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Manual of the New Zealand Flora.

5. Archeria, Hook. f

5. Archeria, Hook. f.

Much-branched erect or spreading shrubs. Leaves flat. Flowers white or pink, in few-flowered terminal racemes. Bracts caducous. Calyx of 5 almost free sepals. Corolla-tube rather broad, ventricose-cylindrical or almost campanulate; lobes 5, short, spreading or recurved, imbricate in the bud. Stamens 5, affixed to the throat of the corolla; filaments very short; anthers broad, attached about the middle. Hypogynous disc short, cupular or of 5 free scales. Ovary 5-celled and deeply 5-lobed; style columnar, inserted in a broad depression at the top of the ovary; stigma dilated, more or less distinctly 5-lobed; ovules numerous in each cell. Capsule -5-celled, loculicidally 5-valved. Seeds numerous.

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A small genus of 5 species, confined to New Zealand and Tasmania. It differs from Epacris mainly in habit, in the deciduous bracts, and in the position of the style.

Leaves1–1½ in., obovate-oblong 1. A. racemosa.
Leaves⅓–¾ in., lanceolate 2. A. Traversii.
1.A. racemosa, Hook. f. Handb. N.Z. Fl. 180.—An erect much-branched shrub 6–15 ft. high; bark black; branches spreading. Leaves scattered at intervals so as to appear almost whorled, spreading, 1–1½ in. long. ⅛–½ in. broad, obovate-oblong or elliptic-oblong, acute, sometimes almost pungent, narrowed into a very short petiole or almost sessile, flat, rigid and coriaceous; veins reticulated. Racemes terminating the branches, solitary or 2–3 together, 1–2 in. long, 10–25-flowered; rhachis pubescent; pedicels short, stout, curved. Bracts coloured, caducous; a large leaf-like one at the base of each pedicel, and 2 smaller and narrower ones just below the flower. Sepals oblong-lanceolate; margins membranous, ciliolate. Corolla ⅙ in. long, pink; tube short and broad; lobes short, spreading, ovate-triangular, obtuse. Style short, stout. Capsule small, globose, ⅛ in. diam.—Epacris racemosa, Hook. f. Fl. Nov. Zel. i. 167.

North Island: Great Barrier Island, Sinclair, Kirk! Little Barrier Island, Shakespear! T. F. C.; Thames goldfields, Kirk, Adams! T. F. C.; East Cape district, Bishop Williams! 500–2800 ft. January–February.

The large concave bracts entirely hide the young racemes, but fall off as soon as the flowers commence to expand.

2.A. Traversii, Hook. f. Handb. N.Z. Fl. 180.—A large much- branched shrub 6–15 ft. high; bark dark-brown; branches spreading. Leaves scattered, spreading, ⅓–½ in. long, lanceolate or linear- lanceolate, acute, thick and coriaceous, quite glabrous, smooth and shining above, midrib distinct beneath; margins recurved, often ciliolate. Racemes terminal, ½–1 in. long, 8–15-nowered; rhachis and pedicels pubescent. Bracts oblong, membranous, caducous, falling away as soon as the flowers commence to open. Sepals oblong, obtuse, striate; margins membranous, ciliolate. Corolla ⅛–⅙ in. long, campanulate. reddish; lobes short, spreading. Style very short, stout. Capsule minute, depressed, 1/10 in. diam.

Var. australis, Hook. f. l.c. 735.—Stouter. Leaves longer and broader, ½–¾ in., elliptical-lanceolate or oblong, obtuse or subacute. Flowers rathec longer.

South Island: Nelson—Aorere Valley, Travers; Mount Arthur Plateau, T. F. C.; Brunner Range, Townson! Canterbury and Westland—Bealey Gorge and Arthur's Pass, Kirk! Cockayne! T. F. C.; Browning's Pass, Haast! Rangitaipo, Petrie! Otago—Lake Wanaka, Buchanan! Clinton Valley, Reece and Hollyford Valleys, Petrie! Var. australis: Common in the sounds of the south-west of Otago, Hector and Buchanan! Stewart Island: Mount Anglem, Kirk! Sea-level to 4000 ft. January–February. 14-F1.