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The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Otago & Southland Provincial Districts]



Outram is a country town in the Taieri Plain, and is connected by a branch railway with Mosgiel, distant nine miles. It has a population of 500 souls, two churches, a state school, post and telegraph offices, two banks, two hotels, two accommodation houses, and is the centre of an agricultural district, which contains some of the best land in Otsago. The township is governed by a Town Board, which first took office in 1882. A disastrous flood occurred at Outram in 1868, causing great destruction to property and the loss of a young settler's life. Many houses were undermined, and others were washed away, including the courthouse, and parts of the constable's residence. At the time of the Dunstan “rush,” the armed escort had quarters at Outram. Formerly the streets were lighted with kerosene, which has been superseded by electric light. The water supply is obtained by filterage from the Taieri river, the reservoir (an elevated iron tank of 4000 gallons, which supplies the town) being


page 642 filled with the aid of steam power from the filterage well. Outram is one of the finest and healthiest places in New Zealand, and is a favourite resort for excursionists from Dunedin. The roads are good and fit for cycling. There are several endowments, one of eighteen acres, used as a domain and place of resort for excursionists and another of 375 acres along the river Taieri. There is also a recreation ground of about six acres planted with macrocarpa trees for shelter and with a well laid cycle track.

Outram Town Board . The first chair-man of this board was Mr. Donald Borrie, and the present chairman is Mr. William Snow, who has filled the position since 1883. Messrs A. Chisholm, P. K. Low, G. Rutherford and T. A. White are the other members; Mr. John Grant, clerk. The total rateable value of properties in the town amounts to £36,000, the annual income is about £228, and the expenditure £185. The board is free from debt. The township is supplied with electric light, and with a good supply of pure water from a small burn or creek called the Whare Creek. The cost of the work was paid out of the fees obtained from licensing the sale of whisky, etc.

Mr. William Snow , J.P., Chairman of the Outram Town Board, was born in London in 1838. He emigrated with his parents to New South Wales in 1841, and in 1851 went, to the first gold “rush” at Summer Hill Creek, and thence to Turon. In May,
Mr. W. Snow.

Mr. W. Snow.

1853, he was at Bendigo and Bandicoot Gully in Victoria, and remained there mining for some time, and he was also a teamster for a number of years. He was at Ballarat at the time of the riots, and his sympathy was with the diggers, to quell whom the Government of Victoria sent men from the 12th and 40th Regiments, and from the warships “Electric” and “Victoria.” He then went to Melbourne, where he had forwarding agency businesses successively in Elizabeth Street, Flinders Lane and Little Collins Street. Mr. Snow came to New Zealand to the Dunstan “rush” in 1862, and after visiting Nokomai and other places, he returned to Melbourne and brought over his teams, and started carrying to the diggings. In 1863 he began storekeeping at North Taieri, and shortly afterwards at Outram, where he has been so employed ever since. Mr. Snow has filled every position in the district. He was for twenty years a member of the Taieri County Council, and was chairman for four years; and he still holds the corresponding position on the river, town and domain boards. Mr. Snow is a member of the Otago Board of Education, and also of the licensing committee, and is chairman of the Outram Library. He joined the Masonic brotherhood in 1860, and is a Past Master and still a member; and he belongs also to the Oddfellows and Foresters. Mr. Snow is married, and has a family of three sons and four daughters.
Mr. Alexander Chisholm , who is a Member of the Outram Town Board, and also of the West Taieri River Board, was born at Scotlandwell, in Kinrossshire, Scotland, in 1839, and came to New Zealand in 1858, by the ship “Three Bells.” He worked as a carpenter in Dunedian for four or five years, and had engagements with Messrs Monson Bros., builders, and also with Mr. Thomas Gow. On the discovery of gold at Gabriel's Gully, he went to the diggings, where he remained for about three weeks, in the middle of winter, which cured him of gold fever. On his way back to Dunedin, he was nearly lost in a snow-storm on Maungatua. At the death of Mr. Gow, he came to Outram in 1863, and resided on the banks of the Taieri, until the flood of 1868, which resulted in his removing to his present premises at Outram, where he has ever since carried on the business of a contractor and builder. The flood referred to came upon Mr. Chisholm and his wife during the night, when they had to quit their home and carry their two children to places of safety. The water was up to the locks of the doors, and the very path they escaped by was washed away before morning. Mr. Chisholm has been a member of the school committee, page 643 licensing committee, and also a member and for some years chairman of the Taieri County Council. Mrs Chisholm came out by the “Maori” in 1857, and she and her husband have a family of four sons and three daughters.

