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Maori Storehouses and Kindred Structures

Native Terms not Fully Explained in the Text

page xi

Native Terms not Fully Explained in the Text

Aka: Generic term applied to stems of climbing-plants.
Aka-tokai, aka-kuku, aka-tororaro: Three species of climbing-plants having pliant, tough stems, used for binding purposes.
Atua: Spirit; demon; any object of superstitious regard.
Kumara (Ipomoea batatas): Sweet-potato. The principal cultivated food product of the Maori in former times.
Maihi: The facing-boards of a house-gable (barge-boards).
Manaia: Name of a pattern of carving; a weird and grotesque figure of the unicorn type. The origin of this conventionalized figure is said to be a denizen of the ocean.
Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium): Bark much used for roofing huts, &c.
Marae: The plaza or open space in a native village, or open space before a house.
Pa: A fortified village.
Pae kai awha, or paepae kai awha:The outer threshold of a house; the plank across the front of the porch.
Parata: Carved wooden head placed over joint of barge-boards on a native house.
Pataka whakairo: An elevated storehouse adorned externally with carvings.
Patu: Short weapons wielded in one hand, made of stone or bone, occasionally of wood.
Poupou: The vertical slab-like posts of the walls of a native house.
Puhi: This term was applied to a girl or young woman of rank chosen by a clan as a combined pet and chieftainess, and who was carefully nurtured, protected, and respected, nor allowed the usual intercourse with young men, her marriage being a tribal arrangement.
Punanga; whare punanga: Huts erected among the branches of trees, and used as hiding places by non-combatants in time of war.
Rua: Hole; pit; cave. Herein used with various qualifying terms as denoting various kinds of pit stores.
Tamawahinetia: Denotes the performance of a curious ceremony whereby the tapu was taken off any object.
Tapurangi: A term applied by some tribes to a low platform erected on the village plaza, and used as a seat or lounging-place.
Taro (Colocasia antiquorum): Formerly cultivated by the Maoripage xii
Tautiaki: The slab-like posts supporting the lower ends of barge-boards of a Maori house. Also termed amo maihi.
Tekoteko: Carved wooden figure in human form on gable of a house or pataka. Sometimes both parata and tekoteko so used, in which case the latter is placed above the parata.
Toenga kai: Remains of food after a meal. Such remains from the meals of a tapu person had to be very carefully dealt with.
Totara (Podocarpus totara): Bark used for roofing purposes and in many other ways.