The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Canterbury Provincial District]
Orders and Friendly Societies.…
Orders and Friendly Societies.
On the 23rd of October, 1851, less than a year after the arrival of the first four ships, Mr. A. J. Alport, P.M., and several other enthusiastic Freemasons met together at the Canterbury Association's store at Lyttelton to devise means for establishing a lodge under the Grand Lodge of England. They agreed to form a lodge to be called the New Zealand Lodge of Unanimity, and applied to the Pacific Lodge of Wellington for an interim dispensation to enable the brethren to meet as Masons. This was granted, and application was made in October, 1851, for a warrant constituting the applicants into a lodge with full powers under the Grand Lodge of England. This request was granted, and the lodge was duly opened on the 26th of May, 1853, as the Lodge of Unanimity, No. 879 on the roll of the Grand Lodge of England, and Mr. A. J. Alport was appointed the first Worshipful Master. At a meeting held in Christchurch on the 27th of November, 1851, it was decided to form a lodge to be called St. Augustine, and application for a warrant was made to the Grand Lodge of England, and duly granted. On the 19th of October, 1853, the St. Augustine Lodge, standing as No. 885 on the roll of the Grand Lodge of England, was consecrated and opened in the Magistrate's room in the Land Office, and Mr. J. Seager Gundry was installed as the first Worshipful Master.
Overtures were made from time to time by the Masons in Wellington in the direction of requesting Canterbury and Nelson to join them in establishing a District Grand Lodge. The Canterbury Masons, however, favoured an independent District Grand Lodge. The Southern Cross Lodge was subsequently established at Kaiapoi; and the necessary warrants, for the opening of this lodge and the constitution of the District Grand Lodge of Canterbury, were received on the 6th of June, 1859. The first brother to occupy the distinguished office of District Grand Master of Canterbury was the Hon. J. C. Watts-Russell.
District Grand Lodge Of Canterbury, E.C. The Grand Lodge holds its meetings quarterly, on the third Thursday in the months of January, April, July, and October, at the St. Augustine Masonic Hall, Christchurch, at 8 p.m. The officers for 1902 are: Bros. R. D. Thomas, R.W.D.G.M.; W. H. Gundry, D.D.G.M.; T. D. Condell, District Grand Secretary, The Board of General Purposes meets at the same place on the first Thursday in the months of January, April, July, and October, at 8 p.m.
Mr. R. D. Thomas, Right Worshipful District Grand Master, is a well-known barrister and solicitor in Christchurch, and, as such, he is referred to in another article.
Mr. W. H. Gundry, Deputy District Grand Master, is referred to in another portion of this volume.
Canterbury Lodge, No. 1048, E.C. This lodge dates its existence from the year 1865. It has always maintained a high standard of popularity, has a large membership, and the meetings are always attended by a considerable number of visitors. The Canterbury Lodge holds its regular meetings on the third Friday in each month, at the St. Augustine Masonic Hall, Christchurch, and the Lodge of Instruction is held on the preceding Friday. Officers for 1902: Bros. E. H. Couzins, W.M.; J. A. Frostick, S.W.; M. S. Brown. J.W.; B. S. Collier, Secretary; R. A. Green, P.M., Treasurer.
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. E. H. Couzins.
New Zealand he became affiliated with Lodge Canterbury in 1866. The generation that has passed has left him at once the father and Worshipful Master of his lodge, a distinction of which he is pardonably proud. Mr. Couzins was installed in his present office, before a large gathering of Masons, in February, 1902, by Bro. W. H. Gundry, the Deputy District Grand Master and a banquet was afterwards held in the Canterbury Hall to celebrate the occasion. Since his installation he has fulfilled the duties of his office with an efficiency worthy of the best traditions established by his predecessors. Mr. Couzins was born in Davenport, England, in 1840, but passed most of his early years at Portsmouth, where he was educated. He left England in the ship “John Duncan,” which arrived at Auckland in 1865, in the latter part of which he came to Canterbury. Mr. Couzins joined the Order of Oddfellows in Christchurch, and, returning subsequently to England, he passed through all the chairs of the Order in the Star of the East Lodge, Stepney. He came out to New Zealand again in 1884, since which he has been associated with his present business in Christchurch, carried on under the style of Johnston and Couzins, sail and tent makers, Cashel Street. Mr. Couzins has been a director of the Star-Bowkett and Excelsior Building Societies since their inauguration.
