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The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Otago & Southland Provincial Districts]

Brewers, Maltsters, Wine And Spirit Merchants

Brewers, Maltsters, Wine And Spirit Merchants.

Joel, Maurice , Brewer, Maltster and Bottler, Red Lion Brewery, Great King and George Streets, Dunedin; Telephone 123; P.O. Box, 147; Bankers, Bank of New Zenland; Private residence, Regent Road. This well-known brewery was established in 1862, and was purchased by the present proprietor in 1864. Since that time the entire premises have been remodelled, rebuilt, and refitted with the latest and most modern brewing and malting plant. The land occupied consists of one acre and a quarter of freehold, with entrances from both
Mr. M. Joel.

Mr. M. Joel.

page 292 streets; the main building and offices front Great King Street. The proprietor is as sisted in the management by his two sons, one of whom has charge of the brewing department and the other of the commercial branch. The business extends throughout the entire Colony, from Auckland to the Bluff, including the goldfields. Mr. Joel was born in 1829 at North Shields, England, and was educated at Newcastle-on-Tyne. He is an engraver by trade, and was for some time in partnership with his brother in New castle-on-Tyne in the Birmingham and Sheffield goods trade. He came out to Melbourne in 1853 and acted as a gold-buyer in Ballarat, acquiring general mercantile experience before coming to New Zealand in December, 1861. Mr. Joel at once established himself in a general hardware and ship-chandlery business in Princes Street, and purchased the brewery, as above stated, three years later. He was for a number of years a member of the Otago harbour board; for nine years treasurer of the Jewish synagogue, and for three years its president. He was a member of the committee of the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition of 1889–90. Mr. Joel was married in 1859 to a daughter of Mr. A. Woolf, of the Cape of Good Hope, and afterwards of Melbourne, and has, surviving, three sons and three daughters.

Lintott, G., and Co. (George Skinner Lintott, J.P.), Maltsters, Grain Merchants, Insurance Agents, and Importers of Brewers' Sundries, Albion Malthouses, Cumberland Street, Dunedin. P.O. Box, 304. Bankers: Bank of New Zealand. Also grain stores, Tyne Street, and malthouse, Weir Street, Oamaru. The business was established in Oamaru in 1876, and having extended very considerably, the head office was removed to Dunedin in 1891. The premises occupied were formerly known as Messrs. Marshall and Copeland's Albion Brewery. The buildings are of brick, two and three stories in height. There are two malthouses, each with a capacity of fifty sacks; the Oamaru malthouse is equal to fifty sacks. Messrs. Lintott and Co. do a considerable trade in grain, which they export to Australia and England. They are sole agents in the Colony for Messrs. Boake. Roberts and Co., Ltd., of London, for all kinds of brewers' sundries, in which they do a very large business throughout the Colony, all parts of which are periodically visited by the firm's representatives. The firm are attorneys for Otago for the Canton Insurance Company. Mr. Lintott was born in Chelmsford. Essex, was brought up as a brewer at Burton-on-Trent. and was for some years with Messrs. Lascells and Tickner. of Guildford. Surrey, as managing brewer. In 1874, he was engaged in England as brewer for Messrs. Vincent and Co., of Christchurch. During his residence in Oamarn he was a member of the borough council for some years, and was generally prominent in connection with any local matter which tended to advance the interests of the town, Mr. Lintott is a director in the brewing business of William Strachan, Ltd., Dunedin.

Mr. Robert Richard Kirby . Accountant to Messrs. Lintott and Co., Albion Malt-house, Dunedin, was born at sea in 1859 on a voyage to Tasmania, and was educated at Hutchins' school, Hobart. He was brought up to business by his father, who was a tanner and grindery merchant in Hobart. and was subsequently with Messrs. George Blyth and Co., Dunedin, for eight years. He has filled his present position since March, 1889.