Mr. George Rutherford , A Member of the Outram Town Board, was born in Inchbonnie, Roxburghshire, Scotland, in 1850. He came out to Dunedin by the ship “Invercargill” in 1875, and was for five years engaged in farriery and smithy work for various employers. Mr. Rutherford still plies that calling at Outram on his own account. He has been for nearly twenty years a member of the Town and Domain Boards, a member of the school committee for fifteen years, of the Taieri Agricultural Society for twenty-two years, and of that Society's committee for fifteen years. Mr. Rutherford has also been a member of the West Taieri Caledonian Society for twenty-three years, and has served as its president. He is also a member of the Otage Agricultural and Pastoral Society, which has its headquarters in Dunedin. Mr. Rutherford is married, and has a family of two sons and four daughters.

Mr. G. Rutherford's Premises.

Mr. G. Rutherford's Premises.

Mr. Thomas Arthur White , who is a Member of the Outram Town Board, was born in Stamford, Lincolnshire, England, in 1859, and educated at Northgate Academy, Lincoln. He was for seven years a chorister in Lincoln Cathedral, and came out to New Zealand in 1879, by the ship “Waitara,” which landed her passengers at Lyttelton. Mr. White went on to Dunedin, and afterwards settled at Outram. For about twelve years he was secretary of the Outram Caledonian Society, and afterwards its president. Until lately he acted as captain of the Outram Cricket Club, and is a captain on the unattached active list of the New Zealand volunteers. He is also secretary of the library committee and of the horticultural society. Mr. White is a member of the Loyal Outram Lodge of Oddfellows, Manchester Unity. He has a surviving family of three sons and five daughters.

The West Taieri River Board was formed about 1870, and owes its establishment to the disastrous flood of 1868, when it became necessary to form protective works in the interests of the district. A raised embankment, about twelve miles long, has been erected on the west bank of the river, about a chain from the bank of the stream, thus enlarging the channel for storm water. Over £30,000 has been spent on the works, which, so far as Outram and the West Taieri lands are concerned, have proved successful, and those districts have sustained no damage from floods since April, 1877. A local loan of £8000 was obtained to start operations. It has been paid off at the rate of £425 in annual instalments, but £1004, bearing interest at 4 1/2 per cent., is still due. Loans amounting to £1003 18s 7d were also obtained from the Government. For the upkeep and other expenses, there is a general rate of one-twelfth of a penny in the pound, and for interest on the loan a special rate of one-twentieth of a penny in the pound. There are 138 ratepayers, and a capital rateable value of £195,660. Members of the Board for 1904: Mr William Snow (chairman), Messrs Alexander Chisholm, George Rutherford, James W. Blair, Samuel Young; John Bathgate and James Patrick; Mr. John Grant, Clerk.

Mr. Richard Thomas Pearce Andrews , formerly a Member of the West Taieri River Board, was born in Plymouth, Devon, in 1827. He first came to Newcastle, New South Wales, in 1857, and was afterwards at Sydney and Melbourne, and visited the gold “rushes” at Bendigo, Ararat, Castlemaine, Ovens, Sandy Creek, Dunolly, Inglewood, and various other places. In 1864 he came to Port Chalmers by the “South Australia,” and, after being some time in the Clutha district, he went to Lawrence, where he was farming for about seventeen years. He then removed to Outram, where he became engaged in store-keeping. Mr. Andrews has had a wide experience with horses; he worked for about nine years at the London Veterinary College, and for many years subsequently he attended to the troop horses. He has one daughter and three grand-daughters. Mr. Andrews now, (1904) resides in Dunedin.