Lodge Conyers, No. 1916, E.C., was founded in 1869. Regular meetings of this lodge are held at the St. Augustine Nasonic Hall, Christchurch, on the second Thursday in each month. The annual installation takes place in January. Officers for the year 1902: Bro. the Rev. A. C. Hoggins, W.M.; Bro. C. Duggan, S.W.; Bro. B. W. R. Harding, J.W.; and Bro. T. G. McGallan, Secretary.
The Rev. A. C. Hoggins, M.A., Worshipful Master of Lodge Conyers, is referred to in the Ecclesiastical Section of this volume.
Saint Albans Lodge, No. 2597, E.C., meets on the fourth Friday in each month, at 8 p.m., at the St. Augustine Masonic Hall, Christchurch. Officers for 1902: Bros. W. A. Day, W.M.; N. G. W. Hanmer, S.W.; N. L. McBeth, J.W.; and G. Jackson, Secretary.
Mr. W. A. Day, Worshipful Master of Lodge Saint Albans, is referred to in the Military Section of this volume.
The District Grand Stewards' Lodge Of Canterbury, No. 2697, E.C. This lodge is unique, being formed from all the other lodges under the English Constitution in Canterbury, and may be considered an inner lodge. When occasion arises, it will assist other lodges, but it initiates no members. At present only members who have been chosen for Stewards to the District Grand Lodge are elected. It was founded for the purpose of knitting together more closely these Brethren, and, through them, their lodges. The lodge was consecrated and duly opened on the 16th of July, 1896, when Professor William Michell Clark was installed the first Worshipful Master; Mr. R. A. Green, P.M., Secretary. The present Master is Mr. D. A. Slater, and Mr. F. Waymouth is I.P.M. The meetings are held on the first Thursday in the months of September (installation), December, March, and June, at 8 p.m., at the St. Augustine Masonic Hall, Christchurch.
Mr. Leeuwin Alfred Slater was elected Worshipful Master of the lodge in June, 1902. He was initiated in the St. Augustine Lodge, No. 609, E.C., in August, 1888, and in 1896 affiliated with Lodge St. Albans, No. 2597, and is still a member. Mr. Slater was exalted in the St. Augustine Royal Arch Chapter in 1893, and also took the Mark and Excellent degrees in 1896; he also affiliated to the Prince of Wales Royal Arch Chapter, No. 1916, and joined the Hiram Mark Lodge. He is also a member of the “Beckett” Chapter Rose Croix (18°), No. 35. Mr. Slater was born at sea, off Cape Leeuwin, on board the ship “Madras” bound from England to Swan River (now Fremantle) and South Australia, in 1813. He went with his parents to England in 1854, and was educated at Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School. In 1860 he came out to Canterbury with his father in the “William Miles,” and settled at Prebbleton. Subsequently he turned his attention page 208 to surveying, and became a member of the Provincial Government staff of surveyors in 1875. In 1881 he commenced private practice.
Hiram Mark Lodge meets at the St. Augustine Masonic Hall, Christchurch, on the third Thursday in the months of January, March, May, July, September, and November. Officers for 1902: Rev. A. C. Hoggins, W. M.; Dr. B. M. Moorhouse, S.W.; Dr. L. S. Manning, J.W.
Prince Of Wales Royal Arch Chapter, No. 1916, E.C., meets on the fourth Thursday in the months of January, March, May, July, September and November, at the St. Augustine Masonic Hall, Christchurch. Principals for the year 1902: Dr. B. M. Moorhouse, Z.; Dr. L. S. Manning, H.; Rev. A. C. Hoggins, J.; Mr. W. C. Aiken, Treasurer.
Dr B. M. Moorhouse, Z. of the Royal Arch Chapter, is further referred to in the Medical Section of this volume.
Beckett Chapter Rose Croix, H.R.D.M., 135 (A. and A. Rite), meets as occasion requires. Officers for 1902: Bro. J. G. L. Scott, M.W.S.; Bro. Professor F. W. C. Haslam, H.; Bro. T. Y. Wardrop, Recorder.
Mr. J. G. Lawrence Scott, B.A., is referred to in another article as headmaster of the East Christchurch School.
District Grand Lodge Of Canterbury, S.C. This Grand Lodge was erected on the 23rd of May, 1883, when the Rev. James Hill was installed as the first District Grand Master. After holding office for a number of years, Mr. Hill was succeeded by the Hon. C. Louisson, M.L.C., who filled the position for a similar period, when he was followed by the present Grand Master. Quarterly communications are held at the Crown Masonic Hall, Montreal Street, Sydenham, in the months of January, April, July, and October. Officers for 1902: Bro. John J. Dougall, R., D.G.M.; Bro. James C. Watson, D.D.G.M.; Bro. Edward Eastwood, D.G.M. Sub.; Bro. William Cuming, D.G. Secretary.