McGavin And Co . (George Dowse Wright and William Henry Smith), Brewers. Bo'tlers, and Maltsters, Union Brewery, Cornern of Duke and Great King Streets, Water of Leith, Dunedin. Telephone, 333. Bankers: Bank of New Zealand. Private residences: Mr. Wright. Castle Street; Mr. Smith, Duke Street. The large brewing business now conducted by the firm of McGavin and Co, was established in August. 1882, by the late Mr. George L. McGavin. associated with Mr. Alexander McGregor, and the late Mr. W. H. Smith, under the style of McGavin, McGregor and Smith. A very considerable business was conducted till 1889, when Mr. Smith died, and Mr. McGregor retired from the business. Mr. McGavin was then joined by Mr. W. H. Smith, junr., son of his late partner. On the death of Mr. McGavin in December, 1896. Mr. Wright, his nephew, was nominated to represent his uncle's interest in the business. The land occupied by the malthouse and brewery consists of an acre and a half of freehold. The buildings are extensive and complete, and really include two breweries and malthouses, the one originally erected by Messrs McGavin, McGregor and Smith, and the other by Messrs Marshall and Copeland. The plant is thoroughly up-to-date in every respect. The original brewery built by Mr. McGavin is a brick building, well adapted for an extensive business. There is a fine thirty horsepower tubular boiler, built by Messrs R. S. Sparrow and Co., with six horsepower horizontal engine by the same firm. Behind the engine there is a large maltcrusher, from which automatic lifts convey the malt to a hopper on the top floor of the brewery. The malt is supplied to the large mash-tub on the third floor. which is then filled with hot water, and from which the liquor is run off into a large copper capable of boiling thirty-two hogsheads. The mixture then undergoes the boiling and brewing process: afterwards it is drawn off into the cooler and subsequently passes over the refrigerator. falling down into the fermenting tuns, where yeast is added and whence, when the proper process has been completed, it is drawn off into casks in the cellars. The granary attached to this portion of the building opens off the refrigeratingroom and is capable of storing 2.000 sacks of grain. Below this flat is the maltingfloor, which has a 180-bushel steep, and below that again, the cellars, which extend the whole length of the building, and are capable of fermenting 300 hogsheads at once. The other malt-house. originally the property of Messrs Marshall and Copeland. is an extensive building, with a remarkably fine granary on the top floor, where 20,000 sacks can be stored with case. The malting-floor of this portion of the premises has a 200 bushel steep, and there is also a very large cellar capable of storing 600 hogsheads. Messrs McGavin and Co. have a complete cooper's plant, where the whole of the large vats used in the brewery are made, as well as kauri casks from 110 gallons down to small kegs. The firm imports oak staves from England and kauri staves from the north of New Zealand. There is convenient stabling on the premises, and the firm employs five horses and four vans in connection with its town delivery. Messrs McGavin and Co. have a large bottling establishment in Duke Street where a very considerable trade is carried on. The firm employs altogether thirty hands, including three travellers who are constantly on the road visiting customers in various parts of the Colony. Messrs McGavin and Co. have been most successful as exhibitors, having gained more than thirty prize medals at various exhibitions, including the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition of 1889–90. the Centennial Exhibition at Melbourne in 1888, where they gained two gold medals and special mention against the world, and at the Tasmanial Exhibition of 1894–5.

Mr. George LindsayMcGavin , founder of the firm of McGavin and Co., was born at Kirriemuir, Scotland, and was educated in his native land. After passing his youth in Scotland he came out to Victoria on the outbreak of the goldfields in the early “fifties,” and in the end settled at Stawell (then known as Pleasant Creek). He became associated in the development of the great North Cross Reef, with the Hon. W. Osmond, M.L.C. and Doctor's Creek. Mr. James Robbie, of Stawell, and the late Hon. James Grant, well known as minister of lands; and over eleven tons of gold were taken from the celebrated mine. When the Otago goldfields were discovered Mr. McGavin was
The Late Mr. G. L McGavin.

The Late Mr. G. L McGavin.

page 293 among those who made their way to Duedin, where the arrived in 1861. He went into the carrying trade and started a number of teams and waggons on the road to and from the diggings. He was well known among the early settlers as the proprietor of the White Horse Hotel; subsequently he became contractor for building the large railway bridge across the Waitaki River on the boundary line Between O ago and camerbury. Mr. McGavin aferwards established the Union Brewery at the Water of Leith. He was a prominent member of the Masonic Order, and much esteemed by the brotherhood, being for some years an office-bearer in Lodge St. Andrew, S.C. He took great interest in the Caledonian Society of Otago, and at one time occupied the presidential chair. Mr. McGavin was twice married, his second wife being a daughter of the late Mr. David Thomson, shipwright. He died at his residence on Christmas Day, 1806, in the sixty-fifth year of his age, leaving seven children.

Mr. W. H. Smith was born in Melbourne in 1865, was educated at the Dunedin High School and brought up to business as a brewer in the firm of Messrs McGavin and Co. Mr. Smith superintends the manufacturing department of the business, while Mr. Wright attends to the financial department. Mr. Smith has long been connected with cricket, and holds the position of vice-president of the Grange cricket club. He is also a member of the Dunedin bowling club, and vice-president of the North East Valley band. He was married in 1893, and has three children.