The Taieri Mounted Rifles . This corps was formed in 1901, and is known as F Squadron of the First Battalion, Otago Mounted Rifles. There are forty-five troopers on the roll, and drill is held once a month the Henley division drilling at Henley and the Outram division at Outram. The corps goes into camp for instruction yearly about the end of October. Mr. John Campbell is captain, and Messrs John Andrews and Andrew Chesney, lieutenants.

Captain John Campbell , of the Taieri Mounted Rifles, joined the corps on its formation as a trooper. After three months service he was promoted to the rank of corporal. In March, 1903, he was appointed lieutenant, and promoted to the captaincy on
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.Captain J. Campbell.

Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Captain J. Campbell.

the 21st of June, 1901. Mr. Campbell is an enthusiast in volunteering matters and devotes a considerable amount of time to furthering the interests of his corps. He is referred to in another article as a freehold farmer at Allanton.

The Outram Railway Station , which was opened in October, 1877, is the terminus of the branch railway from Mosgiel. The buildings are of the usual description, and afford all the necessary conveniences for the travelling public. There are also goods and engine sheds, and a crane to lift four tons. Accommodation to truck stock is provided at Shand's flag station, about a mile from Outram. The goods traffic consists chiefly of wool and agricultural products.

Mrs Donella Campbell Little , Mistress of Outram Public School, was born in Dunedin. She was educated at the High Street school, where she served a pupil-teachership of four years, and after two years at the Normal School, was appointed to the charge of Moa Creek school, where she remained for eighteen months. She was then appointed to Waikouaiti, but after serving for fifteen months she resigned her position and was married to Mr. W. J. Little, of Dunedin, bookkeeper at the D.I.C. Mr. Little died in January, 1897. Mrs Little then rejoined the staff of the Otago Education Board, and after acting as relieving teacher at the Normal School and at Mornington, was appointed to the position of mistress at Roxburgh, whence she removed to Outram. Mrs Little holds a D2 certificate.

page 644

White, Thomas Arthur , Chemist, Holyhead Street, Outram. Bankers, Bank of New Zealand. Mr. White served his indentureship with Mr. F. J. Clarke, and began his own business in Outram in 1881. In conjunction with the business of his pharmacy, Mr. White conducts an agency for the “Rower” and “Raglan” bicycles. Mr. White is referred to elsewhere as a member of the Outram Town Board.

Bank Of New Zealand , Outram. This branch was opened in October, 1874. The present bank building is situated at the corner of Hoyelake and Holyhead Streets, and consists of a banking chamber and manager's room. There is also a residence for the manager.

Mr. Edward Mcphail , sometime Accountant of the Bank of New Zealand at Outram, was born at the Plain Station, Papakaio, near Oamaru, in 1870. He entered the bank's service in 1887, and was successively stationed at Oamaru, Timaru, and Ashburton, prior to being appointed to Outram, where he took great interest in local affairs, especially in athletic sports, and was secretary of the Outram Cricket Club, and a member of the Cycling, Caledonian, and Debating Societies. Mr. McPhail was transferred from Outram to Invercargill.

Chisholm, Alexander , Carpenter and Builder, Main Road, Outram. Business established in 1863. Mr. Chisholm is further referred to as a member of the Outram Town Board.

Outram Dairy Factory (Taieri and Peninsula Company, proprietors.) This factory is situated about a mile from the railway station, and was first opened in 1891, by Messrs Cuddie Bros., and the present owners have worked it for about ten years. The daily supply for four months of summer is about 1,200 gallons, and 700 for the balance of the season; in the winter time the supply amounts to about 600 gallons, every other day. There are about thirty suppliers. The factory is equipped with all necessary plant and appliances, and the cream is forwarded to the head factory in Dunedin, and ultimately took charge of the factory at Outram.