Mr. Joseph Dougall, Right Worshipful District Grand Master, is further referred to in the Military and Legal sections of this volume.
Canterbury Kilwining Royal Arch Chapter, No. 136. S.C., meets at the St. Augustine Masonic Hall, Christchurch, on the fourth Thursday in each month. The principals for 1902 are: Bro. T. F. Cross, Z.; Bro. H. Storey, H.; Bro. J. Gough, J.; and Bro. F. Page, S.E.
Robert Burns Lodge, No. 604, S.C., was founded in 1877, when Mr James L. Fleming was installed the first Right Worshipful Master. Regular meetings are held on the third Tuesday in each month at the Crown Masonic Hall, Montreal street, Sydenham. The lodge of instruction is held at the same place on the second Tuesday, and the annual installation takes place in January. Officers for 1902: Bro. W. I. Ballinger, R.W.M.; Bro. W. Ballantyne, S.W.; Bro. W. Wright, J.W.; Bro. H. A. Bruce, P.M., Secretary.
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. W. I. Ballinger.
Crown Lodge, No. 675, S.C., holds its regular meetings at 7.30 p.m. on the first Thursday in each month, at the Crown Masonic Hall, Montreal Street, Sydenham. The installations take place in December. Officers for 1902: Bro. George F. Gee, R.W.M.; Bro. Hugh Hepburn, S.W.; Bro. George F. Dennis, J.W.; and Bro.— Henry, Secretary.
Mr. George Frederick Gee, Right Worshipful Master, was initiated in the lodge of which he is now the head, in 1897. Having passed through all the chairs he was installed in his present office in December, 1901, by the District Grand Master. He has also taken the Mark degree. Mr. Gee who is a son of Mr. Walter Gee, of Christchurch, was born in that city in 1860. He was educated first, at St. John's School, and afterwards at Mr. T. M. Gee's Commercial College. On leaving school he served an apprenticeship under Mr. Joseph Piper, as a sheetiron worker and coppersmith, and remained with that gentleman for thirteen years. Mr. Gee then started a business on his own account in Christchurch, and conducted it for some years, in 1899 he entered the firm of Messrs P. and D. Duncan, and took up his present position in charge of the tinsmiths and plate workers. When residing at Hornby he became one of the first members of the local school committee, of which he was a member for three years. Mr. Gee was also a member of the Garrison Band for a period of fifteen years, and as a volunteer served for several years with the Christchurch Engineers, He married a daughter of the late Mr. Thomas Hamilton, of Christchurch, and has a family of four sons and four daughters.
New Zealand Constitution.
Grand Lodge Of New Zealand. The inauguration of a Grand Lodge for New Zealand took place at Christchurch on the 30th of April, 1890, when a large number of lodges of the English, Irish, and Scottish Constitutions were united under the New Zealand Constitution. Since that time other lodges have joined, and the number now (1902) on the roll under the Grand Lodge of New Zealand is 127. Mr. Henry Thomson, of Christchurch, was elected the first Grand Master, and the present occupant of the office is Mr. H. J. Williams, of Wellington. The Grand Superintendent of Canterbury is Mr. F. C. Binns.
Mr. Herbert James Williams, Most Worshipful Grand Master of New Zealand, is fully referred to at pages 301 and 575 in the Wellington volume of this work.
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. F. C. Binns.
Unanimity Lodge, No. 3, N.Z.C., is the oldest Masonic Lodge in Canterbury. It was originally under the English Constitution, and its history is sketched in another column. In October, 1901, the lodge celebrated its jubilee by a brilliant function, in which prominent Masons from all parts of Canterbury participated. Regular meetings of the lodge are held at the Masonic Hall, Sumner Road. Lyttelton, on the fourth Thursday in each month, and the annual installation takes place in January. Officers for 1902: Bro. W. H. R. Dale, W.M.; Bro. W. C. Cleary, S.W.; Bro. H. Smith, J.W.; Bro. the Rev. E. E. Chambers, Secretary.
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. W. H. R. Dale.
St. Augustine Lodge, No. 4, N.Z.C., was founded under the English Constitution, and is further referred to in another article. The regular meetings of the lodge are held in the St. Augustine Masonic Hall, Christchurch, on the second Tuesday in each month, and the annual installation takes place in March. Officers for 1902: Bro. W. H. Cheesman, W.M.; Bro. W. J. Cresswell, S.W.; Bro. W. A. Carew, J.W.; Bro. G. W. Hulme, Secretary.
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. W. H. Cheesman.