Speight, James, and Co., Ltd. (Messrs. C. F. Greenslade, W. Dawson, and Charles Speight, directors), Brewers and Maltsters, City Brewery, Battray Street, Dunedin; Telephone 286; P.O. Box 223; Bankers, Bank of New Zealand; Private residences: Mr. Greenslade, Dowling Street; Mr. Dawson, Duncan Street; Mr. Speight, Canongate Street. The large business now conducted by this well-known brewing company was originally established in 1876, on a portion of the present site in Rattray Street, by Messrs. James Speight, C. F. Greenslade, and W. Dawson. The capacity of the brewing plant at that time was twelve hogsheads the brew. Some idea of the increase of the business may be gathered from the fact that the capacity of the present brewery is upwards of fifty hogsheads per brew. The combination of the three partners in the young firm of J. Speight and Co., proved to be a wise one, Mr. Dawson being a practical brewer, Mr. Greenstade a practical maltster, while Mr. Speight thoroughly understood the commercial side of the business. The motive and steam producing power of Messrs. Speight's City Brewery consists of a forty horsepower Cornish boiler, and a multitubular boiler of sixty horse-power, which, besides supplying steam for the two immense wort boilers, and boiling all the water for cask washing and brewing purposes, has a twelve horse-power horizontal engine, which drives the machinery consisting of malt mill, malt and barley screens, hoisting and elevating plant, etc. The main shaft, transmitting power where desired, is probably the longest in the city, as It extends the entire length
Messbs J. Speight and Co.'s Premises.

Messbs J. Speight and Co.'s Premises.

page 294 of the upper cellar of the building. The firm is fortunate in having an unlimited supply of the very best water, which is raised by three splendid pumps with a lifting power of 3,500, 3,000, and 1,000 gallons per hour, respectively. The premises now occupied by the firm cover a large area of land, having a frontage from the intersection of Maclaggan street right up to Dowling street, and also a considerable frontage to the latter. The large and well constructed stables attached to the brewery are entered from Dowling street, and through the central part runs a vestibule by means of which grain is received and conveyed to the granary along an over-head bridge, and to other parts of the building by a shoot. The barley, as received, is emptied on the floor of the upper storey of the main building, where it is thoroughly dried in bulk. It is then passed to the malthouse, as required. On the malting floors there are four large steeps with a total capacity equal to 1,000 bushels; attached to the extensive malting floors are two double-floor kilns, with a superficial area of 2,600 feet. The grain is raised to these kilns by elevators, where it is dried. Having completed the rounds of the maltings, a few steps lead to the brewery tower, whence is obtained a magnificent view of a large portion of the city and suburbs. On the top storey of the main building, are the cold water reservoir and two immense hot liquor vats, each made of kauri and containing 5,000 gallons. From these vats the liquor, along with the crushed malt, passes through patent self-acting cataract mashing machines, which are supplied with improved copper spargers and perforated metal false-bottoms, which keep back the grains and allow the extract of malt to flow clear and brilliant into the boiling tuns. These tuns have each an equal capacity with those on the upper floor. To the malt extract, the hops are now added, and the whole brought to a boil and kept at this point until thoroughly blended. From the boiling-vats the worst fall into a receiver and are thence pumped into a cooler and passed over an immense refrigerator, specially made locally for the firm by Messrs. A. and T. Burt, Ltd., and considered to be the largest of its kind in the Colony. It then flows into the fermenting vats, of which there are three with a capacity of 4,000 gallons each, and from which it is eventually drawn to the cleansing casks in the various extensive cellars. There is also a large cooperage in connection with the brewery where the vats and a proportion of the casks used are made. The firm owns about 20,000 casks of various kinds, and this stock is being constantly added to by shipments of English hogsheads and barrels from the Australian markets; casks bearing the firm's well-known trade mark, “The White Hoop,” may be seen all over the Colonies, and the natives of the South Sea Islands swarm the shore to welcome their monthly shipments. On being returned, the casks go to the cooper, who unheads and thoroughly examines them before and after washing, thus ensuring perfect cleanliness before re-filling. The company has been successful in winning a very large number of medals and certificates at the various exhibitions, including Sydney 1879. Melbourne 1880–1, Dunedin Industrial 1881, Christchurch International 1882, New Zealand Industrial at Wellington 1885, New Zealand and South Seas at Dunedin 1889–90, Tasmania 1895, Brisbane 1897, and a silver medal at the Indian and Colonial Exhibition in London. Mr. James Speight, one of the founders of the firm, died in 1888, too soon to witness the vast progress of the business which bears his name.