Mr. Thomas Duncan Bathgate , formerly Manager of the Outram Dairy Factory, was born in the Taieri district. He was for four years with the company at its head factory in Dunedin, and ultimately took charge of the factory at Outram.

Terminus Hotel (William A. Woods, proprietor), Outram. This fine two storey building stands opposite the railway station and close to the banks and courthouse. It was erected in 1878 by Mr. Iveson, who transferred the license from Woodside to Outram. After the ownership had passed through various hands, it was finally bought by Mr. Woods. The house contains about twenty rooms, including a large dining room, several private parlours, single and double bedrooms, and a billiard room and bathrooms, with hot and cold water and shower connections. The bars are stocked with wines and whiskies of the best brands, and Mr. Woods makes a specialty of finely matured liquors and cigars. In connection with the hotel there are extensive livery and bait stables, where visitors and travellers can be supplied with single and double-seated buggies and gigs, and with saddle horses thoroughly quiet and well broken in. The house is a favourite resort with the general public and is extensively patronised on Sundays by cyclists and visitors from Dunedin, who take advantage of the fine roads for a spin or a drive out to Outram.

Mr. William A. Woods , the Proprietor, is the eldest son of Mr. D. W. Woods, the well known building contractor of Dunedin, and was born in Dunedin, where he was educated at the Christian Brothers' school. He was for a while in the service of Messrs Guthrie and Larnach, and was subsequently in the office of the Victorian Insurance Company. Afterwards he learned with his father the trade of a builder and contractor. Some years later he entered the service of Mr. Walter Guthrie, by whom he was employed as bookkeeper, and was subsequently the firm's travelling representative. On the opening of the Southland Sawmilling Company's business in Dunedin, Mr. Woods was appointed agent, and occupied the position until his retirement five years later, when he bought the Terminus Hotel, at Outram. Mr. Woods is possessed of high musical ability, and was for years a member of the Dunedin Liedertafel Society, and was baritone singer of St. Joseph's choir, Dunedin. He married Miss Owen, daughter of Mr. Owen, of the Farmers' Arms Hotel, South Dunedin, one of the early colonists, and has one son.

Wriggleworth and Binns, photo. Mr. W. A. Woods.

Wriggleworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. W. A. Woods.

Snow, William , General Storekeeper, Timber and Produce Merchant, also Produce and Commission Agent, Bell Street, Outram. Bankers, National Bank of New Zealand. The Outram agencies for the Woods Binder and the National Fire Company are conducted by Mr. Snow, who is further referred to as the chairman of the Outram Town Board.

Bathgate, John , Farmer, “Gowrie,” Outram. Mr. Bathgate was born in Roxburghshire, Scotland, in 1844, and brought up to an agricultural life. He came out to New Zealand in 1861, in the ship “Pladda,” and was for two years engaged with the late Mr. Stevenson, of Wingatui. When the gold diggings broke out, Mr. Bathgate joined in the Dunstan rush, but subsequently bought some land at West Taieri, where he remained till 1896, when he removed to his present property. The farm consists of 522 acres of freehold land, and Mr. Bathgate keeps about 600 Border Leicester crossbred breeding ewes, and thirty Shorthorn cows for dairying purposes; and he also carries on mixed farming. About 250 acres are sown annually with wheat, oats and green crops. The wheat averages fifty bushels, and the oats sixty bushels to the acre. Mr. Bathgate has taken a very active part in public affairs in the Taieri, and was for a time a member of the Outram school committee. He is also a member of the Taieri and Otago Agricultural and Pastoral Societies. Mr. Bathgate was married on the 21st of August, 1872, to a daughter of Mr. Peter Grant, of “Granton,” page 645
Mr. And Mrs J. Bathgate And Family.

Mr. And Mrs J. Bathgate And Family.

West Taieri, and has a family of six sons and three daughters.