Canterbury Kilwinning Lodge, No. 23, N.Z.C., dates its warrant from the 15th of November, 1875. Mr. Alexander Taylor, father of the present Senior Warden, was the first Worshipful Master. Regular meetings of the lodge are held on the third Thursday in each month at the Masonic Hall, Canterbury Street, Lyttelton, and the annual installation takes place on the Thursday nearest the 30th of November. Officers for 1902: Bro. C. Kay, W.M.; Bro. W. C. G. Taylor, S.W.; Bro. G. S. Cox, J.W.; and Bro. T. W. Page, Secretary.
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. C. Kay.
Concord Lodge, No. 39, N.Z.C., was founded in 1881. The regular meetings of the lodge are held on the third Tuesday in each month at the Masonic Hall, Papanui, and the annual installation takes place in the month of March. Officers for 1902: Bro. F. E. Jones, W.M.; Bro. C. W. Garrard, S.W.; Bro. the Rev. J. M. Simpson, J.W.; Bro. John Longman, Secretary.
Mr. Frederick Edmund Jones, Worshipful Master of the Concord Lodge, was initiated as a Mason in Lodge Ara, No. 1, N.Z.C., Auckland. He afterwards affiliated with his present lodge, through the chairs of which he passed, and was installed in his present office by the Right Worshipful Grand Superintendent of Canterbury in March, 1902. Mr. Jones is a son of Mr. Edmund Jones, of Papanui, where he was born in 1870. He was educated at the St. Albans School, and afterwards entered the firm of Messrs W. Chrystall and Co., whose house he has represented for some years as a commercial traveller. Mr. Jones was secretary of the Papanui school committee for two years, and was in addition secretary of the Progress Committee appointed by the ratepayers of the district, he is also well known in local football, cricket, and athletic circles. Mr. Jones was married to a daughter of Mr. Peter Duncan, of London, and has a family of two sons.
Wrigglesworth and Binns, photo.
Mr. F. E. Jones.
Christchurch Lodge, No. 91, N.Z.C. This lodge is at present (1902) the youngest lodge in the city from which it takes its name, and was founded in 1893. The meetings are held at the St. Augustine Masonic Hall, Christchurch, on the fourth Tuesday in each month, at 7.30 p.m., and the annual installation takes place in November. Officers: Bro. John Robertson, W.M.; Bro. T. H. Davies, S.W.; Bro. H. Hopkinson, J.W.; Bro. W. V. Mauchlin, Secretary.
Mr. John Robertson, Worshipful Master of the lodge, was initiated in March, 1881, as a member of Lodge Corinthian, No. 463, I.C., Christchurch, in which he held the office of Senior Deacon prior to its being closed. Subsequently, Mr. Robertson joined the Crown Lodge, and on the formation of his present lodge he became one of the foundation members. After passing through the various chairs he was installed in his present office in November, 1901. Mr. Robertson was born in Caithness. Scotland, in 1860, and came to New Zealand by the ship “Northern Monarch” in1879. Ever since his arrival he has been connected with the building trade, and in 1888 he started in business on his own account. He is a member of the Builders' Association. Mr. Robertson married in October, 1888, a daughter of Mr. Alfred Green, an old colonist of Akaroa, and has a family of two sons and one daughter.
The establishment of Oddfellowship in New Zealand dates from the arrival of the pioneers. The first meeting was held on the 23rd of December, 1841, on board the “Martha Ridgway,” then on her way from Liverpool to Nelson. It was decided to establish a lodge at Nelson immediately after the ship's arrival, and this was duly carried out on Thursday. the 7th of April, 1842, the ship having arrived on the previous Sunday. This lodge eventually became the Loyal Nelson Lodge, No. 3,615. Soon afterwards other lodges were established throughout the colony. Through the efforts of Bro. Thomas Abrahams, who arrived in one of the first four ships, provided with a dispensation from the Grand Master and Board of Directors in England for the formation of a lodge in Canterbury, Oddfellowship was inaugurated in this province. The Jubilee of Oddfellowship in Canterbury was celebrated on the 22nd of December, 1901. As a Friendly and Benefit Society, the I.O.O.F., M.U., claims to be the largest and richest in the world. It has an adult male and female membership of 837,040, a juvenile membership of 1,441, and a total capital of £10,500,000.
Loyal City Of Norwich Lodge, No. 4356. This is the pioneer lodge of Canterbury, and has a membership of 241, and its funds amount to a total of £8674 10s 7d. Meetings are held on alternate Tuesdays in the Oddfellows' Hall, Winchester Street, Lyttelton. Bros. Sowden, P.P.G.M., and Derbidge P.P.G.M., Trustees of the lodge, have been in office for over twenty-five years. Bro. W. J. Toomey, P.P.G.M., is Treasurer, and Bro. J. L. Carrell, P.C.S., is Secretary.
