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The Origins of International Rivalry in Samoa: 1845–1884

II. Primary Sources. Published

II. Primary Sources. Published

A. Great Britain

(i)

British and Foreign State Papers.

Vol. 33. 1844–45, pp. 52–54. Commercial regulations made by the principal chiefs of the Samoa or Navigator Islands. November 5, 1839.

Vol. 69. 1877–78, p. 76. Treaty of Friendship and Commerce between the United States and Samoan Islands, January 17, 1878.

Vol. 70. 1878–79, pp. 133–35. Treaty of Friendship between Great Britain and the King and Government of Samoa, August 28, 1879.

(Also in P.P., 1881, Vol. 99, c. 2747.)

page 201

Vol. 70. 1878–79, pp. 241–46. Treaty of Friendship between Germany and Samoa, January 24, 1879.

Vol. 70. 1878–79, pp. 294–96. Convention—for the government of the town and district of Apia.

(Also in P.P., 1881, Vol. 99, c. 2748.)

Vol. 70. 1878–79, pp. 1192–93. Address—to the chiefs and rulers—of Samoa, July 2, 1879.

Vol. 73. 1881–82, pp. 1170–72. Treaty between Germany and Samoa for cessation of civil war, December 18, 1879.

Vol. 73. 1881–82, pp. 1173–76. Agreement between Germany and Samoa, December 23, 1879.

Vol. 75. 1883–84, pp. 508–10. Agreement between Germany and Samoa, November 10, 1884.

Vol. 76. 1884–85, pp. 778–811. Correspondence between Great Britain and Germany respecting New Guinea, Samoa, etc., 1884–85.

Vol. 79. 1887–88, pp. 900–62. Protocols of conferences between Great Britain, Germany, and the United States respecting the affairs of Samoa, June 25–July 26, 1887.

(ii)

Parliamentary Papers (Accounts and Papers).

Consular reports on trade and shipping. These are short and sometimes admittedly inaccurate.

1854–55 Vol. LV. Extract by Pritchard, December 31, 1854 (No. 2006), p. 75.

1860 Vol. LXV. Abstract for 1858 (No. 2753), pp. 14–15.

1862 Vol. LXVIII. Report of Williams for 1859 (No. 3054), p. 98.

1863 Vol. LXX. Report of Williams for 1862 (No. 3222), p. 252.

1864 Vol. LXI. Report of Williams for 1863 (No. 3392), pp. 183–84.

1866 Vol. LXIX. Report of Williams for 1864 (No. 3582), pp. 730–31.

1867–68 Vol. LXVIII. Report of Williams for 1866 (No. 3953), pp. 171–72.

page 202

1870 Vol. LXIV. Report of Williams for 1868 (c. 19), pp. 49–50.

1871 Vol. LXV. Report of Williams for 1869 (c. 343), PP. 156–57.

1871 Vol. LXVI. Report of Williams for 1870 (c. 429), p. 915.

1872 Vol. LVIII. Report of Williams for 1871 (c. 637), pp. 1179–80.

1872 Vol. LXI. Report on Consular Establishments, 1871 (c. 661), pp. 15–18.

1873 Vol. LXV. Report of Williams for 1872 (c. 828), pp. 923–24.

1873 Vol. LXVII. Letter of Williams, August 24, 1872 (c. 799), p. 347.

1874 Vol. LXVII. Report of Williams for 1873 (c. 1079), pp. 1403–4.

1875 Vol. LXXVI. Report of Williams for 1874 (c. 1284), pp. 1257–58.

1876 Vol. LXXVI. Report of Williams for 1875 (c. 1589), pp. 1424–27.

1880 Vol. LXXIII. Report of Consul Swainston for 1878 (c. 2460), pp. 110–11.

1880 Vol. LXXIV. Report of Consul Graves for 1879 (c. 2577), pp. 813–15.

1883 Vol. LXXIII. Report of Consul Churchward for 1882 (c. 3631), pp. 796–98.

1884 Vol. LXXX. Report of Consul Churchward for 1883 (c. 4030), pp. 1052–53.

Parliamentary Papers (Sessional Papers). (For Treaties, see British and Foreign State Papers.)

1889. Vol. LXXVI. c. 5629. Samoa—Correspondence respecting the affairs of Samoa.

(This includes a folded plan of the Municipal and Neutral territory.)

Report of the Select Committee of the House of Commons.

page 203

New Zealand.

1874. Appendix to the Journal of the House of Representatives. Vol. 1. A. 3. Papers relating to the South Sea Islands.

(This includes: (a) the correspondence between New Zealand Governors and the British Colonial Office, 1871–74; (b) Report on the Navigator Islands by William Seed; (c) Report by H. B. Sterndale.)

Australia.

Victoria.

Papers presented to Parliament, 1883, pp. 96–102.

Report on the Australasian Convention, 1883.

New South Wales.

Legislative Assembly. Votes and Proceedings, 1883–84. 3rd Session. Vol. 9, pp. 106–13.

Proceedings of the Inter-Colonial Convention.

B. United States

(i)

Congress Documents.

35th Congress, 2nd Sess., House Report. No. 212.

Case—Aaron van Camp and Virginius P. Chapin, March 3, 1859, p. 18.

43rd Congress, 1st Sess., Senate Ex. Doc. No. 45.

