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The Atoll of Funafuti, Ellice group : its zoology, botany, ethnology and general structure based on collections made by Charles Hedley of the Australian Museum, Sydney, N.S.W.

Hand-nets

page 277

Hand-nets.

"Tei" is the name of a small hand-net (figs. 42, 43) for use in the rock pools of the reef at low tide. It consists of a bag net mounted upon a frame and set upon a stout ten-foot pole, probably of
Fig. 42.

Fig. 42.

Fig. 43.

Fig. 43.

Thespesia. The frame is in four pieces, apparently Rhizophora wood. Two forks, somewhat the shape selected by boat-builders for knees, are so trimmed and set that while the shorter arms, three inches long, clasp the handle, being lashed thereto with fine sinnet, the longer arms, nineteen inches long and half an inch in diameter, continue nearly in the plane of the pole and diverge symmetrically from each other at an angle of about forty-five degrees. Two shorter pieces, about ten inches long and a third of an inch thick, are at their bases jointed on to the inner extremities of the longer arms, by the same method as the former are attached to the pole, while their extremities are crossed and lashed together. These shorter pieces are so bent that the end of the net is almost at right angles to the remainder of the frame, (fig. 43). Additional security is given by a piece of hard wood, probably Pemphis, six inches long, set T-wise on the end of the pole, and firmly lashed both to it and to the frame of the net. The bag is pointed, shallow, about a foot deep, sixteen inches long and fourteen inches wide, of three-quarter inch mesh of fine sinnet. The knot employed in meshing is the universal bow-line or weaver's knot.* The bag is fastened to the frame by a cord

* For instances of the use of this knot by Australian Aborigines, se Brough Smyth—Aborigines of Victoria, i., 1878, p. 390, fig. 225, and R. Etheridge, Junr.—Macleay Memorial Vol., 1893, p. 249, pl. xxxii., fig. 9. For Polynesian instances see p. 64 of this work.

page 278threaded through a mesh of each row and carried spirally along the frame.

No net quite like this seems to be represented in literature, the nearest approach being one figured by Finsch* from the Gilbert Islands.

* Finsch—loc. cit., p. 56, fig. 4.