Loyal City Of Christchurch Lodge, No. 4602, holds its meetings at the Oddfellows' Chambers, Christchurch, on alternate Mondays. This lodge has 490 members, and funds to the value of £13,453 13s 7d. The officers are: Trustees, P.P.G.M. Bro. J. Guntrip, P.G. Bro. A. W. Winter, and P.G. Bro. W. Langford; Treasurer, P.G. Bro. J. Hounsell; Secretary, P.G. Bro. H. E. Robbins. The juvenile branch of this lodge meets on the other alternate Mondays. Bro. J. Hounsell, P.G., is Secretary.
Loyal Volunteer Lodge, No. 5428, which was established in 1866, meets at the Druids' Hall, Colombo Street, Sydenham. on alternate Wednesdays. There are 184 members, and the funds amount to £1,624 19s 7d. The officers are: Trustees, Bros. J. A. Ambrose, Prov. G.M., and W. L. Smith, P.G.; Treasurer, Bro. T. Treadwell, P.G.; Secretary, J. R. Merriman, P.G. The juvenile lodge, meets at the same place every alternate Monday. Bro. H. B. Veitch, P.G., is Secretary.
Loyal Benevolent Lodge, No. 5430, which has a membership of 122, and total funds amounting to £3,836 0s 6d, holds its meetings at the Oddfellows' Hall, Montreal Street North, every alternate Monday. The officer a are: Trustees, Bros. John Williamson, P.P.G.M., and George Judd, P.G.; Treasurer, page 211 Bro. A. Palmer, P.P.G.M.; Secretary, Bro. C. Foster, C.S.
Loyal Perseverance Lodge, No. 5955, holds its meetings at the Oddfellows Hall, Woolston, on alternate Wednesdays. The lodge has 156 members, and funds to the value of £1,600 10s 10d. The officers are: Trustees, Bros. J. Richardson, P.P.G.M., and S. I. McHarg, P.G.; Treasurer, Bro. James Gatehouse, P.G.; Secretary, Bro. William Hartshorn, P.G.
Loyal Phillipstown Lodge, No. 6344, meets every alternate Tuesday at the Social Hall, off Ferry Road, Linwood. The membership is fifty-eight, and the funds amount to £256 14s 1d. Bros. W. B. Nichols and C. Collins, Past Grand Masters are the Trustees; Bro. W. J. Baillie, P.G., is Treasurer, and Bro. J. Cleworth, P.P.G.M., is Secretary.
Loyal Papanui Lodge, No. 6405, meets fortnightly at Papanui and Belfast alternately, the night of meeting being Tuesday. There are sixty-two members, and the funds amount to £759 14s 1d. The officers are: Trustees, Bros. W. Nicholls, P.G., and C. Simmonds, P.G.; Treasurer; Bro. J. Munro, P.G.; Secretary, Bro. H. E. Morgan.
Loyal Addington Lodge, No. 6514, holds its meetings at the Oddfellows' Hall, Lincoln Road, Addington, on alternate Mondays. It has 106 members, and funds amounting to £1,614 0s 7d. The officers are: Trustees, Bros. J. A. Clarke, P.P.G.M., and W. Johnston, P.G.; Treasurer, Bro. F. J. Caterer, P.P.G.M.; Secretary, Bro. C. H. Winny, P.P.G.M. The juvenile branch of this lodge meets at the same place on alternate Tuesdays.
Loyal Riccarton Lodge, No. 6781, meets at the Riccarton Library on alternate Thursdays. There are fifty-one members, and funds amounting to £851 10s 0d. The officers are: Trustees, Bros. J. T. Lowe, P.G., and J. W. Carleton, P.G.; Treasurer, Bro. C. E. Hodgkinson, P. G.; Secretary, Bro. C. E. T. Hill.
Loyal Sister Pearce Lodge, No. 7601, has fifty-eight members and funds to the value of £34 5s 2d. Meetings are held in the Druids' Hall, Christchurch, on alternate Tuesdays. Bro. C. Foster, Prov. C.S., and T. Kent, P.P.G.M., are Trustees; Sister A. Butler, P.G., is Treasurer, and Sister G. Pearce, Permanent Secretary.
