels 14
Of the Diphthongs 47
Homogeneous Sounds, when they meet in a sentence 7
Of the Consonants 79
A table of peculiarities of pronunciation in the principal dialects 9
Chap. II.
Of the Article.
The Articles 10
Of the definite article te 1012
Of its plural nga 12
Of the indefinite article he 12
Of te tahi when used as an article 1213
Of the particle a 1315
Chap. III.
Of The Nouns.
Nouns primitive and derivative 16
Compound words 17
Verbal nouns 1718
Proper names 1819
Gender of nouns 1920
Number of nouns 21
Of the postfix ma 21
Reduplication of nouns 21
Cases of nouns 22
Chap. IV.
Of The Adjectives.
Their gender, number, and case 23
Reduplication of 23
Chap. V.
Of the Numerals.
Of the cardinals 24
Their prefixes 24
Their manner of combination, &c. 25
Prefixes for denoting
—— persons 26
—— distribution 26
—— fractions of length 26
Three ways for denoting them 26
Chap. VI.
Of the Pronouns.
Of the personal pronouns 2729
Of the possessive pronouns 29 page XIV
Of the relative pronouns 2930
Of the demonstrative pronouns 3031
Of nei, na, and ra 30
Of the interrogative pronouns 31
Mode of supplying the defect of distributive pronouns 32
Of the indefinite pronouns 3233
Chap. VII.
Of the Verbs.
Verbs primitive, derivative, and compound 3435
Mood 3536
Tense 3638
Imperative mood 3942
Paradigm of tense in simple sentences 4252
Passive voice (table of examples) 48
—— remarks on 49
Verbal nouns (their formation) 5152
Neuter verbs 52
Participial adjectives 53
Chap. VIII.
Of the Prepositions.
List of prepositions 5556
Remarks on them 5664
Proper meaning of na, ma, &c. 6472
Chap. IX.
Of the Adverbs.
Primitive and derivative adverbs 7374
Classification and list of adverbs and adverbial expressions 7486
Chap. X.
Of the Particles.
Atu, mai, ake, iho, ai, ano, ra, koa, u, hoki, kau 8794
Chap. XI.
Of the conjunctions 9598
Chap. XII.
Of the interjections 99101
Chap. XIII.
Of the Syntax.
Preliminary Remarks.
Terms explained 102
Complex and incomplex propositions 103
Remarks on the general features of Maori 103104
Epanorthosis 104105
Chap. XIV.
Syntax of the Article.
Ko an article 106
Its peculiar features 106109
The omission of the article 109
He and te tahi 109110
The particle a 110111page XV
Chap. XV.
Syntax of the Noun.
Nouns in apposition 112
Article prefixed to them 112
Preposition 113
Exceptions 113114
Clauses in epanorthosis, irregularity of 114
The answer to a question, construction of 114–115
Possessive Case denotes
——Intensity 115
——Date of an act 115
——Useful in predication 115
——Used instead of other cases 116
——Position of, when the governing word is twice repeated 116
——Governing word often omitted 116
Material, or quality, of a thing how denoted by a subtantive 116117
The form of the substantive often used for that of the adjective 117
Objective Case.
——position of 117118
How compound words govern others 118
Kai prefixed to a verb. 118
Te prefixed to proper names 118
Ngati and rangi 118
O and A, distinction between 118120
Chap. XVI.
Syntax of the Adjectives.
Position of adjectives 121
Verbal adjectives 121
Exceptions 121122
Many adjectives to one substantive 122
One adjective to two or more substantives 122123
Of the forms occasionally assumed by the adjective 123
Comparison of adjectives 123125
Chap. XVII.
Syntax of Numerals.
Particles prefixed to numerals 126127
Case following 127
Position of numeral 127
Repetition of numeral 127128
Tua and whaka as numeral prefixes 128129
Chap. XVIII.
Syntax of Pronouns.
Position of pronouns 130
Often omitted 130131
Singular and dual often denote a tribe 131
——Other uses of 131
A Pronoun in the singular will refer to a noun in the plural 131
——in the third person will refer to the first or second person 131132
——used for the conjunction and 132 page XVI
The noun belonging to the pronoun often omitted 132
Relative Pronouns, the substitutes for them 132133
Demonstrative Pronouns.
——useful as auxiliaries 133
——other peculiarities of 133134
Nei, na, and ra 134
Interrogative Pronouns (strange use of) 134135
Chap. XIX.
Syntax of the Verb.
The Verbal Particles.
E 136137
Ana 137
E—ana 138
Ka 138139
I 139
Kua 139142
Kia 143144
Kia and ki te, distinction between 144
Sometimes no verbal particle prefixed 144145
Ai, as used in connexion with the verb 145147
Whaka, uses of 147149
Adverbs as auxiliaries 149
Defect of substantive verb, how supplied 149150
Prepositions as auxiliaries 150
Tendency of Maori verb to assume the form of a substantive 150152
The finite verb may follow the oblique case 152
Predication performed by the possessive case 152155
Compound tenses 155
Other circumstances which affect the time or voice of a verb 155159
Verbs associated to qualify each other 159
Repetition of verbs 159
—of other words 159160
Passive verbs, use of 160
Sometimes supplanted by the active 160162
Neuter verbs which assume the passive form 162
Chap. XX.
Of the Prepositions, Adverbs, and Conjunctions. 163167