Message from the President of the United States—transmitting the Report upon Samoa of Colonel Steinberger, April 22, 1874, p. 58.

44th Congress, 1st Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 161.

Message from the President—transmitting a Report from the Secretary of State and accompanying papers, May 2, 1876, p. 125.

44th Congress, 2nd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 44.

Message from the President—transmitting the Report of the Secretary of State concerning the Agency of A. B. Steinberger in the Samoan Islands, March 2, 1877, p. 159.

46th Congress, 1st Sess., Senate Ex. Doc. No. 2.

Message from the President of the United States, communicating information in relation to the Samoan Islands, March 21, 1879, p. 29.

page 204

50th Congress, 1st Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 238.

American Rights in Samoa, April 2, 1888, p. 311 (folded maps).

(This includes the Treaties, Municipal Convention, also the Reports of Thurston, Travers, and Bates in 1886.)

(ii) Richardson, J. D. A compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789–97. 10 Vols. Washington, 1896–99.

Vol. 7, pp. 162, 168, 203, 361, 428. Affairs of the Samoan Islands, and the policy of the United States regarding them, discussed by President Grant.

Vol. 7, pp. 469, 481, 497, 570, 611, discussed by President Hayes.

(iii)

Papers relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States. Government Printing Office, Washington, 1878–1901.

1878, pp. 165–66. Attack upon the United States Consulate at Apia, September 21, 1877.

1879, pp. 381–83. Text of German Treaty with Samoa—signed, January 24, 1879. Debate in the Reichstag upon the Treaty, pp. 388–92, 397.

(iv)

Bureau of Foreign Commerce.

In this class are the Reports upon trade from the United States Consul at Apia.

34th Congress, 3rd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 60, pp. 392–93. Report for 1856.

35th Congress, 1st Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 17, pp. 203, 204, 456, 457. Report for 1857.

37th Congress, 3rd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 63, Pt. 1, p. 607. No. 246, Pt. 2. Report for 1862.

38th Congress, 1st Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 41, pp. 555, 858. Report for 1863.

38th Congress, 2nd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 60, p. 691. Report for 1864.

39th Congress, 1st Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 56, pp. 513–16, 770. Report for 1865.

page 205

39th Congress, 2nd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 81, pp. 546–47, 810. Report for 1866.

40th Congress, 2nd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 160, pp. 720–21. Report for 1867.

40th Congress, 3rd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 87, pp. 638–39. Report for 1868.

41st Congress, 3rd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 93, pp. 444, 446. Report for 1870.

42nd Congress, 3rd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 160, p. 708. Report for 1872.

43rd Congress, 1st Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 143, p. 886. Report for 1874.

44th Congress, 1st Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 166, pp. 1158–65. Report for 1875.

45th Congress, 3rd Sess., House Ex. Doc. No. 108, pp. 1029–38. Report for 1878.

Consular Reports (House Misc. Docs.)

48th Congress, 1st Sess., Cons. Report. No. 3. Vol. 2, pp. 179, 180. Products and trade of Samoa, September 18, 1880.

48th Congress, 1st Sess., Cons. Report. No. 31. Vol. 10, pp. 98–101. Commerce and products of Samoa, December 31, 1882.

48th Congress, 1st Sess., Cons. Report. No. 36. Vol. 11, p. 227. American trade in Samoa, September 3, 1883.

48th Congress, 2nd Sess., Cons. Report. No. 45. Vol. 14, pp. 100, 110. Commerce of Samoa, June 30, 1884.

49th Congress, 1st Sess., Cons. Report. No. 54. Vol. 16, pp. 488–92. Agriculture in Samoa, December 31, 1884.

50th Congress, 1st Sess., Cons. Report. No. 97. Vol. 27, pp. 409–11. German Plantations in Samoa, August 15, 1888.

page 206

C. Germany

(i)

Lepsius, Bartholdy und Thimme.—Die Grosse Politik der Europäischen Kabinette, 1871–1914. Berlin, 1924. There is little relating directly to Samoa within the period under consideration.

Book IV, pp. 150, 175 relates to certain negotiations in 1886, 1887.

Book XIV, Pt. 2, Chap. XCVI, pp. 565–75, relates to the negotiations of 1898–99.

(ii)

Weissbücher—Auswärtiges Amt.—These are for the most part later than the period under consideration. They include trade reports and correspondence.

Vol 1.

Weissbuch, 1st Sess., 6. Teil 1. Berlin, 1885, pp. 131–77.

Deutsche Interessen in der Südsee, 1884.

(This gives a full account of the trade of the D.H. & P.G. in the islands. Nos. 1–2, pp. 131–51.)

Vol. 2.

Weissbuch, 1st Sess., 6. Teil 2, pp. 95–184. Deutsche Interessen in der Südsee.

There are also four White Books devoted to affairs in Samoa between 1886–93.

Vol. 5, 4th Sess., 7. Samoa I, 1889, pp. 1–95.

Vol. 6, 4th–5th Sess., 7. Samoa II, 1899, pp. 1–61.

Vol. 8, 5th Sess., 7 and 8. Samoa III, 1890, pp. 47–99.

Vol. 13, 2nd Sess., 8. Samoa IV, 1893, pp. 1–198.

D. France

Documents Diplomatiques Français. Paris, 1929. 1871–1914. 1re Serie 2, pp. 402, 486, 494.