The Ancient Order Of Foresters is one of the great Friendly Societies, which, during the past century, has spread their beneficent work throughout the world, and encouraged prudence, mutual help, and manly self-reliance among working men. To Bro. R. Woodford, who arrived in one of the first ships, belongs the honour of instituting the Order in New Zealand, and by his exertions the Court Star of Canterbury was opened at the Golden Fleece Hotel, Christchurch, in January, 1852. The United District Court of Forestry in Canterbury was established in 1863. In 1867 a Widow and Orphans' Fund was established, having for its aims and objects the relief of widows and orphans of deceased Foresters, by securing to them a weekly payment. Juvenile courts of the A.O.F. have also been formed with good results to the Order.
The Canterbury United District Executive meets on the second Thursday in April and October, at the District Chambers, Foresters' Hall, Oxford Terrace, Christchurch, or in the locality of a court. The officers are: Permanent District Secretary, Thomas Gapes; Permanent Treasurer, H. Crooks; District Chief Ranger, W. Poninghaus; District Sub-Chief Ranger, J. V. Beattie; District Beadle, F. Lill. The Board of New Zealand Foresters' Guarantee Association meets at the same time and place.
Court Star Of Canterbury, No. 2309, meets at the Foresters' Hall, Christchurch, on the first and third Mondays in each month. The officers are: Permanent Secretary, S. B. Wathew; Treasurer, H. Crooks. The juvenile court meets at the same place on the last Wednesday in each month. Secretary, George W. Sears.
Court Queen Of The Isles, No. 2703, meets every second and fourth Wednesday in the month at the Foresters' Hall, St. David Street, Lyttelton. Secretary, J. R. Smith. The juvenile court meets on the first and third Mondays in each month at the same place.
Court Thistle Of The Forest, No. 6494, meets on the first and third Tuesdays at the Druids' Hall, Colombo Street, Sydenham. Secretary, W. D. Marks.
Court Papanui, No. 6585, meets on the first and third Wednesdays at the Library, Papanui. Secretary, F. E. Foote.
Court Queen Of Canterbury, No. 7756, meets at the Foresters' Hall, Christchurch, on the fourth Monday in the month. Secretary, Miss Weakley.
United Ancient Order Of Druids. This Order was established in New Zealand in 1876, when Past Arch Druid Bro. Solomons, of Dunedin, by virtue of a dispensation granted by the Grand Lodge of Australia, opened the Pioneer Lodge in Christchurch. The membership, which at the opening was about sixty, increased very rapidly. After suffering a period of adversity the parent lodge soon gained ground, and has since continued in a manner eminently successful. In 1879 a lodge was opened in Wellington, and, taking courage from the success achieved, other lodges were subsequently opened in all the chief towns in the colony. The District Grand Lodge of Canterbury was established in 1890, that of the North Island in 1895, and a District Grand Lodge was grated to the Otago and Southland district in the following year. There are now over seventy adult lodges in the colony, three Druidess lodges, and a number of juvenile lodges. The Pioneer Lodge, which may justly feel proud of its efforts to extend Druidism in New Zealand, has a present membership of 220, and nearly £4,000 to the credit of its sick fund.
District Grand Lodge Of Canterbury, No. 1. The Grand Lodge meets annually on the first Thursday in the month of March, and the Board of Management meets on the last Wednesday in each month, at the Druids' Hall, Christchurch. The officers for 1902 are: D.G. President, Bro. R. Dyer; D.G. Vice-President, Bro. H. E. Smith; D.G. Secretary, Bro. H. D. Rayner, D.G. Treasurer, Bro. T. Walker; D.G. Guardian, Bro. J. Jowsey.
Pioneer Lodge, No. 1. This, the parent lodge of the colony, meets on alternate Mondays at the Druids' Hall, Worcester Street, Christchurch. There is a total membership of 220, and the value of the funds is £3,918 15s 9 1/2d. Bro. J. Swinnerton is Secretary.
Hope Of St. Albans Lodge, No. 2, meets at the M.I.A. rooms, St. Albans, on altemate Tuesdays. It has a membership of ninety-four, and total funds amounting to £1,503 0s 3d. The Secretary is Bro. T. Walker.
Mistletoe Lodge, No. 3, meets on alternate Mondays at the Druids Hall, Christchurch. The funds of the lodge amount to £1,451 14s 4d, and there are 102 members. Bro. H. D. Rayner is Secretary.
Lyttelton Hearts Of Oak Lodge, No. 5. This lodge meets on alternate Thursdays at Canterbury Street, Lyttelton, and has a membership of seventy-two; total funds, £955 13s 3d. Bro. W. T. Barnes is Secretary.