Campbell, John , Farmer, Allanton. Mr. Campbell was born at Brighton, Otago, in 1874, and educated at the West Taieri father in farming at Outram. Mr. Campbell was later on for a time engaged at the Woodside creamery, and holds an engineer's certificate. He is president of the Taieri Ploughing Match Society, and has held the championship, besides winning several prizes at the yearly competitions. Mr. Campbell is also president of the Momona Debating Society, and in 1903 held the office of secretary of the Momona school committee. He is a member of the Taieri Agricultural and Pastoral Society, and holds several prizes for hacks, bred and exhibited by himself. Mr. Campbell goes in largely for dairy farming and horse breeding, but he also crops some of his land, and keeps a few ewes for breeding purposes. He is referred to in another article as captain of the Taieri Mounted Rifles.

Dow, James , Farmer, “Carlowrie,” Outram. Mr. Dow is the youngest son of the late Mr. James Dow, of Dowfield, one of the pioneers of West Taieri, and was born at Woodside in 1853. He was educated at the West Taieri school, and subsequently carried on the Dowfield estate, with his brother. On the death of Mr. Dow, senior, the estate was subdivided. Mr. James Dow's portion consists of 118 acres, on which he has erected a handsome villa residence, and substantial outbuildings. Mr. Dow carries on mixed farming and dairying, and also breeds Clydesdale horses. During the lifetime of his father he was a successful exhibitor at the various agricultural and pastoral shows, and took the championship for Romney Marsh sheep. He is a member of the Farmers' Union, and was a volunteer for many years; and as an Oddfellow has passed through several of the chairs of his lodge. Mr. Dow married Miss Cuddie, daughter of Mr. Cuddie, Saddle Hill, who arrived by the “Philip Laing.”

Patrick, James , Leecreek Farm, West Taieri. Leecreek Farm takes its name from the Lee stream which runs through the property, which was formerly a portion of the Shand estate. It consists of 629 acres, and had passed through various hands before 1896, when Mr. Patrick took possession. He has since then spent large sums in improving the estate; and the dwelling house, stables, and other buildings have all been built with a view to endurance. The whole of the land has been thoroughly drained, and, with the deep ploughing system carried on by Mr. Patrick, it is in the highest state of cultivation. The Clydesdales and other pedigree horses bred on the farm are well known throughout New Zealand. Mr. Patrick's imported sires and mares are of the most famous and aristocratic strains in the Old Country, and have won numerous prizes at various shows. The imported sires include “Olydebank,” “Aikenbrae,” and “Agitator.” The stables at Leecreek are of wood, built on concrete foundations, and have concrete floors. There are twelve stalls for draught horses, six loose boxes, and two stalls for hacks. About 200 acres are annually sown with wheat, and forty acres laid down in turnips; the balance is in grass. There are fifty purebred Shropshire rams, and 600 crossbred sheep on the farm. Numerous bullocks are annually fattened, and forty horses, exclusive of foals, fillies, and colts, are kept on the farm.

Mr. James Patrick Is the eldest son of the late Mr. James Patrick, of Queenzieburn, Stirlingshire, Scotland, a most successful breeder of Clydesdale horses, and nephew of Mr. William Patrick, a prominent old colonist of Dunedin. He came to Otago in 1886, and after being for one year on the Levels station at Timaru, removed to Outram and managed his uncle's farm for ten years. In 1890 Mr. Patrick took possession of his present farm. He is a member of the committees of both the Otago and Taieri Agricultural and Pastoral Associations, and has been a successful exhibitor of horses at those shows. Mr. Patrick married Miss Blair, daughter of the late Mr. John Blair, of Outram.

Mr. And Mrs J. Dow And Family.

Mr. And Mrs J. Dow And Family.

page 646
Sutherland Alexander , Farmer. “Robertsdale,” Outram. Mr. Sutherland was born in the parish of Latheron, Caithnessshire, Scotland, where in his early years he
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.Mr. A. Sutherland.

Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. A. Sutherland.

was employed as a shepherd. In 1857 he arrived at Melbourne, by the ship “Eleanor Stewart.” one of the first iron built ships, and in the following year moved to Wellington, New Zealand, and was for two years engaged in shepherding on some of the sheep stations in that provincial district. About 1860 Mr. Sutherland removed to Otago, where he again followed shepherding until he bought his farm in 1869. His property consists of fifty acres of some of the finest land in the Taieri Plain, and is at present (1904) in a high state of cultivation. The improvements consist of a fine two storey residence built of brick, the outside of which is covered with wood, thus insuring thorough dryness. The stables, byres, and general farm buildings are extensive, and built with the object of endurance. Mr. Sutherland carries on a system of general farming and dairying, and his wheat crops average eighty bushels to the acre. He has never taken any part in the local affairs of the district, as he has found the management of his farm has required his undivided attention. Mr. Sutherland married Miss Dow, daughter of the late Mr. James Dow, of Dowfield, Outram. Mrs Sutherland died on the 17th of March, 1900, aged fifty-five years, and left a family of nine children.
Mr. James Cullen , Of Balmoral, Outram, was born at Lockwood, near Glasgow, Scotland, in 1818, and arrived at Wellington, in 1840, by the ship “Bengal Merchant.” He remained in Wellington about five years, during part of which he was engaged in storekeeping on his own account, and was also in the employment of Mr. Archibald Anderson, now of The Hermitage, Stirling. Owing to the failure of the New Zealand Company, and the consequent depression, Mr. Cullen left Wellington in 1845, for Otago, where he followed various occupations, including storekeeping with his former employer, Mr. Anderson, who had also left Wellington for Otago. Later on he was engaged with a survey party. After the arrival of the first immigrants by the “Philip Laing,” in 1848, Mr. Cullen bought a horse and started a carrying business, which paid him so well that he bought two more horses and did the ploughing for the pioneer settlers on their ten-acre sections around the embryo city of Dunedin. For three years he pursued this occupation, and having saved sufficient money, he bought a farm of one hundred acres on the Taieri Plain. Mr. Cullen afterwards added to his holding, as circumstances permitted, until he had a fine property
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.Mr. J. Cullen.

Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. J. Cullen.

of 600 acres. On this he carried on a successful system of farming for many years, cultivating the lower portion of the estate and breeding sheep on the hilly land, near Saddle Hill. He retired from farming in 1892, in favour of his son, Mr. Robert Cullen, who now carries on the farm. Mr. Cullen was a well known breeder of Clydesdale pedigree stock during his active management of the property, and won many prizes at the Dunedin and Taieri shows; at the first show held at the Taieri, he won the first prize for the best cow exhibited, and third for the best mare. Mr. Cullen took a prominent part in the early politics of Otago, and was a member of the Provincial Council. He was also a member of three Road Boards of which he was chairman for several years, and willingly gave his assistance in connection with all matters relating to the advancement of the Taieri. His memory is still (1904) interestingly filled with reminiscences of the early struggles of the pioneers, and with recollections of the difficulties which he himself had to face in connection with the
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.Miss N. Cullen (Niece Of Mr. James Cullen).

Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Miss N. Cullen
(Niece Of Mr. James Cullen).

carrying of the manuka piles used in constructing the old Jetty Street wharf, for which he had the contract. Mr. Cullen married Miss Stevenson, who arrived in the “Philip Laing.” She died in 1902, at the age of seventy, and left a family of seven sons and two daughters, and forty-three grandchildren.
Mr. John Dow , J.P., Of Newton, Outram, was born in Perthshire, Scotland, in
Mr. J. Dow.

Mr. J. Dow.

page 647 1834, and landed at Port Chalmers in February, 1858, in the ship “Robert-Henderson.” He worked at his trade as a stonemason for about six years, but afterwards bought land at Newton, West Taieri, where he carries on mixed farming. During the flood of 1868, Mr. Dow was a severe loser, and had to take refuge on a straw stack for some days, in company with his brother and his workmen. Mr. Dow married a daughter of Mr. James Murray, an old settler of Maungatua, and has a family of three sons.