Perseverance Lodge, No. 7, meets at the Oddfellows' Hall, Lincoln Road, Sydenham, on alternate Mondays. The number of members is eighty-three, and the value of the funds, £443 15s 0d. Bro. J. W. Pollard is Secretary.
Anchor Lodge, No. 9, which meets on alternate Fridays at the Druids' Hall, Woolston, has 140 members and £756 13s 3 1/2d in funds. Bro. John Rhodes is Secretary. Ivy Of Linwood Lodge, No. 13, meets at the Hibernian Hall, Christchurch, on alternate Mondays. It has a membership of sixty-one, and funds to the value of £386 1s 7d. The Secretary is Bro. J. Bush.
Oak Of Sydenham Lodge, No. 15, meets on alternate Wednesdays at the Druids' Hall, Colombo Road, Sydenham. The membership is 152, and the value of the funds is £2,406 4s 7 1/2d. Bro. J. Hadfield is Secretary.
The Cable Lodge, No. 19, which meets at Sumner on alternate Tuesdays, has a membership of twenty-five. Bro. A. Senior is Secretary.
Lily Of Burwood Lodge, No. 20, meets at the Burwood Hall on alternate Thursdays. Bro. T. Edwards is Secretary.
Anchor Lodge, No. 1, meets on alternate Wednesdays at the Druids' Hall, Woolston.
Oak Of Sydenham Lodge, No. 2, meets at the Druids' Hall. Colombo Road, Sydenham, on alternate Wednesdays. Bro. J. Fisher is Secretary.
The Orange Institution is a religious and political organisation, its chief plank being the maintenance of Protestant principles. In New Zealand, the Order is worked under two Grand Lodges, one for each island. The first steps to open an Orange Lodge in this island were taken in 1861, when Bro. Thomas Wallace, senior, William Wallace, Thomas Atkinson, Francis J. Redpath, and Thomas Wallace, junior, sent their clearances to Ireland, and applied for a Grand Warrant for New Zealand. This was granted by the Grand Lodge of Ireland to Bro. F. J. Redpath, as Master, to open a lodge in Lyttelton. This warrant, which was a private one, was used until 1869, when a special Grand Warrant for the Grand Orange Lodge of New Zealand, Middle Island, was issued. Bro. Thomas Wallace, senior, was the first Grand Master, and Bro. F. C. Lanauze the first Grand Secretary. Bro. F. J. Redpath succeeded as Grand Master in 1867, and held office for two years. The officers for 1902 are: Right Worshipful Grand Master, Bro. Henry J. Ranger; Right Worshipful Deputy-Grand Master, Bro. James Caygill; Grand Secretary, Bro. Edward Revell; Grand Treasurer, Bro. A. Mills.
No. 1 Lodge, now holding its meetings at the Orange Hall, Christchurch, on the first Tuesday in the month, is the original Charter Lodge, which was established in Lyttelton. Bro. G. F. Straw is the present Worshipful Master, and Bro. A. H. Rickard the Secretary.
No. 2 Lodge holds its meetings at the Orange Hall, Christchurch, on the fourth Tuesday in the month. The Worshipful Master is Bro. J. Ballantine, and the Secretary is Bro. W. Bailey.
No. 3 Lodge meets at the Orange Hall, Christchurch, on the second Thursday in the month. Bro. J. Lyness is the Worshipful Master, and Bro. J. Caygill is Secretary.
No. 4 Lodge also meets at the Orange Hall, Christchurch, on the third Tuesday in the month. The Worshipful Master is Bro. James Weir, and the Secretary is Bro. J. E. Lister.
No. 5 Lodge holds its meetings at the Protestant Hall St. Albans, on the third Tuesday in the month. Bro. D. Johnston is the Worshipful Master.
No. 32 Lodge meets at the Orange Hall, Christchurch, on the second Tuesday in the month. Bro. W. Simmons is Worshipful Master, and Bro. G. P. Taylor is Secretary.
No. 33 Lodge meets at the Foresters Hall, Richmond, on the second Friday in the month. The Worshipful Master is Bro. J. McCansland, and Bro. Hans Savage is Secretary.
No. 1 Lodge holds its meetings at the Orange Hall, Christchurch, on the fourth Thursday in the month. Mrs M. Hanna is President, and Mass A. J. Mitchell is Secretary.
No. 3 Lodge meets also at the Orange Hall, Christchurch, on the first Thursday in the month. The President is Mrs S. B. Wilson, and Miss H. G. Gunn is Secretary.
The Protestant Alliance Friendly Society Of Australasia, which was established in Christchurch in 1874, is purely a friendly benefit organisation, political or religious discussions being prohibited at its meetings. The Christchurch branch is under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of New South Wales.
The Queen's Own Lodge meets on alternate Mondays at the Orange Hall, Worcester Street, Christchurch. The officers are: W.M., W. J. Horwell; Secretary, W. E. Shelton; Treasurer, J. Slater.
Royal Standard Lodge meets at the Selwyn Street schoolroom on alternate Mondays. The Secretary is W. Dalley.
St. Patrick's Hibernian Catholic Australasias Benefit Society, No. 82, Christchurch. This Society was established in Christchurch about 1872, its object being similar to that of other Friendly Societies, namely, mutual help in time of need. The membership is about 112, and meetings are held on alternate Mondays at the Hibernian Hall, Barbadoes Street. The officers of the Society are Messrs Robert Evans, president; David Edmonds, vice-president; G. J. Sellars, secretary; and — Hinds, treasurer.
The Independent Order Of Good Templars is a friendly but not a benefit society. It exists to promote the cause of temperance, and advocates total abstinence for the individual and prohibition for the State. The Grand Lodge of this Order was originally opened in Christchurch in 1874, but the headquarters have since been removed to Dunedin, where Bro. D. C. Cameron is the Grand Secretary. Bro. Michael Cook is the District Deputy for Christchurch and Bro. T. H. Webb holds a similar position for the Lyttelton district.
Hope Of Christchurch Lodge, No. 8, which has a membership of sixty, hold its meetings on Tuesdays, at the Druids' Hall, Christchurch. The Lodge Deputy is Bro. H. H. L. Whitcher.
Reviving Stream Lodge, No. 75, meets on Wednesdays at the Druids' Hall, Sydenham. This lodge has also a membership of sixty,. Mrs A. T. Cumming, senior, is the Lodge Deputy.
Mariners' Pride Lodge, No. 60, meets at the English Church schoolroom, Lyttelton, on Tuesdays. Bro. T. H. Webb is Lodge Deputy.
Bastion Memorial is the juvenile branch of the Hope of Christchurch Lodge, and meets on the same evenings, an hour before the adult lodge. It has a membership of fifty. Miss E. M. Mardon is Superintendent.
Woodward Memorial occupies a similar position with regard to the Reviving Stream Lodge, and has also fifty members. The Superintendent is Mrs A. T. Cumming, senior.
Sons Of Temperance. This is another Friendly Benefit Society, one of the chief planks of which is that all members must be total abstainers. The National Diviaion of New Zealand, which consists of an executive and delegates from the various divisions, meets once a year. Christchurch, being the stronghold of the Sons of Temperance, is the headquarters of the executive, which meets on the third Wednesday in each month, at the Temperance Hall, Gloucester Street. The executive officers are: Most Worthy Patriarch, Bro. Green; Most Worthy Associate, Bro. T. P. Moore; Financial Scribe, Bro. W. Seed; Treasurer, Bro. A. Williams. There are four divisions or lodges of this Order in Christchurch, one being for the city, and one for each of the suburbs of St. Albans, Sydenham, and Addington. These divisions hold fortnightly meetings, which are of a business and social character.
The Women's Christian Temperance Union is a world-wide institution. It works chiefly for temperance, but it also undertakes other reform work of a social character, its motto being. “For God and Home and Humanity.” The Christchurch branch is affiliated to the New Zealand Union which holds an annual convention. At the Agricultural and Pastoral shows at Addington the Union's large refreshment tent is always in evidence, and as the members work and give their services freely, a substantial sum is thereby raised to carry on the work. Meetings are held at the Metaphysical Club rooms, Gloucester Street, on the afternoons of the second and fourth Wednesdays in each month. Miss Powell is president, Mrs L. M. Isitt and Mrs C. Howard are vice-presidents, Miss Clark is secretary, and Mrs Ferguson, treasurer.
Independent Order Of Rechabites.
Independent Order Of Rechabites. This Order belongs to the great family of Friendly Benefit Societies, and was introduced into Christchurch by Bro. J. T. Smith in 1877. One of the essential qualifications for membership is total abstinence from intoxicating liquors as beverages. The Christchurch branch forms part of the New Zealand Central District, the headquarters of which are in Wellington. The accumulated funds of the district amount to about £29,000.
Pride Of Christchurch Tent, No. 26, holds its meetings in the Temperance Hall, Gloucester Street, Christchurch, on alternate Mondays. It has a membership of 150, and funds to the amount of £1,600. The officers are: Chief Ruler, Bro. H. Henwood; Deputy Ruler, Bro. R. H. Taylor; Secretary, Bro. A. Palmer; Treasurer, Bro. J. Coombs.